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Encyclopedia > Glengarry Glen Ross
Broadway Show
Glengarry Glen Ross
Theatre John Golden Theater
Opening night March 25, 1984
Tony nominations 6
Tony awards 2
Author(s) David Mamet
Director Gregory Mosher
Leading original cast members Derek Newark
Karl Johnson
Trevor Ray
James Grant
Jack Shepherd
Tony Haygarth
John Tams
Closing night {{{closing}}}
This article is about the play by David Mamet. For the movie adaption, see Glengarry Glen Ross (film).

Glengarry Glen Ross is the title of a 1984 Pulitzer Prize and Tony-winning play by David Mamet. The play shows parts of two days in the lives of four desperate Chicago real estate agents who are prepared to engage in any number of unethical and/or illegal acts (from lies and flattery to bribery, threats and intimidation to burglary) in order to sell undesirable real estate to unwilling prospective buyers. The play draws partly on Mamet's experiences of life in a Chicago real estate office, where he worked briefly as a typist in the late 1960s. The title of the play comes from the names of two of the real estate developments being peddled by the salesmen characters. Broadway theatre[1] is often considered the highest professional form of theatre in the United States. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Glengarry. ... March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... David Alan Mamet (born November 30, 1947) is an American playwright, screenwriter, director, poet, essayist and novelist. ... Gregory Mosher presently serves as Director of the Columbia University Arts Initiative. ... Derek Newark is an English actor. ... There have been several people named James Grant. ... Jack Shepherd (born October 29, 1940, Leeds, Yorkshire) is a British actor, well-known for playing avuncular policemen, army personnel, and clergy. ... English actor, singer, songwriter and musician. ... Glengarry Glen Ross is the title of a 1992 movie, based on the 1984 Pulitzer Prize and Tony-winning play of the same name by David Mamet, who adapted it into a screenplay for the film. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Pulitzer Prize for Drama was first awarded in 1918. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... David Alan Mamet (born November 30, 1947) is an American playwright, screenwriter, director, poet, essayist and novelist. ... This article is about Illinois largest city. ... In the United States and parts of the Commonwealth (including Canada and Australia) as well as in many other countries, a real estate agent is a person who advises and represents others in transactions involving real estate. ... Bribery is a crime implying a sum or gift given alters the behaviour of the person in ways not consistent with the duties of that person. ... Real estate is a legal term that encompasses land along with anything permanently affixed to the land, such as buildings. ...

Contents

Characters

Richard "Ricky" Roma: The most successful salesman in the office. Roma thinks of himself as a latter day cowboy, and regards his ability to make a sale as a sign of his virility. He's ruthless, dishonest, and amoral, but succeeds because he has a talent for figuring out a client's weaknesses and crafting a pitch that will exploit those weaknesses. He's a smooth talker, and often speaks in grand, poetic soliloquies.


Shelly "the Machine" Levene: An older man, a once-successful salesman who has fallen on hard times, and hasn't closed a big deal in a long time. He has a sick daughter, and needs money desperately, which is why he's constantly whining and begging Williamson for some promising sales leads.


James Lingk: A timid, middle-aged man who becomes Roma's latest client. Lingk is easily manipulated, and finds Roma highly charismatic.


John Williamson: The office manager. The salesmen despise Williamson and look down on him, but need him desperately, because he's the one that hands out the sales leads.


George Aaronow: A sad sack, an aging salesman with poor people skills and low self-esteem.


Dave Moss: A big-mouthed salesman with big dreams and schemes. Moss resents Williamson, Mitch and Murray for putting such pressure on him, and plans to strike back at them by stealing all their best sales leads and selling them to a competitor. Moss sees Aaronow as a potential accomplice.


Baylen: a Police detective. He appears in the final act, to investigate the office break-in and interrogate each cast member behind closed doors.


Mitch and Murray: These unseen characters are the owners of the real estate agency. They have set up a cruel sales "contest" that has put enormous pressure on the salesmen to produce, or to lose their jobs.


Synopsis (Spoilers Included)

ACT 1 (Set entirely in a Chinese restaurant):


Scene 1: Shelly Levene has been in a major slump, and hasn't made a sale in some time. He's desperate for money, and knows he'll lose his job soon, if he can't turn things around. He tries in every way imaginable to convince office Manager John Williamson to give him some of "the Glengarry leads" (names and phone numbers of promising potential clients for expensive properties the firm will be selling in the near future). Williamson adamantly refuses. Levene tries first to charm Williamson, then to threaten him, and finally to bribe him. Williamson is willing to sell some of the prime leads, but demands cash in advance. Levene can't come up with the cash, and must leave without any good leads to work with.


