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Encyclopedia > Glasgow Subway
An Inner Circle train arrives at West Street station.
An Inner Circle train arrives at West Street station.

The Glasgow Subway is a metro system in Glasgow, Scotland. Opened in 1896, it is the third oldest subway system in the world after the London Underground and the Budapest Metro. Originally a cable railway, the Subway was later electrified, but its one circular line has never been expanded. Officially called the Glasgow Underground between 1936 and 2003, it has reverted to its colloquial name of Subway. It remains one of only two underground metro-type systems in the UK outside London, the other being the Tyne and Wear Metro. The Subway has been policed by British Transport Police since 2007[1] . Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... This article is becoming very long. ... The London Underground is an all-electric railway system that covers much of the conurbation of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ... The Budapest Metro is the fastest means of public transport in Budapest. ... Cable railways are railways with very steep gradients and use stationary engines to haul the wagons up and down the hills. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Tyne and Wear Metro is a light rail metro system based around Newcastle upon Tyne and Sunderland, in the county of Tyne and Wear in North East England. ... The British Transport Police (BTP) is a non-Home Office national police service responsible for policing the railway system throughout Great Britain. ...


One of the few long-lived metro systems that have never expanded from its original route, its circular route is almost 6.5 miles (10.4 km) long and extends both north and south of the River Clyde. The tracks have the unusual narrow gauge of four feet (1219 mm), the tunnel diameter of 11 feet (3.35m) comparable to that of the deep-level lines of the London Underground (11'8" or 3.56m). A £40,000 study examining the feasibility of an expansion into the city’s south side is in progress.[2] The River Clyde, looking eastwards upstream, as it passes beneath the Kingston Bridge in Central Glasgow. ... Narrow-gauge railways are railroads (railways) with track spaced at less than the standard gauge of 4 ft 8 in (1. ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ... The London Underground is an all-electric railway system that covers much of the conurbation of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ...


The subway is not the oldest underground railway in Glasgow itself; that distinction belongs to a 5 km stretch of the North Clyde Line of the suburban railway network which runs in a sub-surface tunnel under the city centre between High Street and west of Charing Cross. The North Clyde Line (defined by Network Rail as the Glasgow North Electric Suburban line) is a suburban railway in West Central Scotland. ... Charing Cross is a district in the Scottish city of Glasgow. ...


The subway’s running lines are entirely underground, but the maintenance depot at Broomloan Road (located between the Govan and Ibrox stations) is above ground, as was the earlier depot, also at Govan. Prior to modernisation, trains used to be hoisted by crane onto and off of the tracks. Modernisation brought the installation of points and a ramp between Govan and Ibrox where trains can exit the underground tunnel system to terminate for engineering, cleaning or storage. Govan is a district and former burgh in the southwestern part of the Scottish city of Glasgow. ... Ibrox is a district of the city of Glasgow in western Scotland. ...


The system is owned and operated by the Strathclyde Partnership for Transport, formerly Strathclyde Passenger Transport, and carried 13.16 million passengers in the period 2005/06. [3] A Class 156 train in SPT livery at Glasgow Central station The Strathclyde Partnership for Transport (SPT) is a public body which is responsible for planning and co-ordinating regional transport, and especially the public transport system, in the Strathclyde area of western Scotland. ... A Class 156 train in SPT livery at Glasgow Central Station The Strathclyde Partnership for Transport (SPT) is a public body which is responsible for planning and co-ordinating regional transport, and especially the public transport system, in the Strathclyde area of western Scotland. ...

