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Encyclopedia > Giovanni da Verrazzano
Giovanni da Verrazzano (c. 1485 – 1528).
Giovanni da Verrazzano (c. 1485 – 1528).

Giovanni da Verrazzano [1] (c. 1485 – c. 1528) was an Italian explorer of North America, in the service of the French crown. He is renowned as the first European to explore the Atlantic coast of North America between South Carolina and Newfoundland in 1524, including New York Harbor where the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge is named in his honor, and Narragansett Bay, where the Jamestown-Verrazano Bridge is located. Download high resolution version (489x736, 67 KB)Representation of Giovanni Verrazzano. ... Download high resolution version (489x736, 67 KB)Representation of Giovanni Verrazzano. ... Year 1485 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar). ... Events June 19 - Battle of Landriano - A French army in Italy under Marshal St. ... See also explorations, sea explorers, astronaut, conquistador, travelogue, the History of Science and Technology and Biography. ... North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The Atlantic Ocean, not including Arctic and Antarctic regions. ... New York Harbor, a geographic term, refers collectively to the rivers, bays, and tidal estuaries near the mouth of the Hudson River in the vicinity of New York City. ... Verrazano Bridge redirects here; for the bridge to Assateague Island, see Verrazano Bridge (Maryland). ... Narragansett Bay, shown in pink. ... The Jamestown-Verrazano Bridge spans the West Passage of Narragansett Bay. ...

Contents

Biography

Although Verrazano left a descriptive account of his journey to North America, many of the other details about his life remain unknown. He was born approximately 50 km (30 miles) south of Florence at Castello Verrazzano, his family's castle in the Val di Greve. His date of birth is uncertain, but it was around 1485. In 1507, he moved to Dieppe, to pursue a maritime career. He made several voyages to the eastern Mediterranean, and also visited Newfoundland. North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Greve in Chianti is a town and comune (municipality) in the province of Florence, Tuscany, Italy. ... Dieppe is a town and commune in the Seine-Maritime département of Haute-Normandie (eastern Normandy), France. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... This article is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ...


In 1524 he was sent by King Francis I of France to explore the region between Florida and Newfoundland for a route to the Pacific Ocean. He made landfall near Cape Fear on or around March 1, as recorded in his personal journals. He initially sailed south along the coast of present-day South Carolina, then turned north again. Sailing along the Outer Banks of present-day North Carolina, he thought it was a narrow strip of land beyond which was open ocean - it is actually the estuary of the Pamlico Sound and the Albemarle Sound. This mistake led mapmakers, starting with Visconte Maggiolo in 1527 and Giovanni's brother Girolamo da Verrazzano in 1529, to draw North America as being almost split in two by the "Sea of Verazzano", the two parts connected by a thin land bridge on the east coast. It would take a century for this error to be corrected. Events March 1, 1524/5 - Giovanni da Verrazano lands near Cape Fear (approx. ... Francis I of France (French: François Ier) (September 12, 1494 – March 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... Cape Fear is a prominent headland jutting into the Atlantic Ocean from Bald Head Island on the coast of North Carolina in the southeastern United States. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... North Carolinas Outer Banks separating the Atlantic Ocean (east) from Albemarle Sound (north) and Pamlico Sound (south). ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... For other meanings, see Estuary (disambiguation) Río de la Plata estuary An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... Pamlico Sound with the southern Outer Banks. ... Albemarle Sound with the northern Outer Banks. ... Visconte Maggiolo was born in 1478 in Florence, Italy. ... January 5 - Felix Manz, co-founder of the Swiss Anabaptists, was drowned in the Limmat in Zürich by the Zürich Reformed state church. ... Events April 22 - Treaty of Saragossa divides the eastern hemisphere between Spain and Portugal, stipulating that the dividing line should lie 297. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Verrazzano's voyage of 1524.
Verrazzano's voyage of 1524.

