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Encyclopedia > Gil Amelio
Gil Amelio
Gil Amelio

Gilbert F. Amelio (born March 1, 1943 in New York City) is an American technology executive. He grew up in Miami, Florida, and received a bachelors, masters, and Ph.D. in physics from the Georgia Institute of Technology. Image File history File links Amelio. ... Image File history File links Amelio. ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... The Empire State Building (right) and the Chrysler Building (left) are easily recognized symbols of New York City to the world. ... The Magic City, The American Riviera, The Sixth Borough Location of Miami in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... Doctor of Philosophy, or Ph. ... A black hole concept drawing by NASA. Physics (from the Greek, φυσικός (physikos), natural, and φύσις (physis), nature) is the science of the natural world dealing with the fundamental constituents of the universe, the forces they exert on one another, and the results produced by these forces. ... Georgia Institute of Technology The Georgia Institute of Technology, or Georgia Tech, is located in Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.A. With over 16,000 students, Georgia Tech is one of four public research universities in the University System of Georgia. ...

Contents


Career

Amelio worked at Bell Labs, Fairchild Semiconductor, and the semiconductor division of Rockwell International, but is best remembered as a former CEO of National Semiconductor and Apple Computer. Amelio was CEO of National Semiconductor from May 27, 1991, to February 2, 1996. During his tenure at NatSemi, Amelio cut costs and returned the company to profitability. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Fairchild Semiconductor introduced the first commercially available integrated circuit (although at almost the same time as one from Texas Instruments), and would go on to become one of the major players in the evolution of Silicon Valley in the 1960s. ... Rockwell International was the ultimate incarnation of a series of companies under the sphere of influence of Willard Rockwell, who had made his fortune after the invention and successful launch of a new bearing system for truck axles in 1919. ... Categories: Electronics companies of the United States | Companies based in California | Corporation stubs ... Apple Computer, Inc. ... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


Apple

In 1994, Amelio joined the Board of Directors of Apple Computer. Upon his resignation from NatSemi, Amelio became Apple CEO on February 2, 1996, succeeding Michael Spindler. His salary was a reported $2.5 million, plus bonuses and a $5 million loan. 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Apple Computer, Inc. ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Michael Spindler (born 1942), nicknamed the Diesel for his reputed around the clock work habits, was president and CEO of Apple Computer from 1993 to 1996. ...


Amelio cited several problems at Apple, including a shortage of cash and liquidity, low-quality products, lack of a viable operating system strategy, undisciplined corporate culture, and fragmentation in trying to do too much and in too many directions.


To address these problems, Amelio cut costs, reduced Apple's work force by one-third, discontinued the Copland operating system project, and oversaw the development of Mac OS 8. To replace Copland and fulfill the need for a next-generation operating system for the Macintosh, Amelio started negotiations to buy Be, Incorporated, makers of BeOS, but negotiations stalled when Be CEO Jean-Louis Gassée wanted $400 million; Apple was unwilling to offer any more than $125 million. In November 1996, Amelio started discussions with Steve Jobs' NeXT, and bought the company on February 4, 1997 for $402 million. NeXT's operating system became the basis for Mac OS X. Amelio later admitted he felt he had overpaid for NeXT. Copland was a project at Apple Computer to create an updated version of the Macintosh operating system. ... Mac OS 8 is a series of versions of the Mac OS that, although they introduced few remarkable new user features, supported a transition through major changes in the Apple Macintosh hardware platform. ... Be, Incorporated was the company that developed the BeOS operating system and BeBox computer. ... BeOS was an operating system for personal computers which began development by Be Incorporated in 1991. ... Jean-Louis Gassée wearing a Be t-shirt Jean-Louis Gassée (born March 1944 in Paris, France) was an executive at Apple Computer from 1981-1990. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Steven Paul Jobs (born February 24, 1955) is the CEO of Apple Computer and a leading figure in the computer industry. ... Look up Next in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Next can refer to: the object which comes after the current object. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mac OS X is the operating system which is included with all shipping Apple Macintosh computers in the consumer and professional markets. ...


During Amelio's tenure, Apple's stock hit a 12-year low, and in the second quarter of 1997, the company lost $708 million. Amelio was widely criticized as lacking vision and marketing ability. Many did not appreciate his "wooziness"(Ed Fullenmauker 1997). Board member Ed Woolard announced his termination on July 4, 1997, and Amelio left the company the next day. He was replaced by Steve Jobs. Lucky for us. July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Steven Paul Jobs (born February 24, 1955) is the CEO of Apple Computer and a leading figure in the computer industry. ...


Since Apple

Since 1998, he has been a venture capitalist focusing on early-stage startups. He is currently Senior Partner at Sienna Ventures in Sausalito, CA.


In Feb 2001 he became CEO of Advanced Communications Technologies, Inc. (ADC). ADC is the US arm of an Australian firm that has developed a product for the wireless communications industry called SpectruCell. SpectruCell supports multiple protocols and is software upgradeable, which is a big boon to that the cell phone market. [1]


Amelio is a former director and chairman of the Semiconductor Industry Association, since 1996 has been an advisor to the Malaysia Multimedia Super Corridor and to Malaysia's Prime Minister. He is a current or past director of AT&T, Pacific Telesis, Chiron, Sematech, the Georgia Tech Advisory Board (as chairman) and the American Film Institute. In Oct 2005 he joined the "board of advisors" to Vanguard PAC. AT&T Inc. ... For current information on this topic, see AT&T. Pacific Telesis Group was one of the seven Regional Bell Operating Companies created after the 1984 breakup of AT&T as a holding company for Pacific Bell and Nevada Bell. ... In Greek mythology, Chiron (hand) — sometimes spelled Cheiron or Kiron — was held as the superlative centaur over his brethren. ... The American Film Institute (AFI) is an independent non-profit organization created by the National Endowment for the Arts, which was established in 1967 when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act. ...


He is an IEEE Fellow, has been awarded 16 patents, and is the author of three books, An American Imperative (1993), Profit from Experience (1995) and On the Firing Line: My 500 Days at Apple (1998), the latter two of which were business best sellers.


External links

  • 500 Days at the Helm: The Rise and Fall of Gil Amelio from Low End Mac
  • Former Apple CEO Gil Amelio Joins Vanguard PAC Board of Advisors news release from Vanguard PAC
Preceded by:
Michael Spindler
Apple CEO
1996-1997
Succeeded by:
Steve Jobs

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gil Amelio - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (644 words)
Amelio was CEO of National Semiconductor from May 27, 1991, to February 2, 1996.
Upon his resignation from NatSemi, Amelio became Apple CEO on February 2, 1996, succeeding Michael Spindler.
Amelio is a former director and chairman of the Semiconductor Industry Association, since 1996 has been an advisor to the Malaysia Multimedia Super Corridor and to Malaysia's Prime Minister.
Gil Amelio - definition of Gil Amelio in Encyclopedia (380 words)
Amelio worked at Bell Labs, Fairchild Semiconductor, and the semiconductor division of Rockwell International, but is best remembered as a former CEO of National Semiconductor and Apple Computer.
Amelio was CEO of National Semiconductor from May 27, 1991 - February 2, 1996.
Amelio cited five problems at Apple: shortage of cash and liquidity; low-quality products; lack of a viable operating system strategy; undisciplined corporate culture; and fragmentation, and trying to do too much and in too many directions.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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