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Encyclopedia > Gita Govinda
Hindu texts

The Gita Govinda or the Song of the Shri Krishna is a work composed in the 12th century by Jayadeva Goswami. It describes the relationship between Krishna and the gopis (cowgirls) of Vrindavana, and in particular one gopi named Radha. This work has been of great importance in the development of the bhakti traditions of Hinduism. Shruti (what is heard) is a canon of Hindu scriptures, early forms of which may have existed as early as 1500 BC, with most scholarship favoring dates between 1200 and 800 BC. Shruti is said to have no author; rather, it is believed to be a divine recording of the... The Vedas (also referred to as Vedam) are part of the Hindu Shruti; these religious scriptures form part of the core of the Brahminical and Vedic traditions within Hinduism and are the inspirational, metaphysical and mythological foundation for later Vedanta, Yoga, Tantra and even Bhakti forms of Hinduism. ... The Rig Veda ऋग्वेद (Sanskrit ṛc praise + veda knowledge) is the earliest of the four Hindu religious scriptures known as the Vedas. ... The Sama Veda (सामवेद), or Veda of Holy Songs, is third in the usual order of enumeration of the four Vedas, the ancient core Hindu scriptures. ... The Yajur Veda यजुर्वेद is one of the four Hindu Vedas; it contains religious texts focussing on liturgy and ritual. ... The Atharva Veda is a sacred text of Hinduism, part of the four books of the Vedas. ... The Brahmanas (Brahmin Books) are part of the Hindu Shruti; these religious scriptures focus on sacrifice -- particularly that of horses and soma. ... The Aranyakas (Forest Books, Forest Treatises) are part of the Hindu Shruti; these religious scriptures are sometimes argued to be part of either the Brahmanas or Upanishads. ... The Upanishads (उपनिषद्, UpaniÅŸad) are part of the Hindu Shruti scriptures which primarily discuss meditation and philosophy and are seen as religious instructions by most schools of Hinduism. ... Smriti (what is fit/deserves to be remembered) refers to a canon of Hindu religious scripture. ... The great Hindu Epics are also occasionally termed Mahakavyas (Great Compositions); the terms refer to a canon of Hindu religious scripture. ... The Mahabharata (Devanagari: महाभारत, phonetically Mahābhārata - see note), sometimes just called Bharata, is one of the two major ancient Sanskrit epics of India, the other being the Ramayana. ... Bhagavad Gīta भगवद्गीता, composed ca the fifth - second centuries BC, is part of the epic poem Mahabharata, located in the Bhisma-Parva chapters 23–40. ... Lord Ram, Laxman, Sita and Hanuman(crouching) The Ramayana (Sanskrit: march (ayana) of Rama) is part of the Hindu smriti, written by Valmiki (c. ... The Puranas (Sanskrit purāṇá ancient, since they focus on ancient history of the universe) are part of Hindu Smriti; these religious scriptures discuss varied topics like devotion to God in his various aspects, traditional sciences like Ayurveda, Jyotish, cosmology, concepts like dharma, karma, reincarnation and many others. ... There are eighteen main Puranas, being: Brahma Purānās Brahma Brahmānda Brahma Vaivarta Mārkandeya (This sacred purana has the Devi Mahatmyam, an important religious text for Shaktas. ... The Tantras (Looms or Weavings), written between 500 and 1800, are part of Hindu Smriti; these religious scriptures discuss rituals and meditation. ... Sutra (सूत्र) in Sanskrit is derived from the verb √siv, meaning to sew. ... Below is a list of sutras organized alphabetically under the broad categories of Hinduism and Buddhism. ... Smriti (what is fit/deserves to be remembered) refers to a canon of Hindu religious scripture. ... There are eighteen main Smritis, being: Manu Smriti; Yajnavalkya Smriti Parasara Smriti Vishnu Smriti; Daksha Smriti; Samvarta Smriti; Vyasa Smriti; Harita Smriti; Satatapa Smriti; Vasishtha Smriti; Yama Smriti; Apastamba Smriti; Gautama Smriti; Devala Smriti; Sankha-Likhita Smriti; Usana Smriti; Atri Smriti and SaunakaSmriti. ... The Ashtavakra Gita (Song of Ashtavakra) is an influential nondualist Hindu text traditionally said to have been written by the Sage Ashtavakra, though its authorship is not known with certainty. ... Hatha Yoga Pradipika is a classic Sanskrit manual on Hatha Yoga, written by Swami Svatmarama. ... Jayadeva Goswami was a composer of Hindu hymns and poetic works, including especially the Sanskrit work, the Gita Govinda, a now-famous work on the divine love of the Hindu god Krishna. ... Lord Krishna Krishna (कृष्ण, Sanskrit for black. Also said to mean All Attractive), is, according to common Hindu tradition, the eighth avatar of Vishnu. ... In Hinduism a gopi is one of the several cow herding girls who had pure devotion (bhakti) to Krishna. ... Vrindavana is the name of a mythic forest or forested region in Northern India, in which the Hindu deity Krishna spent his childhood. ... Radha refers to either one of two figures in Hindu religion. ... Bhakti is a Tamil or Sanskrit term from Hinduism that means devotion to god. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Here is an extract from the translation by Sir Edwin Arnold (1832–1904) : Sir Edwin Arnold (1832-1904), British poet and journalist, was born on June 10, 1832, and was educated at Kings school, Rochester; Kings College, London; and University College, Oxford. ...

 The sky is clouded; and the wood resembles The sky, thick arched with a black tamala boughs; “Oh Radha, Radha! Take this soul that trembles In life's deep midnight, to thy Golden house.” So Nanda spoke -- and led by Radha’s spirit, The feet of Krishna found the road aright; Wherefore, in bliss which all high hearts inherit, Together taste they love's divine delight. He wrote these things for thee, Of the son of Wassoodee, Was the poet Jayadeva, Him Saraswati gave ever Fancies fair his mind to throng, Like pictures palace walls along; Ever to his notes of Love Lakshmi's mystic dancers move. If thy spirit seeks to brood On Hari glorious Hari good; If it feeds on solemn numbers Dim as dreams and soft as slumbers, Lend thine ear to Jayadev, Lord of all spells that save. Umapatidhara's strain Glows like roses after rain; Sharan's stream like song is grand, If it is tide ye understand; Bard more wise beneath the sun Is not found them Govardhun; Doyi holds the listener still With his slokes of subtle skill; But for sweet words suited well Jayadeva doth excel. 

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Gita Govinda of Sri Jayadev (1230 words)
The songs of the Gita Govinda are common prayers or bhajans in all sects of Hinduism.
According to Dr. Dinanath Pathi, noted painter and art critic, the Gita Govinda has influenced the art, music and literature of India to such an extent that it is almost impossible to find a school of thought in the field of literary, visual and performing arts without the magic touch of the Gita Govinda.
Krsna of the Gita Govinda is not only the consort of Radha who used to play on his flute to lure the gopis into the groves on the banks of the river Yamuna, but also the symbol of youth of the time.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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