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Encyclopedia > Girl
Two girls smiling
Two girls smiling

A girl is a female child, as opposed to a boy, a male child. The age at which a female person transitions from girl to woman varies in different societies; typically the transition from adolescence to maturity is taken to occur in the late teens. The English word (first documented in 1290) originally designated a child of either gender. To designate between the two genders, a female child was called a gay girl, while a male child was called a knave girl.[1] During the 14th century its sense was narrowed to specifically female children. Subsequently, it was extended to refer also to mature but unmarried young women since the 1530s. Usage in the sense of (romantic) "sweetheart" arose in the 17th century. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Look up girl in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 756 KB) Beschreibung: Freundinnen Quelle: FreePiP (Free Pictures Project) Fotograf: Benjamin Gimmel, BenHur File links The following pages link to this file: Girl Talk:Girl/Images ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 756 KB) Beschreibung: Freundinnen Quelle: FreePiP (Free Pictures Project) Fotograf: Benjamin Gimmel, BenHur File links The following pages link to this file: Girl Talk:Girl/Images ... For other uses, see Female (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Child (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Boy (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Male sex. ... For other uses, see Child (disambiguation). ... Diverse women. ... For other uses, see Society (disambiguation). ... “Adolescent” redirects here. ... // March 1 - The University of Coimbra is founded in Lisbon, Portugal by King Denis of Portugal; it moves to Coimbra in 1308. ...

Contents

Usage of the term

A smiling Iraqi girl.
A smiling Iraqi girl.

By the 18th century, there was a difference in some uses of the word between England and the Americas. In England, a girl was often a serving girl, while in the United States a girl was often a sweetheart or girlfriend, for example, in the lyrics of the popular song "The Girl I Left Behind Me". In England, the word girl was also used as a euphemism for prostitute, as for example by Richard Steele in The Spectator. Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1239 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1239 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World, consisting of the continents of North America[1] and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... This article is about a female partner. ... Whore redirects here. ... Sir Richard Steele (bap. ... The Spectator was a daily publication of 1711–12, founded by Joseph Addison and Richard Steele in England. ...


In the United States today, the word girl is often used as an intended compliment or used humorously. A woman of a certain age might be called a girl to suggest that she looks younger than she is, or a group of women might speak of themselves as "us girls", though all are well over the age of maidenhood. Adult women will sometimes refer to themselves as "girls", as in "We're having a girls' night out" or "It's a girl thing". But social shifts generally permit only the female gender group themselves to use such terminology without giving offense.


Some feminists consider the use of girl applied to any adult female to be offensive. They claim that the word is used to insinuate a lower social status compared to adult males. Others feel the word is used to indicate low morals, weakness, or homosexuality. Other women consider the word as merely a courtesy term, similar to the way that lady is used to indicate females, even those which are not the wife of a Lord. There is a parallel objection to use of the word boy to describe a male over the age of puberty. Feminism is a social theory and political movement primarily informed and motivated by the experience of women. ... A lady is a woman who is the counterpart of a lord; or, the counterpart of a gentleman. ... For other uses, see Lord (disambiguation). ... Puberty refers to the process of physical changes by which a childs body becomes an adult body capable of reproduction. ...


Using the word girl to refer to a male is usually meant to be insulting, such as "You throw like a girl". The more insulting girly-boy, which originated in 1589 as girle-boy, is used to indicate a weak or "sissy" male. Calling a male a girl often serves as a provocation to fight (see fighting words). While outsiders might use girl s a pejorative to refer to a gay male, within the gay community it is used as a term of endearment. Events Rebellion of the Catholic League against King Henry III of France, in revenge for his murder of Duke Henry of Guise. ... The fighting words doctrine, in United States constitutional law, is a limitation to freedom of speech as granted in the First Amendment to the United States Constitution In its 9-0 decision, Chaplinsky v. ...


In American gay male vernacular, the world girl may be used by some as a greeting for either sex.


The word girl has many synonyms, including belle, chick, doll, girly, gal, lass or lassie, maiden, and miss. The slang word gal, as in "Buffalo gals won't you come out tonight", is a variant pronunciation of girl. Synonyms (in ancient Greek, συν (syn) = plus and όνομα (onoma) = name) are different words with similar or identical meanings. ... Belle was once a member of RBAP who believed a Husky could jump a 6 foot fence without a running start. ... A baby chicken Look up chick in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Doll (disambiguation). ... Girly is a webcomic created by Josh Lesnick which generally centers around the romantic relationship between two girls named Otra and Winter, as well as other citizens of the city of Cute-Town. ... GAL may refer to: Generalized Automation Language Global Address List Edward G. Pitka Sr. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... A maiden may refer to: A female virgin. ... “Señorita” redirects here. ... GAL may refer to: Generalized Automation Language Global Address List Edward G. Pitka Sr. ...


