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Encyclopedia > Glenn Miller
Glenn Miller
Major Glenn Miller
Major Glenn Miller
Background information
Birth name Alton Glenn Miller
Born March 1, 1904(1904-03-01)
Clarinda, Iowa, U.S.
Died circa December 15, 1944 (aged 40)
Genre(s) Swing music
Big band
Sweet bands
Occupation(s) Bandleader
Instrument(s) Trombone
Years active 1923–1944
Associated acts Glenn Miller Orchestra

Alton Glenn Miller (March 1, 1904presumably December 15, 1944), was an American jazz musician and band leader in the swing era. He was one of the best-selling recording artists from 1939 to 1942, leading one of the best known "Big Bands". Miller's signature recordings include, "In the Mood", "Tuxedo Junction", "Chattanooga Choo Choo", "Moonlight Serenade", "Little Brown Jug", and "Pennsylvania 6-5000"[1]. While travelling to entertain U.S. troops in France during World War II, Miller's plane disappeared in bad weather. His body was never found. Glen Miller is the head mens basketball coach at the University of Pennsylvania. ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Glen_miller. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... Clarinda is a city located in Page County, Iowa. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see swing. ... A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from the early 1930s until the late 1940s, although there are many big-bands around nowadays. ... A bandleader is the director of a band of musicians. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making music. ... The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... Death in absentia describes a legal finding of death if a person has been missing for more than a certain period of time. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... A Bandleader is the director of a band of musicians. ... Swing music, also known as swing jazz, is a form of jazz music that developed during the 1920s and had solidified as a distinctive style by 1935 in the United States. ... See also: 1938 in music, other events of 1939, 1940 in music and the list of years in music. Events Publication of Music Here and Now, book by Ernst Krenek March 23 - Béla Bartóks Violin Concerto No. ... See also: 1941 in music, other events of 1942, 1943 in music and the list of years in music. // Events Bunk Johnson makes his first recordings Albums released Holiday Inn - Bing Crosby Top hit records Blues In the Night by Woody Herman Dont sit under the Apple Tree - Andrews... A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from the early 1930s until the late 1940s, although there are many big-bands around nowadays. ... In the Mood, a song popularized by the American bandleader Glenn Miller, was one of the best-known arrangements of the big band era. ... Tuxedo Junction is a song written by Erskine Hawkins and introduced by his orchestra. ... Trains are on permanent display at the Chattanooga station. ... This article is about the Miller-Parish song. ... Little Brown Jug is a song written in 1869 by Joseph Winner. ... Pennsylvania 6-5000 is said to be the oldest continuing phone number in New York City, New York. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Missing persons redirects here. ...

Contents

Early life and career

Glenn Miller was born in Clarinda, Iowa on March 1, 1904, the son of Mattie Lou (née Cavender) and Lewis Elmer Miller.[1][2] He went to grade school in North Platte, Nebraska. In 1915, Miller's family moved to Grant City, Missouri. Around this time, Miller was given his first trombone and then played in the town orchestra. In 1918, the Miller family moved again, this time to Fort Morgan, Colorado where Glenn went to high school. During his senior year, Miller became very interested in a new style of music called "dance band music". Miller enjoyed this music so much that he and some classmates decided to start their own band. By the time Miller graduated from high school in 1921, he had decided he wanted to become a professional musician.[3] Clarinda is a city located in Page County, Iowa. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... Née redirects here. ... Grain elevator along the Union Pacific Railroad in downtown North Platte North Platte is a city in Lincoln County in southwestern Nebraska on I-80 where the South Platte River and the North Platte River join to form the Platte River. ... This article is about the town in Missouri. ... Fort Morgan is a city located in Morgan County, Colorado. ...


In 1923, Miller entered the University of Colorado where he joined Sigma Nu Fraternity,[4] but spent most of his time away from school, attending auditions and playing any gigs he could get, most notably with Boyd Senter's band in Denver. He dropped out of school after failing three out of five classes one semester, and decided to concentrate on making a career as a professional musician. He later studied the Schillinger technique with Joseph Schillinger,[5] who is credited with helping Miller create the "Miller sound", and under whose tutelage he himself composed what became his signature theme, "Moonlight Serenade."[6] The University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder, UCB officially[3]; Colorado and CU colloquially) is the flagship university of the University of Colorado System in Boulder, Colorado. ... ΣΝ (Sigma Nu) is an undergraduate college fraternity with chapters in the United States and Canada. ... This article refers to the state capital of Colorado. ... For the popular-music magazine, see Musician (magazine). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about the Miller-Parish song. ...


