FACTOID # 24: Looking for table makers? Head to Mississippi, with an overwhlemingly large number of employees in furniture manufacturing.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Giorgio Strehler

Giorgio Strehler (14 August 192125 December 1997) was one of the most influential directors of Italian opera and theatre. August 14 is the 226th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (227th in leap years), with 139 days remaining. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 6 days remaining for the year. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A theatre director is a principal in the theatre field who oversees and orchestrates the mounting of a play by unifying various endeavors and aspects of production. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ...


He was born in Barcola (province of Trieste). He was the only child of a famous violinist mother who had also played under the baton o conductor Wilhelm Furtwängler. He was left fatherless at the age of three. His father was Austrian, and his mother was half French and half Slovenian. The language at home was Italian, but French, German, and Slovenian were also spoken. He grew up speaking Italian, but spoke French well and his German was passable. Barcola is a seaside neighborhood of Trieste, Italy. ... Trieste (It. ... Portrait by Emil Orlik, 1928 Wilhelm Furtwängler (January 25, 1886 – November 30, 1954) was a German conductor and composer. ...


His grandfather, Olimpio Lovric, was his father figure. He was one of the finest horn players of his day, but then owned a movie theater and became the impresario of the Teatro Comunale Giuseppe Verdi, Trieste’s Opera House. The Teatro Comunale Giuseppe Verdi is located in Trieste, Italy. ... Trieste ( Slovenian/Croatian Trst) is a city and port in northeastern Italy right on the border with Slovenia. ...


He remembers seeing a performance of Arrigo Boito’s Mefistofele at the Teatro Verdi and nothing else. He was not impressed with theater as a whole. He thought theater, both operatic and spoken, was false, and it could not stir your feelings like the cinema could. Thus he preferred to see movies at one of the houses owned by his grandfather. He vividly remembered seeing "The Gold Rush" and "Rin-Tin-Tin". These movies became his mythology. Arrigo Boito (February 24, 1842 – June 10, 1918) was an Italian poet, successful journalist, novelist and composer, best known today for his opera libretti and his own opera, Mefistofele. ... Mefistofele is the only completed opera by the Italian composer Arrigo Boito. ... The Gold Rush is a 1925 silent film comedy written, directed, and starring Charlie Chaplin in his Little Tramp role. ... Rin Tin Tin Rin Tin Tin (often billed as Rin-Tin-Tin in the 1920s and 1930s) was the name given to several German Shepherds of film and television. ...


When his grandfather died he, now seven or eight, moved to Milan with his mother and grandmother who had left her husband to go live in Milan with another man. Milan was to become Strehler’s home till the end of his life. One hot summer night while on his way to the cinema he noticed the sign "Air-Conditioned" posted by the theater Odeon. He walked in for some relief from the weather to see a performance of Carlo Goldoni’s "Una delle ultime sere di Carnevale" being given by a company from Venice. He was very much taken with the third act. He went every evening for the next few days to see more plays by Goldoni about whom he new nothing at that time. His theater attendance became almost maniacal that he became part of a claque in order to gain free admission to the Milan theaters. Milan (Italian: Milano; Milanese: Milán (listen)) is the main city of northern Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. ... Milan (Italian: Milano; Milanese: Milán (listen)) is the main city of northern Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. ... Milan (Italian: Milano; Milanese: Milán (listen)) is the main city of northern Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. ... Carlo Goldoni (February 25, 1707 - February 6, 1793) was an Italian dramatist and one of the most famous Italian writers of the period. ... Venice, (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venexia) is the capital of the region of Veneto and the province of the same name in Italy. ...


He applied and was accepted to the theater school, Accademia dei Filodrammatici, and the last year of his liceo classico (last year before exams for university admission) he played hooky to attend the theater school instead unbeknownst to his mother. He won all the prizes at the theater and eventually made up his school work with the help of private tutors.