Contents

History

1896–1977

As built and opened on 14 December 1896 by the Glasgow District Subway Company, the subway was powered by a clutch-and-cable system, with one cable for each direction. The cable was driven from a steam-powered plant between West Street and Shields Road stations. There was no additional cable to allow trains to reach the depot; instead, they were transferred to and from the running lines by crane operating over a pit at the Govan workshops. This also meant that the two tracks could be completely separate, with no points anywhere. The company's headquarters were in the upper rooms at St Enoch subway station; this distinctive ornate building still stands in St Enoch Square and is now used as a travel information office. December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... Cable Car in San Francisco A San Francisco cable car A cable car or cable railway is a mass transit system using rail cars that are propelled by a continuously moving cable running at a constant speed. ... A tower crane with a pivoted main boom Cranes on the Sheksna River, Cherepovets, Russia A worker telecommanding a crane from the ground A crane is a machine equipped with hoists, wire ropes and sheaves that can be used both to lift and lower materials and to move them horizontally. ... A railroad switch is a mechanical installation enabling trains to be guided from one set of rail tracks (or tramway tracks) to another. ... St Enoch subway station is the first station on the north of the River Clyde on the Glasgow Subway. ...


When the Subway first opened, single-carriage trains were operated. An accident on the opening day entailed the closure of the Subway until January 19, 1897.[4] The 20 original carriages were built by the Oldbury Railway Carriage and Wagon Company, of Oldbury, Birmingham, England. Many continued in service until 1977. A further 10 were delivered by the same manufacturer in 1897. From 1898, second (trailer) carriages without a cable gripper mechanism were added, though they were considerably shorter than the front (gripper) carriage. These additional carriages, eventually numbering 30, were built by Hurst Nelson & Company, Motherwell, Lanarkshire. These carriages were soon expanded to match the length of the front carriages, although carriage 41 has been restored to its original length and can be seen preserved at Buchanan Street subway station. Most of the gripper carriages were subsequently converted to electric traction in 1935. All carriages were originally built with lattice gates (instead of doors) at the ends; many were converted to air-operated sliding doors in the 1960s, but a few retained the gates until 1977. January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Map sources for Oldbury at grid reference SP3194 Oldbury is a town in Englands Black Country. ... Buchanan Street subway station is a station on the Glasgow Subway in Glasgow, Scotland. ...


All 15 stations were built with island platforms. The trains were thus built with doors on one side only. When electric lighting in the trains was introduced, the current was supplied by two parallel wall-mounted rails (known as "T-irons") at window level on the non-platform side of the trains; trains were equipped with skids to pick up the electricity. The trains remained cable-hauled until 1935, though the anachronistic way of supplying power for the lighting continued until 1977. An island platform on a railway describes the situation in which a single platform is placed between two tracks, serving both of them. ... 1500 amp busbars within a power distribution rack for a large building A busbar (often pronounced buzz bar) refers in electrical power distribution to thick strips of Copper or other material that conduct electricity around a switchboard or distribution board. ...


Glasgow Corporation took over the company in 1923. In 1935, the existing trains were converted to electric power delivered by a third rail at 600 volts, direct current. From March until December 1935, clockwise trains were cable-hauled, whilst anti-clockwise ones were electric. The trains lost their original plum and cream-coloured liveries, being painted red and white instead. From the 1950s the trains became all red — in a shade similar to that of London buses. During the early 1970s, trailer carriage number 41 was repainted in the original 1896 livery; part of the carriage, shortened to its original length, is now preserved at Buchanan Street station. Third rail at the West Falls Church Metro stop in the Washington, D.C. area, electrified to 750 volts. ... An Enviro 400 bus, a modern interpretation of the famous London red double-decker. ...


After the Beeching Axe of the 1960s, both St Enoch and Buchanan Street mainline stations were closed and demolished. Ever since, the Subway has had no direct passenger connection to the national railway network — a major weakness — although an interchange to the suburban rail system exists at Partick, and a moving walkway was installed between Buchanan Street station and Queen Street mainline station as part of the late 1970s modernisation. Many railway lines were closed as a result of the Beeching Axe The Beeching Axe was an informal name for the British Governments attempt in the 1960s to control the spiralling cost of running the British railway system by closing what it considered to be little-used and unprofitable... The St Enoch Centre on the site of the old St Enoch mainline station in 2005, with the former Subway station (now travel centre) on the right St Enoch Station was a former mainline railway station in the city of Glasgow, Scotland. ... Buchanan Street Station was the least known of Glasgows four main terminal railway stations, the other three being Central, Queen St and St Enoch. ... Bilingual sign in Gaelic and English at Partick railway station, Glasgow. ... An inclined moving sidewalk at Beaudry metro station in Montreal A moving sidewalk, moving walkway, travelator, travellator or trav-o-lator is a slow speed conveyor belt to transport people; they can walk along it or stand; it is like a horizontal escalator. ... Queen Street Station is a railway station in Glasgow, Scotland, UK and is Glasgows second main line terminus. ...