In 1926, Miller toured with several groups and landed a good spot in Ben Pollack's group in Los Angeles. During his stint with Pollack, Miller had the opportunity to write several musical arrangements of his own. In 1928, when the band arrived in New York City, he sent for and married his college sweetheart, Helen Burger. He was a member of Red Nichols’s orchestra in 1930, and because of Nichols, played in the pit bands of two Broadway shows, Strike Up the Band and Girl Crazy, his bandmates included Benny Goodman and Gene Krupa. "The consensus there was that Miller was no more than an average trombonist."[7] Despite this, during the late 1920s and early 1930s, Miller managed to earn a living working as a freelance trombonist in several bands. In November of 1929, an original vocalist named Red McKenzie hired Glenn to play on two records that are now considered to be jazz classics: "Hello, Lola" and "If I Could Be With You One Hour Tonight". "Not only were [the two songs Miller recorded] considered major musical items, but they also represented one of the major breakthroughs in blacks and whites playing together." [Simon 55] Besides Glenn were clarinetist Pee Wee Russell, guitarist Eddie Condon, drummer Gene Krupa and Coleman Hawkins on tenor saxophone.[8] Ben Pollack (June 22, 1903 - June 7, 1971) was a drummer and bandleader from the mid 1920s through the swing era. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Ernest Loring Red Nichols (May 8, 1905–June 28, 1965) was a United States jazz cornettist. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... Strike Up The Band may refer to: Strike Up The Band, a 1927 song by George Gershwin and Ira Gershwin written for a Broadway musical by the same name Strike Up the Band, a 1940 MGM musical directed by Busby Berkeley and starring Judy Garland and Mickey Rooney Strike Up... Girl Crazy is a theater musical with music by George Gershwin, lyrics by Ira Gershwin and book by Guy Bolton and John McGowan. ... Benny Goodman, born Benjamin David Goodman[1] , (May 30, 1909 – June 13, 1986) was an American jazz musician and virtuoso clarinetist, known as King of Swing, Patriarch of the Clarinet, The Professor, and Swings Senior Statesman. // Goodman was born in Chicago, the ninth of twelve children of poor Jewish... Gene Krupa (January 15, 1909 – October 16, 1973) was a famous and influential American jazz and big band drummer, known for his highly energetic and flamboyant style. ... Charles Ellsworth Russell, much better known by his nickname Pee Wee Russell, (27 March 1906 - 15 February 1969) was a jazz musician. ... Albert Edwin Condon, better known as Eddie Condon, (16 November 1905–4 August 1973) was a jazz banjoist, guitarist, and bandleader. ... Gene Krupa (January 15, 1909 – October 16, 1973) was a famous and influential American jazz and big band drummer, known for his highly energetic and flamboyant style. ... Coleman Hawkins Coleman Randolph Hawkins, nicknamed Hawk and sometimes Bean, (November 21, 1901 or 1904 - May 19, 1969) was a prominent jazz tenor saxophone musician. ...


In the mid-1930s, Miller also worked as a trombonist and arranger in The Dorsey Brothers ill-fated co-led orchestra.[9] In 1935, he assembled an American orchestra for British bandleader Ray Noble,[10] developing the arrangement of lead clarinet over four saxophones that eventually became the sonic keynote of his own big band. Members of the Noble band included future bandleader Claude Thornhill, Bud Freeman and Charlie Spivak.[11] The Dorsey Brothers consisted of the dynamic duo Big Band musicians Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey who found fame in the 1940s playing with great Big Band favorites Glenn Miller and Benny Goodman among others. ... Ray Noble is a common personal name that can refer to different people: Ray Noble: a baseball player Ray Noble: a musician This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Two soprano clarinets: a Bâ™­ clarinet (left, with capped mouthpiece) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ... The saxophone (colloquially referred to as sax) is a conical-bored musical instrument usually considered a member of the woodwind family. ...


Glenn Miller compiled several musical arrangements before forming his first band in 1937. The band failed to distinguish itself from the many others of the era, and eventually broke up. Benny Goodman said in 1976, "In late 1937, before his band became popular, we were both playing in Dallas. Glenn was pretty dejected and came to see me. He asked, 'What do you do? How do you make it?' I said, 'I don't know, Glenn. You just stay with it."[12] In popular music an arrangement is a setting of a piece of music, which may have been composed by the arranger or by someone else. ... Benny Goodman, born Benjamin David Goodman[1] , (May 30, 1909 – June 13, 1986) was an American jazz musician and virtuoso clarinetist, known as King of Swing, Patriarch of the Clarinet, The Professor, and Swings Senior Statesman. // Goodman was born in Chicago, the ninth of twelve children of poor Jewish... Dallas redirects here. ...


