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Encyclopedia > Gilbert and Ellice Islands

The Gilbert and Ellice Islands were a British protectorate from 1892 and colony from 1916 — until 1 January 1976 when the islands were divided into two different colonies which became independent nations shortly after. The Gilbert Islands have been the major part of the nation of Kiribati since 1979, and the Ellice Islands became Tuvalu in 1978. Legal definition In international law, a protectorate is a state or territory controlled by a more powerful state. ... 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Gilbert Islands are a chain of 16 atolls and coral islands in the Pacific Ocean, part of the nation Kiribati. ... 1979 is a common year starting on Monday. ... Tuvalu is an island nation located in the Pacific Ocean midway between Hawaii and Australia. ... 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ...


The protectorate was generally established on this area (but not on these islands) by the Pacific Islands Protection Act of 1857, and then in 1877 for the Western Pacific Territories, but the protectorate on the Gilbert group and on the Ellice group was formal and effective only from 1892, and a High Commissioner was appointed in 1893. The islands became a Crown Colony on 12th January 1916. The colony's capital was mainly on Banaba Island (Ocean Island) and, after World War II, on Tarawa, first in Betio islet then near Bairiki. 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A High Commissioner is a person serving in a special executive capacity. ... 1893 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... Banaba Island (also Ocean Island), an island in the Pacific Ocean, lies west of the Gilbert Island chain and east of Nauru. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Tarawa is an atoll in the central Pacific Ocean, previously the capital of the former British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. ...


The sixteen islands of the Gilberts, declared a protectorate by Captain Davis, R. N. of HMS Royalist between 27 May and 17 June 1892, were discovered intermittently from perhaps as early as 1537 up to 1826. The Ellice Islands were declared a protectorate by Captain Gibson, R. N. of HMS Curacao between 9th and 16 October of the same year; Banaba (or Ocean Island) was included within the protectorate in 1900 and then in the colony in 1916. In the same year, Fanning Island and Washington Island were included in it together with the islands of the Tokelau or Union Islands; Christmas Island was included in 1919 but somehow contested by the USA. The Tokelaus were detached in 1925 (but formally just after WWII); the Phoenix Islands were added in 1937 and the five islands of the Central and Southern Line Islands in 1972. The Ellice Islands were detached to become a separate colony in 1976. Legal definition In international law, a protectorate is a state or territory controlled by a more powerful state. ... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Events January 6 - Alessandro de Medici assassinated August 25 - The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, was formed. ... 1826 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Legal definition In international law, a protectorate is a state or territory controlled by a more powerful state. ... October 16 is the 289th day of the year (290th in Leap years). ... Ocean Island is a name given two unrelated islands in the Pacific Ocean: Kure Atoll, the last atoll in the Hawaiian Islands chain. ... 1900 is a common year starting on Monday. ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... Tabuaeran: lagoon shore at dusk Tabuaeran is an atoll—one of the Line Islands of the central Pacific Ocean—located at Latitude 3° 51 36 North – Longitude 159° 21 52 West. ... Teraina, also known as Washington Island (both names are constitutional), is a coral atoll in the central Pacific Ocean, part of the Northern Line Islands belonging to Kiribati. ... 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Phoenix Islands are a sparsely populated island chain in the Pacific Ocean, east of the Gilbert Islands and west of the Line Islands. ... 1937 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Postage stamps

Originally mail service was ad hoc, depending on which ships were calling at the various islands. A regular service began in 1911; Edward VII postage stamps of Fiji were overprinted GILBERT & ELLICE / PROTECTORATE and put on sale 1 January of that year, followed by March by a set of four stamps depicting a Pandanus tree, inscribed "GILBERT & ELLICE ISLANDS / PROTECTORATE". A British pillar box The postal system is a system by which written documents typically enclosed in envelopes, and also small packages containing other matter, are delivered to destinations around the world. ... A database query syntax error has occurred. ... His Majesty King Edward VII (9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King of the Commonwealth realms, and the Emperor of India. ... This 1974 stamp from Japan depicts a Class 8620 steam locomotive. ... An overprint is the addition of text (and sometimes graphics) to the face of a postage stamp after it has been printed. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... Species Pandanus tectorius etc. ...


These were followed in 1912 by George V stamps of the common type, inscribed "GILBERT & ELLICE ISLANDS". A new definitive series came out starting 14 January 1939, featuring local scenery and a profile of George VI. These were updated in 1956 with a profile of Elizabeth II. 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ... His Majesty King George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert) (3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was the last British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, changing the name to the House of Windsor in 1917. ... A definitive postage stamp is a regular issue stamp that is part of a definitive issue or definitive series consisting of a range of denominations sufficient to cover all postal rates usefully. ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George) (December 14, 1895–February 6, 1952) was the third British monarch of the House of Windsor, reigning from December 11, 1936 to February 6, 1952. ... 1956 was a leap year starting on Sunday. ... Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary), styled HM The Queen (born 21 April 1926) is the queen regnant and head of state of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, as well as of Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New...