It was at the Accademia that he met his lifelong friend Paolo Grassi with whom he was to found the Piccolo Teatro. In the meantime war broke out and he went in exile in Switzerland. With Geneva’s Compagnie des Masques he directed the world premiere of Albert Camus’ Caligula. After the war he became theater critic for Milano Sera, but he preferred making theater rather than writing about it. It was at this time that he started the Piccolo Teatro di Milano with Grassi and the support of Milan’s mayor Antonio Greppi. It opened May 17, 1947]] in the auditorium of the Broletto cinema with Maxim Gorki’s Lower Depths. Few days later they gave Goldoni’s long forgotten "Arlecchino Servant of Two masters" which would go on to become the longest running play in Italian theater. In that same year he also directs La Traviata at La Scala; the first of many opera productions he would direct.


In the early year he would put on up to twelve new production per season. Some of the authors whose work he produced were Eliot, Buzzati, Pirandello, Ibsen, Flaiano, and Calderón. He put on theater which was culturally relevant. His and Grassi’s idea of theater was not to "pay an abstract homage to culture." Or ‘to offer a mere distraction... passive contemplation", theater was "a place where people gather to hear statements that they can accept or reject". And these statements Strehler presented them well enough that people kept coming back.


In the 50’s he gave several plays by Bertolt Brecht with whom he would became a close friend sharing his political beliefs. In 1956 Brecht attended a production of his "Threepenny Opera". Back in [[Berlin he wrote back "..thank you for the excellent performance of my Threepenny Opera which you have realized with a great director. Fire and freshness, ease and precision distinguish this performance from many others I have seen....it would be a joy and an honor for me if your theater could perform ...at the Berliner Ensemble’s Theater ...which witnessed the first performance of this work". Bertolt Brecht (born Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht February 10, 1898 – August 14, 1956) was an influential German socialist dramatist, stage director, and poet of the 20th century. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


His love for Shakespeare (Coriolanus, The Tempest, King Lear, Twelfth Night, Macbeth), Pirandello (Henry IV), and Chekov (The Cherry Orchard, Platonov) was unmistakable; but he always returned to Goldoni repeating the same plays decades later.


He created the role of theater director (regista was actually coined in 1929) in [[Italy all by himself. Until he came plays were for the most part still put on by traveling companies that were a microcosm unto themselves. They directed themselves. They had never heard of a director. He also gave prominence to Italian authors, though few in number. Strehler used to say that "Italian theater has produced few important dramatic authors - Machiavelli, Goldoni, Pirandello- but an enormous number of actors. Between 1500 and 1700, every self-respecting court in Europe had to have a company of Italian actors". A theatre director oversees and orchestrates the mounting of a play by unifying various endeavors and aspects of production. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


He originally had not intended to become an actor. He enrolled in fact in the law school at the University of Milan planning to become a criminal lawyer. He said "a profession as I imagined it was very close to the theater". But then war came and it changed everything. The University of Milan (Università degli Studi di Milano, UNIMI) is one the larger universities in Italy, with about 60,000 students, a teaching and research staff of 2,500 and a non-teaching staff of 2,000. ...


He has influenced three generations of actors and inspired many around the world. His influence in the English speaking world is less felt. As he spoke little English and did not direct many plays in this language. However he was given the Legion d’Honneur by the French government and was named director of the "Union of the Theatres of Europe" in Paris in 1985. The first Pan-European theater project. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Medal for the officer class The Légion dhonneur (English: Legion of Honour or Legion of Honor, see spelling differences) is an Order of Chivalry first established by Napoléon Bonaparte, First Consul of the French Republic, on May 19, 1802. ... The Union of the Theatres of Europe (UTE; French: ) is an alliance of European public theatres. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région ÃŽle-de-France Département Paris (75) Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Mayor Bertrand Delanoë  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, the Italian past president said his death ‘deprives Italy and the world of a great human and artistic figure, a keen interpreter of modern culture, socially sensitive and fascinating esthetically". Paolo Villaggio, who was playing Molière’s "The Miser" under his direction stated "Giorgio has been and still is theater in Italy". Vittorio Gassman hailed him as "the greatest director along with Luchino Visconti", and for Riccardo Muti, music director of La Scala, "there is an immense void in theater and in our culture. I will always be in his debt for the artistic experience that we lived through together as he questioned us on Mozart and Verdi". Finally Carla Fracci, Prima Ballerina, and her husband Beppe Menegatti in an open letter said it best: "The million lights have gone out that you, maestro, lit up over the many years to give us joy in the night of a deserted theater. It is gospel truth that theater, as life itself, is only a desert without a true maestro". Oscar Luigi Scalfaro [skalfaro] (born September 9, 1918) is an Italian politician and magistrate, member of the Catholic Democratic Party and President of the Italian Republic from 1992 to 1999, and lifetime senator. ... Ugo Fantozzi Paolo Villaggio (born in Genova, 31 December 1932) is an Italian actor, writer, director and comedian, famous especially for his grotesque irony and satire. ... Vittorio Gassman Vittorio Gassman (Il Mattatore) (September 1, 1922 – June 29, 2000) was an Italian theatre and film actor and director. ... Luchino Visconti, Duke of Modrone (November 2, 1906 - March 17, 1976) was an Italian theatre and cinema director and writer. ... Riccardo Muti (born July 28, 1941, in Naples) is an Italian conductor best known for being the Music Director of Milans La Scala opera house, a position he held from 1986 to 2005, and of The Philadelphia Orchestra from 1980 to 1992. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, by night. ...