Before the 1977–1980 modernisation, the stations had a distinctive earthy odour. The trains (mostly dating back to 1896) were always formed with two carriages — the front (motor) carriage with red leather seats and the rear (trailer) carriage with brown leather seats. Smoking was permitted in the rear carriage only. The backs of the seats were attached to the sides of the carriages, which moved semi-independently from the floor (to which the seats themselves were attached); passengers were rocked forwards and backwards while the carriage 'shoogled' them around. Passengers always entered at the middle of the train ("Q[ueue] Here" signs were painted on the platforms), leaving by the front door of the front carriage or the rear door of the rear carriage. Look up Smoking in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

A modern Subway ticket.
A modern Subway ticket.

By the 1970s, the stations were very dilapidated. Stations were marked with circular signs often attached to lampposts. This sign had a white background in the top three quarters (containing a large red letter "U") and black in the bottom quarter (containing the word "UNDERGROUND" and an arrow to the station entrance). No station had an escalator; Kelvinbridge had a lift. Each station had a ticket office (often very small, little more than a booth with a window). The ticketing system was identical to that of most cinemas of the era, with tickets emerging from slots in the counters of the station ticket offices (the words Control Systems Ltd or Automaticket Ltd were printed on all tickets). Tickets were invariably collected on leaving the train. Until 1977, the staff wore dark green uniforms, with black braid on the cuffs, which had been introduced at the time of the funeral of Queen Victoria in 1901. Image File history File links GlasgowSubwayTicket. ... Escalators at Canary Wharf, London. ... Kelvinbridge subway station serves the Kelvinbridge area of Glasgow, Scotland. ... A set of lifts (elevators) in the lower level of a London Underground station. ...


Glasgow’s Museum of Transport has an area dedicated to the subway, with models showing the operation of the clutch-and-cable system, as well as a full-scale replica of part of a subway station, complete with different rolling stock of the pre-modernisation era. The Glasgow Museum of Transport and Industry is located in the Kelvin Hall in Glasgow, Scotland. ...


Modernisation (1977–1980)

The interior of a Glasgow Subway car
The interior of a Glasgow Subway car

By the 1970s, use of the Subway had declined significantly. This was caused partly by the closure of some of the dockyards and by widescale demolition of tenements south of the River Clyde. The original carriages, mostly dating back to 1896, were still in use, though adapted for electric traction in 1935. Breakdowns were becoming increasingly frequent; because trains could only be removed from the tracks to the depot by crane, a single inoperable train could cause major delays. The future of the Subway became a major issue for the Greater Glasgow Passenger Transport Executive, which took over responsibility for the line from Glasgow Corporation in the late 1960s. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Small shipyard in Klaksvík (Faroe Islands), reparing fishing vessels Dockyards and shipyards are places which repair and build ships. ... Categories: Stub | House types ... A Class 156 train in SPT livery at Glasgow Central station The Strathclyde Partnership for Transport (SPT) is a public body which is responsible for planning and co-ordinating regional transport, and especially the public transport system, in the Strathclyde area of western Scotland. ...