A set of four stamps on 1 May 1960 commemorated the 60th anniversary of the discovery of phosphate at Ocean Island. The definitive series of 1965 depicted daily activites of the natives, but a decimal currency conversion necessitated surcharges in 1966 and a reissue of the stamps in 1968. The colony issued about 10-15 stamps per year thereafter, usually as sets of four, until the end of 1975. The following stamps are issued by Kiribati Philatelic Bureau, since 12 July 1979. May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... In chemistry, a phosphate is a polyatomic ion or radical consisting of one phosphorus atom and four oxygen. ... Banaba Island (also Ocean Island), an island in the Pacific Ocean, lies west of the Gilbert Island chain and east of Nauru. ... 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Decimal currency is a currency for which the ratio between the basic unit of currency and its sub-unit is a power of ten. ... An overprint is the addition of text (and sometimes graphics) to the face of a postage stamp after it has been printed. ... 1966 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... July 12 is the 193rd day (194th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 172 days remaining. ... 1979 is a common year starting on Monday. ...


Proclamation

In the name of Her Majesty Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Her Majesty Queen Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom from 20 June 1837, and Empress of India from 1876 until her death. ...


By Edward Henry Meggs Davis


Esquire Captain in Her Majesty's Fleet and Deputy Commissioner for the Western Pacific - The Pacific Ocean (from the Latin name Mare Pacificum, peaceful sea, bestowed upon it by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan) is the worlds largest body of water. ...


Commander Her Majesty's Ship Royalist.


WHEREAS I have it in my command from Her Majesty Queen Victoria through Her Principal Secretary of State for the Colonies


to declare that Her Majesty has this day assumed a Protectorate over the Group of Islands known as the Gilbert Islands situated between 4 degrees north and three degrees south latitude and 170 degrees east and 177 degrees longitude and that the following islands and all small islands or islets depending upon them are included in such protectorate viz. - Legal definition In international law, a protectorate is a state or territory controlled by a more powerful state. ... The Gilbert Islands are a chain of 16 atolls and coral islands in the Pacific Ocean, part of the nation Kiribati. ...



ARORAI [Arorae], TAMANA, ONOTOA, PERU [Beru], NUKUNAU [Nikunau], TAPUTEWEA [Tabiteuea], NONUTI [Nonouti], ARANUKA, KURIA, APAMAMA [Abemama], MAIANA, TARAWA, APIANG [Abaiang], MARAKI [Marakei], BUTARITARI, MAKIN



NOW THEREFORE I Edward Henry Meggs Davis Captain in Her Majesty's fleet and Deputy Commissioner for the Western Pacific commanding Her Majesty's Ship Royalist do hereby proclaim and declare to all men that from and after the date of these presents the above mentioned islands have been placed under British Protection.


Given under my hand at APAMAMA [Abemama] this 27th day of May, One thousand eight hundred and ninety two (1892). 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...

 (Signed) Ed. H.M. Davis 


WITNESS:

 (Signed) F. St. L. Luscombe Lieut. (Signed) R. D. Corrie Trader. 

Bibliography

Barrie Macdonald, Cinderellas of the Empire: towards a history of Kiribati and Tuvalu, Suva, Fiji : Institute of Pacific Studies, University of the South Pacific, 2001, ISBN 982-02-0335-X (Australian National University Press first published it in 1982). The Australian National University (ANU), is a university located in Canberra, the national capital of Australia. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gilbert and Ellice Islands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (543 words)
The Gilbert Islands have been the major part of the nation of Kiribati since 1979, and the Ellice Islands became Tuvalu in 1978.
The sixteen islands of the Gilberts, declared a protectorate by Captain Davis, R. of HMS Royalist between 27 May and 17 June 1892, were discovered intermittently from perhaps as early as 1537 up to 1826.
The Ellice Islands were declared a protectorate by Captain Gibson, R. of HMS Curacao between 9th and 16 October of the same year; Banaba (or Ocean Island) was included within the protectorate in 1900 and then in the colony in 1916.
Gilbert Islands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (846 words)
The Gilbert Islands are a chain of 16 atolls and coral islands in the Pacific Ocean, part of the nation Kiribati.
In 1915 the Gilbert and Ellice Islands were proclaimed a colony of the British Empire.
The natives of the Gilberts are Micronesian, similar in many respects to the natives of the Marshalls, the Carolines, and the Marianas.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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