Success from 1938 to 1942

Discouraged, Miller returned to New York. He realized that he needed to develop a unique sound, and decided to make the clarinet play a melodic line with a tenor saxophone on the same note, with three other saxophones harmonized within a single octave. George Simon discovered a saxophonist named Wilbur Schwartz for Glenn Miller. Miller hired Schwartz, but instead had him play the lead clarinet. "Willie's tone and way of playing provided a fullness and richness so distinctive that none of the later Miller imitators could ever accurately reproduce the Miller sound." [Simon 122] With this new sound combination, the Miller band found success. Miller was not the first to try this style, but he was the most successful at refining it and making it key to almost his entire repertoire. This article is about the state. ... Two soprano clarinets: a Bâ™­ clarinet (left, with capped mouthpiece) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ... The tenor saxophone is a medium-sized member of the saxophone family, a group of instruments invented by Adolphe Sax. ...


In September 1938, the Miller band began making recordings for the RCA Victor Bluebird Records subsidiary.[13] In the spring of 1939, the band's fortunes improved with a date at the Meadowbrook Ballroom in Cedar Grove, New Jersey, and more dramatically at the Glen Island Casino in New Rochelle, New York. With the Glen Island date, the band began a huge rise in popularity.[14] In 1939, Time magazine noted: "Of the twelve to 24 discs in each of today's 300,000 U.S. jukeboxes, from two to six are usually Glenn Miller's."[15] There were record-breaking recordings such as "Tuxedo Junction", which sold 115,000 copies in the first week.[16] 1939's huge success culminated with the Miller band in concert at Carnegie Hall on October 6, with Paul Whiteman, Benny Goodman, and Fred Waring also the main attractions.[17] Sony BMG Music Entertainment is the result of a 50/50 joint venture between Sony Music Entertainment (part of Sony) and BMG Entertainment (part of Bertelsmann AG) completed in August 2004. ... Bluebird Records was a sub-label of RCA Victor created to counter ARC Records on the 3 records for a dollar market. ... Map of Cedar Grove Township in Essex County Cedar Grove Township is a Township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. ... New Rochelle City Hall New Roc City New Rochelle (French: Nouvelle-Rochelle) is a city in the southeast portion of the U.S. state of New York in Westchester County, 16 miles (26 km) from Grand Central Terminal in New York City and 2 miles north of the border with... TIME redirects here. ... Carnegie Hall is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City located at 881 Seventh Avenue, occupying the east stretch of Seventh Avenue between West 56th Street and West 57th Street. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


From 1939 to 1942, Miller's band was featured three times a week during a broadcast for Chesterfield cigarettes.[18] On February 10, 1942, RCA Victor presented Miller with the first gold record for "Chattanooga Choo-Choo".[19] In 2004, Glenn Miller orchestra bassist Herman "Trigger" Alpert explained the band's success: "Miller had America's music pulse.[...] He knew what would please the listeners."[20] Although Miller had massive popularity, many jazz critics of the time had their misgivings, believing that the band's endless rehearsals and "letter-perfect playing" diminished excitement and feeling from performances.[21] They also felt that Miller's brand of swing shifted popular music away from the "hot" jazz bands of Benny Goodman and Count Basie towards commercial novelty instrumentals and vocal numbers. Miller was often criticized for being too commercial. His answer to the criticism was, "I don't want a jazz band".[11] Many modern jazz critics still harbour similar antipathy toward Miller.[22] In an article written by Gary Giddins for The New Yorker in 2004, Giddins felt that these early critics erred in denigrating Glenn Miller's music, and that the popular opinion of the time should hold greater sway. The article states: "Miller exuded little warmth on or off the bandstand, but once the band struck up its theme, audiences were done for: throats clutched, eyes softened. Can any other record match "Moonlight Serenade" for its ability to induce a Pavlovian slaver in so many for so long?"[22] Miller and his band appeared in two Hollywood films, 1941's, Sun Valley Serenade and 1942's Orchestra Wives, the latter featuring Jackie Gleason playing a part as the group's bassist. Miller insisted on a believable script before he'd go before Twentieth-Century Fox cameras. Miller also demanded that the band become an integral part of the story and not just be thrown into some inconsequential scene. He had achieved star status and he was now demanding and getting star treatment.[23] Advertisement for Chesterfield cigarettes from the early 20th century At one time, Chesterfield cigarettes was one of the three most smoked brands of cigarettes in the United States. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The description Gold Album is applied to recorded music albums that have sold a minimum number of copies (in the US, currently 500,000 sales). ... Trains are on perminant display at the Chattanooga station. ... William Count Basie (August 21, 1904 – April 26, 1984) was an American jazz pianist, organist, bandleader, and composer. ... ... The year 1941 in film involved some significant events. ... Sun Valley Serenade is a 1941 film starring Sonja Henie, John Payne and Milton Berle. ... See also: 1941 in film 1942 1943 in film 1940s in film years in film film // Events Carole Lombard is killed in a plane crash when returning from a War Bond tour. ... Orchestra Wives was the second and last film to feature The Glenn Miller Orchestra. ... Herbert John Jackie Gleason (February 26, 1916 – June 24, 1987) was an American comedian, actor, and musician. ... Related articles FOX Television Network Fox Searchlight Pictures Fox Entertainment Group List of Hollywood movie studios List of movies Variant of current 20th Century Fox logo External links 20th Century Fox Movies official site Twentieth Century Fox is also the punning title of a song by The Doors on their...