Scene 2: Dave Moss and George Aaronow are complaining about Mitch and Murray, the big bosses. They hate the pressure management has put on them to succeed. Moss tells Aaronow that they need to strike back at Mitch and Murray, by stealing all the Glengarry leads and selling them to another real estate agency. Moss' plan would require the hapless Aaronow to break into the office, stage a burglary, and steal all the prime leads. Aaronow wants no part of the plan, but Moss intimidates him, saying that Aaronow is already an accomplice, legally, simply because he listened to the idea.


Scene 3: Ricky Roma delivers a long, disjointed but compelling monologue to a meek, middle-aged man named James Lingk. Roma does not bring up the real estate he wants to sell to Lingk until the very end. Instead, Roma preys upon Lingk's insecurities, and his sense that he's never done anything adventurous with his life. "When you die, you'll regret the things you didn't do," Roma tells Lingk, who finds Ricky spellbinding. Lingk sees in Ricky Roma all the virtues he lacks: virility, confidence, a sense of adventure. By the time Roma brings out sales brochures, Lingk is ready to do almost anything to ingratiate himself with Roma.


ACT 2 (Set entirely at the sales office)


Someone has broken into the office and stolen everything that wasn't bolted down, including the Glengarry leads. Williamson has called in a police detective, who interrogates each salesman behind closed doors, in Williamson's office. George Aaronow is extremely nervous, and guilty-looking.


Shelly Levene bursts into the office, looking deliriously happy, because he's finally sold a large plot of land to a couple named Nyborg. In his joy, he hardly seems to notice that the office is in shambles.


A nervous James Lingk enters the office, looking for Ricky Roma. Lingk's wife has ordered him to cancel the sales contract he signed with Roma, and under Illinois law, he has the right to terminate that contract within 72 hours. Lingk asks for his check to be refunded. Roma tries to stall him, by assuring him the contract has not been turned in and the check has not yet been cashed. At this point, John Williamson (who has completely misread the situation) steps in to reassure Lingk that the contract has been sent through and the check has been deposited. Horrified, Lingk leaves to seek redress from the state Attorney General's office.


Ricky Roma is furious at Williamson, who has blown a big sale and commission for him. He berates and humiliates Williamson, calling him a "fairy" and asking "who told you you could work with men?" When Roma is finished, he has to leave to be interviewed by the police detective. Shelly Levene picks up where Roma left off, and begins insulting Williamson, telling him what a stupid mistake it was to lie about turning in the contract and depositing the check.


Williamson realizes then that Shelly Levene must have been the thief- only the real thief could have known that he was lying, because only the real thief could have known that the contract and the check were sitting on Williamson's desk. Williamson accuses Levene, and threatens to tell his suspicions to the police detective. Levene folds, and admits pathetically that he and Dave Moss were the thieves. Once again, he tries to bribe Williamson to forget about the crime. He offers to give Williamson his commission from the Nyborg sale. Williamson laughs at this! He tells Levene that the Nyborgs are crazy old folks who have no money, and just enjoy talking to salesmen. Williamson has been feeding Levene worthless leads like the Nyborgs for months, because he just doesn't like Shelly.


When Roma comes back from his interrogation, Williamson goes to tell the detective that Moss and Levene are the thieves. Roma, who has no idea what just went on between Williamson and Levene, proposes to Shelly that they should form their own partnership. Shelly smiles sadly, and agrees, knowing that he's going to be arrested any moment. The detective comes out and calls Levene's name. Shelly meekly walks away with the detective.


Language

The play is noteworthy for the flow of persuasive patter of the salesmen characters, who spend much time trying to convince customers, the oily office manager, and even each other to give them what they want: down payments for real estate, access to valuable sales leads, and even co-operation in conspiracies. The play also shocked audiences with its (for the time) raw language, with its roughly 150 uses of the word "fuck" or variations, as in this early scene, when desperate salesman Shelley Levene tries to persuade the office manager, Williamson, to give Levene prospects (or "leads") to sell to: This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

LEVENE: I need the leads. I need them now. Or I'm gone, and you're going to miss me, John, I swear to you.
WILLIAMSON: Murray...
LEVENE: ...you talk to Murray...
WILLIAMSON: I have. And my job is to marshal those leads...
LEVENE: Marshal the leads...marshal the leads? What the fuck, what bus did you get off of, we're here to fucking sell. Fuck marshaling the leads. What the fuck talk is that? What the fuck talk is that? Where did you learn that? In school?
(pause)
That's "talk," my friend, that's "talk." Our job is to sell. I'm the man to sell. I'm getting garbage.
(pause)
You're giving it to me, and what I'm saying is it's fucked.