Art and literature

Portrayals of girls may reflect their standing in the artists' culture, and a brief overview of different views of girls in different art periods gives a sense of girls' roles in societies around the world and at different points in time. An art period is a phase in the development of the work of an artist, groups of artists or art movement. ...

The White Girl, Whistler (1862)
Portrait of a Young Girl, de Flandes
Portrait of a Young Girl, de Flandes

Egyptian murals included sympathetic portraits of young girls of royal descent. Download high resolution version (393x800, 85 KB)Whistler, “Symphony in White, No. ... Download high resolution version (393x800, 85 KB)Whistler, “Symphony in White, No. ... Self portrait (1872) James Abbott McNeill Whistler (July 11, 1834 – July 17, 1903) was an American-born, British-based painter and etcher. ... This article is about 1862 . ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1576x2303, 321 KB) Description: Title: de: Porträt eines jungen Mädchens (Johanna die Wahnsinnige?) Technique: de: Holz Dimensions: de: 32 × 22 cm Country of origin: de: Spanien Current location (city): de: Madrid Current location (gallery): de: Sammlung Thyssen-Bornemisza Other... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1576x2303, 321 KB) Description: Title: de: Porträt eines jungen Mädchens (Johanna die Wahnsinnige?) Technique: de: Holz Dimensions: de: 32 × 22 cm Country of origin: de: Spanien Current location (city): de: Madrid Current location (gallery): de: Sammlung Thyssen-Bornemisza Other... Resurrection of Lazarus, c. ... This article has been tagged since January 2007. ...


Ancient Greek classical art and literature paid scant attention to female children, though there are many poems about boys. Only Sappho's poetry includes love poems addressed to girls. The art of ancient Greece has exercised an enormous influence on the culture of many countries from ancient times until the present, particularly in the areas of sculpture and architecture. ... Ancient Greek bust. ...


In European art, some early paintings to feature girls are Petrus Christus' Portrait of a Young Girl, circa 1460, Juan de Flandes' Portrait of a Young Girl, circa 1500–1510 (shown at left); Frans Hals' Die Amme mit dem Kind in 1620; Diego Velázquez' Las Meninas in 1656; Jan Steen's The Feast of St. Nicolas, circa 1660; and Johannes Vermeer's Girl with a Pearl Earring and Girl Reading a Letter at an Open Window. Later paintings of girls include Albert Anker's portrait of a Girl with a Domino Tower and Camille Pissarro's 1883 Portrait of a Felix Daughter. Petrus Christus, born 1410/1420 in Antwerpen, dead 1472 in Bruges, flemish painter, active in Bruges from 1444. ... Resurrection of Lazarus, c. ... Frans Hals (c. ... For others named Velázquez, see Velazquez (disambiguation). ... Las Meninas (also known as The Maids of Honour) is a painting by the Spanish artist Diego Velázquez. ... // Steen was born in Leiden, where his well-to-do, Catholic family had run the tavern The Red Halbert for several generations. ... “Vermeer” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Girl with a Pearl Earring (disambiguation). ... Albert Samuel Anker (April 1, 1831 - July 16, 1910) was a Swiss painter and illustrator noted for his portraits of children. ... The garden of Pontoise, painted 1875. ...


In American art, paintings that feature girls include Mary Cassatt's 1884 Children on the Beach and Whistler's Harmony in Gray and Green: Miss Cicely Alexander and The White Girl (shown at right). Self-portrait (1878) by painter Mary Cassatt Mary Stevenson Cassatt (May 22, 1844 – June 14, 1926) was an American painter and printmaker. ... Self portrait (1872) James Abbott McNeill Whistler (July 11, 1834 – July 17, 1903) was an American-born, British-based painter and etcher. ...


As in art, portrayals of girls in literature can reflect the social norms of the time at which they were written. Many novels begin with the childhood of their heroine. Examples include the titular protagonist of Jane Eyre, who suffers ill treatment; and Natasha in War and Peace, who is sentimentalized. Other novels include Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird, which has a young girl as protagonist; and Vladimir Nabokov's Lolita, a controversial book about the relationship between a girl and a grown man. Memoirs of a Geisha was written by Caucasian American Arthur Golden. However, it has been deemed an accurate representation of geisha life in the early 20th century Japan. The book starts as the female main character and her sister are dropped into the pleasure district after being separated from their family. This article is about the Victorian novel. ... For other uses, see War and Peace (disambiguation). ... To Kill a Mockingbird is a Southern Gothic bildungsroman novel by Harper Lee. ... Lolita (1955) is a novel by Vladimir Nabokov. ... This article is about the book. ... Caucasian-American (also known as White-American) is a term that is used to describe Americans that are of the Caucasian race, who have origins in the original people of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa. ... Typical nape make-up Geisha ) or Geigi ) are traditional, female Japanese entertainers, whose skills include performing various Japanese arts, such as classical music and dance. ...


