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Encyclopedia > Gleiwitz incident
Gliwice Radio Tower. The highest wooden structure in Europe.
Gliwice Radio Tower. The highest wooden structure in Europe.

The Gleiwitz incident was a staged attack on 31 August 1939 against the German radio station Sender Gleiwitz in Gleiwitz, Upper Silesia, Germany (since 1945: Gliwice, Republic of Poland) on the eve of World War II in Europe. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (518x691, 56 KB) Sender Gliwice/Gleiwitz Foto wurde gem. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (518x691, 56 KB) Sender Gliwice/Gleiwitz Foto wurde gem. ... The Gliwice Radio Tower is the transmission tower of the Gliwice, Poland, radio station, situated at 50°1848. ... August 31 is the 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (244th in leap years), with 122 days remaining. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ... A radio station is an audio (sound) broadcasting service, traditionally broadcast through the air as radio waves (a form of electromagnetic radiation) from a transmitter to an antenna and a thus to a receiving device. ... Motto: none Voivodship Silesian Municipal government Rada Miejska Gliwic Mayor Zygmunt Frankiewicz Area 134,2 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 204 800 - 1528/km² Founded City rights 1276 - Latitude Longitude 50°17 N 18°40 E Area code +48 32 Car plates SG Twin towns - Municipal Website Gliwice (pronounce: [gli... Map of Upper Silesia, 1746 Upper Silesia (Polish: Górny ÅšlÄ…sk, German: Oberschlesien, Czech: Horní Slezsko) is the south-eastern part of Silesia, a historical and geographical region of Poland (Opole Voivodship and Silesian Voivodship) and of the Czech Republic (Silesian-Moravian Region). ... Motto: none Voivodship Silesian Municipal government Rada Miejska Gliwic Mayor Zygmunt Frankiewicz Area 134,2 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 200,361 (December 31, 2004) - 1528/km² Founded City rights 1276 - Latitude Longitude 50°17 N 18°40 E Area code +48 32 Car plates SG Twin towns Bottrop, Dessau... Animation of the WWII European Theatre. ...


This provocation was one of several actions in Operation Himmler, a Nazi Germany project to create the appearance of Polish aggression against Germany, which would be used to justify the subsequent invasion of Poland. The term provocation, besides its generic meaning of an act to be a cause of something, has the following technical meanings. ... Combatants Poland Germany, Soviet Union, Slovakia Commanders Edward Rydz-Śmigły Fedor von Bock (Army Group North), Gerd von Rundstedt (Army Group South), Mikhail Kovalov (Belorussian Front), Semyon Timoshenko (Ukrainian Front), Ferdinand Čatloš (Field Army Bernolak) Strength 39 divisions, 16 brigades, 4,300 guns, 880 tanks, 400 aircraft Total: 950...

Contents

Events at Gleiwitz

Much of what is known about the Gleiwitz incident comes from the sworn affidavit of Alfred Naujocks at the Nuremberg Trials. According to his testimony, the incident was organised by Naujocks under orders from Reinhard Heydrich and Heinrich Müller, the chief of the Gestapo. Alfred Naujocks Born in 1911, SS-Sturmbannführer Alfred Helmut Naujocks was, according to some historians, ultimately responsible for the Second World War. ... The Süddeutsche Zeitung announces The Verdict in Nuremberg. ... Reinhard Heydrich as SS-Gruppenführer. ... Heinrich Müller Heinrich Müller (born 28 April 1900; date of death unknown), German police official, was head of the Gestapo, the political police of Nazi Germany, and played a leading role in the planning and execution of the Holocaust. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...


On the night of August 31, 1939 a small group of German operatives led by Naujocks seized the Gleiwitz station and broadcast a message in Polish that urged the Poles living in Silesia to strike against Germans. The Germans' goal was to make the attack and the broadcast look like the work of anti-German Polish saboteurs. August 31 is the 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (244th in leap years), with 122 days remaining. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ... Silesia (Czech: ; German: ; Latin: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Ślónsk) is a historical region in central Europe. ... This article is about Sabotage sabotage can also refer to: an early Black Sabbath album (Sabotage), the Alfred Hitchcock films (Sabotage or Saboteur), a Beastie Boys song, or a type of shock site. ...


In order to make the attack scene more convincing, the Germans brought in Franciszek Honiok, a German Silesian known for sympathizing with the Poles, who had been arrested the previous day by the Gestapo. Honiok was dressed to look like a saboteur; then killed by lethal injection, given gunshot wounds, and left dead at the scene, so that he appeared to have been killed while attacking the station. His corpse was subsequently presented as proof of the attack to the police and press. Girl in Upper Silesian dress 2006, Morgi (Mysłowice) 2006 Woman in Silesian dress from Cieszyn 1914 Silesians ( pol Ślązacy, ger Schlesier, śl. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Lethal injection involves injecting a person with fatal doses of drugs to cause death. ...


In addition to Honiok, several other convicts were kept available for this purpose. The Germans referred to them by the code phrase "Konserve" ("canned goods"). For this reason some sources incorrectly refer to the incident as "Operation Canned Goods".