The Army Air Force Band 1942-1944

Bust outside the Corn Exchange in Bedford, where Miller played in World War II.
Bust outside the Corn Exchange in Bedford, where Miller played in World War II.

In 1942, at the peak of his civilian career, Miller decided he could better serve those in uniform by joining the war effort. At 38 years old, Miller was too old to be drafted, and first volunteered for the Navy but was told that they didn’t need his services. [Simon 309-310] Miller then wrote to the Army’s Brigadier General Charles Young on August 12 1942. Miller persuaded the Army to accept him so he could in his own words, "be placed in charge of a modernized army band." [Simon 312] After being accepted in the Army, Glenn’s civilian band played their last concert in Passaic, New Jersey on September 27, 1942.[3] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 557 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (841 × 905 pixel, file size: 165 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 557 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (841 × 905 pixel, file size: 165 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Bust of Richard Bently by Roubiliac A bust is a sculpture depicting a persons chest, shoulders, and head, usually supported by a stand. ... This article is about the English county town. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... USN redirects here. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... “Passaic” redirects here. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


He initially formed a large marching band that was to be the core of a network of service orchestras, but his attempts at modernizing military music were met with some resistance from tradition-minded career officers. An example is the arrangement of "St. Louis Blues March", combining blues and jazz with the traditional military march. This was recorded on October 29, 1943 at the Victor studios in New York City.[24] Miller's striking innovations and his adaptations of Sousa marches for the AAF band prompted Time magazine to claim that he had rankled traditionalists in the field of Army music and had desecrated the march king. The magazine also criticized Miller's injection of casual enjoyment into the disciplined cadences of military music, stating that the Army was 'swinging its hips instead of its feet.'"[25] But by the time of Miller's death, opinion had changed. General Jimmy Doolittle[2] said, “[...]next to a letter from home, that organization was the greatest morale builder in the European Theater of Operations.”[3] is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Disappearance

On December 15, 1944, Miller, now a major, was to fly from the United Kingdom to Paris, France, to play for the soldiers who recently had liberated Paris. His plane departed from RAF Twinwood Farm, in Clapham, Bedfordshire, but disappeared over the English Channel and was never found.[26] Miller's disappearance remains a mystery; neither his remains nor the wreckage of his plane (a single-engine Noorduyn Norseman UC-64, USAAF Tail Number 44-70285) was ever recovered from the water. In 1985, British diver Clive Ward discovered a Noorduyn Norseman off the coast of Northern France. His findings were not verified and contained no clues about what happened.[27] Grove Street Cemetery or Grove Street Burial Ground in New Haven, Connecticut is located in the center of the Yale University campus. ... New Haven redirects here. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Insignia of a Major in the United States Military Major is a rank used in the United States Army, United States Air Force, and United States Marine Corps, and is the equivalent of a Lieutenant Commander in the United States Navy and United States Coast Guard. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Belligerents Free French Forces Germany Commanders Philippe Leclerc Raymond Dronne Henri Rol-Tanguy Jacques Chaban-Delmas Dietrich von Choltitz # Strength 2nd Armoured Division, French resistance 5,000 Inside Paris, 15,000 At outskirts Casualties and losses 1,500 dead French resistance 71 dead, 225 wounded Free French Forces[1] 3... RAF Twinwood Control Tower (Watch Office), restored in 2002 RAF Twinwood Farm is a former World War II airfield in England, located 4 miles N of Bedford. ... Clapham is a village in North East Bedfordshire, England. ... Bedfordshire (abbreviated Beds) is a county in England that forms part of the East of England region. ... For the Thoroughbred racehorse of the same name, see English Channel (horse). ... The Noorduyn Norseman is a Canadian single-engine bush plane designed to operate from unimproved surfaces. ...


