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Encyclopedia > Gift
Love giftMan presents a cut of meat to a youth with a hoop. Athenian red-figure vase, ca. 460 BCE
Love gift
Man presents a cut of meat to a youth with a hoop. Athenian red-figure vase, ca. 460 BCE

A gift or present is the transfer of money, goods, etc., without the direct compensation that is involved in trade, although possibly involving a social expectation of reciprocity, or a return in the form of prestige or power. In many human societies, the act of mutually exchanging gifts contributes to social cohesion. Economists have elaborated the economics of gift-giving into the notion of a gift economy. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (852x1030, 1069 KB) Summary Man presents a cut of meat to a youth, a pederastic love gift. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (852x1030, 1069 KB) Summary Man presents a cut of meat to a youth, a pederastic love gift. ... Ganymede rolling a hoop and bearing aloft a cockerel - a love gift from Zeus (in pursuit, on obverse of vase). ... Economics offers various definitions for money, though it is now commonly defined as any good or token that functions as a medium of exchange that is socially and legally accepted in payment for goods and services and in settlement of debts. ... Property designates those things that are commonly recognized as being the possessions of a person or group. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Face-to-face trading interactions on the New York Stock Exchange trading floor. ... A gift economy is an economic system in which the prevalent mode of exchange is for goods and services to be given without explicit agreement upon a quid pro quo (the Latin term for the concept of a favor for a favor). Typically, this occurs in a cultural context where...


By extension the term gift can refer to anything that makes the other more happy or less sad, especially as a favour, including forgiveness and kindness (even when the other is not kind). “Happy” redirects here. ... Hello this is all crapBold textForgiveness is the mental, emotional and/or spiritual process of ceasing to feel resentment or anger against another person for a perceived offence, difference or mistake, or ceasing to demand punishment or restitution[]. Forgiveness may be considered simply in terms of the person... Look up kindness in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Contents

Presentation

When material objects are given as gifts, in many cultures they are traditionally packaged in some manner. For example, in Western culture, gifts are often wrapped in wrapping paper and accompanied by a gift note which may note the occasion, the giftee's name, and the giver's name. In Chinese culture, red wrapping connotes luck. Love gift Man presents a cut of meat to a youth with a hoop. ... Love gift Man presents a cut of meat to a youth with a hoop. ...


Occasions

Gifts under a Christmas tree.
Gifts under a Christmas tree.

The occasion may be: Image File history File linksMetadata Gifts_xmas. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Gifts_xmas. ...

Love is any of a number of emotions and experiences related to a sense of strong affection or profound oneness. ... Friendship is a term used to denote co-operative and supportive behaviour between two or more humans. ... Thankfulness is an emotion, which involves a feeling of emotional indebtedness towards another person; often accompanied by a desire to thank them, or to reciprocate for a favour they have done for you. ... Piety is a desire and willingness to perform spiritual, often ascetic rituals. ... Alms Bag taken from some Tapestry in Orleans, Fifteenth Century. ... Solidarity in sociology refers to the feeling or condition of unity based on common goals, interests, and sympathies among a groups members. ... The term mutual aid has multiple meanings. ... Look up souvenir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A celebration is a joyous observation on the occasion of a special event: - Personal Level birth, etc. ... A childs first birthday party. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Kwakwakawakw continue the practice of potlatch. ... Christmas is an annual holiday that marks the birth of Jesus of Nazareth. ... A typical depiction of Santa Claus. ... Saint Nicholas (Greek: , Agios Nikolaos, victory of the people) is the common name for Saint Nicholas, Bishop of Myra (in modern day Antalya province, Turkey), who had a reputation for secret gift-giving, but is now commonly identified with Santa Claus. ... Nubian wedding with some international modern touches, near Aswan, Egypt Preparing for the photographs, at a wedding in Thornbury Castle, England A traditional Japanese wedding ceremony A wedding is a ceremony which celebrates the beginning of a marriage. ... The word drink is primarily a verb, meaning to ingest liquids. ... A wedding reception is a party held after the completion of a marriage ceremony. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Childbirth (also called labour, birth, partus or parturition) is the culmination of a human pregnancy with the emergence of a newborn infant from its mothers uterus. ... The term baby can refer to: an infant a very early computer—the Small-Scale Experimental Machine, nicknamed Baby a musician – Brian Williams – who performs under the name Baby. ... To examine somebody or something is to inspect it closely, hence an examination is a detailed inspection or analysis of an object or person. ... Freshman and Sophomore redirect here. ... Fathers Day is a primarily secular holiday inaugurated in the early 20th century to complement Mothers Day in celebrating fatherhood and parenting by males, and to honor and commemorate fathers and forefathers. ... Father with child For other uses, see Father (disambiguation). ... A celebratory cookie. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Tourists sit outside a bar in Chiang Mai, Thailand A Depression-era bar in Louisiana. ... Lagniappe means a little something extra. ...

Kinds of gifts

A gift may either be

  • an ordinary object,
  • an object created for the express purpose of gift exchange, such as the armbands and necklaces in the Trobriand Islands' Kula exchange,
  • an alternative gift such as a donation to a charity in the name of the recipient.