Famous opera productions

Jeanne dArc au Bûcher is an oratorio by Arthur Honegger originally commissioned by Ida Rubinstein. ... Arthur Honegger in 1921. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, by night. ... Lulu is an opera by the composer Alban Berg. ... Portrait of Alban Berg by Arnold Schoenberg, c. ... Gian Francesco Malipiero (March 18, 1882 - August 1, 1973) Italian composer, musicologist and music editor. ... The Fiery Angel (Russian: Огненный ангел — Ognenny angel in transliteration) is an opera in five acts by Sergei Prokofiev to a Russian libretto by the composer, based on the novel by Valery Bryusov. ... Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (Russian: , Sergej Sergejevič Prokof’ev; 15/April 271, 1891–March 5, 1953) was a Russian composer who mastered numerous musical genres and came to be admired as one of the greatest composers of the 20th century. ... Histoire du soldat (sometimes written Lhistoire du soldat; translated as The Soldiers Tale or A Soldiers Tale) is a 1918 theatrical work to be read, played, and danced (lue, jouée et dansée) set to music by Igor Stravinsky. ... Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (Russian: Игорь Фёдорович Стравинский, Igor Fëdorovič Stravinskij) (June 17, 1882 – April 6, 1971) was a Russian composer best known for three compositions from his earlier, Russian period: LOiseau de feu (The Firebird) (1910), Petrushka (1911), and Le sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring) (1913). ... Nino Rota (December 3, 1911 – April 10, 1979) was an Italian composer. ... Aufstieg und Fall der Stadt Mahagonny (Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny) is a political-satirical opera composed by Kurt Weill to a German libretto by Bertolt Brecht. ... Kurt Julian Weill (March 2, 1900 – April 3, 1950), born in Dessau, Germany and died in New York City, was a German-born American composer active from the 1920s until his death. ... Die Entführung aus dem Serail (K. 384; in English The Abduction from the Seraglio; also known as Il Seraglio) is a opera Singspiel in three acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (baptized as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart; January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was a prolific and highly influential composer of Classical music. ... Cavalleria rusticana (Rustic Chivalry) is an opera in one act by Pietro Mascagni to a libretto by Targioni-Tozzetti and Menasci, adapted from a short story by Giovanni Verga. ... Pietro Mascagni (Livorno December 7, 1863 – Rome August 2, 1945) is one of the most important Italian opera composers of the turn of the 20th century. ... Fidelio (Op. ... 1820 portrait by Karl Stieler Ludwig van Beethoven (pronounced ) (baptised December 17, 1770[1] – March 26, 1827) was a German composer and pianist. ... Simon Boccanegra is an opera with a prologue and three acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on the play Simón Bocanegra by Antonio García Gutiérrez. ... Giuseppe Verdi, by Giovanni Boldini, 1886 (National Gallery of Modern Art, Rome). ... Le Nozze di Figaro, is a comic opera composed in 1786 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, with libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte, based on a stage comedy by Beaumarchais. ... Emanuel Schikaneder as the first Papageno in Mozarts Die Zauberflöte. ... Macbeth is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave with additions by Andrea Maffei, based on Shakespeares play of the same name. ... Adolf Schrödter: Falstaff and his page Sir John Falstaff is a fictional character who appears in three plays by William Shakespeare as a companion to Prince Hal, the future King Henry V. A fat, vainglorious, and cowardly knight, Falstaff leads the apparently wayward Prince Hal into trouble, but he... Don Giovanni (K.527) is an opera in two acts with music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte. ... Così fan tutte is an opera buffa by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ...