Controversy

There exists significant controversy over lines in the play (and movie) which are racist against Asian Indians.[1] As a result, Mamet removed the language from the latest Broadway revival.


Productions

The world premiere of Glengarry Glen Ross was on September 21, 1983 at the Cottlesloe Theatre of the Royal National Theatre in London. It was directed by Bill Bryden and the original cast was: September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Royal National Theatre from Waterloo Bridge The Royal National Theatre is a building complex and theatre company located on the South Bank in London, England immediately east of the southern end of Waterloo Bridge. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... William Campbell Rough (Bill) Bryden CBE (born 12 April 1942 in Greenock, Scotland) is a leading British stage director. ...

  • Shelly Levene.............Derek Newark
  • John Williamson...........Karl Johnson
  • Dave Moss.................Trevor Ray
  • George Aaronow............James Grant
  • Richard Roma..............Jack Shepherd
  • James Lingk...............Tony Haygarth
  • Baylen....................John Tams

Glengarry Glen Ross premiered in the United States at the Goodman Theatre of the Arts Institute of Chicago in a Chicago Theatre Groups, Inc. production on February 6, 1984. The play opened on Broadway on March 25, 1984 at the John Golden Theatre, in a production directed by Gregory Mosher. The original American cast is below, with Lane Smith replacing William L. Petersen on Broadway. Derek Newark is an English actor. ... There have been several people named James Grant. ... Jack Shepherd (born October 29, 1940, Leeds, Yorkshire) is a British actor, well-known for playing avuncular policemen, army personnel, and clergy. ... English actor, singer, songwriter and musician. ... The Goodman Theatre The Goodman Theatre is a theater in Chicagos Loop, and part of Chicago theatre. ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The John Golden Theatre is a Broadway theatre. ... Gregory Mosher presently serves as Director of the Columbia University Arts Initiative. ... Lane Smith, full name Walter Lane Smith (April 29, 1936 – June 13, 2005) was a U.S. character actor. ... William Petersen, an American actor, was born on February 21, 1953, in Evanston, Illinois. ...

The play received numerous Tony Award nominations, including those for the director, Mosher, and actors Prosky and Mantegna, with Mantegna winning in the Best Featured Actor category. Robert Prosky (born on 13 December 1930 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA) is an American character actor who has appeared in such films as Christine, The Natural, Broadcast News, Green Card, Hoffa, Rudy and Dead Man Walking. ... James Thomas Patrick Walsh (September 28, 1943 in San Francisco, California – February 27, 1998 in La Mesa, California) was an American actor best known for his roles as quietly sinister white-collar sleazeballs (quote from Leonard Maltin) in numerous feature films. ... James Tolkan (born June 20, 1931 in Calumet, Michigan) is an American character actor. ... Joe Mantegna as Detective Will Girardi in Joan of Arcadia Joe Mantegnas character, Fat Tony in The Simpsons Joseph Anthony Mantegna, Jr. ... William Petersen, an American actor, was born on February 21, 1953, in Evanston, Illinois. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... A Tony Award for the Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Play has been awarded since 1949. ...


The award-winning 1992 film version of Glengarry Glen Ross featured a role specifically written for Alec Baldwin, and also starred: 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Glengarry Glen Ross is the title of a 1992 movie, based on the 1984 Pulitzer Prize and Tony-winning play of the same name by David Mamet, who adapted it into a screenplay for the film. ...

