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Encyclopedia > Giresun

Coordinates: 40°54′N, 38°25′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Giresun

Symbol of Giresun Municipality
Location in Turkey
Overview
Region Black Sea Region, Turkey
Province Giresun Province
Population 90,000 (2003)
Area 317 km²
Elevation 10 m
Coordinates 40°54′ N 38°25′ E
Postal code 28x xx
Area code 0454
Licence plate code 28
Mayor Hurşit YÜKSEL (Justice and Development Party)
Website http://www.giresun.bel.tr/

Giresun (Greek: Κερασούντα ) is a town on the Black Sea of northeastern Turkey, about 110 miles (175 km) west of the city of Trabzon. Giresun is the capital of Giresun Province. Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Below each region you will find associated Cities with the region. ... Black Sea Region // Black Sea Region Amasya Province Artvin Province Bartın Province Bayburt Province Bolu Province Çorum Province Düzce Province Giresun Province Gümüşhane Province Karabük Province Kastamonu Province Ordu Province Rize Province Samsun Province Sinop Province Tokat Province Trabzon Province Zonguldak Province Provinces of Turkey... Provinces of Turkey are called iller in Turkish (singular is il, see Turkish alphabet for capitalization of i). ... shows the Location of the Province Giresun Giresun is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... Postal codes in Turkey are usually found generally start with the two digit license plate code followed by three digits to specify the location within the province. ... Turkey went from six (2+4) to seven digits (3+4) local phone numbers c. ... Turkish car number plates are license plates found on Turkish vehicles. ... This is a list of mayors of Giresun, Turkey, since 1869. ... The Justice and Development Party (Turkish: Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi or AKP, or AK Parti[1]) is a right-wing, moderately conservative Turkish political party. ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets and hosted on a particular domain or subdomain on the World Wide Web. ... NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Trabzon, formerly known as Trebizond (Modern Greek: Τραπεζούντα, Trapezoúnta; Ancient Greek: , Trapezoûs), is a city on the Black Sea coast of northeastern Turkey and the capital of Trabzon Province. ... shows the Location of the Province Giresun Giresun is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. ...

Contents

Etymology

Giresun was known to the ancient Greeks as Choerades or Pharnacia and later as Kerasous or Cerasus, < Kerason < Kerasounta < Kerasus "horn" (for peninsula) in Greek + ounta "Greek toponomical suffix".[1] The name later mutated into Kerasunt (sometimes written Kérasounde or Kerassunde).


The English word cherry, French cerise, Spanish cereza, and Southern Italian dialect cerasa (standard Italian ciliegia) all come from Classical Greek κέρασος 'cherry', which has been identified with Cerasus. The cherry was first exported to Europe from Cerasus in Roman times. Giresun is a town in north-eastern Turkey with 90,000 inhabitants (2003 estimate) on the Black Sea. ... “Cherry tree” redirects here. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ...


History

Giresun's history goes back to the 2nd century BCE, when it was founded by Greek colonists from Sinop. The older parts of the city lie on a peninsula crowned by a ruined Byzantine fortress, sheltering the small natural harbour. Nearby is Giresun Island, in ancient times called Aretias, the only major Black Sea island in Turkish territory. According to legend, the island was sacred to the Amazons, who had dedicated a temple to the war god Ares here. Even today, fertility rites are performed here every May, now shrouded as a popular Muslim practice, but really a 4,000 year old celebration. For other meanings of Sinop/Sinope, see Sinope Sinop (also Sinope) is a city with a population of 47,000 on the coast of the Black Sea, in the modern region of Galatia in modern-day northern Turkey, historically known as Sinope. ... Giresun (Turkish: ) is a small island in the southeastern part of Black Sea. ... NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ... The Amazons (in Greek, Αμαζόνες) were an ancient nation of female warriors or a society dominated by women, at the edges of Scythia in Sarmatia (Herodotus). ... In Greek mythology, Ares (in Greek: - Aris (Battle Strife))[1] is the son of Zeus (king of the gods) and Hera. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ...


