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Encyclopedia > Giorgio Vasari
Giorgio Vasari

Vasari's self-portrait
Born 30 July 1511
Arezzo, Tuscany
Died 27 June 1574
Florence, Italy
Nationality Italian
Field Painting, architect
Training Andrea del Sarto
Movement Renaissance

Giorgio Vasari (30 July 151127 June 1574) was an Italian painter and architect, who is today famous for his biographies of Italian artists, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Giorgio Vasaris Self Portrait The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1511 (MDXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Arezzo (Latin Arretium) is an old city in central Italy, capital of the province of the same name, located in Tuscany. ... For other uses, see Tuscany (disambiguation). ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1574 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... This article is about the city in Italy. ... For other uses , see Painting (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Architect (disambiguation). ... A self portrait. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1511 (MDXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1574 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... For other uses, see Architect (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the academic discipline of art history. ...

Contents

Biography

Vasari was born in Arezzo, Tuscany. At the recommendation by his cousin Luca Signorelli, at an early age he became a pupil of Guglielmo da Marsiglia, a skillful painter of stained glass. At the age of 16, Cardinal Silvio Passerini sent him to study in Florence, in the circle of Andrea del Sarto and his pupils Rosso Fiorentino and Jacopo Pontormo. His humanist education was not ignored, and he met and knew Michelangelo, whose painting style influenced Vasari's. Arezzo (Latin Arretium) is an old city in central Italy, capital of the province of the same name, located in Tuscany. ... For other uses, see Tuscany (disambiguation). ... fresco of the Last Judgment (1499) in Orvieto Cathedral Luca Signorelli (c. ... Strictly speaking, stained glass is glass that has been painted with silver stain and then fired. ... This article is about the city in Italy. ... A self portrait. ... Moses Defending the Daughters of Jethro by Rosso Fiorentino (c. ... Jacopo Carrucci (Pontormo, near Empoli, 1494 - 1557), usually known as Jacopo da Pontormo, or simply Pontormo, was a Florentine painter and portraitist, and one of the classic exemplars of the Mannerist style of the 16th century. ... For other uses, see Michelangelo (disambiguation). ...

Interior of the Duomo of Florence.
Interior of the Duomo of Florence.

In 1529 he visited Rome and studied the works of Raphael and others of the Roman High Renaissance. Vasari's own Mannerist paintings were more admired in his lifetime than afterwards. He was consistently employed by patrons in the Medici family in Florence and Rome, and he worked in Naples, Arezzo and other places. Many of his pictures still exist, the most important being the wall and ceiling paintings in the great Sala di Cosimo I of the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence, where he and his assistants were at work from 1555, and his uncompleted frescoes inside the vast cupola of the Duomo, completed by Federico Zuccari and with the help of Giovanni Balducci. He also helped organize the decoration of the Studiolo, now reassembled in the Palazzo Vecchio. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3519x2345, 5803 KB) Detail of the Last Judgement inside the Santa Maria Del Fiore, Florence, Italy. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3519x2345, 5803 KB) Detail of the Last Judgement inside the Santa Maria Del Fiore, Florence, Italy. ... Events April 22 - Treaty of Saragossa divides the eastern hemisphere between Spain and Portugal, stipulating that the dividing line should lie 297. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... This page is about the artist. ... The Creation of Adam, Michelangelos work in the Sistine Chapel. ... Mannerism is the usual English term for an approach to all the arts, particularly painting but not exclusive to it, a reaction to the High Renaissance, emerging after the Sack of Rome in 1527 shook Renaissance confidence, humanism and rationality to their foundations, and even Religion had split apart. ... The Medici family was a powerful and influential Florentine family during the Renaissance, whose wealth and influence initially derived from the textile trade guided by the guild of the Becoming first bankers, and later politicians, clergy and nobles, the Medici attained their greatest prominence during the 15th through 17th centuries... This article is about the city in Italy. ... Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... Palazzo Vecchio The Palazzo Vecchio is the town hall of Florence, Italy. ... For other uses, see Fresco (disambiguation). ... Cupola of St Peters Basilica, Rome In architecture, a cupola consists of a dome-shaped ornamental structure located on top of a larger roof or dome, often used as a lookout or to admit light and provide ventilation. ... The Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore is the cathedral church, or Duomo, of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Florence, noted for its distinctive dome. ... Federico Zuccari. ... Giovanni Balducci, called Il Cosci, (ca. ... The Studiolo is a small painting encrusted room in the Palazzo Vecchio, Florence, Italy. ...

The Castration of Uranus: fresco by Vasari & Cristofano Gherardi (c. 1560, Sala di Cosimo I, Palazzo Vecchio, Florence).
The Castration of Uranus: fresco by Vasari & Cristofano Gherardi (c. 1560, Sala di Cosimo I, Palazzo Vecchio, Florence).

