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Encyclopedia > Giulio Romano
Fire in the Borgo, Vatican fresco
Fire in the Borgo, Vatican fresco

Giulio Romano (ca 1499? – November 1, 1546) was an Italian painter, architect, and decorator. He was a prime pupil of Raphael. His deviations from high Renaissance classicism helped define the 16th century style called Mannerism. Giulio's drawings have always been treasured by collectors, and the contemporary engravings after his drawings and paintings by Marcantonio Raimondi and others helped spread 16th century Italian style throughout Europe. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1576x1108, 255 KB) Description: Title: de: Stanza dellIncendio di Borgo, Wandfresko, Szene: Borgobrand Technique: de: Fresko Dimensions: de: Breite 457 cm Country of origin: de: Italien Current location (city): de: Rom Current location (gallery): de: Vatikan, Stanza dellIncendio Other... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1576x1108, 255 KB) Description: Title: de: Stanza dellIncendio di Borgo, Wandfresko, Szene: Borgobrand Technique: de: Fresko Dimensions: de: Breite 457 cm Country of origin: de: Italien Current location (city): de: Rom Current location (gallery): de: Vatikan, Stanza dellIncendio Other... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... // Events Spanish conquest of Yucatan Peace between England and France Foundation of Trinity College, Cambridge by Henry VIII of England Katharina von Bora flees to Magdeburg Science Architecture Michelangelo Buonarroti is made chief architect of St. ... The Mona Lisa is perhaps the best-known artistic painting in the Western world. ... The Parthenon on top of the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Table of architecture, Cyclopaedia, 1728 The following article focuses on built environment, the architecture of spaces designed for human habitation. ... A painter and decorator is a tradesman responsible for the painting and decorating of buildings, and is also known as a decorator or house painter. ... This page is about the artist. ... By region Italian Renaissance Spanish Renaissance Northern Renaissance English Renaissance French Renaissance German Renaissance Polish Renaissance The Renaissance, also known as Il Rinascimento (in Italian), was an influential cultural movement which brought about a period of scientific revolution, religious reform and artistic transformation, at the dawn of modern European history. ... Mannerism is the term used to describe the artistic style that arose in mid-16th century. ... Marcantonio Raimondi (c. ...


In Rome, as a young assistant in Raphael's studio, Giulio worked on many frescoes in the Vatican loggias (from designs by Raphael) and in Raphael's Stanze of the Vatican a group of figures in the "Fire in the Borgo" fresco, and also collaborated on the decoration of the ceiling of the Villa Farnesina. After the death of Raphael in 1520, he helped complete the frescoes of the life of Constantine in the Vatican as well as Raphael's Coronation of the Virgin and the Transfiguration in the Vatican. In Rome, Giulio decorated the Villa Madama for Cardinal Giuliano de' Medici, afterwards Clement VII. Self-portrait by Raphael. ... Villa Farnesina is an artistically and architecturally influential Renaissance villa in Via della Lungara, in the central district of Trastevere in the centre of Rome. ... Even uncompleted, the Villa Madama, in Rome, Italy, with its loggia and segmental columned garden court and its casino with an open center, was one of the most famous and imitated villas and terraced gardens of the High Renaissance. ... For the antipope (1378-1394) see Antipope Clement VII. Pope Clement VII Clement VII, né Giulio di Giuliano de Medici (1478 – September 25, 1534) was pope from 1523 to 1534. ...


With the sack of Rome in 1527 and the death of Leo X, art patronage in Rome slackened. Vasari tells how Baldassare Castiglione was delegated by Federico Gonzaga, duke of Mantua, to procure Giulio to execute paintings and architectural and engineering projects, most famously the Palazzo del Te, just outside the city, with its famous illusionistic frescos (ca 1525 - 1535). He also rebuilt the ducal palace in Mantua, reconstructed the cathedral, and designed the nearby Church of San Benedetto. Sections of Mantua that had been flood-prone were handsomely rebuilt under Giulio's direction, and the duke's patronage and friendship never faltered: Giulio's annual income amounted to more than 1000 ducats. Around him and his studio was established a school of art. Combatants Papal States Holy Roman Empire, Spain Commanders Clement VII Charles III, 8th duc de Bourbon † Strength 500 militia (Swiss Guard) 20,000 regulars Casualties 500 dead, wounded, or captured, 45,000 civilians dead, wounded, or exiled Unknown The Sack of Rome of 1527 by the troops of Charles V... Events January 5 - Felix Manz, co-founder of the Swiss Anabaptists, was drowned in the Limmat River in Zürich by the Zürich Reformed state church. ... Pope Leo X Leo X, né Giovanni di Lorenzo de Medici (December 11, 1475 - December 1, 1521), was the only pope who has bestowed his own name upon his age, and one of the few whose original extraction has corresponded in some measure with the splendour of the pontifical dignity. ... --216. ... Federico II of Gonzaga (1500 – 1540), Marquis of Mantua, succeeded his father Francesco as ruler of Mantua in 1519. ... Mantua Mantua (in Italian Mantova) is an important city in Lombardy, Italy and capital of the province with the same name. ... Palazzo del Te, Mantua (1524 - 1534). ...


