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Encyclopedia > Giralda

Coordinates: 37°23′10.3″N, 5°59′32.7″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

La Giralda
La Giralda

The Giralda is the bell tower of the Cathedral of Seville in Seville, Spain, one of the largest churches in the world and an outstanding example of the Gothic and Baroque architectural styles. The tower is a former Almohad minaret which, when built, was the tallest tower in the world at 97.5 m (320 ft) in height. It was one of the most important symbols in the medieval city. Alimentos La Giralda is a Venezuelan trading company that imports, produces and distributes foodstuffs such as capers, pickles, olives, canned fruits and canned vegetables. ... Seville, Giralda, photo by User:Infrogmation, 1999 Non-exclusive use granted to Wikipedia under GFDL File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Seville, Giralda, photo by User:Infrogmation, 1999 Non-exclusive use granted to Wikipedia under GFDL File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Bell Tower is an office tower in Edmonton, Canada. ... The Cathedral of Seville was begun in 1402, with construction continuing into the 16th century. ... NO8DO (I was not abandoned) Location Coordinates : ( ) Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Sevilla (Spanish) Spanish name Sevilla Founded 8th-9th century BC Postal code 41001-41080 Website http://www. ... Interior of Cologne Cathedral Gothic architecture is a style of architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... The Almohad Dynasty (From Arabic الموحدون al-Muwahhidun, i. ... Minarets (Arabic manara منارة, but more usually مئذنة) are distinctive architectural features of Islamic mosques. ...


The tower, an ancient minaret from the Almohad mosque of Seville, is constructed in several distinct parts from different cultures. The Islamic body is the oldest part. It was built in 1184 under the orders of the Caliph Abu Yusuf Ya'qub al-Mansur by the architect Ahmad ibn Baso[1] and finished by Abu-l-Laith As-Siqilli in 1198[2]. Several old buildings, including Roman stones from the ruined city of Italica, were reused to provide construction materials. The Giralda has no stairs; instead, 34 ramps are used to ascend the tower. The ramps were sufficiently wide for the muezzin to ride a horse to the top of the tower to yell the Adhan, call to prayer. The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... // Events Abbeville receives its commercial charter. ... For main article see: Caliphate Khalif is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the leader of the Islamic Ummah, or global Islamic nation. ... Abu Yusuf Yaqub al-Mansur (c. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Toba of Japan Emperor Tsuchimikado ascends to the throne of Japan January 8 - Pope Innocent III ascends Papal Throne Frederick II, infant son of German King Henry VI, crowned King of Sicily Births August 24 - Alexander II of Scotland (d. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... The Roman amphitheatre at Italica seated 25,000 The city of Italica (north of modern day Santiponce, 9 km NW of Seville, Spain) was founded in 206 BC by the Roman general Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus in order to settle Roman soldiers wounded in the Battle of Ilipa, where the... The müezzin (the word is pronounced this way Turkish, Urdu, etc. ... Adhan (Azaan) (أَذَان) is the Islamic call to prayer, recited by the muezzin. ...


The copper sphere that originally topped the tower fell in an earthquake in 1365. Christians replaced the sphere with a cross and bell. Later, in the 16th century, the architect Hernán Ruiz designed an belfry extension to convert the minaret to a bell tower[3] At the top of the extension stands a statue representing Faith. According to tradition, Saints Justa and Rufina, the patronesses of Seville, are also the protectors of the Giralda. An earthquake is the result from the sudden release of stored energy in the Earths crust that creates seismic waves. ... Events Foundation of the University of Vienna Births John de Ros, 6th Baron de Ros (died 1394) Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk (died 1399) Deaths May 17 - Louis VI the Roman, elector of Brandenburg (born 1328) July 27 - Duke Rudolf IV of Austria (born 1339) Categories: 1365 ... This article is about the religous people known as Christians. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... An architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect is a person who is involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction. ... Belfry of Bruges A belfry is a building (also known as a bell tower) - or a part of a building - in which bells are hung. ... Faith has two general implications which can be implied either exclusively or mutually; To Trust: Believing a certain variable will act a specific way despite the potential influence of known or unknown change. ... Saints Justa and Rufina (Ruffina) ( Santa Justa y Santa Rufina) are venerated as martyrs. ...

