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Encyclopedia > Gluttony
Portion depicting Gluttony in Hieronymus Bosch's The Seven Deadly Sins and the Four Last Things
Portion depicting Gluttony in Hieronymus Bosch's The Seven Deadly Sins and the Four Last Things

Derived from the Latin gluttire, meaning to gulp down or swallow, gluttony is the over-indulgence and over-consumption of food, drink, or intoxicants to the point of waste. In some Christian denominations, it is considered one of the seven deadly sins—a misplaced desire of food or its withholding from the needy.[1] Hieronymus Bosch, (latinized, actually Jheronimus Bosch; his real name Jeroen van Aken) (c. ... The Seven Deadly Sins and the Four Last Things is a painting by Hieronymus Bosch, completed in 1485. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... Over-consumption is a concept coined in developing nations to counter the rhetoric of over-population by which developed nations judge them as consuming more than their economy can support. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... Look up denomination in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Cardinal sin (disambiguation) and Seven deadly sins (disambiguation). ...

Depending on the culture, it can be seen as either a vice or a sign of status. Gluttony is not a sin in some cultures. The relative affluence of the society can affect this view both ways. A wealthy group might take pride in the security of having enough food to eat to show it off, but it could also result in a moral backlash when confronted with the reality of those less fortunate.


Gluttony in Christianity

Early Church leaders (e.g., St. Gregory the Great, St. Thomas Aquinas) took a more expansive view of gluttony, arguing that it also consists in an anticipation of meals, the eating of delicacies, and costly foods, seeking after sauces and seasonings, and eating too eagerly.[2] Saint Gregory I, or Gregory the Great (called the Dialogist in Eastern Orthodoxy) (circa 540 - March 12, 604) was pope of the Catholic Church from September 3, 590 until his death. ... Aquinas redirects here. ...

St. Gregory the Great, a doctor of the Church, described five ways by which one can commit sin of gluttony:[3] Saint Gregory I, or Gregory the Great (called the Dialogist in Eastern Orthodoxy) (circa 540 - March 12, 604) was pope of the Catholic Church from September 3, 590 until his death. ... In Roman Catholicism, a Doctor of the Church (Latin doctor, teacher, from Latin docere, to teach) is a saint from whose writings the whole Christian Church is held to have derived great advantage and to whom eminent learning and great sanctity have been attributed by a proclamation of a pope...

  1. Eating before the time of meal in order to satisfy the palate.
  2. Seeking delicacies and better quality of food to gratify the "vile sense of taste."
  3. Seeking after sauces and seasonings for the enjoyment of the palate.
  4. Exceeding the necessary amount of food.
  5. Taking food with too much eagerness, although eating the proper amount.
The fifth way is worse than all others, said the saint, because it shows attachment to pleasure most clearly among others.

To recapitulate, St. Gregory the Great said that one may succumb to the sin of gluttony by:

  1. time (when)
  2. quality
  3. stimulants
  4. quantity
  5. eagerness

St. Thomas Aquinas reiterated the list of five ways to commit gluttony: Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225 - March 7, 1274) was a Catholic philosopher and theologian in the scholastic tradition, who gave birth to the Thomistic school of philosophy, which was long the primary philosophical approach of the Roman Catholic Church. ...

  • Praepropere - eating too soon
  • Laute - eating too expensively
  • Nimis - eating too much
  • Ardenter - eating too eagerly
  • Studiose - eating too daintily

St. Alphonsus Liguori wrote the following when explaining gluttony: ...

"Pope Innocent XI has condemned the proposition which asserts that it is not a sin to eat or to drink from the sole motive of satisfying the palate. However, it is not a fault to feel pleasure in eating: for it is, generally speaking, impossible to eat without experiencing the delight which food naturally produces. But it is a defect to eat, like beasts, through the sole motive of sensual gratification, and without any reasonable object. Hence, the most delicious meats may be eaten without sin, if the motive be good and worthy of a rational creature; and, in taking the coarsest food through attachment to pleasure, there may be a fault."[4] The Blessed Innocent XI, né Benedetto Odescalchi (May 16, 1611 – August 12, 1689) was pope from 1676 to 1689. ...

Glorified gluttony

In some social groups gluttony has become glorified, for example, competitive eating competitions. These competitions are often overt displays which are televised. A famous example is Nathan's Hot Dog Eating Contest. The International Federation of Competitive Eating, Inc. ... Nathans Wall of Fame of contest winners. ...


  1. ^ Okholm, Dennis. Rx for Gluttony. Christianity Today, Vol. 44, No. 10, September 4, 2000, p.62.
  2. ^ Gluttony. Catholic Encyclopedia.
  3. ^ Shipley, Orby. A Theory About Sin, London (1875) pg. 268-278
  4. ^ St. Alphonsus Liguori. The True Spouse of Jesus Christ. Trans. from Italian. Dublin (1835), pg. 282

Not to be confused with New Catholic Encyclopedia. ...

See also

For other uses, see Greed (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cardinal sin (disambiguation) and Seven deadly sins (disambiguation). ...

  Results from FactBites:
SUMMA THEOLOGICA: Gluttony (Secunda Secundae Partis, Q. 148) (2958 words)
Wherefore it is evident that gluttony is a sin.
Now gluttony is apparently the cause of other sins, for a gloss on Psalm 135:10, "Who smote Egypt with their first-born," says: "Lust, concupiscence, pride are the first-born of gluttony." Therefore gluttony is the greatest of sins.
But this does not apply to gluttony, which, in respect of its genus, is apparently the least of sins, seeing that it is most akin to what is in respect of its genus, is apparently the least gluttony is not a capital vice.
Seven deadly sins - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3846 words)
Brittany was Sloth, Christina was Lust, Kahlen was Wrath, Keenyah was Gluttony, Michelle was Pride, Naima was Envy, and Tatiana was Greed.
Prue is infected with Pride, Piper with Gluttony, Phoebe with Lust, and Leo with Sloth.
They are represented by: a giant snail lodged in a cave (sloth), a decaying, worried zombie head (envy), an ant/scorpian chimera (gluttony), a muscular man on fire resembling a Japanese demon (wrath), a jewel and gold-wearing dragon (greed), a demon-faced fetus with a king trapped inside (lust) and a god-like machine (pride).
  More results at FactBites »



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