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Encyclopedia > Glacier National Park (Canada)

Glacier National Park is one of seven national parks in British Columbia, Canada. It protects a portion of the Columbia Mountains. It also contains the Rogers Pass National Historic Centre, designated for its importance in the construction and development of Canada's first major national transportation route. It is 521 sq mi (1,349 sq km) and was established in 1886. It contains extensive glaciated areas, This article is about national parks. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Splendour without diminishment) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Area 944,735 km² (5th) Land 925,186 km² Water 19,549 km² (2. ... Columbia Mountains are in British Columbia, Canada, bounded by the Rocky Mountains in the east, and are made up of four large ranges: Cariboo Mountains, Monashee Mountains, Selkirk Mountains and Purcell Mountains. ... Rogers Pass is the pass (elevation 1330 m) through the Selkirk Mountains of British Columbia used by the Canadian Pacific Railway and the Trans-Canada Highway. ...

Contents


Terrain and Climate

Glaciers cover much of the challenging terrain in the park, which is dominated by 10 peaks ranging from 8,530 to 11,120 feet (2600 to 3390 m) in height. Mouth of the glacier Schlatenkees near Innergschlöß, Austria. ...


The steep, rugged mountains, warm, moist climate and wide variety of plant and animal life are typical of this natural region. The park protects unique stands of old-growth cedar and hemlock and critical habitat for threatened and endangered wildlife species such as the mountain caribou, mountain goat and grizzly bear.


Peaks of the Hermit Range, the Bonney and Bostock Groups, the Van Horne Range, Purity Range, Dawson Range, and the especially challenging Sir Donald Range all lie wholly or in part within Glacier National Park.


Activities

Hiking in Glacier National Park is far more extensive and at higher elevation than in adjoining Mount Revelstoke National Park. Glacier National Park is the acknowledged birthplace of mountaineering in North America. In 1888, two British mountaineers, Rev. William Spotswood Green and Rev. Henry Swanzy, completed the first recreational technical climbs in the Selkirks. Eleven years later, the services of Swiss guides were provided for guests at the Glacier House hotel in Rogers Pass. Those guides created the network of trails, providing access to local peaks, that has remained to this day. Prior to the completion of the Trans-Canada Highway through Rogers Pass in 1962, climbers accessed Glacier National Park by train. Tied to the railway as it was, mountaineering became an integral part of the history of the park, and continues to be a major attraction for backcountry recreationalists, whose numbers have quadrupled in the past ten years. Beautiful natural scenes are common hiking destinations Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... Mount Revelstoke National Park is located adjacent to the city of Revelstoke, British Columbia in Canada. ... If you were looking for the car, please see Mercury Mountaineer. ...


The Nakimu Caves lie between upper and lower Cougar Valley in the Selkirk Mountains, just west of Rogers Pass on the Trans-Canada Highway. The Caves are reached by hiking three to four hours up and over a mountain pass from the highway, an elevation gain of over 800 metres. Access is only allowed through a commercial tour, or by winning a personal trip through a lottery system. One Nakimu Cave Pass will be issued for every Saturday or Sunday from approximately mid-July to mid-Oct. The Selkirk Mountains are a mountain range originating in Idaho and Washington, and extending into SE British Columbia. ... Example of Trans-Canada Highway marker shield. ...


Facilities

The visitor centre for the park is at Rogers Pass, though information can be found in nearby Revelstoke. There are currently two campgrounds in the park: Illecillewaet Campground (58 vehicle/tent sites) is centrally located near Hwy 1 and has kitchen shelters and washrooms with flush toilets (no electrical hookups or RV sani-station). Loop Brook Campground (19 vehicle/tent sites) is farther west than Illecillewaet and has similar facilities. A third has recently been closed due to widespread root rot in the trees. There are three designated backcountry campsites in Glacier National Park with tent pads and food storage poles. None of the campsites are maintained during the winter. There are also three backcountry huts, however the access is ardous, and mountenering expertisehhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh Revelstoke was also the name of a well-known Canadian chain of hardware and home improvement stores, now known as Rona. ...


Rogers Pass

The interpretive program of Glacier and Mount Revelstoke National Parks, located in the Rogers Pass Visitors Centre at the summit of Rogers Pass on Hwy 1, depicts the human history of the region through fascinating accounts of first climbs, last spikes, lives lost, and railway lines laid. The Rogers Pass Centre is open year-round except for Christmas Day, and Tuesdays and Wednesdays in November. The Centre is the only frontcountry facility open during the spring and winter, while the campgrounds, picnic areas and trails lie under a two metre blanket of snow. Located near the summit of Rogers Pass, the Centre includes a theatre, an exhibit hall with railway models, natural history displays and wildlife specimens, and the Glacier Circle Bookstore.


See also

The Canadian National Parks system encompasses over forty protected areas, including National Parks, National Park Reserves and National Marine Conservation Areas. ... The Canadian National Parks system is run by Parks Canada, which also runs Canadas National Historic Sites. ...

External links

  • Parks Canada - Glacier National Park
  • British Columbia.com Parks information

 
 

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