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Encyclopedia > Girolamo Frescobaldi
Girolamo Frescobaldi.
Girolamo Frescobaldi.

Girolamo Frescobaldi (baptized mid-September 1583March 1, 1643) was an Italian musician, one of the most important composers of keyboard music in the late Renaissance and early Baroque periods. There is no evidence that the Frescobaldi of Ferrara were related to the homonymous Florentine noble house. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (500x640, 94 KB) Girolamo Frescobaldi Source: http://portrait. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (500x640, 94 KB) Girolamo Frescobaldi Source: http://portrait. ... 1583 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Piano, a well-known instance of keyboard instruments A keyboard instrument is any musical instrument played using a musical keyboard. ... Renaissance music is European music written during the Renaissance, approximately 1400 to 1600. ... Baroque music describes an era and a set of styles of European classical music which were in widespread use between approximately 1600 and 1750 (see Dates of classical music eras for a discussion of the problems inherent in defining the beginning and end points). ... Girolamo Frescobaldi (September, 1583 – March 1, 1643) was one of the most important composers of keyboard music in the late Renaissance and early Baroque periods. ...

Contents

Biography

Frescobaldi was born in Ferrara. Ferrara is a city in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, capital city of the province of Ferrara. ...


He studied under the organist and famous madrigalist Luzzasco Luzzaschi at Ferrara and is also considered to have been influenced by Carlo Gesualdo, who was in Ferrara at the time. His patron Guido Bentivoglio[1] helped him get the position as an organist at the church of Santa Maria in Trastevere in Rome in the spring of 1607. Frescobaldi travelled with Bentivoglio to the Low Countries before Frescobaldi became organist of St Peter's in Rome in 1608, a post he held until his death. From 1628 to 1634 he was organist at the court of the Medicis in Florence. A madrigal is a setting for two or more voices of a secular text, often in Italian. ... Luzzasco Luzzaschi (c. ... Carlo Gesualdo, Prince of Venosa. ... Guido Bentivoglio (1579 - September 7, 1644), was an Italian cardinal, statesman and historian. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Year 1607 (MDCVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Low Countries, the historical region of de Nederlanden, are the countries (see Country) on low-lying land around the delta of the Rhine, Scheldt, and Meuse (Maas) rivers. ... Events March 18 - Sissinios formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia May 14 - Protestant Union founded in Auhausen. ... 1628 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Events Moses Amyrauts Traite de la predestination is published Curaçao captured by the Dutch Treaty of Polianovska First meeting of the Académie française The witchcraft affair at Loudun Jean Nicolet lands at Green Bay, Wisconsin Opening of Covent Garden Market in London English establish a settlement... For the board game, see Medici (board game). ... Florence (Italian: ) is the capital city of the region of Tuscany, Italy. ...


Frescobaldi died in Rome at the age of 59.


He wrote a large number of works for the organ and harpsichord, including toccatas, capricci, fantasie, canzonas, ricercare (a generic name for any contrapuntal piece), dances and variations. Among his best known works is the Fiori musicali (1635), a collection of organ works designed to be played during the mass service. He published two books of toccatas between 1615 and 1637, which contain the Cento Partite, one of his most virtuosic and experimental works. His vocal music, which includes a number of masses, motets and madrigals, and his instrumental music, is less well known, in spite of the "1st Volume of Canzoni to be played with any type of instrument" published in 1628. Organ in Katharinenkirche, Frankfurt am Main, Germany The organ is a keyboard instrument played using one or more manuals and a pedalboard. ... Harpsichord in the Flemish style A harpsichord is any of a family of European keyboard instruments, including the large instrument currently called a harpsichord, but also the smaller virginals, the muselar virginals and the spinet. ... Toccata (Italian for touched) is a piece of classical music for a keyboard instrument, generally emphasizing the dexterity of the performer. ... A capriccio or caprice is a piece of music, usually fairly free in form and of a lively character. ... The fantasia (also English fantasy, German fantasie, French fantaisie) is a musical composition with its roots in the art of improvisation. ... Canzona (also canzone) is a poetic form, and a type of musical composition. ... A ricercar (or ricercare; the terms are interchangeable) is a type of late Renaissance and mostly early Baroque instrumental composition. ... In music, counterpoint is the relationship between two or more voices that are independent in contour and rhythm, and interdependent in harmony. ... Dance (from French danser, perhaps from Frankish) generally refers to movement used as a form of expression, social interaction or presented in a spiritual or performance setting. ... In music, variation is a formal technique where material is altered during repetition; reiteration with changes. ... Events February 10 - The Académie française in Paris is expanded to become a national academy for the artistic elite. ... A Medieval Low Mass by a bishop. ... Events June 2 - First Récollet missionaries arrive at Quebec City, from Rouen, France. ... Events February 3 - Tulipmania collapses in Netherlands by government order February 15 - Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor December 17 - Shimabara Rebellion erupts in Japan Pierre de Fermat makes a marginal claim to have proof of what would become known as Fermats last theorem. ... The Mass, a form of sacred musical composition, is a choral composition that sets the fixed portions of the Eucharistic liturgy (principally that of the Roman Catholic Church, the Anglican Church, generally known in the US as the Episcopal Church, and also the Lutheran Church) to music. ... In Western music, motet is a word that is applied to a number of highly varied choral musical compositions. ... A madrigal is a setting for two or more voices of a secular text, often in Italian. ... 1628 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Frescobaldi was one of the inventors of the modern conception of tempo, making a compromise between the ancient white mensural notation with a rigid tactus and the modern notion of tempo, which is characterized by acceleration and deceleration within a piece. Mensural notation is the musical notation system which was used from the later part of the 13th century until about 1600. ...


