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Encyclopedia > Globe
A modern world globe
A modern world globe
A French "navisphere": a type of celestial globe formerly used for navigation at sea
A French "navisphere": a type of celestial globe formerly used for navigation at sea

A globe is a three-dimensional scale model of Earth (terrestrial globe) or other spheroid celestial body such as a planet, star, or moon. It may also (celestial globe) refer to a spherical representation of the celestial sphere, showing the apparent positions of the stars in the sky. It can also be the shape of the Earth. Look up globe in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 519 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 1155 pixel, file size: 243 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 519 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 1155 pixel, file size: 243 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1986x2818, 796 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Globe Vincenzo Coronelli User:Globe45 Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1986x2818, 796 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Globe Vincenzo Coronelli User:Globe45 Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... Chinese history, astronomers have created celestial globes to assist the observation of the stars. ... 2-dimensional renderings (ie. ... Part of the one-tenth scale model of Bourton-on-the-Water at Bourton-on-the-Water, Gloucestershire, England A scale model of the Singapore City Centre. ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ... The celestial sphere is divided by the celestial equator. ... This article is about the astronomical object. ... For other uses, see Sky (disambiguation). ...


The word "globe" comes from the Latin word globus, meaning round mass or sphere. For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Globus is a Swiss department store company, that runs 11 department stores in Switzerland plus the Herren Globus chain of menswear stores, Office World chain of office supplies stores plus management of the cartoon character Globi. ... Look up round in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Sphere (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Terrestrial and planetary globes

A globe is the only geographical representation that has negligible distortion over large areas; all flat maps are created using a map projection that inevitably introduces an increasing amount distortion the larger the area that the map shows. A typical scale for a terrestrial globe is roughly 1:40 million. The Mercator projection shows courses of constant bearing as straight lines. ... A scale is either a device used for measurement of weights, or a series of ratios against which different measurements can be compared. ...


Sometimes a globe has relief, showing topography; in the case of a globe of the Earth the elevations are exaggerated, otherwise they would be hardly visible. Most modern globes are also imprinted with parallels and meridians so that one can (if only approximately due to scale) tell where a specific point on the surface of the planet is located. For discussion of land surfaces themselves, see Terrain. ...


Celestial globes

See also: Armillary sphere

Celestial globes show the apparent positions of the stars in the sky. They omit the Sun, Moon and planets because the positions of these bodies vary relative to those of the stars, but the ecliptic, along which the Sun moves, is indicated. Armillary sphere An armillary sphere (variations known as a spherical astrolabe, armilla, or armil) is a model of the celestial sphere, invented by the ancient Greek Eratosthenes in 255 BC. Its name comes from the Latin armilla (circle, bracelet), since it has a skeleton made of graduated metal circles linking... This article is about the astronomical object. ... For other uses, see Sky (disambiguation). ... Sol redirects here. ... This article is about Earths moon. ... The plane of the ecliptic is well seen in this picture from the 1994 lunar prospecting Clementine spacecraft. ...


A potential issue arises regarding the "handedness" of celestial globes. If the globe is constructed so that the stars are in the positions they actually occupy on the imaginary celestial sphere, then the star field will appear back-to-front on the surface of the globe (all the constellations will appear as their mirror images). This is because the view from Earth, positioned at the centre of the celestial sphere, is of the inside of the celestial sphere, whereas the celestial globe is viewed from the outside. For this reason, celestial globes may be produced in mirror image, so that at least the constellations appear the "right way round". Some modern celestial globes address this problem by making the surface of the globe transparent. The stars can then be placed in their proper positions and viewed through the globe, so that the view is of the inside of the celestial sphere, as it is from Earth.


