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Encyclopedia > Gilliam County, Oregon
Gilliam County, Oregon
Map
Map of Oregon highlighting Gilliam County
Location in the state of Oregon
Map of the USA highlighting Oregon
Oregon's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded February 25, 1885
Seat Condon
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

3,167 km² (1,223 mi²)
3,119 km² (1,204 mi²)
49 km² (19 mi²), 1.53%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

1,915
1/km² 

Gilliam County is located in the U.S. state of Oregon. The county was established in 1885 and is named for Cornelius Gilliam, who commanded the forces of the provisional government of Oregon after the Whitman Massacre. In 2000, the population was 1,915. The seat of the county is Condon. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_OR.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Oregon ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Condon is a city located in Gilliam County, Oregon. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Oregon Geographic Names is an authoritative compilation of the origin and meaning of place names in the state of Oregon. ... Cornelius Gilliam (1798 - 1848) was a pioneer of the U.S. state of Oregon who was best known as the commander of the volunteer forces against the Cayuse in the Cayuse War. ... Marcus Whitman The Whitman massacre (also known as the Walla Walla massacre and the Whitman Incident) was the murder in the Oregon Country on November 29, 1847 of U.S. missionaries Dr. Marcus Whitman and his wife Narcissa Whitman, along with twelve others, by Cayuse and Umatilla Indians. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Condon is a city located in Gilliam County, Oregon. ...

Contents

Economy

Gilliam County is in the heart of the Columbia Plateau wheat-growing region. The economy is based on agriculture, and wheat, barley and beef cattle are the principal products. Properties are large, with an average farm size of about 4,200 acres (17 km²). Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 For the indie rock group see: Wheat (band). ... Binomial name L. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is an annual cereal grain, which serves as a major animal feed crop, with smaller amounts used for malting and in health food. ... For other uses, see Beef (disambiguation). ...


The largest individual employers in the county are two subsidiaries of Waste Management Inc., Chemical Waste Management of the Northwest and Oregon Waste Systems, Inc., who run two regional waste disposal landfills. By levying a fee of $1 a ton, Gilliam County receives enough money to pay the first $500 of the property tax bills of its inhabitants, an amount that covers the full tax bill for almost half of the county inhabitants, as well as funding other county projects. Albury landfill, Surrey, England A landfill, also known as a dump, is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial and is the oldest form of waste treatment. ...


Hunting, fishing and tourism are secondary industries. Transportation also contributes to the local economy; two major rivers, the John Day and Columbia, cross the area east-to-west, as does Interstate 84. State highway 19 connects the county's major cities north-to-south and provides access to the John Day Valley. Mouth of the John Day River on the Columbia, spanned by a railroad bridge The John Day River is a tributary of the Columbia River, approximately 281 mi (452 km) long, in northeastern Oregon in the United States. ... Columbia River Gorge and I-84 as seen from Crown Point, Oregon Interstate 84 runs from an intersection with Interstate 5 at Portland, Oregon (Map) to an intersection with Interstate 80 (Map) at Echo, Utah—roughly the same route as the Oregon Trail. ...


Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,167 km² (1,223 mi²). 3,119 km² (1,204 mi²) of it is land and 49 km² (19 mi²) of it (1.53%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Adjacent Counties

Sherman County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Wasco County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Wheeler County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Morrow County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Klickitat County is a county located in the state of Washington. ...

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 1,915 people, 819 households, and 543 families residing in the county. The population density was 1/km² (2/mi²). There were 1,043 housing units at an average density of 0/km² (1/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.76% White, 0.16% Black or African American, 0.84% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 1.15% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. 1.83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 819 households out of which 27.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 5.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.60% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.85. “Spouse” redirects here. ...


In the county, the population was spread out with 23.20% under the age of 18, 5.40% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 102.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.30 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $33,611, and the median income for a family was $41,477. Males had a median income of $30,915 versus $20,852 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,659. About 6.70% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.00% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


History

For many years, Native Americans had traversed the county on well-worn trails to reach fishing, hunting, foraging, and trading areas. Many of these trails are still visible in the rangeland. The first non-native people in the area were Americans following the Oregon Trail to the Willamette Valley. In the late 19th century, settlers arrived from the midwestern and eastern United States and Europe to stay and build farms and communities. Many settlers were also part of a larger reverse migration of people who had originally settled in the Willamette Valley. Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States, including parts of Alaska. ... The Ox Team or the Old Oregon Trail 1852-1906 by Ezra Meeker. ... The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley is the region in northwest Oregon in the United States that surrounds the Willamette River as it proceeds northward from its emergence from mountains near Eugene to its confluence with the Columbia River. ...


The Legislative Assembly created Gilliam County on February 25, 1885, from the eastern third of Wasco County after residents complained that they were too far from the county seat in The Dalles. The first county seat was at Alkali, now Arlington. The question of a permanent county seat was placed on general election ballots in 1886, 1888, and again in 1890, when voters chose to move the county seat to Condon, known to early settlers as "Summit Springs." Once the question of the location of the county seat was settled, voters in Gilliam County proved reluctant to provide a courthouse in Condon. The county government operated out of a two-room house until 1903, when the county court appropriated money to construct a courthouse. The Oregon Legislative Assembly is the legislature for the U.S. state of Oregon. ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Wasco County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Disamb: For the German rock group The Dalles, see The Dalles (band) The Dalles is a city located in Wasco County, Oregon. ... Park in Arlington, looking towards the Columbia River Arlington is a city located in Gilliam County, Oregon. ... Condon is a city located in Gilliam County, Oregon. ...


Communities

Incorporated cities

Park in Arlington, looking towards the Columbia River Arlington is a city located in Gilliam County, Oregon. ... Condon is a city located in Gilliam County, Oregon. ... Lonerock is a city located in Gilliam County, Oregon. ...

Unincorporated communities

  • Clem
  • Mayville
  • Mikkalo
  • Olex

External links

Coordinates: 45°23′N 120°13′W / 45.38, -120.21 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gilliam County, Oregon - definition of Gilliam County, Oregon in Encyclopedia (708 words)
The county was established in 1885 and was named for Cornelius Gilliam, who commanded the forces of the provisional government of Oregon after the Whitman Massacre.
In the county, the population is spread out with 23.20% under the age of 18, 5.40% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.10% who are 65 years of age or older.
The Legislative Assembly created Gilliam County on February 25, 1885, from the eastern third of Wasco County after residents complained that they were too far from the county seat in The Dalles.
Wheeler County, Oregon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (479 words)
This county is probably best known for having a remarkable depository of fossils, the most extensive in the state.
In the county, the population is spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 3.40% from 18 to 24, 19.30% from 25 to 44, 31.40% from 45 to 64, and 23.30% who are 65 years of age or older.
The median income for a household in the county is $28,750, and the median income for a family is $34,048.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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