The Trobriand Islands are a 170 mi² archipelago of coral atolls off the eastern coast of New Guinea. ... Look up Kula in Wiktionary, the free dictionary This page is about the ceremonial exchange system Kula. ... Alternative giving or virtual giving is a form of gift giving where the donor, instead of buying a gift for the recipient, makes a donation to a charitable organization in the recipient’s name and the organization provides a certificate or card for the recipient. ... A charitable organization (also known as a charity) is a trust, company or unincorporated association established for charitable purposes only. ...

Religious views

Ritual sacrifices can be seen as return gifts to a deity. Sacrifice can also be seen as a gift from a deity: Lewis Hyde remarks in The Gift that Christianity considers the Incarnation and subsequent death of Jesus to be a "gift" to humankind, and that the Jākata contains a tale of the Buddha in his incarnation as the Wise Hare giving the ultimate alms by offering himself up as a meal for Sakka. (Hyde, 1983, 58-60) Marcus Aurelius and members of the Imperial family offer sacrifice in gratitude for success against Germanic tribes: contemporary bas-relief, Capitoline Museum, Rome For other uses, see Sacrifice (disambiguation). ... Look up deity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Lewis Hyde is a scholar and writer whose scholarly work focuses on the nature of imagination, creativity, and property. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Look up Incarnation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Incarnation, which literally means enfleshment, refers to the conception, and live birth of a sentient creature (generally human) who is the material manifestation of an entity or force whose original nature is immaterial. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Media:Example. ... Alms Bag taken from some Tapestry in Orleans, Fifteenth Century. ... Åšakra (Sanskrit) or Sakka Pāli is the ruler of the Heaven of the Thirty-three gods in Buddhist cosmology. ...


Figurative meaning

A gift can also be a special talent or ability that was not earned through the usual amount of long and difficult practice but instead comes easily to the recipient in a natural way. A person with such a gift is said to be "a natural" or "gifted" in that field of endeavor. A gift, in this sense, can be thought of as being given by God or by nature: a God-given or natural gift received by one at birth. For example, a fluent and entertaining speaker is said to have "the gift of gab". This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ...


Super Powers

The word gift can also be used to describe the powers and abilities of a super-hero. For example, on the CW television series Smallville, Clark Kent's father Jonathan frequently refers to his "gifts," by which he means his invulnerability, super-speed, etc. CW may stand for: The CW Television Network (colloquially The CW), a television network which launched in September 2006 as a merger of both the UPN and The WB networks. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... Smallville is an American television series that follows the adventures of a young Clark Kent (Tom Welling), as a teenager living in Smallville, Kansas, during the years before he becomes Superman. ... For other uses, see Clark Kent (disambiguation). ... Jonathan Kent, also known as Pa Kent, is a fictional character published by DC Comics. ...


See also

Alms Bag taken from some Tapestry in Orleans, Fifteenth Century. ... For the ethical doctrine, see Altruism (ethics). ... For other uses, see Atonement (disambiguation). ... In modern usage, the practice of charity means the giving of help to those in need. ... Debt relief is the partial or total forgiveness of debt, or the slowing or stopping of debt growth, owed by individuals, corporations, or nations. ... Inheritance tax, also known in some countries outside the United States as a death duty and referred to as an estate tax within the U.S, is a form of tax levied upon the bequest that a person may make in their will to a living person or organisation. ... A random act of kindness or RAoK is a selfless act performed by kind people to either help or cheer up a random stranger, for no reason other than to make people happier. ... Some examples of contemporary hong bao designs. ... Regifting is the act of taking a gift thats been given to you, and giving it away to somebody else in the guise of a new gift. ... Look up souvenir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... TANSTAAFL is an acronym for the adage There Aint No Such Thing As A Free Lunch, popularized by science fiction writer Robert A. Heinlein and promulgated in his 1966 novel The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress, which deals with a libertarian utopia. ...

Notes

    Further reading

    Look up gift, giving in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
    • Marcel Mauss and W.D. Halls, Gift: The Form and Reason for Exchange in Archaic Societies, W. W. Norton, 2000, trade paperback, ISBN 0-393-32043-X
    • Lewis Hyde: The Gift: Imagination and the Erotic Life of Property, 1983 (ISBN 0-394-71519-5), especially part I, "A Theory of Gifts", part of which was originally published as "The Gift Must Always Move" in Co-Evolution Quarterly No. 35, Fall 1982.

      Results from FactBites:
     
    NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Gift economy (2136 words)
    A gift economy is sometimes referred to as a "sharing economy," although many economists reserve the term "sharing" for the use of a single resource by more than one consumer, such as a commons, a public library, or a shared car.
    That person has received a gift (sobriety) for which he or she feels an obligation; however, instead of doing the necessary labor (the next ten steps) to be in a position to fulfill the obligation, he or she attempts to give that which he or she does not yet possess.
    Gift economies in the form of communal sharing of food were and are almost universally practiced among ancient and modern hunter-gatherer societies, where sharing acts as a safeguard against the possible failure of any individual's daily foraging.
      More results at FactBites »

     
     

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