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Encyclopedia > Giovanni dalle Bande Nere
Portrait of Giovanni by Gian Paolo Pace, now housed in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence.
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Portrait of Giovanni by Gian Paolo Pace, now housed in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence.

Giovanni de' Medici, aka Giovanni dalle Bande Nere (1498 - 1526), now known as the last of the great condottiere, was born in the Northern Italian town of Forlì to Giovanni de' Medici (aka il Popolano) and Caterina Sforza, one of the most famous women of the Italian Renaissance. The Uffizi Gallery (Italian: Galleria degli Uffizi) is a palace or palazzo in Florence, holding one of the oldest and most famous art museums in the world. ... Founded 59 BC as Florentia Region Tuscany Mayor Leonardo Domenici (Democratici di Sinistra) Area  - City Proper  102 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 356,000 almost 500,000 3,453/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Latitude Longitude 43°47 N 11°15 E www. ... Condottieri (singular condottiere) were mercenary leaders employed by Italian city-states from the late Middle Ages until the mid-sixteenth century. ... Forlì, 44°13′N 12°02′E, is a comune and city in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, famed as the birthplace of the great painter Melozzo da Forlì and of Fascist leader Benito Mussolini (at Predappio). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Italian Renaissance began the opening phase of the Renaissance, a period of great cultural change and achievement in Europe from the end of the 14th century to about 1600. ...


From an early age, Giovanni demonstrated great interest and ability in physical activity and especially the martial arts of the age: horse-back riding, sword-fighting, etc. He committed his first murder at the age of 12, and was twice banished from the city of Florence for his unruly behavior. Founded 59 BC as Florentia Region Tuscany Mayor Leonardo Domenici (Democratici di Sinistra) Area  - City Proper  102 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 356,000 almost 500,000 3,453/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Latitude Longitude 43°47 N 11°15 E www. ...


He married Maria Salviati, and had a son, Cosimo (1519-74), who was destined to become Grand Duke of Florence. Cosimo I de Medici in Armour by Agnolo Bronzino Cosimo I de Medici (June 12, 1519 – April 21, 1574) was the first Grand Duke of Tuscany, ruling from 1537 to 1574, during the waning days of the Renaissance. ...


Giovanni became a condottiere, or mercenary military captain, in the employ of Pope Leo X (who was also a Medici), and underwent his baptism by fire on March 5, 1516 in the war against Francesco Maria della Rovere, duke of Urbino. Giovanni won after 22 days. Condottieri (singular condottiere) were mercenary leaders employed by Italian city-states from the late Middle Ages until the mid-sixteenth century. ... Leo X, born Giovanni di Lorenzo de Medici (Florence, 11 December 1475 – 1 December 1521, Rome), Pope from 1513 to his death, is known primarily for his failure to stem the Protestant Reformation, which began during his reign when Martin Luther (1483–1546) first accused the Roman Catholic Church of... The Medici family was a powerful and influential Florentine family from the 13th to 17th century. ... Panorama of Urbino with the cathedral and the palazzo ducale Urbino is a city in the Marche in Italy, southwest of Pesaro, a World Heritage Site with a great cultural history during the Renaissance as the seat of Federico da Montefeltro. ...


As a symbol of mourning for the death of Pope Leo X (December 1, 1521), Giovanni added black bands to his insignia, whence comes his nick-name, Giovanni dalle Bande Nere (or Giovanni of the Black Bands). ...


After a short, but illustrious, career Giovanni de' Medici died of septicemia at Mantua on November 30, 1526, four days after being shot in the leg by a small cannon at a battle near Governolo against the Imperial Landsknechte (lead by Georg von Frundsberg). Giovanni's premature death signaled the end of the age of the condottieri, as their mode of fighting (which emphasized armored knights on horseback) was rendered practically obsolete by the introduction of the mobile field cannon. He is therefore now known as the last of the great condottieri. His lasting reputation has been kept alive in part thanks to Pietro Aretino, the (in)famous Renaissance author, satirist, playwright and "scourge of the princes", who was also a close friend of Giovanni's. Aretino accompanied Giovanni on some of his exploits and was present at his deathbed; in a famous letter he describes the scene and Giovanni's courage in the face of death. Sepsis (in Greek Σήψις) is a serious medical condition caused by a severe systemic infection leading to a systemic inflammatory response. ... Mantua (in Italian Mantova, in the local dialect of Emiliano-Romagnolo language Mantua) is an important city in Lombardy, Italy and capital of the province with the same name. ... The Holy Roman Empire and from the 16th century on also The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation was a political conglomeration of lands in Central Europe in the Middle Ages and the early modern period. ... Landsknechts (German, Land land, country + Knecht servant: i. ... Georg von Frundsberg (1473-1528) was a German Knight and landowner. ... A small Civil War-era cannon on a carriage A cannon is any large tubular firearm designed to fire a heavy projectile over a considerable distance. ... Categories: People stubs | 1492 births | 1556 deaths ...


Ermanno Olmi's 2001 film, Il mestiere delle armi, faithfully follows Giovanni dalle Bande Nere in his last week of life, as he engages in battle with the Imperial forces amidst the cold, damp fields of the Lombard countryside. Ermanno Olmi (born July 24, 1931) is a noted Italian director. ... Lombardy (Italian: Lombardia) is a region in northern Italy between the Alps and the Po river valley. ...


 
 

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