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Encyclopedia > Gilbert Stuart
Self portrait, 1778
Self portrait, 1778

Gilbert Charles Stuart (né Stewart) (December 3, 1755 - July 9, 1828) was an American painter. Image File history File links GilbertStuart. ... Image File history File links GilbertStuart. ... December 3 is the 337th (in leap years the 338th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... July 9 is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 175 days remaining. ... 1828 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... A painter is a person who paints woodwork, walls, etc. ...


Born in North Kingstown, Rhode Island, he grew up in Newport and was tutored by Cosmo Alexander, a Scottish painter. Stuart moved to Scotland with Alexander in 1771 to finish his studies. His mentor died in Edinburgh the following year. Attempting briefly and without success to earn a living as a painter, he returned to Newport in 1773. North Kingstown is a town located in Washington County, Rhode Island. ... A side street in Newport, Rhode Island, showing the historic buildings near the waterfront Newport is a city located in Newport County, Rhode Island, about 30 miles (48 km) south of Providence. ... Royal motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... Edinburgh (pronounced ), Dùn Èideann () in Scottish Gaelic, is the second-largest city in Scotland and its capital city. ...


Stuart's prospects as a portraitist were jeopardized by the onset of the American Revolution and its social disruptions. Following the example set by John Singleton Copley, Stuart departed for England in 1775. Unsuccessful at first in pursuit of his vocation, he then became a protegĂ© of Benjamin West, with whom he studied for the next six years. The relationship was a beneficial one, with Stuart exhibiting at the Royal Academy as early as 1777. The American Revolution ended two centuries of British rule for most of the North American colonies and created the modern United States of America. ... Portrait of Copley by Gilbert Stuart. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the British Isles Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked 1st UK... Benjamin West Benjamin West (October 10, 1738 – March 11, 1820) was an Anglo-American painter of historical scenes around and after the time of the American Revolution. ... This article refers to an art institution in London. ...

The Skater, 1782
The Skater, 1782

By 1782 Stuart had met with success, largely due to acclaim for "The Skater," a portrait of William Grant. At one point the prices for his pictures were exceeded only by those of Joshua Reynolds and Thomas Gainsborough. Despite his many commissions, however, Stuart was habitually neglectful of finances and was in danger of being sent to debtors' prison. In 1787 he fled to Ireland, where he painted and accumulated debt with equal vigor. Image File history File links GSskater. ... Image File history File links GSskater. ... Sir Joshua Reynolds Sir Joshua Reynolds (July 16, 1723–February 23, 1792) was the most important and influential of eighteenth-century English painters, specialising in portraits and promoting the Grand Style in painting which depended on idealization of the imperfect. ... Self-portrait, painted 1759 Blue boy, painted 1770 This article is about the artist Thomas Gainsborough. ... A debtors prison is a prison for people unable to pay a debt to another. ...

Portrait of George Washington for the White House, 1797
Portrait of George Washington for the White House, 1797

Stuart returned to the United States in 1793, settling briefly in New York City. In 1795 he moved to Philadelphia, where he opened a studio. It was here that he would gain, not only a foothold in the art world, but lasting fame with pictures of many important Americans of the day. He painted George Washington in a series of iconic portraits, each of them leading in turn to a demand for copies and keeping Stuart busy and highly paid for years. The most familiar of these likenesses, known as the "Athenaeum Head," is currently on the dollar bill. His most celebrated image of Washington is the oversized portrait hanging in the East Room of the White House. During the burning of Washington by British troops in the War of 1812, this picture was saved through the intervention of First Lady Dolly Madison. Image File history File links Gilbert Stuart portrait of George Washington, from the East Room of the White House. ... Image File history File links Gilbert Stuart portrait of George Washington, from the East Room of the White House. ... The southern side of the White House The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States of America. ... Nickname: The Big Apple Motto: Official website: City of New York Location [[Image:|250px|250px|Location of City of New York, New York]] Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R... Philadelphia is a village located in Jefferson County, New York. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799) was the successful Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War from 1775 to 1783, and later became the first President of the United States, an office to which he was elected, unanimously, twice and remained in from... This article is about general United States currency. ... The East Room is one of the largest rooms in the White House, the home of the President of the United States. ... The southern side of the White House The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States of America. ... Combatants Britain United States Commanders Robert Ross George Cockburn Unknown Strength 4,250 Unknown Casualties {{{notes}}} The Burning of Washington is the name given to the razing of Washington, D.C., by British and Canadian forces during the War of 1812. ... The War of 1812 was fought between the United States and British Empire from 1812 to 1815, on land in North America and at sea around the world. ... Martha Washington, 1st First Lady of the United States Laura Bush, current First Lady of the United States (2001-present) First Lady of the United States is the unofficial title of the hostess of the White House. ... Biography Dolly Madison created ice cream. ...


In 1803 Stuart opened a studio in Washington, D. C. By the end of his career he had taken the likenesses of over a thousand American political figures. He was praised for the vitality and naturalness of his portraits, and his subjects found his company agreeable. "Speaking generally," said John Adams, "no penance is like having one's picture done. You must sit in a constrained and unnatural position, which is a trial to the temper. But I should like to sit to Stuart from the first of January to the last of December, for he lets me do just what I please, and keeps me constantly amused by his conversation." Stuart worked without the aid of sketches, beginning directly upon the canvas. ... John Adams (October 30, 1735 – July 4, 1826) was the first (1789–1797) Vice President of the United States, and the second (1797–1801) President of the United States. ...


He had moved to Boston in 1805, continuing in critical acclaim and financial troubles. In 1824 he suffered a stroke; in spite of paralysis and gout, he continued to paint. Stuart died in Boston at the age of 72 and is buried there in the Old South Burial Ground. Boston is a town and small port c. ...


At present there is some debate as to the identity of the sitter for one of Stuart's unfinished portraits. In 1878 "John Bill Ricketts, the Circus Rider" was identified by George Washington Riggs, a.k.a. "The President's Banker" and trustee for the Corcoran Gallery in Washington, D.C., as "Breschard, the Circus Rider" and as ""Breschard" was publicly displayed at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts in 1880. In 1970 the National Gallery of Art changed the identification from "Breschard" " to "Ricketts" and to this day the NGA has failed to explain the reason for this identity change. National Gallery of Art George Washington Riggs was a famous American banker who along with William W. Corcoran, formed the banking-house of Corcoran and Riggs. ... The Circus of Pepin and Breschard arrived in the United States from Spain in 1807, and toured that new country until 1815. ... The Circus of Pepin and Breschard arrived in the United States from Spain in 1807, and toured that new country until 1815. ... The Circus of Pepin and Breschard arrived in the United States from Spain in 1807, and toured that new country until 1815. ...


J.E. Stuart, a famous California artist of the latter 19th century, is the grandson of Gilbert Stuart.


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gilbert Stuart Biography | Encyclopedia of World Biography (1294 words)
Gilbert Stuart (1755-1828), American painter, was the classical portraitist of the early republic, painting likenesses that hovered between meticulous representations and idealized generalizations.
Gilbert Stuart was born in North Kingston, R.I., on Dec. 3, 1755.
Stuart painted Washington at a time when the general's physique was beginning to break down and he was wearing false teeth.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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