In Renaissance tradition, many works of Giulio's were only temporary: By region Italian Renaissance Spanish Renaissance Northern Renaissance English Renaissance French Renaissance German Renaissance Polish Renaissance The Renaissance, also known as Il Rinascimento (in Italian), was an influential cultural movement which brought about a period of scientific revolution, religious reform and artistic transformation, at the dawn of modern European history. ...

"When Charles V came to Mantua, Giulio, by the duke's order, [Giulio] made many fine arches, scenes for comedies and other things,in which he had no peer, no one being !ike him for masquerades, and making curious costumes for jousts, feasts, tournaments, which excited great wonder in the emperor and in all present. For the city of Mantua at various times he designed temples, chapels, houses, gardens, facades, and was so fond of decorating them that, by his industry, he rendered dry, healthy and pleasant places previously miry, full of stagnant water,and almost uninhabitable."
– Vasari, Vita

Giulio also designed tapestries and the erotic album I Modi which was expertly engraved by Raimondi, a project that landed him in jail in Rome. Charles (February 24, 1500 – September 21, 1558) was Holy Roman Emperor (as Charles V) from 1519-1558; he was also King of Spain from 1516-1556, officially as Charles I of Spain, although often referred to as Charles V (Carlos Quinto or Carlos V) in Spain and Latin America. ... Look up Masquerade in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The word masquerade has a number of meanings: A masquerade ball is a ball, dance, or party; in which, participants wear elaborate costumes and hide their true identity. ... The text I Modi was an erotic album of the Italian Renaissance created by the designer Giulio Romano, the engraver Marcantonio Raimondi and the poet Pietro Aretino. ...


In 1546, just as he was appointed architect to St. Peter's, Giulio Romano died. The Basilica of Saint Peter from Castel SantAngelo. ...


Well-known paintings:

  1. The Stoning of St. Stephen (Santo Stefano, Genoa): "Giulio never did a finer work than this," said Vasari. Domenico del Barbiere engraved the subject, so that it influenced designers who never saw the original in Genoa.
  2. Adoration of the Magi (Louvre).

Giulio Romano has the distinction of being the only renaissance artist to be mentioned by William Shakespeare. In Act IV, Scene II of The Winter's Tale Queen Hermione's statue is by "that rare Italian master, Julio Romano", although Giulio was not a sculptor. Giorgio Vasari (Arezzo, Tuscany July 3, 1511 - Florence, June 27, 1574) was an Italian painter and architect, mainly known for his famous biographies of Italian artists. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Winters Tale is a comedy by William Shakespeare. ...


External links

  • Vita by Giorgio Vasari, who describes his meeting with Giulio:
" At this time Giorgio Vasari a great friend of Giulio, though they only knew each other by report and by letters, passed through Mantua on his way to Venice to see him and his works. On meeting, they recognised each other as though they had met a thousand times before. Giulio was so delighted that he spent four days in showing Vasari all his works, especially the plans of ancient buildings at Rome, Naples, Pozzuolo, Campagna, and all the other principal antiquities designed partly by him and partly by others. Then, opening a great cupboard, he showed him plans of all the buildings erected from his designs in Mantua, Rome and all Lombardy, so beautiful that I do not believe that more original, fanciful or convenient buildings exist."
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Giulio Romano - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (678 words)
Giulio's drawings have always been treasured by collectors, and the contemporary engravings after his drawings and paintings by Marcantonio Raimondi and others helped spread 16th century Italian style throughout Europe.
Giulio Romano has the distinction of being the only renaissance artist to be mentioned by William Shakespeare.
Giulio was so delighted that he spent four days in showing Vasari all his works, especially the plans of ancient buildings at Rome, Naples, Pozzuolo, Campagna, and all the other principal antiquities designed partly by him and partly by others.
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