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Encyclopedia > Gloucester County, Virginia
Gloucester County, Virginia
Map
Map of Virginia highlighting Gloucester County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the USA highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1651
Seat Gloucester
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

746 km² (288 mi²)
 sq mi ( km²)
185 km² (71 mi²), 24.79%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

34,780
62/km² 
Website: www.co.gloucester.va.us

Gloucester County is an historical Chesapeake county located on the Middle Peninsula of the U.S. state — officially, "Commonwealth" — of Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the population was 34,780. Image File history File links GloucesterSeal. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_VA.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Virginia ... // Events January 1 - Charles II crowned King of Scotland in Scone. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Gloucester Courthouse is a census-designated place located in Gloucester County, Virginia. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... The Middle Peninsula is, as its name implies, the middle of three peninsulas on the western shore of Chesapeake Bay in Virginia. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties/Parishes/Boroughs, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...

Contents

History

The history of Gloucester County, located in the first district of the United States, began soon after the settlement of Jamestown in 1607. Named for Henry Stuart, Duke of Gloucester, third son of Charles I, Gloucester County figured prominently in the history of the colony and the Commonwealth of Virginia. When English settlers arrived at Jamestown in 1607, the Indian stronghold of Chief Powhatan was located on the north side of the York River, in what is now Gloucester. It was here that Powhatan built his home, Werowocomoco. According to legend, his daughter, the Princess Pocahontas saved the gallant Captain John Smith from death at the hands of the Indians, and thus, entered the pages of Virginia's history. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1607 (MDCVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Henry Stuart, Duke of Gloucester KG (July 8, 1640 - September 18, 1660) was the fourth living son and youngest son of King Charles I of Englandand his Queen Henrietta Maria of France. ... Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was King of England, King of Scotland and King of Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1607 (MDCVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Chief Powhatan in a longhouse at Werowocomoco (detail of John Smith map, 1612) The Powhatan (also spelled Powatan and Powhaten), or Powhatan Renape (literally, the Powhatan Human Beings), is the name of a Native American tribe, and also the name of a powerful confederacy of tribes that they dominated. ... York River can refer to: The York River in Virginia in the United States. ... A 1616 engraving of Pocahontas by Simon van de Passe. ... John Smith (1580–June 21, 1631), was an English soldier, sailor, and author. ...


Early land patents were granted in 1639, but it was not until after 1644 that Gloucester was considered safe for settlement. George Washington's great grandfather received a Gloucester County land patent in 1650. Gloucester County was formed from York County in 1651, and consisted of four parishes: Abingdon, Kingston, Petsworth and Ware. Kingston parish became Mathews County in 1791 and the remaining three parishes stayed Gloucester, as the county was split on what is now the Eastern county line. Events January 14 - Connecticuts first constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted. ... // Events February to August - Explorer Abel Tasmans second expedition for the Dutch East India Company maps the north coast of Australia. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... Year 1650 (MDCL) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... York Hall is a government building on Yorktowns historic Main Street. ... // Events January 1 - Charles II crowned King of Scotland in Scone. ... Mathews County is a county located on the Middle Peninsula in the state of Virginia. ... 1791 (MDCCXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


In the 1600s and 1700s, Gloucester was a tobacco producing area, and many old plantation homes and magnificent private estates remain today in perfect condition. From time to time, these establishments are open to public visitation during Historic Garden Week. In addition, there are fine examples of Colonial architecture in the churches of Ware (1690) and Abingdon (1755), and some early buildings remain at the county seat on the Courthouse Green actively serving the public. Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in genus Nicotiana. ...


In the seventeenth century, the tip of land protruding into the York River, across from Yorktown, was named Tyndall's Point by Robert Tyndall, mapmaker for Captain John Smith. Later named Gloucester Point, fortifications were built here in 1667, and were rebuilt and strengthened many times from colonial days through the American Civil War. This site is also known as the "Second Surrender" by General Charles Lord Cornwallis to General George Washington at Yorktown. The York River is a navigable estuary, approximately 40 mi (64 km) long, in eastern Virginia in the United States. ... York Hall is a government building on Yorktowns historic Main Street. ... Republican Robert Tyndall was elected mayor of Indianapolis in 1942 and served until his death at age 70 in 1947. ... John Smith (1580–June 21, 1631), was an English soldier, sailor, and author. ... // Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... “Lord Cornwallis” redirects here. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... York Hall is a government building on Yorktowns historic Main Street. ...