Famous theatre productions

10 October 2005 A stretch of road in front of the Politeama Lipsticks in Trieste has been dedicated to Giorgio Strehler. Richard II may refer to: King Richard II of England Richard II, a play by William Shakespeare about the king Richard II of Normandy This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Gaius Marcius Coriolanus is widely believed to be a legendary figure who is said to have lived during the 5th century BC. He was given the agnomen Coriolanus as a result of his action in capturing the Volscian town of Corioli in 493 BC. Venturia at the Feet of Coriolanus... William Shakespeare—born April 1564; baptised April 26, 1564; died April 23, 1616 (O.S.), May 3, 1616 (N.S.)—has a reputation as the greatest of all writers in English. ... Columbina dancing with a harlequin. ... Il campiello (The Little Square) is an opera in three acts by Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari. ... Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (Russian: , Anton Pavlovič ÄŒehov) (29 January 1860 [O.S. 17 January] – 15 July 1904 [O.S. 2 July]) was a physician, major Russian short story writer and playwright. ... Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (Russian: , Anton Pavlovič ÄŒehov) (29 January 1860 [O.S. 17 January] – 15 July 1904 [O.S. 2 July]) was a physician, major Russian short story writer and playwright. ... Luigi Pirandello (June 28, 1867 – December 10, 1936) was an Italian dramatist and novelist, awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1934. ... Luigi Pirandello (June 28, 1867 – December 10, 1936) was an Italian dramatist and novelist, awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1934. ... Egoist may mean an egoist, someone with a philosophical self-involvement amounting to egoism (who may or may not be an egotist, i. ... La casa de Bernarda Alba (The House of Bernarda Alba) is a play by the Spanish playwright Federico García Lorca. ... Federico García Lorca Federico García Lorca (June 5, 1898 – August 19, 1936) was a Spanish poet and dramatist, also remembered as a painter, pianist, and composer. ... August Strindberg, photographic selfportrait Johan August Strindberg (Stockholm, January 22, 1849 - Stockholm, May 14, 1912) was a writer and playwright of Sweden. ... Friedrich Dürrenmatt (January 5, 1921 – December 14, 1990) was a Swiss author and dramatist. ... Eduardo De Filippo was an actor, playwright, screenwriter, author and poet born May 24, 1900 in Naples, Italy and passed away on October 31, 1984 in Rome. ... The Threepenny Opera (Die Dreigroschenoper) was a revolutionary piece of musical theatre written (in German) by the German dramatist Bertolt Brecht in collaboration with the composer Kurt Weill in 1928. ... Bertolt Brecht (February 10, 1898 - August 14, 1956) was an influential German dramatist, stage director, and poet of the 20th century. ... The Good Person of Sezuan is a play by the German playwright, poet, theatre critic, and theorist Bertolt Brecht. ... Bertolt Brecht (February 10, 1898 - August 14, 1956) was an influential German dramatist, stage director, and poet of the 20th century. ... Bertolt Brecht (February 10, 1898 - August 14, 1956) was an influential German dramatist, stage director, and poet of the 20th century. ... Galileo Galilei (15 February 1564 – 8 January 1642) was an Italian physicist, astronomer, and philosopher who is closely associated with the scientific revolution. ... Bertolt Brecht (February 10, 1898 - August 14, 1956) was an influential German dramatist, stage director, and poet of the 20th century. ... Carlo Goldoni (February 25, 1707 - February 6, 1793) was an Italian dramatist and one of the most famous Italian writers of the period. ... October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in Leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


External links

  • Giorgio Strehler
  • Multimedia archive of Piccolo Teatro, Milan

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m