As an architect, Vasari was perhaps more successful than as a painter. The loggia of the Palazzo degli Uffizi by the Arno opens up the vista at the far end of its long narrow courtyard, a unique piece of urban planning that functions as a public piazza, and which, if considing it as a short street, is the unique Renaissance street with a unified architectural treatment. In Florence Vasari also built the long passage connecting the Uffizi with the Pitti Palace, through arcading across the Ponte Vecchio, now called Vasari Corridor after him. He also renovated the fine medieval churches of Santa Maria Novella and Santa Croce, from both of which he removed the original rood screen and loft, and remodelled the retro-choir in the Mannerist taste of his time. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 302 pixel Image in higher resolution (1122 × 424 pixel, file size: 79 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Mutiliation of Uranus by Saturn (= Kronos) Giorgio Vasari and Gherardi Christofano 16th century Palazzo Vecchio, Florence Taken from http://www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 302 pixel Image in higher resolution (1122 × 424 pixel, file size: 79 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Mutiliation of Uranus by Saturn (= Kronos) Giorgio Vasari and Gherardi Christofano 16th century Palazzo Vecchio, Florence Taken from http://www. ... Cristofano Gherardi (November 25, 1508 – April, 1556) was an Italian painter of the late-Renaissance or Mannerist period, active mainly in Florence and Tuscany. ... For the surname, see Loggia (surname). ... The narrow courtyard between the Uffizis two wings creates the effect of a short, idealized street. ... Arno can refer to: the Arno River in Italy Arno Bay, South Australia the singer Arno Hintjens the American cartoonist Peter Arno the German sculptor Arno Breker Madame Arno, Parisian artist and fighter. ... Early 20th century photograph of the Palazzo Pitti, then still known as La Residenza Reale following the residency of King Emmanuel II between 1865 to 1871 when Florence was the capital of Italy. ... Ponte Vecchio Ponte Vecchio at night View of the Ponte Vecchio from above The Ponte Vecchio (IPA pronunciation: ) (Italian for Old Bridge)[1] is a Medieval bridge over the Arno River, in Florence, Italy, noted for having shops (mainly jewellers) built along it. ... A trait of the Vasari Corridor from the Uffizi, seen from Ponte Vecchio. ... For the architectural structure, see Church (building). ... The Romanesque-Gothic facade, completed by Leon Battista Alberti in 1470 Santa Maria Novella is a church in Florence. ... The Basilica di Santa Croce (Basilica of the Holy Cross) is the principal Franciscan church of Italy, and a minor basilica of the Roman Catholic Church. ... The rood screen (also choir screen or chancel screen) is a common feature in late medieval church architecture, dividing the chancel from the nave. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


In Rome, Vasari worked with Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola and Bartolomeo Ammanati at Pope Julius III's Villa Giulia. The five orders, engraving from Vignolas Regole delle cinque ordini darchitettura set the standards Giacomo (or Jacopo) Barozzi da Vignola (Vignola, near Modena, October 1, 1507 - July 7, 1573) was one of the great Italian architects of 16th century Mannerism, also known as Vignola. ... Bartolomeo Ammanati (1511-1592) was a Florentine architect and sculptor. ... Pope Julius III (September 10, 1487 – March 23, 1555), born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, was Pope from February 22, 1550 to 1555. ... Sarcofago degli Sposi : the sarcophagus of the married couple The Villa Giulia is a magnificent villa built by Pope Julius II on the edge of the city of Rome, 1550–1555. ...


Vasari enjoyed a high repute during his lifetime and amassed a considerable fortune. In 1547 he built himself a fine house in Arezzo (now a museum honoring him), and spent much labour in decorating its walls and vaults with paintings. He was elected one of the municipal council or priori of his native town, and finally rose to the supreme office of gonfaloniere. Year 1547 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... The Gonfaloniere was a highly prestigious communal post in medieval and Renaissance Italy, notably in Florence. ...


In 1563, he helped found the Florence Accademia del Disegno (now the Accademia di Belle Arti Firenze), with the Grand Duke and Michelangelo as capi of the institution and 36 artists chosen as members. Michelangelos David in the Tribuna that was built especially to house it. ...


Vasari died at Florence on 27 June 1574. is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1574 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ...


The Vite

Main article: Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects
A cover of the Vite.