Context

At the same time as the Gleiwitz attack there were other incidents orchestrated by Germany along the Polish-German border, such as house torching in the Polish Corridor and spurious propaganda output. The entire project, dubbed Operation Himmler and comprising 21 incidents in all, was intended to give the appearance of Polish aggression against Germany. A Polish map showing the territory known as the Polish Corridor The Polish Corridor was the name given to a strip of territory which was transferred from Germany to Poland by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. ... An Australian anti-conscription propaganda poster from World War One U.S. propaganda poster, which warns against civilians sharing information on troop movements (National Archives) The much-imitated 1914 Lord Kitchener Wants You! poster Swedish Anti-Euro propaganda for the referendum of 2003. ...


On the day following the Gleiwitz attack, 1 September 1939, Germany launched the Fall Weiss operation — the invasion of Poland — initiating World War II in Europe. In a speech in the Reichstag, Adolf Hitler cited the 21 border incidents, with three of them called very serious, as justification for Germany's "defensive" action against Poland. September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Reichstag (German for Imperial Diet) was the parliament of the Holy Roman Empire, the North German Confederation, and of Germany until 1945. ... Hitler redirects here. ...


Treatment in film

  • Der Fall Gleiwitz, direction: Gerhard Klein (1961), DEFA studios (The Gleiwitz Case; English subtitles), an East German film that reconstructs the events, pronounced in West Germany the best DEFA film.
  • Operacja Himmler - Polart (Polish)
  • Hitler's SS: A Portrait In Evil, direction: Jim Goddard (1985); An American (English language) film which shows part of the Gleiwitz Incident.
  • Die Blechtrommel briefly includes the incident as a part of the film's plot.
  • Codename Panzers is a video game, not a film. It stirred up controversy in Poland because the intro video showed the Gleiwitz incident as real, and not staged.

1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... Deutsche Film-Aktiengesellschaft, better known as DEFA, was the national film company in the German Democratic Republic (GDR/DDR). ... For the historical eastern German provinces, see Historical Eastern Germany East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR), German Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR), was a Communist Party-led state that existed from 1949 to 1990 in the former Soviet occupation zone of Germany. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Tin Drum book cover The Tin Drum (Die Blechtrommel) is a 1959 novel by Günter Grass. ... Panzers is a popular World War II computer game created by Hungarian game developer Stormregion. ... Namcos Pac-Man was a hit, and became a cultural phenomenon. ...

See also

The Radio Tower Gliwice is the transmission tower of the radio station Gliwice (Gleiwitz), situated at 50°19 N and 18°41 E at the Tarnowitzer Road in Gliwice. ... Combatants Poland Germany, Soviet Union, Slovakia Commanders Edward Rydz-ÅšmigÅ‚y Fedor von Bock (Army Group North), Gerd von Rundstedt (Army Group South), Mikhail Kovalov (Belorussian Front), Semyon Timoshenko (Ukrainian Front), Ferdinand ÄŒatloÅ¡ (Field Army Bernolak) Strength 39 divisions, 16 brigades, 4,300 guns, 880 tanks, 400 aircraft Total: 950... False flag operations are covert operations conducted by governments, corporations, or other organizations, which are designed to appear as if they are being carried out by other entities. ... The Shelling of Mainila was a military incident on November 26, 1939, during which the Red Army imitated shooting at the border village of Mainila, Russia while pretending that the shelling originated from Finland and claiming losses in personnel, thus getting a great propaganda bonus that launched the Winter War... Soviet redirects here. ... Combatants Finland Soviet Union Commanders Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim Kliment Voroshilov, later Semyon Timoshenko Strength 250,000 men 30 tanks 130 aircraft[1][2] 1,000,000 men 3,000 tanks 3,800 aircraft[3][4] Casualties 26,662 dead 39,886 wounded 1,000 captured[5] 126,875 dead... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...

References

  • John Toland, Adolf Hitler : The Definitive Biography, ISBN 0-385-42053-6.

John Willard Toland (June 29, 1912 in La Crosse, Wisconsin - January 4, 2004 in Danbury, Connecticut) was an American author and historian. ...

External links

  • Radio Tower Museum in Gliwice
  • QTVR panoramas of Radio Tower
  • http://www.kopnet.gliwice.pl/?id=819
  • http://www.muzeum.gliwice.pl/wystawy_stale/wystawy_stale.php?page=5
  • http://www.muzeum.gliwice.pl/de/news_fullpage.php?nid=719&ret_top=/de/index.php
  • http://www.muzeum.gliwice.pl/image/mapa_radiostacja.gif
  • Satellite Image
  • Satellite Image - Wikimapia

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gleiwitz incident (497 words)
The Gleiwitz incident was a staged attack on 31 August 1939 against the German radio station Sender Gleiwitz in Gleiwitz, Upper Silesia, Germany (since 1945: Gliwice, Republic of Poland) on the eve of World War II in Europe.
According to his testimony, the incident was organised by Naujocks under orders from Reinhard Heydrich and Heinrich Müller, the chief of the Gestapo.
At the same time as the Gleiwitz attack there were other incidents orchestrated by Germany along the Polish-German border, such as house torching in the Polish Corridor and spurious propaganda output.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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