History

The earliest known globe was constructed by the scholar Crates of Mallus in Cilicia (now Çukurova in modern-day Turkey) around 150 BC. An ancient celestial globe that still exists was made about 150 AD as part of a sculpture, called the Farnese Atlas, in the Naples Museum, Naples, Italy.[1] The first globe of the Old World was constructed in the Muslim world during the Middle Ages.[2] The oldest existing terrestrial globe was made by Martin Behaim in Nürnberg, Germany, in 1474.[1] A facsimile globe showing America was made by Martin Waldseemueller in 1507. Crates, of Mallus in Cilicia, a Greek grammarian and Stoic philosopher of the 2nd century BC, leader of the literary school and head of the library of Pergamum. ... The Kingdom of Cilician Armenia, 1199-1375. ... Cilicia as Roman province, 120 AD In Antiquity, Cilicia (Κιλικία) was a region, and often a political unit, on the southeastern coast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey), north of Cyprus. ... The Farnese Atlas at the Museo Archaeologico Nazionale in Naples, Italy. ... The National Archaeological Museum of Naples. ... Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... The Old World consists of those parts of Earth known to Europeans, Asians, and Africans before the voyages of Christopher Columbus; it includes Europe, Asia, and Africa (collectively known as Africa-Eurasia), plus surrounding islands. ... Nations with a Muslim majority appear in green, while nations that are approximately 50% Muslim appear yellow. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Martin Behaim (October 6, 1459 – July 29, 1507), or Behem, was a navigator and geographer of great pretensions. ... Nuremberg coat of arms Location of Nuremberg Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg) is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. ... Martin Waldseemüller (ca. ...


Manufacture

Mass-produced globes are typically covered by a printed paper map. The most common type has long, thin gores (strips) of paper that narrow to a point at the North Pole and the South Pole.[3] Then a small disk is used to paper over the inevitable irregularities at the poles. The more gores there are, the less stretching and crumpling is required to make the paper map fit the sphere. From a geometric point of view, all points on a sphere are equivalent – one could select any arbitrary point on the Earth, and create a paper map that covers the Earth with strips that come together at that point and the antipodal point. However, as the Earth is an oblate spheroid and not a perfect sphere, bulging slightly at the equator, to correctly represent the true shape of the Earth using such paper strips is more difficult. A gore is a segment of a three-dimensional shape fabricated from a two-dimensional material. ... For other uses, see North Pole (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see South Pole (disambiguation). ... In mathematics, the antipodal point of a point on the surface of a sphere is the point which is diametrically opposite it — so situated that a line drawn from the one to the other passes through the centre of the sphere and forms a true diameter. ... An oblate spheroid is ellipsoid having a shorter axis and two equal longer axes. ...


A globe is usually mounted at an angle on bearings. In addition to making it easy to use this mounting also represents the angle of the planet in relation to its sun and the spin of the planet. This makes it easy to visualize how days and seasons change. A bearing is a device to permit constrained relative motion between two parts, typically rotation or linear movement. ... Look up day in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


Notable large globes

  • The Unisphere in Queens, New York, at 120 feet in diameter the world's largest global structure.
  • Eartha, currently the world's largest rotating globe (41 feet in diameter), at the Delorme headquarters in Yarmouth, Maine
  • The Mapparium, 30 foot walk-in globe at the Christian Science complex in Boston, intended to be viewed from within.
  • The Babson globe in Wellesley, Massachusetts, a 26-foot diameter globe which originally rotated on its axis and on its base to simulate day and night and the seasons
  • The giant globe in the lobby of The News Building in New York City.
  • The Hitler Globe, also known as the Führer globe, was formally named the Columbus Globe for State and Industry Leaders. Two editions existed during Hitler's lifetime, created during the mid-1930s on his orders. (The second edition changed the name of Abyssinia to Italian East Africa). These globes were "enormous" and very costly. According to the New York Times, "the real Columbus globe was nearly the size of a Volkswagen and, at the time, more expensive." Several still exist, including three in Berlin: one at a geographical institute, one at the Märkisches Museum, and another at the Deutsches Historisches Museum. The latter has a Soviet bullet hole through Germany. One of the two in public collections in Munich has an American bullet hole through Germany. There are several in private hands inside and out of Germany. A much smaller version of Hitler's globe was mocked by Charlie Chaplin in The Great Dictator, a film released in 1940.[4]