Most early children's stories focused on boys, with the notable exception of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, by Lewis Carroll, whose photographs of little girls are part of the history of photographic art.
“Alice in Wonderland” redirects here. ... Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (IPA: ) (January 27, 1832 – January 14, 1898), better known by the pen name Lewis Carroll, was an English author, mathematician, logician, Anglican clergyman and photographer. ...


Popular culture

European fairy tales include some memorable stories about girls, including Goldilocks and the Three Bears, Rapunzel, Hans Christian Andersen's The Little Match Girl, The Little Mermaid, and The Princess and the Pea, the Brothers Grimm's Little Red Riding Hood, and others. A fairy tale is a story, either told to children or as if told to children, concerning the adventures of mythical characters such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, giants, and others. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into The Three Bears. ... For other uses, see Rapunzel (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Hans Christian Andersen (disambiguation). ... The Little Match Girl is a Danish fairy tale by Hans Christian Andersen about a young girl who sells matches during the cold winter. ... For the 1989 Disney animated film, see The Little Mermaid (1989 film). ... Image by Edmund Dulac from Stories from Hans Andersen Cover of a modern Danish edition of The Princess and the Pea (Prindsessen paa Ærten is Prinsessen på ærten in modern ortograhpy) The Princess and the Pea is a Danish fairy tale by Hans Christian Andersen, first published in 1835 and... For other uses, see Brothers Grimm (disambiguation). ... A depiction by Gustave Doré. Little Red Riding Hood is a famous folktale about a young girls encounter with a wolf. ...


Children's books about girls include Little House on the Prairie, Alice in Wonderland, Pippi Longstocking, Dragonsong, and A Wrinkle in Time. Books which have both boy and girl protagonists tend to focus on the boys, but important girl characters appear in Knight's Castle, The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, The Book of Three, and the Harry Potter series. Little House on the Prairie is a childrens book by Laura Ingalls Wilder that was published in 1935. ... Alice in Wonderland is the widely known and used title for Alices Adventures in Wonderland, a book written by Lewis Carroll -- as well as several movie adaptations of the book -- and is also the setting for several short stories. ... Pippi Longstocking (Swedish Pippi LÃ¥ngstrump) is a fictional character in a series of childrens books created by author Astrid Lindgren. ... Dragonsong is a novel written by Anne McCaffrey in 1976. ... For the movie adaptation, see A Wrinkle in Time (film) . A Wrinkle in Time is a science fantasy[1] novel by Madeleine LEngle, written between 1959 and 1960[2] and published in 1962 after at least 26 rejections by publishers[3] because it was, in LEngles words... Edward Eager attended Harvard University, was a childhood fan of L. Frank Baums Oz series, and started writing childrens books when he could not find stories he wanted to read to his own young son. ... This article is about the novel. ... The Book of Three is the first of Lloyd Alexanders five-part novel series The Chronicles of Prydain (first published 1964). ... This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ...


There have been many American comic books and comic strips featuring a girl as the main character, such as Little Lulu, Little Orphan Annie, Girl Genius, and Amelia Rules. In superhero comic books, an early girl character was Etta Candy, one of Wonder Woman's sidekicks. In the Peanuts series (by Charles Schulz), girl characters include Peppermint Patty, Lucy van Pelt, and Sally Brown. A Little Lulu comic book Little Lulu is a comic strip character, created by Marjorie Henderson Buell. ... Cover of Cupples & Leon strip collection (1933) Little Orphan Annie is a full page (later half page or tab) American comic strip, created by Harold Gray (1894-1968), that first appeared on August 5, 1924. ... Girl Genius is an ongoing comic book series written and drawn by Phil and Kaja Foglio and published by their company, Studio Foglio LLC under the imprint Airship Entertainment. ... Amelia Rules! is the title of a comic book series written and drawn by Jimmy Gownley. ... For other uses, see Wonder Woman (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Sidekick (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Peanut (disambiguation). ... Charles Monroe Schulz (November 26, 1922 – February 12, 2000) was a 20th-century American cartoonist best known worldwide for his Peanuts comic strip. ... Patricia Peppermint Patty Reichardt is a fictional character featured in Charles M. Schulzs comic strip Peanuts. ... Book cover Lucy van Pelt is a character in the syndicated comic strip Peanuts, written and drawn by Charles Schulz. ... Sally Brown is the younger sister of Charlie Brown in the comic strip Peanuts by Charles Schulz. ...