On 24 March 1977, cracks were noticed in the roof of Govan Cross station, leading to suspension of services until 2 May. The service resumed with only four trains per circle. On 21 May 1977, the system was shut down eight days prematurely for a major refurbishment and modernisation; the date was brought forward because of the appearance of more cracks in the roof of Govan Cross (now Govan) station. Badly deteriorated tunnels were repaired; stations were rebuilt and enlarged, with additional platforms at Buchanan Street, Partick, Govan, Ibrox, Hillhead, and St Enoch. The entrance to Kelvinbridge was reversed, with a new entrance and car park built at North Woodside Road, an escalator to Great Western Road, and stairs down to the west end of the platform; the former entrance and stairway at the east end became an emergency exit, and the lift was withdrawn from service. Merkland Street station was closed; a new station to the north was built at Partick to provide an interchange with the North Clyde suburban rail system. The site of the former Merkland Street subway station can be noticed by the characteristic hump and the larger-diameter tunnel with both tracks. A further interchange via moving walkway was installed between Buchanan Street station and Queen Street mainline station as part of the modernisation. March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (84th in leap years). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (142nd in leap years). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Bilingual sign in Gaelic and English at Partick railway station, Glasgow. ... The North Clyde Line (sometimes called the North Electric line) is a suburban railway in West Central Scotland. ... Merkland Street station was a Subway in Glasgow, Scotland. ... An inclined moving sidewalk at Beaudry metro station in Montreal A moving sidewalk, moving walkway, travelator, travellator or trav-o-lator is a slow speed conveyor belt to transport people; they can walk along it or stand; it is like a horizontal escalator. ... Queen Street Station is a railway station in Glasgow, Scotland, UK and is Glasgows second main line terminus. ...


In August 1977, all redundant fittings and equipment from the old system were sold at a public sale at Broomloan Works. During the 1977–1980 modernisation, two Clayton battery locomotives were used by the contractors Taylor Woodrow to haul construction trains. The locomotives were nicknamed Roger and Claus, the latter allegedly because of its habit of bringing unwelcome "presents" and surprises through reliability problems. Taylor Woodrow plc is one of the largest British based housebuilding and general construction companies. ...

Partick subway station.
Partick subway station.

Heavier track was installed (although still at the unique, 4-foot gauge); the original Broomloan Depot was modernised and equipped with connecting tracks (with points) to replace the crane transfer; and a new electrical supply, from Westinghouse Electric Corporation, was installed. A new ticketing system, provided by Crouzet, with passenger-operated vending machines and automatic barriers, replaced the old, cinema-style tickets. The post-1980 yellow tickets have since been replaced by a newer system, issuing credit-card-sized tickets. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x667, 101 KB) Taken and donated by Gary Ferguson I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x667, 101 KB) Taken and donated by Gary Ferguson I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Westinghouse logo (designed by Paul Rand) The Westinghouse Electric Company, headquartered in Monroeville, Pennsylvania, is an organization founded by George Westinghouse in 1886. ...


The line was formally reopened by the Queen on 1 November 1979. However, rebuilding work was still incomplete, and the line did not reopen to passengers until 16 April 1980. Thirty-three new carriages were built by Metro Cammell at its Washwood Heath works, in Birmingham, and equipped with GEC electric motors. The exterior design of the trains was carried out in partnership with Glasgow School of Art, which, according to SPT publicity films of the day, was largely responsible for the trains' "cute" appearance. Eight additional centre-trailer carriages were built in 1992 (the body shells by Hunslet Gyro Mining Transport Ltd in Leeds for completion by Hunslet-Barclay Ltd in Kilmarnock), making all trains three carriages long. Smoking has never been permitted on the modernised system. Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... For the Smashing Pumpkins song, see 1979 (song). ... April 16 is the 106th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (107th in leap years). ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... The Metropolitan Cammell Carriage and Wagon (MCCW) was a Birmingham, England based manufacturer of railway carriages and wagons. ... Washwood Heath is an area of Birmingham, England. ... This article is about the city in England. ... The General Electric Company plc (GEC) is a British company that was renamed Marconi plc on November 30, 1999 after its defence unit Marconi Electronic Systems was divested and sold to British Aerospace. ... 194. ... Statistics Population: 726,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SE297338 Administration Metropolitan borough: City of Leeds Metropolitan county: West Yorkshire Region: Yorkshire and the Humber Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: West Yorkshire Historic county: Yorkshire (West Riding) Services Police force: West Yorkshire Police Fire and... Irish Mail is typical of many small engines builf for use in quarries Much rebuilt Hunslet Blanche is always popular on the Ffestiniog Railway Hunslet build several hundred 0-6-0STs for the War Department and National Coal Board A typical Hunslet diesel mechanical shunter from the 1950s A typical... Map of Kilmarnock town centre in 1819 Kilmarnock (Cill Mhearnáig in Scottish Gaelic, and Killie locally) is a large burgh in East Ayrshire, Scotland, with a population of about 60,000. ...