Since Miller's disappearance more than sixty years ago, there have been many theories about what happened. Buddy DeFranco, one of the leaders of the post-war Glenn Miller orchestra, told biographer George T. Simon of the many theories of Miller's disappearance that were told to him while he was leading the band in the 1970s. DeFranco said "If I were to believe all those stories, there would have been about twelve thousand four hundred and fifty eight people there at the field in England seeing him off on that last flight!"[28] George Thomas Simon (born May 9, 1912; died February 13, 2001. ...


It is now thought that Miller's plane was bombed accidentally by Royal Air Force aircraft over the English Channel after an abortive air raid on Germany. One hundred and thirty-eight Lancaster bombers, short on fuel, were jettisoning approximately 100,000 incendiaries in a designated area before landing, per standing orders.[29] The logbooks of Royal Air Force navigator Fred Shaw record that a small single-engined monoplane was seen spiralling out of control and crashed into the water. If this was indeed Miller's plane, then the RAF crews jettisoning ordnance to facilitate safe landing conditions could not have been to blame for Miller's plane's straying into their designated drop zone.[30][31] RAF redirects here. ... For the Thoroughbred racehorse of the same name, see English Channel (horse). ...


Miller's surname resides on the 'Wall of Missing' at the Cambridge American Cemetery and Memorial. A monument stone was also placed in Grove Street Cemetery in New Haven, Connecticut next to the campus of Yale University. Cambridge American Cemetery and Memorial is a cemetery and chapel near the village of Madingley in Cambridgeshire. ... Grove Street Cemetery or Grove Street Burial Ground in New Haven, Connecticut is located in the center of the Yale University campus. ... New Haven redirects here. ... Yale redirects here. ...


Ghost Bands 1946 to the Present

The Miller estate authorized an official Glenn Miller "ghost band" in 1946. This band was led by Tex Beneke, former lead saxophonist and singer for the civilian band. It had a make up similar to the Army Air Force Band: it had a large string section.[32] The orchestra's official public début was at the Capitol Theatre on Broadway where it opened for a three week engagement on January 24, 1946.[33] Henry Mancini was the band's pianist and one of the arrangers.[4] This ghost band played to very large audiences all across the U.S., including a few dates at the Hollywood Palladium, where the original Miller band played in 1941.[34] Even as the big band era faded, Tex Beneke and the Glenn Miller Orchestra played to a record-breaking crowd of 6,750 dancers at the Hollywood Palladium.[5] By 1949, economics dictated that the string section be dropped.[35] Gordon Lee Tex Beneke (born February 12, 1914 in Fort Worth, Texas; died May 30, 2000) was an American bandleader, tenor saxophonist and singer. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Palladium while hosting the 2005 deviantART Summit. ...


This band recorded for RCA Victor, just as the original Miller band did.[36] Beneke was struggling with how to expand the Miller sound and also how to achieve success under his own name. What began as the "Glenn Miller Orchestra Under the Direction of Tex Beneke" finally became "The Tex Beneke Orchestra". By 1950, Beneke and the Miller estate parted ways.[37] The break was acrimonious and Beneke is not currently listed by the Miller estate as a former leader of the Glenn Miller orchestra.[38] Sony BMG Music Entertainment is the result of a 50/50 joint venture between Sony Music Entertainment (part of Sony) and BMG Entertainment (part of Bertelsmann AG) completed in August 2004. ...


