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Encyclopedia > Gil Evans

Gil Evans (13 May 1912 in Toronto Canada20 March 1988 in Cuernavaca, Mexico) was a jazz pianist, arranger, composer, and bandleader, active in the United States. He played a seminal role in the development of cool jazz, modal jazz, free jazz and jazz-rock, and collaborated extensively with Miles Davis. is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Cuernavaca is the capital and largest city of the state of Morelos in Mexico. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... A pianist is a person who plays the piano. ... In popular music an arrangement is a setting of a piece of music, which may have been composed by the arranger or by someone else. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... A bandleader is the director of a band of musicians. ... CD reissue of Daviss 1957 LP Birth of the Cool, collecting much of his 1949 to 1950 work. ... Modal jazz is jazz played using musical modes rather than chord progressions. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Jazz fusion (sometimes referred to simply as fusion) is a musical genre that loosely encompasses the merging of jazz with other styles, particularly rock, funk, R&B, and world music. ... Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz musician, widely considered to be one of the most influential of the 20th century. ...


Biography

Born Ian Ernest Gilmore Green, his name was changed early on to Evans, the name of his stepfather. His family moved to Stockton, California, where he spent most of his youth. After 1946, he lived and worked primarily in New York City. Nickname: Motto: Stocktons Great, Take A Look! Location in San Joaquin County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County San Joaquin Incorporated 1850 Government  - Mayor Edward J. Chavez  - City Manager J. Gordon Palmer, Jr. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Between 1941 and 1948, he worked as an arranger for the Claude Thornhill Orchestra. Evans' modest basement apartment behind a New York City Chinese laundry soon became a meeting place for musicians looking to develop new musical styles outside of the dominant bebop style of the day. Those present included the leading bebop performer Charlie Parker himself. In 1948, Evans, with Miles Davis, Gerry Mulligan, and others, collaborated on a band book for a nonet. The group was booked for a week at the "Royal Roost" as an intermission group on the bill with the Count Basie Orchestra. Capitol Records recorded 12 numbers by the nonet at three sessions in 1949 and 1950. These recordings were reissued on a 1957 Miles Davis LP titled Birth of the Cool. Claude Thornhill (*August 10, 1909 at Terre Haute, Indiana † July 1, 1965, New York City) was an American pianist, arranger and bandleader. ... This article is about the genre of music, for the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles character see Bebop and Rocksteady. ... Charles Bird Parker, Jr. ... Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz musician, widely considered to be one of the most influential of the 20th century. ... Gerald Joseph Gerry Mulligan (April 6, 1927 – January 20, 1996) was an American jazz musician, composer and arranger best known for his baritone saxophone playing. ... In music, a nonet is a composition which requires nine musicians for a performance, or a musical group that consists of nine people. ... William Count Basie (August 21, 1904 – April 26, 1984) was an American jazz pianist, organist, bandleader, and composer. ... Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label, owned by EMI. // The Capitol Records company was founded by the songwriter Johnny Mercer in 1942, with the financial help of movie producer Buddy DeSylva and the business acumen of Glenn Wallichs, (1910-1971) (owner of Music City, at the... Birth of the Cool is an album which collects the twelve sides recorded by the Miles Davis nonet (featuring Gerry Mulligan, Lee Konitz and others) for Capitol Records in 1949 and 1950. ...


Later, while Davis was under contract to Columbia Records, producer George Avakian suggested that Davis work with any of several arrangers. Davis immediately chose Evans. The three albums that resulted from the resulting collaboration are Miles Ahead (1957), Porgy and Bess (1958), and Sketches of Spain (1960). Another collaboration from this period, Quiet Nights (1962) was issued later, against the wishes of Davis, who broke with his then-producer Teo Macero for a time as a result. Although these four records were marketed primarily under Davis's name (and credited to Miles Davis and the Gil Evans Big Band), Evans's contribution was as important as Davis's. Their work coupled Evans's classic big band jazz stylings and arrangements with Davis's solo playing. Evans also contributed behind the scenes to Davis' s classic quintet albums of the 1960s. Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ... George Avakian (born Armavir, Russia, March 15, 1919) is an Armenian-American record producer and executive known particularly for his work with Columbia Records, and his production of albums by Miles Davis and other notable jazz musicians. ... Miles Ahead is a cool jazz album by Miles Davis released in May of 1957. ... Porgy and Bess is a 1958 album by jazz musician Miles Davis which he and Gil Evans arranged from George Gershwins opera Porgy and Bess. ... Sketches of Spain was a 1960 album by Miles Davis, pairing him again with arranger and composer Gil Evans. ... Album cover Quiet Nights is an album recorded in 1962 and 1963 by Miles Davis and Gil Evans. ... Teo Macero (Born October 30, 1925) is a jazz saxophonist and record producer. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ...


