FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
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Encyclopedia > Gigi Gryce

Gigi Gryce (b. George General Grice, Jr. in Pensacola, Florida, November 28, 1925; d. Pensacola, Florida, March 14, 1983) was an American saxophonist, flutist, clarinetist, composer, arranger, and educator. His performing career, though notable, was very short and, in comparison to other musicians of his generation, Gryce's work is little known. Nickname: Location of Pensacola, Florida (top left) Coordinates: Country United States State Florida County Escambia Government  - Mayor John Fogg Area  - City 39. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 14 is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ...

Although primarily a jazz musician, Gryce studied composition with Alan Hovhaness and Daniel Pinkham at the Boston Conservatory following World War II (he entered September 15, 1947 and obtained a Bachelor of Music degree on June 6, 1952). While there composed a number of symphonic compositions. He also studied composition with Madame Margaret Chaloff, the mother of the baritone saxophonist Serge Chaloff. Alan Hovhaness with an Indonesian rebab Alan Hovhaness (March 8, 1911 – June 21, 2000) was an American composer of Armenian and Scottish descent. ... Daniel Rogers Pinkham, Jr. ... The Boston Conservatory is an arts conservatory located in the Back Bay region of Boston, Massachusetts, United States. ... The baritone saxophone, often called bari sax (to avoid confusion with the baritone horn, which is often referred to simply as baritone), is one of the larger and lower pitched members of the saxophone family. ... Serge Chaloff (1923–1957) was an American jazz baritone saxophonist. ...

During the 1950s he achieved some renown for his innovative bebop playing, his primary instrument being the alto saxophone. Among the musicians with whom Gryce performed were Thelonious Monk, Tadd Dameron, Lionel Hampton, Clifford Brown, Art Farmer, and Donald Byrd. Bebop is a form of jazz characterized by fast tempos and improvisation based on harmonic structure rather than melody. ... Thelonious Sphere Monk (October 10, 1917 – February 17, 1982) was a jazz pianist and composer. ... Tadley Ewing Peake (Tadd) Dameron (February 21, 1917 – March 8, 1965) was an American jazz pianist, arranger, and composer. ... Lionel Hampton with George W. Bush Lionel Leo Hampton (April 20, 1908, Louisville, Kentucky – August 31, 2002 New York City), was a jazz bandleader and percussionist. ... Clifford Brown (October 30, 1930 – June 26, 1956) was an influential and highly rated American jazz trumpeter. ... Arthur Stewart (Art) Farmer (August 21, 1928 – October 4, 1999), was an American jazz trumpeter and flugelhorn player. ... Donaldson Toussaint LOuverture Byrd II (born December 9, 1932) is an American jazz and rhythm and blues trumpeter, born in Detroit, Michigan. ...

In the mid-1950s he converted to Islam and adopted the name Basheer Qusim. By the early 1960s he stopped using the name Gigi Gryce and, partly due to personal problems that took their toll on his financial and emotional state, withdrew from performing. During this last period of his life he taught at a series of public schools in Long Island and New York City, and the CES (Community Elementary School) 53 on 168th Street in Bronx, New York, the last school at which Qusim taught, was renamed the Basheer Qusim School in his honor. Map showing Long Island; to the north is Connecticut and to the west are New York City and New Jersey. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Bronx is one of the five boroughs of United States. ... NY redirects here. ...


  • Cohen, Noal, and Michael Fitzgerald (2002). Rat Race Blues: The Musical Life of Gigi Gryce. Foreword by Benny Golson. Berkeley, California: Berkeley Hills Books.]

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