Girolamo Fracastoro (Fracastorius) (1478‑1553) was an Italian physician, scholar and poet.
Born in Verona, later educated at Padua, he lived and practised in his hometown. In 1546 he proposed that epidemic diseases are caused by transferable seedlike entities that could transmit infection by direct or indirect contact or even without contact over long distances.
The name for syphilis is derived from his poem from 1530 which can be regarded as the first treatise on the disease. His 1546 book also gave the first description for typhus. Homocentrica (1538)
De Contagione et Contagiosis Morbis (1546), by Girolamo Fracastoro
Categories: Italian poets | Italian physicians | 1478 births | 1553 deaths
GirolamoFracastoro, famous for his insight into and literary works on natural philosophy, astronomy, and medicine, was born in Verona, Italy, the sixth of seven brothers in a well-respected family.
Although his father's occupation is not known, it was he who introduced the young Fracastoro to literature and philosophy, tutoring him personally before sending him off to the Academy of Padua under the guardianship of an old family friend and teacher, Girolamo della Torre, and under whom Fracastoro would ultimately study medicine.
Fracastoro married Elena de Clavis around 1500 with whom he had a daughter and four sons.
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