During the medieval period Kerasunt was part of the Byzantine Empire and later the second city of the Empire of Trebizond. From 1244 onwards the Seljuk Turks moved into the area, pursued at times by the Mongol hordes until in 1461 the whole of this coast was brought within the Ottoman Empire by Sultan Mehmet II. Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent c. ... The Empire of Trebizond and other states carved from the Byzantine Empire, as they were in 1265 (William R. Shepherd, Historical Atlas, 1911) The Empire of Trebizond (Greek: Βασίλειον τῆς Τραπεζούντας) was a Byzantine Greek successor state of the Byzantine Empire founded in 1204 as a result of the capture of Constantinople by... The Seljuk coat of arms was a double headed eagle The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; in modern Turkish Selçuklular; in Persian سلجوقيان SaljÅ«qiyān; in Arabic سلجوق SaljÅ«q, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that ruled parts of... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–22 Mehmed VI... Mehmed II Mehmed II (March 30, 1432 &#8211; May 3, 1481; nicknamed el-Fatih, the Conqueror) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire for a short time from 1444 to 1446, and later from 1451 to 1481. ...


Geography

The surrounding region has a rich agriculture, growing most of Turkey's hazelnuts as well as walnuts, cherries, leather and timber, and the port of Giresun has long handled these products. The harbour was enlarged in the 1960s and the town is still a port and commercial centre for the surrounding districts, but Giresun is not large, basically one avenue of shops leading away from the port.


There is a beach, plenty of bars and in general a more relaxed attitude to alcohol (strictly beer and rakı) and dress code than in most places along the Black Sea coast, so at weekends you will find visitors from nearby Ordu and Trabzon in the the bars and nightclubs. The town has high schools and hospitals, and Giresun University was founded in 2006 although it will take time to become properly established. Rakı becomes cloudy white, when mixed with water. ... Ordu is a port city in Turkey. ... Trabzon, formerly known as Trebizond (Modern Greek: Τραπεζούντα, Trapezoúnta; Ancient Greek: , Trapezoûs), is a city on the Black Sea coast of northeastern Turkey and the capital of Trabzon Province. ... Giresun University is a public university in Giresun, Turkey, founded in 2006. ...


The cuisine is typical Turkish dishes such as kebab, pilav and syrupy sweets. The local minced beef pide is very popular. Left to right: Chenjeh Kabab, Kabab Koobideh, Jujeh Kabab in an Afghan restaurant. ... Chicken Tikka Jalfrezi, pulao rice, and cucumber raita Pilaf, (Turkish pilav, Azeri plov, Bosnian pilav, Serbian pilav, Armenian pilav, Romanian pilaf, Persian polow, Greek πιλάφι, India/Afghanistan/Pakistan pulav/ pulao, Uzbek and Russian plov, Kazakh palaw) also spelled pilau, perloo, perlau, plaw, pilaw, and pilaff is a Middle Eastern and Central... The Polícia Internacional e de Defesa do Estado or PIDE (literally, International and State Defense Police), was the main tool of repression used by the Portuguese Fascist regime, the Estado Novo. ...


Like everywhere else on this Black Sea coast it rains in Giresun all the time and the surrounding countryside is lush green hillsides. As soon as you get beyond the city buildings you get into the hazelnut growing area and the high pastures (yayla) further in the mountains are gorgeous. NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ...


Places of interest

Giresun (Turkish: ) is a small island in the southeastern part of Black Sea. ... NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ...

Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia_(bordered). ... Taganrog (Russian: , IPA: ) is a seaport city located on Taganrog Bay in Rostov Oblast, Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan_(bordered). ... Sagae (&#23506;&#27827;&#27743;&#24066;; -shi) is a city located in Yamagata, Japan. ...

See also

Gazianteps 1st Iraq International Fair, the second of which starts on 23 May 2007, was attended by more than 1000 companies from 35 countries. ...

References

  1. ^ Özhan Öztürk. Karadeniz: Ansiklopedik Sözlük (Blacksea: Encyclopedic Dictionary). 2 Cilt (2 Volumes). Heyamola Publishing. Istanbul.2005 ISBN 975-6121-00-9

External links

  • Governor's official web site
  • An old photograph of Giresun

  Results from FactBites:
 
Giresun - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (388 words)
Giresun is a town in north-eastern Turkey with 90,000 inhabitants (2003 estimate) on the Black Sea.
Giresun and its surrounding region has a rich agriculture, specialising in cherries, hazelnuts and walnuts, as well as hides and timber.
Giresun was known to the ancient Greeks as Choerades or Pharnacia and to the Romans as Kerasous or Cerasus Giresun's history goes back to the 2nd century BCE, when it was founded by Greek colonists from Sinope.
Giresun (184 words)
It is the capital of Giresun Province with 525,000 inhabitants (2004 estimate).
Giresun and its surrounding region has a rich agriculture, specializing in cherries, hazelnuts and walnuts, as well as hides and timber.
Giresun is an important sea port for its region, thanks to an artificial harbour from the 1960's.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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