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Encyclopedia > Glass ceiling

The term glass ceiling refers to situations where the advancement of a person within the hierarchy of an organization is limited. This limitation is normally based upon some form of discrimination, most commonly being gender and race. The sign of the headquarters of the National Association Opposed To Woman Suffrage Sexism is commonly considered to be discrimination and/or hatred against people based on their sex rather than their individual merits, but can also refer to any and all systemic differentiations based on the sex of the... Racism is the prejudice that members of one race are intrinsically superior or inferior to members of other races. ...


This situation is referred to as a "ceiling" as there is a limitation blocking upward advancement, and "glass" (transparent) because the limitation is not immediately apparent and is normally an unwritten and unofficial policy. The "glass ceiling" is distinguished from formal barriers to advancement, such as education or experience requirements.


The term is often credited as having been originally coined by Matthew Livesley and Timothy Schellhardt in the March 24, 1986 edition of the Wall Street Journal. However, the term was used prior to that; for instance, it was utilized in a March 1984 Adweek article by Gay Bryant. is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... The Wall Street Journal is an influential international daily newspaper published in New York City, New York with an average daily circulation of 1,800,607 (2002). ...

Contents

Variations?

  • Bamboo Ceiling - The exclusion of Asian-Americans from executive and managerial roles on the basis of subjective factors such as "lack of leadership potential" or "inferior communication ability" where the Asian-American candidate has superior objective credentials.
  • Glass elevator (or glass escalator) - The rapid promotion of men over women, especially into management, in female-dominated fields such as nursing.
  • Glass cliff - A situation wherein someone has been promoted into a risky, difficult job where the chances of failure are higher.
  • Celluloid ceiling, referring to the small number of women in top positions in Hollywood, as documented by Lauzen (2002) and others.

Nursing is a profession focused on assisting individuals, families, and communities in attaining, re-attaining, and maintaining optimal health and functioning. ... A glass ceiling is an unofficial barrier to an upper management or such prominent position within a company or other organization which certain groups, particularly women, are perceived to be unable to cross. ... The term celluloid ceiling is a variant on glass ceiling, and refers to women being statistically under-represented in creative positions in Hollywood. ...

Other uses of term

Canadian indie rock band Metric wrote a song called "Glass Ceiling" on their 2005 album Live It Out, which is a reference to this type of situation. Metric is a Canadian rock band. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Live It Out is the second album released by Metric, a Canadian indie rock band. ...


This "Glass Ceiling Effect" has also inspired a musical, bearing the same name. "Glass Ceiling" (2006), written by Bret VandenBos and Alex Krall, examined and parodied the idiosyncrasies of both males and females in the corporate workplace.[1] Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

The Stained-Glass Ceiling is a sociological phenomenon in religious communities similar to the concept of the glass ceiling. This concept revolves around the apparent difficulty for women who seek to gain a role within church leadership. ... Equal pay for women is an issue involving pay inequality between men and women. ... The sign of the headquarters of the National Association Opposed To Woman Suffrage Sexism is commonly considered to be discrimination and/or hatred against people based on their sex rather than their individual merits, but can also refer to any and all systemic differentiations based on the sex of the... Feminists redirects here. ... The feminization of poverty is a phenomenon that has been observed in the United States since 1970 as female headed households accounted for a growing proportion of those below the poverty line. ... Social equality is a social state of affairs in which certain different people have the same status in a certain respect, minimally at least in voting rights, freedom of speech and assembly, and property rights. ... A bagpiper in Scottish military clan-uniform. ... For the album by the Kaiser Chiefs see Employment (album) Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... A glass ceiling is an unofficial barrier to an upper management or such prominent position within a company or other organization which certain groups, particularly women, are perceived to be unable to cross. ... Masculism (also referred to as masculinism) is an ideology associated with the mens movement. ... Racism is the prejudice that members of one race are intrinsically superior or inferior to members of other races. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Mays, Andy (July 2006). NCA Cappies Album for "Glass Ceiling". Cappies. Retrieved on 2007-04-19.

The Critics and Awards Program for High School Students or short form, The Cappies, is an American high school awards program intended to encourage students to become involved in the theater. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Glass Ceiling by René Redwood - Human & Civil Rights / In Motion Magazine (3039 words)
Glass ceilings are the artificial barriers that deny women and minorities the opportunity to advance within their careers.
Glass Ceiling research reveals that women of all racial and ethnic groups are most likely to be employed in the service industries and in finance, real estate, wholesale and retail trade.
Glass ceilings in the business world are not an isolated feature of corporate architecture; rather they are held in place by the attitudes of society at large.
Bronx, New York Sex Discrimination Attorney :: Glass Ceiling :: Brooklyn, New York Employment Discrimination Lawyer (252 words)
In 1995, the Federal Glass Ceiling Commission issued its report on the employment of women at the highest levels of business finding that within Fortune 1000 industrial and Fortune 500 companies, 95-97% of senior managers are male.
The glass ceiling phenomenon is often not limited to a single individual.
Glass ceiling cases are generally proven through the use of statistics, and in most cases there is potential for a class action on behalf of all women in the company.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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