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Encyclopedia > Globus cruciger
Queen Elizabeth II held a globus cruciger, called the "Sovereign's Orb", for her coronation portrait in 1953.
Queen Elizabeth II held a globus cruciger, called the "Sovereign's Orb", for her coronation portrait in 1953.

The globus cruciger (Latin) is an orb (globus) topped with a cross (cruciger), a Christian symbol of authority used throughout the Middle Ages on coins, iconography and royal regalia. It symbolises God's (the cross) dominion over the world (the orb), literally held in the dominion of an earthly ruler (or sometimes celestial being such as an angel). © Cecil Beaton / Camera Press. ... © Cecil Beaton / Camera Press. ... Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor), styled HM The Queen (born 21 April 1926) is the Queen regnant of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and... Queen Elizabeth II holding the Orb The Sovereigns Orb is one of the British Crown Jewels. ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Latin is the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... ORB might be an acronym or abbreviation for: Object_request_broker A distributed computing concept. ... A cross is a geometrical figure consisting of two lines or bars intersecting each other at a 90° angle, dividing one or two of the lines in half. ... Testes A Christian is a follower of Jesus of Nazareth. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Salvator Mundi is an iconography depicting Christ with his right hand raised in blessing and his left hand holding an orb. ... REGALIA is a Latin plurale tantum for the privilegies and insignia, characterisic of a King or other sovereign. ...

Close-up engraving of a globus cruciger, the Reichsapfel of the Holy Roman Empire, 10th century.
Close-up engraving of a globus cruciger, the Reichsapfel of the Holy Roman Empire, 10th century.

The visual symbolism of holding the world (in Latin orbis terrarum, the 'circle of countries', hence the word orb) in one's hand, or perhaps even more ominously under one's foot, was a clear message used since antiquity among pagans. Citizens of Rome were familiar with the plain round orb as a representation of the world or universe, and the emperor's dominion and protectorate over it; for example a 4th century coin from the reign of Emperor Constantine I shows him holding a globus in hand; and a 2nd century coin from the reign of Emperor Hadrian shows the Roman god Salus with his foot upon a globus. Image File history File links Description: de: Reichsapfel des Heiligen Römischen Reiches Deutscher Nation en: Globus cruciger (Imperial Orb) of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation Source: Brockhaus Konversationslexikon, Tafel Insignien, 14. ... Image File history File links Description: de: Reichsapfel des Heiligen Römischen Reiches Deutscher Nation en: Globus cruciger (Imperial Orb) of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation Source: Brockhaus Konversationslexikon, Tafel Insignien, 14. ... Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, flat surface, by cutting grooves into it. ... This page is about the Germanic empire. ... Antiquity means ancient times, and may be used of any period before the Middle Ages. ... Pagan may refer to: A believer in Paganism or Neopaganism. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Democratici di Sinistra) Area  - City Proper  1290 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,823,210 almost 4,000,000 1... (3rd century - 4th century - 5th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. ... Constantine. ... (1st century - 2nd century - 3rd century - other centuries) Events Roman Empire governed by the Five Good Emperors (96–180) – Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius. ... Emperor Hadrian Publius Aelius Traianus Hadrianus (January 24, 76-July 10, 138), known as Hadrian in English, was Roman emperor from 117-138, and a member of the gens Aelia. ... Roman mythology can be considered as two parts. ... In Greek mythology, Hygieia (Roman equivalent: Salus) was a daughter of Asclepius. ...


With the growth of Christianity in the 5th century, the orb was topped with a cross (hence globus cruciger), symbolising the Christian God's dominion over the world. Symbolically to Christians, the emperor held the world in his hand, on behalf of God. To non-Christians already familiar with the pagan orb, the surmounting of a cross sent a message about the triumph of Christianity. Scale and size in the mediaeval mind (iconography) was important in the sense of relative size to other objects around it; the world is seen small and the ruler or celestial being large, to emphasis the importance of each element. Christianity is a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament writings of his early followers. ... A cross is a geometrical figure consisting of two lines or bars intersecting each other at a 90° angle, dividing one or two of the lines in half. ...


The Globus cruciger was used by powerful rulers and celestial beings alike; it adorned portrayals of both emperors and archangels. It first appeared on coins in the early 5th century and remained popular throughout the Middle Ages in coins, iconography and royal regalia. Even in the modern era in England, the Sovereign's Orb symbolises both the state and Church (of England) under the protection and domain of the royal crown. An emperor is a (male) monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. ... Archangel can mean several things: 1. ... 1¢ euro coin A coin is usually a piece of hard material, generally metal and usually in the shape of a disc, which is used as a form of money. ... (4th century - 5th century - 6th century - other centuries) // Events Rome sacked by Visigoths in 410. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Salvator Mundi is an iconography depicting Christ with his right hand raised in blessing and his left hand holding an orb. ... REGALIA is a Latin plurale tantum for the privilegies and insignia, characterisic of a King or other sovereign. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Ethnicity...


The first known use was in 423 on the reverse side of Emperor Theodosius II's coins. Events On the death of Honorius, the primicerius notariorum Joannes seizes the throne of the Western Roman Empire, and is declared emperor. ... Theodosius II Flavius Theodosius II (April, 401 - July 28, 450 ). The eldest son of Eudoxia and Arcadius who at the age of 7 became the Roman Emperor of the East. ...


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  Results from FactBites:
 
Globus cruciger at AllExperts (512 words)
The globus cruciger (Latin) is an orb (globus) topped with a cross (cruciger), a Christian symbol of authority used throughout the Middle Ages on coins, iconography and royal regalia.
The globus cruciger was used in the Byzantine Empire, as shown in this coin of Emperor Leontius (d.
Queen Elizabeth II held a globus cruciger, called the "Sovereign's Orb", for her coronation portrait in 1953.Image:British Sovereigns Orb.jpgBritish Sovereign's Orb.Image:Holyromanemperorsigismund.jpegSigismund Luxembourg, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia and Hungary (1368â€"1437).Image:Goldene-bulle 1c-480x475.jpgThe Golden Bull of 1356 by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles IVImage:Barbaros.JPGEmperor Frederick I Barbarossa.Image:Dürer karl der grosse.jpg
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