In 2005, Glengarry Glen Ross was revived on Broadway, opening on May 1, 2005 at the Bernard B Jacobs Theatre (formerly the Royale Theatre), in a production directed by Joe Mantello. The revival cast was: Jack Lemmon at Expo 1967. ... Kevin Spacey (born Kevin Spacey Fowler[1] on July 26, 1959) is a two-time Academy Award winning American actor (film and stage) and director. ... Ed Harris as Richard Brown in The Hours Edward Allen Ed Harris (born November 28, 1950) is a four-time Academy Award-nominated American actor, director and producer. ... Alan Wolf Arkin (born March 26, 1934) is an Oscar-nominated American actor, director, author and musician, best-known for starring in such films as The In-Laws, Catch-22, The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter, Wait Until Dark and Little Miss Sunshine. ... Alfredo James Al Pacino (born April 25, 1940) is an Academy Award, Emmy Award and Tony Award-winning American stage and film actor. ... Pryce as Sam Lowry in Brazil Jonathan Pryce born Jonathan Price (born June 1, 1947) is a Welsh actor who was born in Holywell, Flintshire, Wales. ... Alexander Rae Baldwin III (born April 3, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joe Mantello (born 27 December 1962) in Rockford, Illinois is a Tony Award-winning American actor and director. ...

The revival received numerous Tony Award nominations, including Best Featured Actor nominations for Alda, Clapp, and Schreiber, with Schreiber taking home the prize. The production also won a Tony for Best Revival of a Play. Liev Schreiber (born Isaac Liev Schreiber on October 4, 1967) is a Tony Award-winning American actor. ... Alan Alda (born Alfonso Joseph DAbruzzo on January 28, 1936) is an Oscar-nominated and Emmy Award-winning American actor, writer, director and sometime political activist. ... Gordon Clapp (born September 24, 1948) is an American actor, best known for playing the role of Detective Greg Medavoy for 12 seasons on the television series NYPD Blue, winning an Emmy Award in 1998. ... Jeffrey Michael Tambor (born July 8, 1944 in San Francisco, California) is an American actor. ... Tom Wopat (left) as Luke Duke with John Schneider as Bo Duke in The Dukes of Hazzard Tom Wopat (born September 9, 1951 in Lodi, Wisconsin) is an American actor. ... The Tony Award for Best Revival was presented from 1977 until 1994, when it was split up int the Tony Award for Best Revival of a Musical and the Tony Award for Best Revival of a Play. ...


Glengarry Glen Ross has also been produced as a radio play for BBC Radio 3, featuring Hector Elizondo, Stacy Keach, Bruce Davison, and Alfred Molina as Roma, and first airing March 20, 2005. BBC Radio 3 is a domestic UK BBC radio station, which devotes most of its schedule to classical music. ... Hector Elizondo (born December 22, 1936 in New York City) is a Puerto Rican-American actor. ... Stacy Keach (born June 2, 1941) is an American actor and narrator. ... Davison as Senator Robert Kelly in X-Men Bruce Davison (born June 28, 1946 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is an American actor. ... Molina as Dr. Octopus in Spiderman 2 (2004) Alfred Molina (born May 24, 1953) is an English actor. ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ...


Popular culture

  • Gil Gunderson is a fictional character on The Simpsons and is loosely based on Jack Lemmon's portrayal of Shelley Levene in the film version of Glengarry Glen Ross: a nervous, middle-aged man with the inability to hold a steady job due to strings of misfortunes that tend to hit him at the worst of times.
  • In the film Employee of the Month, the manager of the store is named Glen Gary, and his older brother is named Glen Ross.

Gil Gunderson, voiced by Dan Castellaneta, is a fictional character on The Simpsons. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Employee of the Month is a film released on October 6, 2006. ...

References

  1. ^ "Mamet play to premiere in S.F." Craig, P. Contra Costa Times. February 27, 2004.
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Glengarry Glen Ross - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1722 words)
Glengarry Glen Ross is the title of a 1984 Pulitzer Prize and Tony-winning play by David Mamet.
Glengarry Glen Ross which are racist against Asian Indians.
The world premiere of Glengarry Glen Ross was on September 21, 1983 at the Cottlesloe Theatre of the Royal National Theatre in London.
Glengarry Glen Ross: Information from Answers.com (728 words)
Glengarry Glen Ross was first presented at the Cottlesloe Theatre of the Royal National Theatre in London on September 21, 1983.
In 2005, Glengarry Glen Ross was revived on Broadway, opening on May 1, 2005 at the Bernard B Jacobs Theatre (formerly the Royale Theatre), in a production directed by Joe Mantello.
Glengarry Glen Ross has also been produced as a radio play for BBC Radio 3, featuring Hector Elizondo, Stacy Keach, Bruce Davison, and Alfred Molina as Roma, and first airing March 20, 2005.
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