A new corporate identity was introduced (following contemporary fashions of the 1970s), with trains painted bright orange, stations largely rebuilt with dark brown bricks, orange-yellow wall tiles and other surfaces in off-white, plus brown uniforms for the staff. Large, illuminated orange "U" signs were placed at station entrances (since removed, with the re-adoption of the name "Subway"). Since the 1990s, ongoing renovation work has resulted in most stations adopting individual colour schemes. The trains' initial orange livery of 1980 (with a white stripe) was soon replaced by a darker, more durable shade of orange, itself now being replaced by SPT's latest, carmine-red and cream livery.


Future development

The system is unusual compared to other metro systems as it has never been expanded from its original route, although ambitious plans were unveiled during 2005. Many schemes for extending the system have been proposed but none has come to fruition owing to the cost of providing additional bespoke rolling stock, and technical problems — tunnelling beneath the city is difficult owing to its geology, which is composed of solid rock and abandoned mineshafts making underground construction hazardous and expensive.

Kelvinhall subway station, showing the new signage.
Kelvinhall subway station, showing the new signage.

In early 2005, SPT announced that they would employ consultants to look into extending the system in the West End, East End, Southside and Glasgow Harbour areas of the city. The extension will take advantage of existing unused tunnels underneath the city, and there is a possibility that roads will be dug up to install tunnels before being replaced and resurfaced (cut-and-cover tunnelling). The plans are expected to take twelve years to come to fruition. In the mean time there are plans to replace the fleet of trains and to install new electronic destination signs in stations. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x959, 159 KB) Glasgow Subway station 17 November 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x959, 159 KB) Glasgow Subway station 17 November 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... An underground pedestrian tunnel between buildings at MIT. Note the utility pipes running along the ceiling. ...


The trains themselves are undergoing a minor refurbishment which is being carried out by Alstom (the successor company to Metro Cammell, the original manufacturer of the trains) at its Springburn works in North Glasgow, although they will be expected to be life expired within the next 10-15 years. Alstom (formerly GEC-Alsthom) (Euronext: ALO) is a large French company whose businesses are power generation and manufacturing trains (e. ... Springburn is an area in the north of Glasgow. ...


At the moment, the Partick Interchange project is under way which will result in a complete re-development at the station which hosts a rail station, a subway station and a bus terminal on the outside.


Should the long-awaited Glasgow Crossrail project get the green light, then West Street station will be redeveloped as an interchange between the new surface railway and the Subway. This is projected to be completed by 2010, if funding is made available. Glasgow Crossrail is a proposed railway development in Central Scotland. ... West Street subway station serves the Tradeston area of Glasgow, Scotland. ...


Connections

The underground has passenger links to the main railway system at two locations — at Partick, the system connects with the North Clyde line and Argyle lines of the Glasgow suburban railway network, and Buchanan Street station is connected to Queen Street main-line station by a moving walkway. Glasgow Central station and Argyle Street railway station (for the Argyle Line) are both a short walk from St. Enoch, and most stations connect with bus routes. Bilingual sign in Gaelic and English at Partick railway station, Glasgow. ... The North Clyde Line (sometimes called the North Electric line) is a suburban railway in West Central Scotland. ... The Argyle Line is a suburban railway located in West Central Scotland. ... Queen Street Station is a railway station in Glasgow, Scotland, UK and is Glasgows second main line terminus. ... Glasgow Central Station is the larger of the two present main-line railway terminals in Glasgow, Scotland, and is managed by Network Rail. ... Argyle Street railway station is a very busy station on the Argyle Line, which is below street level. ... The Argyle Line is a suburban railway located in West Central Scotland. ...


Stations

The stations on the underground, in clockwise order from the northernmost, are: Image File history File links Glasgow_SPT_Subway_Map. ...