He made landfall several times and interacted with the Native Americans of the coast. He missed the Chesapeake Bay and likewise did not record the existence of the Delaware River further north. According to his journals, he sailed along the coast of present-day New Jersey and entered Lower New York Bay. He anchored in The Narrows, the strait between Staten Island and Long Island, where he received a canoe party of Lenape. A party of his sailors may have taken on fresh water at a spring called "the watering place" on Staten Island -- a monument stands in a tiny park on the corner of Bay Street and Victory Boulevard at the approximate spot -- but Verrazzano's descriptions of the geography of the area are a bit ambiguous. It is fairly firmly held by historians that his ship anchored at the approximate location where the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge touches down in Brooklyn today. He also observed what he believed to be a large freshwater lake to the north (apparently Upper New York Bay, also called New York Harbor). He apparently did not penetrate deeply enough into New York Harbor to observe the existence of the Hudson River. Approximate route of the voyage of Giovanni da Verrazano in North America in 1524. ... Approximate route of the voyage of Giovanni da Verrazano in North America in 1524. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... The Chesapeake Bay - Landsat photo The Chesapeake Bay where the Susquehanna River empties into it. ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas) The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Lower New York Bay is the section of New York Bay outside of the Narrows and open directly to the Atlantic Ocean. ... New York Harbor, as seen in a TERRA satellite image. ... This article is about the borough in New York City. ... This article is about the island in New York State. ... This article is about the boat. ... For the language, see Lenape language. ... Verrazano Bridge redirects here; for the bridge to Assateague Island, see Verrazano Bridge (Maryland). ... Upper New York Bay, sometimes called Upper New York Harbor or the Upper Bay, is the northern area of New York Harbor inside the Narrows. ... The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in Unami, Muhheakantuck, is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and, along its southern terminus, demarcates the border between the states of New York and...


From New York Harbor, he continued along the south coast of Long Island, then crossed Block Island Sound and entered Naragansett Bay, where he probably met the Narragansett people. He followed the coast further east and north to Maine, skirted the southeast coast of Nova Scotia, then returned to France by way of Newfoundland. Block Island Sound, shown shaded in red, between the coast of the Rhode Island and Block Island. ... Narragansett Bay, shown in pink Narragansett Bay is a fjord on the north side of Rhode Island Sound, forming an expansive natural harbor as well as a small archipelago. ... Tribal flag The Narragansett tribe, or more accurately Nahahiganseck Sovereign Nation, are a Native American tribe who controlled the area surrounding Narragansett Bay in present-day Rhode Island, and also portions of Connecticut, and eastern Massachusetts. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 11 Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867... Newfoundland —   IPA: [nuw fÉ™n lænd] (French: , Irish: ) is a large island off the east coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ...


Verrazzano made two more voyages to the Americas. On the first, he cut logwood in Brazil. Binomial name Haematoxylum campechianum The Logwood tree (Haematoxylum campechianum) was once an important source of red dye. ...


Death

The cause of Verrazzano's death is not known for certain, but the most popular story is that in 1528, while exploring Florida, the Bahamas, and the Lesser Antilles, Giovanni anchored away from shore. He rode ashore in a little boat to greet the natives, and he soon found out that they were not pleasant natives that wanted to trade. They were, alas, cannibals. They killed Giovanni da Verrazzano and ate him immediately. His brother was in the main boat that was anchored away from shore. He witnessed this, but could not do anything about it, for he was too far out for gunshots, and could not make it to shore on time. According to some other sources, he was killed in 1528 on his third voyage to the New World by the natives of the Lesser Antilles. Another source says that he was captured by the Spanish and hanged as a pirate. Giovanni da Verrazzano died at the age of 43. Events June 19 - Battle of Landriano - A French army in Italy under Marshal St. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... Location of the Lesser Antilles (green) in relation to the rest of the Caribbean Islands of the Lesser Antilles The Lesser Antilles, also known as the Caribbees,[1] are part of the Antilles, which together with the Bahamas and Greater Antilles form the West Indies. ... Events June 19 - Battle of Landriano - A French army in Italy under Marshal St. ... Location of the Lesser Antilles (green) in relation to the rest of the Caribbean Islands of the Lesser Antilles The Lesser Antilles, also known as the Caribbees,[1] are part of the Antilles, which together with the Bahamas and Greater Antilles form the West Indies. ... Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Modern reputation