When Glenn Miller was alive, various bandleaders like Bob Chester imitated his style.[39] By the early 1950s, various bands were again copying the Miller style of clarinet led reeds and muted trumpets, notably Ralph Flanagan,[40] Jerry Gray,[41] and Ray Anthony.[42] This, coupled with the success of The Glenn Miller Story (1953)[6], led the Miller estate to ask Ray McKinley to lead a new ghost band.[43] This 1956 band is the original version of the current ghost band that still tours the United States today.[44] The official Glenn Miller orchestra for the United States is currently under the direction of Larry O'Brien.[7] The officially sanctioned Glenn Miller Orchestra for the United Kingdom has toured and recorded with great success under the leadership of Ray McVay[8].The official Glenn Miller Orchestra for Europe has been led by Wil Salden since 1990.[9] Ralph Flanagan, born Ralph Elias Flanniken, (April 7, 1914 in Lorain, Ohio - December 30, 1995 in Miami, Florida) was a famed big band leader, conductor, pianist, composer, and arranger for the orchestras of Hal McIntyre, Sammy Kaye, Blue Barron, Charlie Barnet, and Alvino Rey. ... Jerry Gray Jerry Gray (July 3, 1916–August 10, 1976) was an arranger, composer, and conductor who is best known for his work with popular music during the Swing Era. ... Ray Anthony (born Raymond Antonioni on January 20, 1922 in Bentleyville, Pennsylvania) is an American bandleader, trumpeter, songwriter and actor who is best known for his work after World War II. External links Ray Anthony biography at SpaceAgePop. ... The Glenn Miller Story is a rather boring 1953 movie about a guy who always appeared as boring himself, except for the swinging music he arranged and conducted. ... Ray McKinley (June 18, 1910–May 7, 1995) was an American jazz drummer, singer, and bandleader. ...


The Glenn Miller Army Air Force Band's legacy has carried on with the Airmen of Note, a band within the United States Air Force. This band was created in 1950 from smaller groups within the Bolling Air Force Base in Washington D.C. and continues to play jazz music for the Air Force community and the general public.[10]


Legacy

In 1953, Anthony Mann directed The Glenn Miller Story for Universal Pictures starring James Stewart and June Allyson[11]. The fictionalized biographical film was a popular success. Miller's mother said of the movie that actor James Stewart 'wasn't as good looking as my son'.[45] Anthony Mann (June 30, 1906 - April 29, 1967), was an American actor and film director. ... The Glenn Miller Story is a rather boring 1953 movie about a guy who always appeared as boring himself, except for the swinging music he arranged and conducted. ... Universal Pictures is the main motion picture production/distribution arm of Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. ... James Stewart is the name of: // Actors James Stewart (actor) (1908–1997), Hollywood movie star, widely known as Jimmy Stewart. ...


Glenn Miller's widow, Helen, died in 1966.[46] Herb Miller, Glenn Miller's brother, led his own band in the United States and England until the late 1980s.[47] Herb's son, John continues the tradition leading a band playing mainly Glenn Miller style music.[48]


In 2003, Miller posthumously received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.[49] The Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award is awarded by the Recording Academy to performers who, during their lifetimes, have made creative contributions of outstanding artistic significance to the field of recording [1]. This award is distinct from the Grammy Hall of Fame Award, which honors specific recordings rather than individuals, and...


The entire output of cigarette sponsored radio programs Glenn Miller did between 1939 and 1942 were recorded by the Glenn Miller organization on acetate discs.[50] In the 1950s and afterwards, RCA-Victor distributed many of these on long playing albums and compact discs. A sizeable representation of the recording output by the band is almost always in circulation by Sony/BMG Music and the Universal Music Group, the successor labels to RCA-Victor, Bluebird, Columbia and Decca. Glenn Miller remains one of the most famous and recognizable names of the big band era of 1935 to 1945. In sound recording an acetate disc is a reference audio disc used during production of a gramophone record (e. ...


Selected Discography

  • The Nearness of You - with Ray Eberle
  • Yester Thoughts - with Ray Eberle
  • Moonlight Serenade
  • Wishing (Will Make It So)
  • Sunrise Serenade
  • Runnin' Wild
  • Stairway to the Stars
  • Moon Love
  • Pennsylvania 6-5000
  • I've Got a Gal In) Kalamazoo
  • Tuxedo Junction
  • String of Pearls
  • Over the Rainbow
  • My Isle of Golden Dreams
  • In the Mood
  • Indian Summer
  • Gaucho Serenade
  • When You Wish Upon a Star
  • Say "Si Si" (Para Vigo Me Voy)
  • Stardust
  • Fools Rush In
  • Danny Boy
  • Imagination