Hillhead subway station serves the area of Hillhead area of Glasgow, Scotland. ... The University of Glasgow was founded in 1451, in Glasgow, Scotland. ... Main Range of glasshouses Set in the West End of Glasgow, the Glasgow Botanic Gardens is a large public park with several glasshouses, the most notable of which is the Kibble Palace. ... BBC Scotland (BBC Alba in Gaelic) is a constituent part of the British Broadcasting Corporation, the publicly-funded broadcaster of the United Kingdom. ... Kelvinbridge subway station serves the Kelvinbridge area of Glasgow, Scotland. ... Kelvingrove Park is one of the most popular parks in the city of Glasgow. ... a park-and-ride bus in Oxford Park and ride terminals are public transport stations that allow commuters to drive short distances in their personal automobiles to catch a ride on a bus or railroad system (usually classified as light rail or the heavier commuter rail). ... St Georges Cross subway station serves the Woodlands suburb of Glasgow, as well as the south-east of Maryhill, Glasgow, in Scotland Categories: | ... Cowcaddens subway station serves the Cowcaddens area of Glasgow, Scotland. ... Buchanan Street subway station is a station on the Glasgow Subway in Glasgow, Scotland. ... Queen Street Station is a railway station in Glasgow, Scotland, UK and is Glasgows second main line terminus. ... St Enoch subway station is the first station on the north of the River Clyde on the Glasgow Subway. ... Glasgow Central Station is the larger of the two present main-line railway terminals in Glasgow, Scotland, and is managed by Network Rail. ... Argyle Street railway station is a very busy station on the Argyle Line, which is below street level. ... Bridge Street subway station serves Laurieston in Glasgow, Scotland. ... West Street subway station serves the Tradeston area of Glasgow, Scotland. ... Shields Road subway station is a station of Glasgow Subway, serving the Kingston and Pollokshields areas of Glasgow, Scotland. ... Kinning Park subway station serves the Kinning Park area of Glasgow, Scotland. ... Cessnock subway station serves the eastern area of Ibrox and the Cessnock area. ... The Glasgow Science Centre and the Glasgow Tower The Glasgow Science Centre is a major science and technology museum located in Glasgow, Scotland. ... The Glasgow tower is a free standing tower built adjacent to the Glasgow Science Centre in 2001. ... IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex, Australia. ... Ibrox subway station serves the area of Ibrox area of Glasgow, Scotland. ... Ibrox Stadium, originally Ibrox Park, is the stadium of Rangers F.C. It is located on the south side of the River Clyde in the Ibrox district of Glasgow. ... Govan subway station is a station serving the area of Govan in Glasgow, Scotland. ... Partick station in Partick, Glasgow, Scotland, is a railway station on the Argyle Line and North Clyde Line and also an underground station on the Glasgow Subway. ... Merkland Street station was an underground railway station in Glasgow, Scotland. ... Kelvinhall (formerly Partick Cross) is an underground station on the Glasgow Subway. ...

Subcrawl

A subcrawl is a favourite pastime for Glasgow students. It is a pub crawl using the Subway to move from pub to pub. The nearest pub to each station must be visited, leading to a total of (at least) fifteen drinks consumed. See binge drinking. This article may contain original research or unverified claims. ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... Alternate uses: Student (disambiguation) Etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stŭdērĕ, which means to study, a student is one who studies. ... This article may contain original research or unverified claims. ... Drinking too much beer may qualify as binge-drinking if it leads to at least two days of inebriation and the drinker neglects usual responsibilities The British Medical Association states that there is no consensus on the definition of binge drinking. ...


On a similar theme is the more traditional ‘Half & Half Tour’, referenced in Iain Banks’ novel Espedair Street as the ‘Clockwork Orange Pub Crawl’, where the participants must consume one measure of whisky and half a pint of ‘Heavy’ (80/- ale) in each establishment visited. Iain Menzies Banks (officially Iain Banks, born on February 16, 1954 in Dunfermline, Fife) is a Scottish writer. ... Espedair Street is a rock and roll-based novel by Iain Banks. ... Whisky, or whiskey, refers to a broad category of alcoholic beverages that are distilled from fermented grain mash and aged in oak casks. ...