Frescobaldi's music was a very important influence on later composers, among them Johann Jakob Froberger and Johann Sebastian Bach (Bach is known to have owned a copy of Frescobaldi's Fiori musicali). Johann Jakob Froberger (May 18, 1616 – May 7, 1667) was a German Baroque composer, keyboard virtuoso, and organist. ... Bach in a 1748 portrait by Haussmann Places in which Bach resided throughout his life Johann Sebastian Bach (pronounced ) (21 March 1685 O.S. – 28 July 1750 N.S.) was a prolific German composer and organist whose sacred and secular works for choir, orchestra and solo instruments drew together the...


Trivia

  • Sometimes jovially referred to as "Frisky Bald Guy" in musicological circles. A play on his name, it is a fitting description of his characteristically sporadic style of composition, and the receding hairline that is evident in his later portraits.
  • A piece attributed to Frescobaldi, a Toccata for cello and piano, was actually written by Gaspar Cassado.

Frescobaldi This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Toccata (Italian for touched) is a piece of classical music for a keyboard instrument, generally emphasizing the dexterity of the performer. ... Gaspar Cassádo was an influential cellist and composer of the early twentieth century. ...

Media

  • Toccata 3 ( file info) — play in browser (beta)
  • Problems playing the files? See media help.

Image File history File links Girolamo_Frescobaldi_-_Toccata_3. ... Software development stages In computer programming, development stage terminology expresses how the development of a piece of software has progressed and how much further development it may require. ...

References

  • Frederick Hammond: Girolamo Frescobaldi. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 1983. ISBN 0-674-35438-9
  • FREDERICK HAMMOND (1–7, bibliography), ALEXANDERSILBIGER (8–15, work-list): 'Frescobaldi, Girolamo Alessandro, §1: Ferrara, Rome and Flanders, 1583–1608', Grove Music Online (Accessed 04 December 2006), <http://www.grovemusic.com/shared/views/article.html?section=music.10219.1>

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Girolamo Frescobaldi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (336 words)
Girolamo Frescobaldi (September, 1583 March 1, 1643) was one of the most important composers of keyboard music in the late Renaissance and early Baroque periods.
Frescobaldi was one of the inventors of the modern conception of tempo, making a compromise between the ancient white mensural notation with a rigid tactus and the modern notion of tempo, which is characterized by acceleration and deceleration within a piece.
Frescobaldi's music was a very important influence on later composers, among them Johann Jakob Froberger and Johann Sebastian Bach (Bach is known to have owned a copy of Frescobaldi's Fiori musicali).
Classical Net - Basic Repertoire List - Frescobaldi (1902 words)
Frescobaldi is one of the most important composers in the history of keyboard music, and one of the most famous representatives of the early Italian Baroque.
While Frescobaldi's style of playing was hailed as brilliantly original and definitively progressive to the point that subsequent performers could not dream of doing other than adopting it, and his counterpoint is frequently so novel as to be disturbing to conservatives, his use of form and harmony was far too old-fashioned for the modernists.
Frescobaldi's prowess at the keyboard was balanced by an apparent lack of education, to the point that it was seriously suggested that he did not understand the words he set to music and indeed that his own unedited writing was virtually unintelligible.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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