Following English settlement, Gloucester became home to many colonial leaders. Several other points of interest include Warner Hall, George Washington's maternal grandmother's home, which is now a B&B; Rosewell, where Thomas Jefferson spent many nights with his friend John Page; and both presidents Washington and Jefferson worshiped (often spotted together at the same service) at Abingdon Episcopal Church. Other notable Gloucestonians include John Buckner, who in 1680 brought the colony its first printing press; John Clayton, world renowned botanist; Dr. Walter Reed, born in the Clay Bank area of Gloucester, conqueror of yellow fever during the building of the Panama Canal; Lawyer and civil rights activist T. C. Walker, though born in slavery, broke those chains and became one of Gloucester's first and most respected, successful African-American businessman; and Robert R. Moton, who successfully fought and lobbied for a Black man to be appointed as an assistant to the Secretary of War. George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... Tourists of various nationalities chatting over breakfast at a B&B in Quebec City. ... Rosewell is a former mining town in Midlothian, Scotland, south of Polton and north-east of Rosslynlee. ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ... Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ... The printing press is a mechanical device for printing many copies of a text on rectangular sheets of paper. ... John Clayton was also the birth name of the fictional character Tarzan. ... Botany is the scientific study of plant life. ... Major Walter Reed, M.D., (September 13, 1851 - November 23, 1902) was a U.S. Army physician who in 1900 led the team which confirmed the theory (first set forth in 1881 by Cuban doctor/scientist Carlos Finlay) that yellow fever is transmitted by mosquitoes, rather than by direct contact. ... Two Panamax running the Miraflores Locks The Panama Canal (Spanish: ) is a major ship canal that traverses the Isthmus of Panama in Central America, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... Ketil Trout 23:14, 8 September 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ... The Secretary of War was a member of the United States Presidents Cabinet, beginning with George Washingtons administration. ...


The history of the daffodil in Gloucester County, Virginia, is almost as old as the county itself. When Gloucester was formed in 1651 from part of York County the early settlers brought these soft reminders of English springs as they established themselves in the area. The soil and weather conditions were ideal for daffodils. The bulbs were passed from neighbor to neighbor and spread from the orderly beds and burying grounds of the great houses to the fields. Some, such as the hardy Trumpet Major variety, seemed to thrive on neglect. By the beginning of the 20th century daffodils grew wild in the untended fields of Gloucester. It is from this abundance of natural beauty that grew the extensive daffodil industry which earned the county the title "Daffodil Capital of America" in the 1930s and 40s. They also hold an annual Daffodil Festival to commemorate this stapled flower. Species ????? Daffodils are a group of large flowered members of the genus Narcissus. ... // Events January 1 - Charles II crowned King of Scotland in Scone. ...


One interesting area of Gloucester County is known as Guinea, containing Bena, Severn, and Big Island. Located near Gloucester Point, the area has historically been the center of the seafood industry of the county, being led by some of the founding families of Gloucester, such as Shackleford, Rowe, and Belvin. While the number of participants in this industry has declined over the years, it still remains the industrious and cultural core of the community. These watermen are known locally as "Guineamen." This term is not inherently derisive, but is often used as such by residents residing in other parts of Gloucester County. Guineamen speak a distinct, heavily-accented form of non-rhotic Southern Vernecular English, but not necessarily a distinct dialect.


The name "Guinea" is of uncertain origin; however, a commonly held explanation is that this area of Gloucester County was named "Guinea" in an effort to deride the Tories (Loyalists) who quartered Hessian mercenaries in service of the British Crown during the Revolutionary War - soldiers who were paid one Guinea per day. It is believed the Hessians were attached to General Charles Lord Cornwallis' (of Yorktown fame) army and either occupied lower Gloucester during the closing days of the Revolutionary War or deserted their service fighting for the British. What is known is Cornwallis sent British troops and cavalry (under the command of Colonel Banastre Tarleton) to occupy Gloucester in October 1781, and Hessians may have been a part of that contingency and were sent to secure lower Gloucester due to its strategic importance at the mouth of the York River.


Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 746 km² (288 mi²). 561 km² (217 mi²) of it is land and 185 km² (71 mi²) of it (24.79%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 34,780 people, 13,127 households, and 9,884 families residing in the county. The population density was 62/km² (161/mi²). There were 14,494 housing units at an average density of 26/km² (67/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.68% White, 10.31% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. 1.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 13,127 households out of which 35.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.40% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.70% were non-families. 20.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.02. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $45,421, and the median income for a family was $51,426. Males had a median income of $35,838 versus $24,325 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,990. About 6.80% of families and 7.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.70% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Census-designated places

Gloucester Courthouse is a census-designated place located in Gloucester County, Virginia. ... Gloucester Point is a census-designated place located in Gloucester County, Virginia. ...

External links

  • Gloucester County
  • Hampton Roads Economic Development Alliance - serving Gloucester County
  • Historic Garden Week
  • River News Online - Resource guide for the Middle Peninsula and Northern Neck

Hampton Roads, Virginia
Image File history File links Hampton_roads_flag. ... This view from space in July 1996 shows portions of each of the Seven Cities of Hampton Roads which generally surround the harbor area of Hampton Roads, which framed by the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel visible to the east (right), the Virginia Peninsula subregion to the north (top), and the... This article contains a trivia section. ...

Middle Peninsula:

Gloucester County | Mathews County The Middle Peninsula is, as its name implies, the middle of three peninsulas on the western shore of Chesapeake Bay in Virginia. ... Mathews County is a county located on the Middle Peninsula in the state of Virginia. ...

Virginia Peninsula:

Hampton | James City County | Newport News | Poquoson | Williamsburg | York County The Virginia Peninsula is a peninsula in southeast Virginia, bounded by the York River, James River, Hampton Roads and Chesapeake Bay. ... Motto: Americas First Location in the State of Virginia Coordinates: County Independent City Mayor Ross Kearney II Area    - City 352. ... James City County, Virginia as shown on 1895 map James City County (formally, the County of James City) is a County located on the Virginia Peninsula, in the U.S. State of Virginia. ... Location in the State of Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia County Independent city Incorporated 1896 Government  - Mayor Joe Frank Area  - City  119. ... Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia County Independent City Founded 1631 Government  - Mayor Gordon Heisel, Jr. ... Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia. ... Location in the state of Virginia Formed 1634 Seat Yorktown Area  - Total  - Water 558 km² (216 mi²) 285 km² (110 mi²) 50. ...

South Hampton Roads:

Chesapeake | Isle of Wight County | Norfolk | Portsmouth | Suffolk | Surry County | Virginia Beach South Hampton Roads is a region located in the extreme southeastern portion of Virginia in the United States. ... Location in the State of Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia County Independent city Founded 1963 Government  - Mayor Dalton S. Edge Area  - City  350. ... Isle of Wight County is a county located in the South Hampton Roads region of the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state of the United States. ... Motto: Crescas (Latin for, Thou shalt grow. ... Map Political Statistics Founded 1752 County Independent city Mayor Dr. James W. Holley III Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 120. ... Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia County Independent City Founded 1742 Mayor Linda T. Johnson Area    - City 1,111. ... Surry County is a county located in the South Hampton Roads region of the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state of the United States. ... Nickname: Location in the Commonwealth o Virginia. ...

Northeast North Carolina:

Currituck County Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... Currituck County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ...

Coordinates: 37°24′N 76°31′W / 37.40, -76.52 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
History Timeline for Gloucester County, Virginia (2698 words)
Gloucester County is formed from York County and includes the present county area and what is now Mathews County.
John Buckner, the Gloucester Clerk of Court residing at Marlfield in upper Gloucester County, has what was probably the first printing press in Virginia.
A brass shilling token, dubbed the Gloucester Token, is struck, probably by Christopher Righault and/or Samuel Dawson.
Gloucester Virginia Floristics by Jim Greaves (3619 words)
Gloucester County is located on the southeast end of the Middle Peninsula, an area comprised of six counties, extending from the Fall Line of the Piedmont to the Chesapeake Bay, and bordered on the north by the Rappahannock River and on the south by the York River.
Gloucester County is bordered on the north by the Piankitank River and Dragon Run Swamp, on the east by Mathews County and Mobjack Bay, on the south by the York River, and on the west by King and Queen County and Poropotank Creek.
The floristic composition of Gloucester is significant to further refining the history of the flora of Virginia, and increasing knowledge of the rarer elements of that flora, such as coastal-mountain disjuncts.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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