Selected band alumni

Many of the Miller musicians went on to studio and touring careers in Hollywood and New York after World War II: Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

  • Norman Leyden from the Army Air Force Band[17] later became a noted arranger in New York, who composed arrangements for Sarah Vaughan,[53] among other artists. His long career culminated with his highly regarded work for the Oregon Symphony, now (as of 2004) as Laureate Associate Conductor.[54][55]
  • Johnny Desmond[18] also from the Army Air Force Band, became a popular singer in the nineteen fifties, and appeared on Broadway in the nineteen sixties in Funny Girl with Barbra Streisand.[56]
  • Kay Starr became one of the most popular singers of the post-war period; she got her start with Glenn Miller in 1939 recording two sides, "Baby Me" and "Love With a Capital You".[57]

William E. May, better known as Billy May (10 November 1916 – 22 January 2004) was an American composer, arranger and musician. ... Sinatra redirects here. ... Rosemary Clooney (May 23, 1928 – June 29, 2002) was an American popular singer and actress. ... Anita ODay (October 18, 1919 – November 23, 2006) was an American jazz singer. ... Harry Lillis “Bing” Crosby (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977) was an American popular singer and Academy Award-winning actor whose career lasted from 1926 until his death in 1977. ... Robert Leo (Bobby) Hackett (January 31, 1915 _ June 7, 1976) was an accomplished jazz musician. ... Herbert John Jackie Gleason (February 26, 1916 – June 24, 1987) was an American comedian, actor, and musician. ... For the Australian cricketer nicknamed Dizzy, see Jason Gillespie. ... Norman Leyden (Norman Fowler Leyden), conductor, arranger, and clarinetist , was born October 17, 1917 in Springfield, Massachusetts. ... Sarah Lois Vaughan (nicknamed Sassy and The Divine One) (March 27, 1924, Newark, New Jersey – April 3, 1990, Los Angeles, California) was an American jazz singer, described as one of the greatest singers of the 20th century [1]. // Sarah Vaughans father, Asbury Jake Vaughan, was a carpenter and amateur... Johnny Desmond (November 14, 1920-September 6, 1985) was an American popular singer. ... Funny Girl is a film based on the stage musical of the same name. ... Barbara Joan Streisand (pronounced STRY-sand, IPA: ; born April 24, 1942) is a two time Academy Award-winning American singer and film and theatre actress. ... Kay Starr on the cover of 2002 collection The Definitive Kay Starr on Capitol Kay Starr (born July 21, 1922) is an American jazz and popular singer. ...

References

  1. ^ The Free Information Society: Glenn Miller Biography
  2. ^ http://www.glennmiller.org/history.htm
  3. ^ a b Glennmiller.org
  4. ^ Famous Sigma Nu’s
  5. ^ The Schillinger School of Music
  6. ^ Who Is Joseph Schillinger?
  7. ^ Sony/BMG Glenn Miller Biography
  8. ^ John Twomey. Who was Glenn Miller? Jazzsight Profiles.
  9. ^ Simon, George T., Glenn Miller and His Orchestra, De Capo Press, 1980. ISBN 0-306-80129-9. pages 65-6
  10. ^ Simon, 66
  11. ^ a b Albertson, Chris, Major Glenn Miller and the Army Air Force Band, 1943-1944, Bluebird/RCA, 1987. Liner notes
  12. ^ Spink, George. Music in the Miller Mood.
  13. ^ Simon, page 143
  14. ^ Simon, page 170
  15. ^ "New King", Time Magazine, 1939-11-27. 
  16. ^ Glennmillerorchestra.com
  17. ^ Simon, page 91
  18. ^ Simon, pages 197, 314
  19. ^ Miller, Glenn, A Legendary Performer, RCA, 1939/1991
  20. ^ Big Band Library: Glenn Miller: "A Memorial, 1944-2004"
  21. ^ Simon, page 241
  22. ^ a b Giddins, Gary, "Stride and Swing: The Enduring Appeal of Fats Waller and Glenn Miller.", The New Yorker, May 24, 2004. Retrieved on September 14, 2007
  23. ^ Simon, pages 253, 295
  24. ^ Miller, Glenn, The Best of Glenn Miller and the Army Air Force Band, RCA, 1987.
  25. ^ War Two: The Stars Wore Stripes
  26. ^ Butcher, pages 203-205
  27. ^ The Big Band Broadcast, THEY SAY Miller's Plane Went Down In The English Channel
  28. ^ Simon, page 446
  29. ^ The Mysterious Disappearance of Glenn Miller
  30. ^ The Glenn Miller Story
  31. ^ Roth, Howard. The Glenn Miller Mystery.
  32. ^ Simon, pages 437-39
  33. ^ Butcher, page 262
  34. ^ Simon, page 258
  35. ^ Butcher, page 263
  36. ^ Butcher, page 263
  37. ^ Simon, page 439
  38. ^ Glennmillerorchestra.com, Former leaders
  39. ^ Solid!, Bob Chester biography/filmography
  40. ^ Bigbandlibrary.com, Ralph Flanagan
  41. ^ Bigbandlibrary.com, Jerry Gray
  42. ^ Solid!, Ray Anthony biography/filmography
  43. ^ Butcher, page 263
  44. ^ Glennmillerorchestra.com, Itinerary
  45. ^ George Thomas Simon. Glenn Miller and his Orchestra. W.H.Allen/Virgin Books (1974). ISBN 0491015011
  46. ^ Simon, page 434
  47. ^ Big Bands Database Plus
  48. ^ Johnmillerorchestra.org.uk
  49. ^ Grammy.com, Lifetime Achievement Award list
  50. ^ Simon, pages 200-1
  51. ^ Bobby Hackett: Accomplished musician with a beautiful sound
  52. ^ Space Age Music Maker, Bobby Hackett
  53. ^ Inspired from Leslie Gourse's biography of Sarah Vaughan
  54. ^ Oregon Symphony News Release, February 27, 2004
  55. ^ Bigbandlibrary.com: Glenn Miller: "A Dream Band"
  56. ^ Wahls, Robert. "Johnny Arrives at the Garden", Sunday New York News, 1965-11-19. 
  57. ^ Who is Kay Starr?: A short biography