From 1957 onwards Evans recorded, under his own name, Big Stuff (1957, aka Gil Evans & Ten), Out Of The Cool (1960), and The Individualism Of Gil Evans (1964). In 1965 he arranged the big band tracks on Kenny Burrell's Guitar Forms album. Evans was quite warm to Latin and Brazilian music. 1966 he recorded a 'special' Latin album with his orchestra, Look To The Rainbow, for the Brazilian singer Astrud Gilberto. Evans toured extensively during 1972-87, performing frequently in European concerts and festivals, and traveling twice to Japan, once with Jaco Pastorius. Kenneth Earl Burrell (born July 31, 1931 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American jazz guitarist. ... Astrud Gilberto Astrud Gilberto (born March 29, 1940) is a Brazilian singer best known for her samba and bossa nova music, most famously as the vocalist on the Grammy Award winning song The Girl from Ipanema. // Astrud Gilberto was born Astrud Weinert the daughter of a Brazilian mother and a... John Francis Anthony Jaco Pastorius III (December 1, 1951 – September 21, 1987) was an American jazz musician and composer widely acknowledged for his virtuosity of the fretless bass,[1][2] as well as his command of varied musical styles. ...


For a man of his generation and training, Evans was surprisingly open to new directions in popular music. In the 1970s, following Davis and many other jazz musicians, Evans worked in the free jazz and jazz-rock idioms, gaining a new generation of admirers. Evans had a particular interest in the work of rock guitarist Jimi Hendrix. It is believed that Hendrix's 1970 death made impossible a scheduled meeting with Evans to discuss having Hendrix front a big band led by Evans. In 1975, he released an album of his arrangements of music by Hendrix. In 1986, Evans produced and arranged the soundtrack to the film of the Colin MacInnes book Absolute Beginners (film), therefore working with such contemporary artists as Sade Adu, Patsy Kensit's Eight Wonder, The Style Council, Jerry Dammers, Smiley Culture, Edward Tudor-Pole, and, notably, David Bowie. In 1987, Evans recorded a live CD with Sting, featuring big band arrangements of songs by and with The Police. This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Jazz fusion (sometimes referred to simply as fusion) is a musical genre that loosely encompasses the merging of jazz with other styles, particularly rock, funk, R&B, and world music. ... Jimi Hendrix (November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American guitar virtuoso, singer and songwriter. ... Colin MacInnes (1914–1976) was an English novelist. ... Absolute Beginners is a 1986 slick mod-stylish rock musical movie adapted from Colin MacInnes book Absolute Beginners about life in late 1950s London. ... Helen Folasade Adu (born 16 January 1959), MBE, known professionally as Sade (IPA pronunciation: ), is a Nigerian-born Grammy Award-winning English soul, jazz, R&B, and adult contemporary singer, songwriter, composer, and record producer, noted for her soulful, smoky contralto. ... Patricia Jude Frances Kensit (born 4 March 1968 in Hounslow, Middlesex) is an English actress and singer, and is also well-known for her three celebrity marriages. ... The Style Council were an English musical group formed in 1983 by ex-The Jam singer and guitarist Paul Weller with keyboardist Mick Talbot. ... Jerry Dammers (born Jeremy Dammers on 22 May 1955, in Ootacamund, India) was the founder and keyboard player of the Coventry-based ska band, The Specials (later changed to The Special A.K.A.). He also contributed in founding the 2 Tone record label, which helped to popularize the new... Smiley Culture - real name David Emmanuel - is a British reggae singer and DJ. Although his period of fame and success was brief, he did produce two of the most memorable reggae singles of the 1980s, in which he displayed a remarkable verbal dexterity. ... Edward Tudor-Pole (born December 6, 1955 in London) is an English musician, singer (as Eddie Tenpole) and actor. ... David Bowie (IPA: []) (born David Robert Jones on 1947 January 8) is an English singer, songwriter, actor, multi-instrumentalist, producer, arranger and audio engineer. ... This article is about the musician. ... This article is about the rock band. ...