As the first Italian art historian, he initiated the genre of an encyclopedia of artistic biographies that continues today. Vasari coined the term "Renaissance" (rinascita) in print, though an awareness of the ongoing "rebirth" in the arts had been in the air from the time of Alberti. Vasari's work was first published in 1550, and dedicated to Grand Duke Cosimo I de' Medici. It included a valuable treatise on the technical methods employed in the arts. It was partly rewritten and enlarged in 1568 and provided with woodcut portraits of artists (some conjectural), entitled Le Vite delle più eccellenti pittori, scultori, ed architettori (or, in English, Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects). The Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, or Le Vite delle più eccellenti pittori, scultori, ed architettori as it was originally known in Italian, is a series of artist biographies written by 16th century Italian painter and architect Giorgio Vasari, which is considered perhaps the most famous... This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... Late statue of Leon Battista Alberti. ... Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... Cosimo I de Medici in Armour by Agnolo Bronzino Cosimo I de Medici (June 12, 1519 – April 21, 1574) was the first Grand Duke of Tuscany, ruling from 1537 to 1574, during the waning days of the Renaissance. ... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ... Self-portrait by Vincent Van Gogh A portrait is a painting, photograph, or other artistic representation of a person. ... The Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, or Le Vite delle più eccellenti pittori, scultori, ed architettori as it was originally known in Italian, is a series of artist biographies written by 16th century Italian painter and architect Giorgio Vasari, which is considered perhaps the most famous...


The work has a consistent and notorious bias in favour of Florentines and tends to attribute to them all the new developments in Renaissance art—for example, the invention of engraving. Venetian art in particular, let alone other parts of Europe, is systematically ignored. Between his first and second editions, Vasari visited Venice and the second edition gave more attention to Venetian art (finally including Titian) without achieving a neutral point of view. Hercules fighting the Centaurs , engraving by Sebald Beham Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, usually flat surface, by cutting grooves into it. ... Also see: Titian (disambiguation). ...


Vasari's biographies are interspersed with amusing gossip. Many of his anecdotes have the ring of truth, although likely inventions. Others are generic fictions, such as the tale of young Giotto painting a fly on the surface of a painting by Cimabue that the older master repeatedly tried to brush away, a genre tale that echoes anecdotes told of the Greek painter Apelles. With a few exceptions, however, Vasari's aesthetic judgment was acute and unbiased. He did not research archives for exact dates, as modern art historians do, and naturally his biographies are most dependable for the painters of his own generation and the immediately preceding one. Modern criticism—with all the new materials opened up by research—has corrected many of his traditional dates and attributions. The work remains a classic even today, though it must be supplemented by modern critical research. There are several things that have been named Giotto: Giotto di Bondone an Italian painter. ... Crucifix (1287-88) Panel, 448 x 390 cm Basilica di Santa Croce, Florence. ...


Vasari includes a sketch of his own biography at the end of his Vite, and adds further details about himself and his family in his lives of Lazzaro Vasari and Francesco Salviati. The Lives have been translated into French, German, Spanish and English. Franscesco de Rossi (known by many names, prominently the adopted name Francesco Salviati or as Il Salviati, but also Francesco Rossi and Cecchino del Salviati) was a prominent Mannerist painter of Florence. ...

Copies of Vasari’s Lives of the Artists Online

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References

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

  • The Lives of the Artists (Oxford World's Classics). Oxford University Press, 1998. ISBN 0-19-283410-X
  • Lives of the Painters, Sculptors and Architects, Volumes I and II. Everyman's Library, 1996. ISBN 0-679-45101-3
  • Vasari on Technique. Dover Publications, 1980. ISBN 0-486-20717-X
  • Life of Michelangelo. Alba House, 2003. ISBN 0-8189-0935-8
  • Biography of Vasari and analysis for four major works
  • Brief Vita

  Results from FactBites:
 
Giorgio Vasari - LoveToKnow 1911 (678 words)
GIORGIO VASARI (1511-1571), Italian painter and architect, whose main distinction, however, rests on his valuable history of Italian art, was born at Arezzo on the 30th of July 1511..
The paintings of Vasari were much admired by the rapidly degenerating taste of the 16th century; but they possess the smallest amount of merit, being in the main feeble parodies of the powerful works of Michelangelo.
Personally Vasari was a man of upright character, free from vanity, and always ready to appreciate the works of others: in spite of the narrow and meretricious taste of his time, he expresses a warm admiration of the works of such men as Cimabue and Giotto, which is very remarkable.
Giorgio Vasari Summary (1606 words)
Giorgio Vasari (1511-1574) was an Italian painter, architect, and author of "The Lives of the Most Celebrated Painters, Sculptors, and Architects." His book is the foundation of modern art historiography and the prototype for all biographies of artists.
Vasari was a prolific painter in the mannerist style and was also active as an architect, his talents in the latter profession being superior to those he displayed as a painter.
Vasari did not rifle archives for exact dates, as modern art historians do, and naturally his biographies are more dependable for the painters of his own generation and the preceding one.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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