For other uses, see New Yorker. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

See also

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Glenn Miller

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Swing music, also known as swing jazz, is a form of jazz music that developed during the 1920s and had solidified as a distinctive style by 1935 in the United States. ... A bandleader is the director of a band of musicians. ... A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from the early 1930s until the late 1940s, although there are many big-bands around nowadays. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Glenn Miller Story is a rather boring 1953 movie about a guy who always appeared as boring himself, except for the swinging music he arranged and conducted. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... MIA is a three-letter acronym that is most commonly used to designate a combatant who is Missing In Action, and has not yet returned or otherwise been accounted for as either dead (KIA) or a prisoner of war (POW). ... Death in absentia describes a legal finding of death if a person has been missing for more than a certain period of time. ... This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy certain standards for completeness. ... Art Tatum, (1909-1956) Artie Shaw, (1910-2004) Ben Webster (1909-1973) Benny Carter, (1907-2003) Benny Goodmans Orchestra Billie Holiday, (1915-1959) Buck Clayton, (1911-1991) Bunny Berigan, (1908-1942) Cab Calloway, (1907-1994) Charlie Barnet, (1913-1991) Charlie Christian, (1918-1942) Chick Webb, (1905-1939) Leon Chu...

External links

Persondata
NAME Miller, Glenn
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Miller, Alton Glenn
SHORT DESCRIPTION Jazz musician
DATE OF BIRTH March 1, 1904(1904-03-01)
PLACE OF BIRTH Clarinda, Iowa, U.S
DATE OF DEATH December 15, 1944
PLACE OF DEATH
is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... Clarinda is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Glenn Miller - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2394 words)
Miller felt it was important that the band be as close as possible to the fighting troops so in mid-1944 he had the group transferred to London, where they were renamed the American Band of the Allied Expeditionary Force.
Miller's disappearance remains a mystery; the fact that neither his remains nor the wreckage of his plane (a single-engined Noorduyn Norseman UC-64, USAAF Tail Number 44-70285) were ever recovered from the Channel have led to many conspiracy theories over the years.
Glenn had been a chain-smoker for much of his life and by late 1944 was suffering from severe weight loss and shortness of breath, leading to speculation that he was terminally ill, probably with lung cancer.
Glenn Miller - definition of Glenn Miller in Encyclopedia (609 words)
Alton Glenn Miller (March 1, 1904 - December 15, 1944) was an American jazz musician and band leader in the Swing era.
During the 1930s, Miller worked as a trombonist in several big bands, before forming his first band in 1937 (see 1937 in music), but it failed to distinguish itself from the many others of the era.
Miller's music is familiar to many born long after his death, especially from its use in a number of movies.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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