Fares

A ticket on the Glasgow Subway, unlike many other underground systems, does not use a distance-based fare structure. A ticket allows a passenger to stay on the underground for as long as they like. Excluding the Discovery Ticket, all child prices are half of those of adults. Single and Return tickets can be purchased for travel on the same day. Discovery tickets allow unlimited travel on the underground for one day but can only be bought after 9.30am. 10 journey, 20 journey, 7-day unlimited and 28-day unlimited tickets can also be bought.


All tickets are bought at any station. Tickets must be placed through a machine to validate the ticket before a passenger can access the platform. Once on the train, tickets are rarely checked but SPT advise that passengers keep their tickets with them in case of inspection. SPT is an abbreviation for the following: Shit Post Thursday, on http://www. ...


Nicknames

The origin of the Subway's nickname, ‘The Clockwork Orange’ (coined from the title of the book and film A Clockwork Orange) is subject to dispute. Some believe that it was originally coined by the media of the period, whilst others credit it to the then chairman of British Rail, Sir Peter Parker, who was quoted in a late 1970s publicity video of the new trains as saying "so these are the original Clockwork Orange". Most of its carriages were painted orange, the corporate colour of SPT at the time. Some of the units have since been replaced with a new colour scheme of carmine and cream with a thin orange band, which will be implemented progressively throughout the fleet as cars are refurbished. It has been suggested that Milk Plus be merged into this article or section. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Logo of British Rail British Railways (BR), later rebranded as British Rail, ran the British railway system from the nationalisation of the Big Four British railway companies in 1948 until its privatisation in stages between 1994 and 1997. ... The colour orange occurs between red and yellow in the visible spectrum at a wavelength of about 585–620 nanometres. ... A Class 156 train in SPT livery at Glasgow Central Station The Strathclyde Partnership for Transport (SPT) is a public body which is responsible for planning and co-ordinating regional transport, and especially the public transport system, in the Strathclyde area of western Scotland. ... Carmine is the general term for a particularly deep red color. ...


While the ‘Clockwork Orange’ nickname is often used in tourist guidebooks and local literature, most Glaswegians refer to the system by its historic (and now official) name — ‘Subway’.[citation needed]


It is rumoured by locals that during the late 1950s the Subway took on a new nickname of "Sputnik" as the tube took approximately the same amount of time to go round as the more famous probe.[citation needed] Sputnik 1 The Sputnik program was a series of unmanned space missions launched by the Soviet Union in the late 1950s to demonstrate the viability of artificial satellites. ...


The Underground Song

The celebrated Glaswegian writer and broadcaster Cliff Hanley composed a satirical song about the pre-modernisation era Subway entitled The Underground Song. It was popular as a stage piece performed by the comedians Rikki Fulton and Jack Milroy in their Francie and Josie act. Clifford Hanley (October 28, 1922 - 1999) was a journalist, novelist, playwright and broadcaster from Glasgow in Scotland. ... Rikki Fulton OBE (April 15, 1924 - January 27, 2004), was a Scottish comedy actor best remembered for the character of Reverend IM Jolly in his long-running television show Scotch and Wry. ... Comedian. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Glasgow Subway

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... This is an alphabetical list of cities worldwide that have a rapid transit system, or a light-rail system with some elements of rapid transit. ... The Scottish Tramway and Transport Society was founded on 27th June 1951. ...

References

  1. ^ 'Police For Glasgow Subway', The Times, 3 January 2007
  2. ^ SPT Interchange Issue 9
  3. ^ SPT passenger facts
  4. ^ Irlam, Michael J.. A Scottish District Subway. Mike's Railway History. Retrieved on 2007-01-10.

The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom since 1785, and under its current name since 1788. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Further reading

  • J. Wright and I. Maclean, Circles under the Clyde: A history of the Glasgow Underground, Capital Transport, 1997, ISBN 1-85414-190-2
Local rail transport in the United Kingdom
Metros : Docklands Light Railway (East London) | Glasgow Subway | London Underground | Tyne and Wear Metro  
 Tramways : Blackpool | Manchester | Midland Metro (West Midlands) | Nottingham | Sheffield | Tramlink (South London)

 
 

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