In Japanese animated cartoons and comic books, girls are often protagonists. Most of the animated films of Hayao Miyazaki feature a young girl as the hero, as in Majo no takkyūbin (Kiki's Delivery Service). There are many other stories with girls as protagonists in the Shōjo style of manga, which is targeted to girls as an audience. Examples include The Wallflower, Ceres, Celestial Legend, Tokyo Mew Mew and Full Moon o Sagashite. Other genres of Japanese cartoons often feature sexualized and objectified portrayals of girls. “Animé” redirects here. ... This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ... Hayao Miyazaki ) (born January 5, 1941 in Tokyo, Japan) is the prominent director of many popular animated feature films. ... Kikis Delivery Service (, Witchs Delivery Service) is a 1989 anime film, produced, written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki . ... Page from long running shōjo manga Glass Mask by Suzue Miuchi, demonstrating archetypal shōjo art conventions Shōjo or shoujo ) is a term used in English to refer to manga and anime aimed at a female audience between the ages of 13 and 18. ... Serialized in Bessatsu Friend Original run 2000 – No. ... Ceres, Celestial Legend ), is a 14-volume shōjo manga series by YÅ« Watase, the creator of the popular manga/anime series Fushigi YÅ«gi and Alice 19th. ... Serialized in Nakayoshi Original run 2000 – Volumes 7 (original) + 2 (A la Mode) TV anime Director Noriyuki Abe Studio Studio Pierrot Network TV Aichi, TV Tokyo Original run April 6, 2002 – March 29, 2003 Episodes 52 Game: Tokyo Mew Mew – Setting panels[1] Developer Winkysoft Publisher Takara Genre Puzzle game... Serialized in Ribon Magazine Original run January 2002 – June 2004 No. ...


Sexualization of young girls in art and entertainment is a common theme across all eras and mediums. However it is especially prominent, or at least more explicitly visible, in modern cinema and television. Some famous examples of this include Taxi Driver, The Blue Lagoon, Léon: The Professional, and Pretty Baby - films dealing with young girls in adult situations, typically under extraordinary circumstances. An older, and perhaps most notorious example is a book by Vladimir Nabokov, Lolita (1955) , that centers around a complex romantic relationship between a scholar and a young girl as they travel across the United States. Sexualism is the belief that one set of sexual behaviors is intrinsically superior to another set of sexual behaviors. ... This article is about the 1976 American film. ... The Blue Lagoon is a 1980 English language romance and adventure film starring Brooke Shields and Christopher Atkins, produced and directed by Randal Kleiser. ... Léon (aka The Cleaner, The Professional, or Léon the Professional) is a 1994 film written and directed by French director Luc Besson. ... Pretty Baby is a 1978 historical fiction, dramatic film directed by Louis Malle. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков, pronounced ) (April 22 [O.S. April 10] 1899, Saint Petersburg – July 2, 1977, Montreux) was a Russian-American, Academy Award nominated author. ... Lolita (1955) is a novel by Vladimir Nabokov. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ...


See also

Look up girl in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... A lady is a woman who is the counterpart of a lord; or, the counterpart of a gentleman. ... Female infanticide, the prevalent form of sex-selective infanticide, is the systematic killing of girls at or soon after birth. ... Girl group UC3 sing The Star-Spangled Banner for U.S. troops in Afghanistan A girl group is a musical group featuring several young female singers who generally harmonize together. ... A Girl Guide is a girl, usually ranging from 10 to 17 years of age, participating in the worldwide Scouting movement. ... A 2002 anime DVD The phrase Girl Power, as a term of empowerment, expressed a cultural phenomenon of the mid-late 1990s to the early 2000s and is also linked to third-wave feminism. ... For other uses, see Boy (disambiguation). ...

References

  1. ^ Reader's Digest Ltd. (1989). Facts and Fallacies - Stories of the Strange and Unusual. Reader's Digest Ltd. Page 239. Reader's Digest Ltd. (1989). Facts and Fallacies - Stories of the Strange and Unusual. Reader's Digest Ltd. Page 39. ISBN 0864380879.

  Results from FactBites:
 
alex the girl (7385 words)
And there we were; two Danish girls who had a marvelous trip and who were already planning their return.
As a fl girl, she applies for a job and the owner is polite but says they have no applications handy and brushes her off gently.
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Florence Nightingale International Foundation [The Girl Child Policy and Research Project] (932 words)
The Girl Child Policy and Research Project seeks to mobilise nurses, the largest group of health care providers in most nations, for the healthy development of girls aged 10 to 14 who live in large cities.
It follows a three step progression: a baseline assessment of the issues and policies affecting girls on an urban and national level; focus group research, which allows the girls to speak out on the issues that concern them most; and lastly, active policy engagement by nurses through their national nursing associations.
She is often the last to be fed. This neglected health and nutrition leaves girls short of stature and malnourished at the outset of reproduction — and reproduction may be initiated before she has completed her growth.
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