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Encyclopedia > Global Justice Movement
Activists protest policies of the World Bank in Washington, DC
Activists protest policies of the World Bank in Washington, DC

The Global Justice Movement is the broad globalized social movement opposing what is often known as “corporate globalization” and promoting equal distribution of economic resources. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Puxi side of Shanghai, China. ... American Civil Rights Movement is one of the most famous social movements of the 20th century. ...

A number of organisations and groups using this term have emerged at the beginning of this century - see links and references.


A Movement of Movements

The Global Justice Movement describes the loose collection of individuals and groups—often referred to as a “movement of movements”—who advocate "fair trade" rules and are critical of current institutions of global economics such as the World Trade Organization.[1] The movement is often labelled the anti-globalization movement by the mainstream media. Those involved, however, frequently deny that they are “anti-globalization,” insisting that they support the globalization of communication and people and oppose only the global expansion of corporate power.[2] The term further indicates an anti-capitalist and universalist perspective on globalization, distinguishing the movement from those opponents of globalization whose politics are based on a conservative defence of national sovereignty. Participants include student groups, NGOs, trade unions, faith-based and peace groups throughout the world. However it is clear that the movement is overwhelmingly dominated by Northern NGOs and that there is a systemic marginalisation of popular organisations from the global South.[citation needed] Movement of Movements is a term used to describe the loose grouping which is often called the Anti-globalization movement. ... For other uses, see Fair trade (disambiguation). ... WTO redirects here. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This article lists ideologies opposed to capitalism and describes them briefly. ... Moral universalism is a moral view, often related to humanist philosophy, which claims that the fundamental basis for a universalist ethic—universally applicable to all humanity—can be derived or inferred from what is common among existing moral codes. ... Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favor tradition and gradual change, where tradition refers to religious, cultural, or nationally defined beliefs and customs. ... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme authority over a geographic region or group of people, such as a nation or a tribe. ... NGO redirects here. ...

Massive protests

The movement is characterized by the massive citizen protests and alternative summits which have, for the last decade, accompanied most meetings of the G8, World Trade Organization, International Monetary Fund, and World Bank. The movement came to the attention of many in the US when activists successfully used protests to shut down the 1999 WTO Ministerial in Seattle. This represented, however, just one of a series of massive Global Justice protests that have included protests at the 1988 World Bank/IMF meetings in Germany,[3] "IMF riots" in Indonesia over the price of food in 1998,[4] and "water wars" in Bolivia over the implementation World Bank recommended policies.[5] Group of Eight redirects here. ... WTO redirects here. ... IMF redirects here. ... The World Bank logo The World Bank (the Bank) is a part of the World Bank Group (WBG), is a bank that makes loans to developing countries for development programs with the stated goal of reducing poverty. ... {{Infobox Military Conflict |conflict=Battle of Seattle |date=November 30, 1999 |place=Seattle, Washington |result=WTO meetings delayed, $20,000,000 in damage |combatant1=Protesters, Rioters, Anarchists |combatant2=King County Sheriffs Office, Seattle Police Department |commander1= none |commander2=[[= Chief Norm Stamper |strength1=42,000+ |strength2=unknown}} A Rainforest Action...

International solidarity

The Global Justice movement places a significant emphasis on transnational solidarity uniting activists in the global South and global North. Some have argued that the World Social Forum is one excellent example of this emphasis, bringing activists together from around the world to focus on shared philosophy and campaigning. However others see the World Social Forum as dominated by Northern Activists and argue that Southern representation is largely organized via Northern NGOs and that popular organizations in the global South as systematically marginalized.[citation needed] For this reason many movements in the South boycott the forum or actively oppose it. The Jubilee campaign has been among the uniting efforts activists have worked on together, calling for cancellation of unpayable third world debt. The North-South divide is the socio-economic and political division which exists between the wealthy developed countries, known collectively as the The North, and the poorer developing countries, or The South. Although most nations comprising the North are in fact located in the Northern Hemisphere, the divide is not... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Logo of Jubilee 2000 Jubilee 2000 was an international coalition movement in over 40 countries calling for cancellation of unpayable third world debt by the year 2000. ... Third World debt is external debt incurred by Third World countries. ...

See also

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Anti-globalization. ... Democratic globalization or mundialization is a movement towards an institutional system of global democracy that would give world citizens a say in world organizations. ... A global citizens movement refers to a number of organized and overlapping citizens groups who seek to influence public policy often with the hope of establishing global solidarity on an issue. ... Global justice is a concept in political philosophy denoting justice between societies or between individuals in different societies, as opposed to within a specific society. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Movement of Movements is a term used to describe the loose grouping which is often called the Anti-globalization movement. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The European Social Forum (ESF) is an annual conference held by members of the alter-globalization movement (also known as the Global Justice Movement). ...

Bibliography and further reading

  • Rodney Shakespeare & Peter Challen, Seven Steps to Justice. London: New European Publications Limited, 2002. http://www.globaljusticemovement.net/home/seven-steps.htm
  • Alex Callinicos, An Anti-Capitalist Manifesto. London: Polity, 2003.
  • Notes from Nowhere, We Are Everywhere: The Irresistible Rise of Global Anti-Capitalism. London: Verso, 2003.
  • Gelder, Melinda, Meeting the Enemy, Becoming a Friend. Boulder: Bauu Press, 2006.
  • David Solnit, Globalize Liberation: How to Uproot the System and Build a Better World'.' San Francisco: City Lights, 2003.
  • Tom Mertes, Movement of Movements. New York: Verso, 2004.
  • Donatella Della Porta, The Global Justice Movement: Cross-national And Transnational Perspectives. New York: Paradigm, 2006.

External links



Starhawk (born Miriam Simos in St. ...


  1. ^ Tom Mertes, "A Movement of Movements", New York: Verso, 2004
  2. ^ della Porta, D. 2005. “The Social Bases of the Global Justice Movement: Some Theoretical Reflections and Empirical Evidence from the First European Social Forum.” Civil Society and Social Movements Programme Paper No. 21.Geneva: UNRISD (United Nations Research Institute for Social Development).
  3. ^ Berlin 1988 IMF World Bank Conference protests
  4. ^ Greg Palast interviewing Joseph Steiglitz, "IMF’s Four steps to Damnation" The Observer (London), 29 April, 2001: http://www.jubileeresearch.org/analysis/articles/IMF_Four_steps_Damnation.htm
  5. ^ The Democracy Center, "Bechtel Vs. Bolivia: The Bolivian Water Revolt", http://www.democracyctr.org/bechtel/

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.globalization is bringing about the devastating destruction of local traditions, the continued subordination of poorer nations and regions by richer ones, environmental destruction, and a homogenization of culture and everyday life.
It is also important to point out the sociological dimension of the movement in that the activists and their globally interconnected groups and NGOs have created a kind of global 'civil society' that has strengthened human interaction and the potential for collective human action on a global stage outside of the traditional national context.
  More results at FactBites »



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