The Unisphere, June 2005 Unisphere is a 12-story high, spherical stainless steel representation of the Earth. ... Queens is geographically the largest of the five boroughs of New York City in the United States, and the most ethnically diverse county in the U.S. It is coterminous with Queens County in the State of New York and is located on western Long Island. ... Eartha is the name given to the worlds largest rotating globe, located within the headquarters of the Delorme mapping corporation in Yarmouth, Maine. ... Eartha at night DeLorme is a topographic and road mapping company based in Yarmouth, Maine, United States. ... Yarmouth is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States, located approximately ten to fifteen miles north of Portland, the states largest city. ... North America as it appears in the Mapparium. ... Boston redirects here. ... Babson College, located in Wellesley, Massachusetts (zoned as Babson Park, ZIP code 02457),[1] is a private business school which grants all undergraduates a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration. ...   Settled: 1660 â€“ Incorporated: 1881 Zip Code(s): 02481, 02482 â€“ Area Code(s): 339 / 781 Official website: http://www. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Hitler redirects here. ... This article needs cleanup. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... The Volkswagen Beetle or Bug is a small family car, the best known car of Volkswagen, of Germany, and almost certainly the world. ... The introduction of this article does not provide enough context for readers unfamiliar with the subject. ... Soviet redirects here. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... Charles Chaplin redirects here. ... The Great Dictator is a film directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 2003.
  2. ^ Mark Silverberg. Origins of Islamic Intolerence.
  3. ^ http://netpbm.sourceforge.net/doc/globe.jpg
  4. ^ "The Mystery of Hitler’s Globe Goes Round and Round", by Michael Kimmelman, September 18, 2007. Accessed September 18, 2007.

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Globe

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Armillary sphere An armillary sphere (variations known as a spherical astrolabe, armilla, or armil) is a model of the celestial sphere, invented by the ancient Greek Eratosthenes in 255 BC. Its name comes from the Latin armilla (circle, bracelet), since it has a skeleton made of graduated metal circles linking... Unfolded Dymaxion map with nearly-contiguous land masses. ... German astronomer and cartographer Johannes Schöner (1477-1547) made some of the oldest globes. ... NASA World Wind, an open source virtual globe with stars and advanced atmosphere & sunlight effects Microsoft Virtual Earth 3D within Windows Live Local site Earthsim, real-time Earth render with atmosphere modeling 3D Weather Globe & Atlas, Earth render with satellite cloud coverage and atmosphere A virtual globe is a 3D... Google Earth is a virtual globe program that was originally called Earth Viewer and was created by Keyhole, Inc. ... Animation showing atmosphere and shading effects in v1. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Shakespeare Resource Center - Shakespeare's Globe (833 words)
In 1613, the original Globe Theatre burned to the ground when a cannon shot during a performance of Henry VIII ignited the thatched roof of the gallery.
The foundations of the Globe were rediscovered in 1989, rekindling interest in a fitful attempt to erect a modern version of the amphitheater.
The Globe is as faithful a reproduction as possible to the Elizabethan model, seating 1,500 people between the galleries and the "groundlings." In its initial 1997 season, the theatre attracted 210,000 patrons.
Globe, Arizona - DesertUSA (871 words)
Globe is located in the heart of Arizona's magnificent Tonto National Forest and is surrounded by some of the most spectacular mountain vistas in the Southwest.
Globe is situated near the mid-point of the legendary Old West Highway that stretches from Apache Junction, Arizona east to Lordsburg, New Mexico.
Globe is also the eastern terminus of the Apache Trail, which runs northwest to Theodore Roosevelt Recreation Area, then turns southwest too Apache Junction.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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