In the early 1980s the Gil Evans Orchestra was booked into the Sweet Basil jazz club (Greenwich Village, New York) by jazz producer and Sweet Basil owner Horst Liepolt. This turned out to be a regular Monday night engagement for Evans for six years and also resulted in the release of a number of successful albums by Gil Evans and the Monday Night Orchestra (produced by Horst Liepolt). One of these albums, Bud and Bird, won the Grammy award for Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Big Band in 1989. Horst Liepolt (b. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Grammy Award for Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album has been presented since 1961. ...


Evans died in the same Mexican city as Charles Mingus. Charles Mingus (April 22, 1922 – January 5, 1979) was an American jazz bassist, composer, bandleader, and occasional pianist. ...


Discography

  • Gil Evans and Ten (1957) !
  • New Bottles, Old Wine (1958) (with Julian Cannonball Adderley)
  • Great Jazz Standards (1959)
  • Out of the Cool (1960) !
  • Into the Hot (1961). While this album was credited to the Gil Evans Orchestra, it in fact consisted of original material by Cecil Taylor and John Carisi, with no actual Evans involvement.
  • The Individualism of Gil Evans (1964) !
  • Verve Jazz Masters 23: Gil Evans (1963–1964)
  • Guitar Forms (1965) (with Kenny Burrell)
  • Look To The Rainbow (1966) (with Astrud Gilberto)
  • Svengali (1973)
  • Plays the Music of Jimi Hendrix (1975) !
  • There Comes a Time (1975)
  • Little Wing (1978)
  • Live at the Public Theater Volume 1 & 2 (1980)
  • Live at Sweet Basil (1984–1986)
  • Farewell (1986)
  • Bud and Bird (1986) (Grammy award winner 1989)
  • Absolute Beginners (film) film soundtrack (1986)
  • Live at Umbria Jazz: Volume 1 & 2 (1987)
  • 75th Birthday Concert (1987)
  • Paris Blues (1987) (duo with Steve Lacy)
  • Last Session (1987) (with Sting)
  • A Tribute to Gil (1988)

Cannonball Adderley, 1960 Julian Edwin Cannonball Adderley (September 15, 1928 - August 8, 1975), originally from Tampa, Florida, was a jazz alto saxophonist of the small combo era of the 1950s and 1960s. ... Out of the Cool is a 1961 jazz album by the Gil Evans Orchestra. ... Cecil Percival Taylor (born March 15 or March 25, 1929 in New York City) is an American pianist and poet. ... Kenneth Earl Burrell (born July 31, 1931 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American jazz guitarist. ... Astrud Gilberto Astrud Gilberto (born March 29, 1940) is a Brazilian singer best known for her samba and bossa nova music, most famously as the vocalist on the Grammy Award winning song The Girl from Ipanema. // Astrud Gilberto was born Astrud Weinert the daughter of a Brazilian mother and a... Gil Evanss Svengali is a jazz album released in 1973. ... Jimi Hendrix (November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American guitar virtuoso, singer and songwriter. ... Absolute Beginners is a 1986 slick mod-stylish rock musical movie adapted from Colin MacInnes book Absolute Beginners about life in late 1950s London. ... Allen|Henry Red Allen]], George Pops Foster and Zutty Singleton and then with Kansas City jazz players like Buck Clayton, Dicky Wells, and Jimmy Rushing before jumping into the heart of the avant-garde by performing on the debut album of Cecil Taylor, appearing with Taylors groundbreaking quartet at... This article is about the musician. ...

External links

  • Maison du Jazz [1] — L. Cugny: short biography & detailed discography (fr/en)
  • Gil Evans Homepage

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gil Evans - Music Downloads - Online (490 words)
Bio: One of the most significant arrangers in jazz history, Gil Evans' three album-length collaborations with Miles Davis (Miles Ahead, Porgy and Bess and Sketches of Spain) are all considered classics.
Evans had a lengthy and wide-ranging career that sometimes ran parallel to the trumpeter.
Gil Evans, other than sketching out a framework and contributing his keyboard, seemed to let the orchestra largely run itself, inspiring rather than closely directing the music.
Sunnyside Records: Artists: Gil Evans (2140 words)
Evans settled permanently in New York in 1947 and his unusual arrangements for Thornhill began to attract the attention of some of the nascent beboppers of the time, including Miles Davis, John Lewis, and Gerry Mulligan.
Gil Evans was in charge of writing and conducting, and, from time to time, Stan Kenton held the piano chair.
Gil Evans joined him as arranger alongside Bill Borden, and on November 17, for the first time in his career, one of his arrangements was recorded.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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