The statue of the Giraldillo
The statue of the Giraldillo

The statue stands 4 m (13 feet) in height (7 m (23 ft) with the pedestal) and has crowned the top of the tower since its installation in 1568. The statue was originally called the Giralda ("weathervane") since it twists with the wind on a weathervane. With the passage of time, the tower became known as the Giralda while the statue took the name Giraldillo. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1168 × 1752 pixel, file size: 213 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) El Giraldillo que corona la Giralda de Sevilla, se observa a la altura del suelo en la Catedral. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1168 × 1752 pixel, file size: 213 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) El Giraldillo que corona la Giralda de Sevilla, se observa a la altura del suelo en la Catedral. ... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ...


The Renaissance section of the tower also contains a large inscription of Seville's motto, NO8DO. Alfonso X of Castile gave the motto to the city when it continued to support his rule during an insurrection. A rebus, the motto means no me ha dejado or "it did not abandon me." The Renaissance (French for rebirth, or Rinascimento in Italian), was a cultural movement in Italy (and in Europe in general) that began in the late Middle Ages, and spanned roughly the 14th through the 17th century. ... Alfonso X and his court. ... Rebus Principle (Linguistics) is using the existing symbols, such as pictograms, purely for their sounds regardless of their meaning, to represent new words. ...


Covering the top of the tower is the "Lily section" of the tower. This surrounds the enclosure with the bell. In this section, located near the top of the tower, each corner has a basin containing bronze lilies. Below the statue of Faith sits a dome covered with stars.


The Giralda has several sister towers. The same architect, Jabir, who built the Giralda also built similar towers in what is now Morocco. The tower of the Koutoubia Mosque in Marrakesh served as a model for the Giralda and its sister, the Hassan Tower in Rabat. Several church towers in the province of Seville also bear a resemblance to the tower, and may have been inspired by the Giralda. These towers, most notably those in Lebrija and Carmona, are popularly known as Giraldillas. Several replicas of the Giralda have been built in the United States: one, now destroyed, in Madison Square Garden in New York and another in Kansas City. The clock tower of the Ferry Building in San Francisco is also based on the Giralda. The clock tower at the University of Puerto Rico's Rio Piedras campus was also inspired by the Giralda. The Koutoubia Mosque is the largest mosque in Marrakech, Morocco. ... Marrakech (مراكش marrākish), known as the Pearl of the South, is a city in southwestern Morocco in the foothills of the Atlas Mountains. ... The Hassan Tower The Giralda, the Hassan Towers sister Hassan Tower or Tour Hassan (Arabic: برج حسان; transliterated: Burj Hassan) is the minaret of an incomplete mosque in Rabat, Morocco. ... Mausoleum of Mohammed V through mosque ruins NASA image of Rabat Rabat (Arabic الرباط, transliterated ar-Rabāṭ or ar-Ribāṭ), population 1. ... Categories: Spain geography stubs | Andalusia | Provinces of Spain ... Location of Lebrija within the Province of Seville Province Seville Mayor Jerónimo Pérez Méndez (PA) Area    - City 372 km²  - Land 372 km²  - Water 0. ... Carmona may be: António de Fragoso Carmona, President of Portugal. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... NY redirects here. ... Kansas Citys Country Club Plaza The Country Club Plaza (often referred to as the Plaza) is an upscale shopping district and registered neighborhood centered around 55 acres (223,000 m²) in Kansas City, Missouri, USA. It was the first shopping center in the world designed to accommodate the automobile. ... The Embarcaderos Ferry Building The Ferry Building is a terminal for ferries that travel across the San Francisco Bay and a shopping center located on The Embarcadero in San Francisco, California. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The University of Puerto Rico (UPR) is the university system of Puerto Rico. ... Río Piedras was a town in Puerto Rico which was absorbed by the city of San Juan and is now one of its districts. ...


Gallery

References

  1. ^ DODDS, J.D. (1982): "Ahmad ibn Baso", Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects, vol. 1. The Free Press, New York, US. ISBN 0-02-925000-5
  2. ^ ZAIMECHE. S., Seville, Foundation for Science Technology and civilization, Manchester, August 2005
  3. ^ GALLICHAN, Walter M. (1903): Mediaeval Towns: The Story of Seville. J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd, London, UK.

External links

  • Blueprints of Seville's Cathedral and Giralda, by Hernán Ruiz

  Results from FactBites:
 
Alimentos La Giralda - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (118 words)
Alimentos La Giralda is a Venezuelan trading company that imports, produces and distributes foodstuffs such as capers, pickles, olives, canned fruits and canned vegetables.
The brand "La Giralda" was registered in 1944 by Francisco Gomez Lopez using what it used to be the emblem of the Spanish association of olive exporters.
In 1982 it was purchased by the Fierro Group, a very important economic group based in Spain with businesses all over Latin America.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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