Although Verrazzano was the first recorded European to visit the East Coast of the present-day United States, his reputation did not endure and proliferate as much as other explorers of that era. As a prime example, in accordance with the practices of the time, Verrazzano gave a European name to the new land he had seen, Francesa, after the king. This and other names he bestowed on features he discovered have not survived.


The most important evidence for Verrazzano's voyage is a long letter he wrote to Francis I describing the geography, flora, fauna and native population of the east coast of North America. In the 19th and early 20th centuries there was a great debate in the United States about the letters authenticity, some considered it a fake by someone who had not been on the voyage.[2] Others thought it was true, and it is almost universally accepted as authentic today[3], particularly after the discovery of the letter signed by Francis I which referred to Verrazzano's letter.[4] This debate minimized considerably Verrazzano's reputation (in the United States at least) as the European discoverer of the mid-Atlantic coast of North America, but he has always remained a French and Italian hero.


Verrazzano's reputation was particularly obscure in New York City, where the 1609 voyage of Henry Hudson came to be regarded as the de facto start of the European exploration of New York. It was only with great effort in the 1950s and 1960s that Verrazzano's name and reputation as the European discoverer of the harbour was re-established, during an effort to have the newly built Narrows bridge named after him. See Naming controversy of the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge. A Staten Island ferryboat that served New York from the 1950s to the 1990s was also named for him (oddly, the ferry was named the "Verrazzano", while the bridge, another Staten Island landmark, was named "Verrazano", indicating the ongoing confusion over the spelling of his name). There are numerous other commemorations on Staten Island itself to the explorer -- a Little League is named for him, for instance --- reflecting not only his connection to Staten island but also the large number of descendants of Italians who live there. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... No portrait of Hudson is known to be in existence. ... Verrazano Bridge redirects here; for the bridge to Assateague Island, see Verrazano Bridge (Maryland). ...


References

  1. ^ Often spelled also Verrazano, sometimes also "de" instead of "da".
  2. ^ Thrower, Norman (2003) "Verrazzano, Giovanni Da", in: Speake, Jennifer (ed.) Literature of Travel and Exploration: An Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, New York ; London : Fitzroy Dearborn, ISBN 1-57958-247-8
  3. ^ Wroth, Lawrence (1970) The Voyages of Giovanni da Verrazzano, 1524-1528, New Haven : Pierpont Morgan Library by Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-01207-1
  4. ^ Thrower, Norman (1979) "New Light on the 1524 Voyage of Verrazzano", Terrae Incognitae, 11, p. 59-65.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Giovanni da Verrazzano - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (978 words)
This mistake led mapmakers, starting with Visconte Maggiolo in 1527 and Giovanni's brother Girolamo da Verrazzano in 1529, to draw North America as being almost split in two by the "Sea of Verazzano", the two parts connected by a thin land bridge on the east coast.
The cause of Verrazzano's death is not known for certain.
Verrazzano's obscure reputation was particularly true in New York City, where the 1609 voyage of Henry Hudson came to be regarded as the de facto start of the European exploration of New York.
Discoverers Web: Verrazzano (1229 words)
Giovanni da Verrazzano (also spelled Giovanni da Verrazano) explored the east coast of what is now the United States in 1525.
Although we do not know this for sure, it is generally assumed that Verrazzano was born in or around 1485, on his family's castle, Castello Verrazzano, near Val di Greve, 30 miles south of Florence.
Giovanni was going ashore in a boat to greet the natives, wading the last part while the boat, with his brother, remained at sea.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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