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Encyclopedia > Giant animal

A giant animal can refer to an entire species which is particularly large, especially when compared to other species in the same family or order. For example, a giant squid is 10 - 13m long, making it the second largest species of squid in existence (the Colossal Squid is larger). In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biodiversity. ... In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is 1) a rank or 2) a taxon in that rank. ... Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Species Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 ?Architeuthis hartingii Verrill, 1875 ?Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 ?Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 ?Architeuthis martensi (Hilgendorf, 1880) ?Architeuthis physeteris (Joubin, 1900) ?Architeuthis sanctipauli (Velain, 1877) ?Architeuthis stockii (Kirk, 1882) Synonyms Architeuthus Steenstrup, 1857 Dinoteuthis More, 1875 Dubioteuthis Joubin, 1900 Megaloteuthis Kent, 1874 Megateuthis Hilgendorf, 1880 Mouchezis... Binomial name Mesonychoteuthis hamiltoni Robson, 1925 The Colossal Squid (Mesonychoteuthis hamiltoni), sometimes called the Antarctic or Giant Cranch Squid, is believed to be the largest squid species, and the only member of the genus Mesonychoteuthis. ...


Alternatively, a giant animal can mean simply an animal which is much larger than other members of its species. For example, a guinea pig which was 14 inches long would be a giant guinea pig. Binomial name Cavia porcellus (Linnaeus, 1758) Guinea pigs (also called cavies) are rodents belonging to the family Caviidae and the genus Cavia, originally indigenous to the Andes. ...


The term 'giant' carries some ambiguitiy; a giant insect is still, compared to a human, rather small. This article is primarily a list of "giant animals" (ranked by maximum size) as measured by their weight, in this case exceeding a short ton (2,000 lb or 910 kg). At this size, they would dwarf a normal person. Trinomial name Homo sapiens sapiens Linnaeus, 1758 Humans, or human beings, are bipedal apes belonging to the mammalian species Homo sapiens (Latin for wise man or knowing man) under the family Hominidae (known as the great apes). ... The short ton is a unit of mass equal to 907. ...

Contents

List of giant animals

Living animals

  • Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus): Large specimens are estimated to weigh at least 220 tons (200 tonnes) and are up to 110 ft (33.3 m).
  • Bowhead Whale (Balaena mysticetus): The biggest whales of this species have exceeded 70 ft (21.2 m), at which size they are estimated to weigh 152 tons (138 tonnes).
  • Pacific Northern Right Whale (Eubalaena japonica): The largest known specimen of this biggest type of right whale was 70 ft (21.2 m) and weighed about 149 tons (135 tonnes).
  • Fin Whale (Balaenoptera physalus): In terms of length, this is the second biggest vertebrate. The top size is 89 ft (27 m) and top weight is 130 tons (118 tonnes).
  • Southern Right Whale (Eubalaena australis): The maximum known size of this species is 65 ft (19.6 m) and about 100 tons (90 tonnes).
  • Atlantic Northern Right Whale (Eubalaena glacialis): The right whales of the North Atlantic are generally smaller, not exceeding 65 ft (19.6 m) and about 100 tons (90 tonnes).
  • Sperm Whale (Physeter macrocephalus): the largest scientifically measured specimen was about 62 ft (18.7 m) and estimated to weigh almost 80 tons (72.5 tonnes), but skull fragments and 19th century reports strongly indicate that this species at one time could grow to more than 80 ft (24 m) long and weigh over 88 tons (80 tonnes).
  • Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae): This species top accurately measured size is 52.5 ft (16 m) and a weight of just over 50 tons (45.3 tonnes), but in the 19th century reports give them a size of up to 65 ft (19.6 m) and 75 tons (68 tonnes).
  • Sei Whale (Balaenoptera borealis): This is a large but slender rorqual, at a top size of 70 ft (21.2 m) and top weight of 50 tons (45.3 tonnes).
  • Bryde's Whale (Balaenoptera brydei): The largest size of this rorqual, one of the smaller species, is 55 ft (16.6 m) long and 40 tons (36 tonnes).
  • Gray Whale (Eschrichtius robustus): Although still very large, this is small for a baleen whale, at a top size of 50 ft (15 m) long and 40 tons (36 tonnes).
  • Whale Shark (Rhincodon typus): This is the largest of all fish, named "whale" due to its dimensions. The largest verified size is 45 ft (13.6 m) long and 22 tons (20 tonnes), but the more reliable reports indicate possible sizes of up to 59 ft (17.8 m) long and 41 tons (37 tonnes).
  • Pygmy Bryde's Whale (Balaenoptera edeni): Some recent texts indicate that this is a distinct species, although traditionally it is considered a small form of the Bryde's Whale. The top size of this creature is about 45 ft (13.6 m) long and 18 tons (16.3 tonnes).
  • Basking Shark (Cetorhinus maximus): Second only to the Whale Shark, suspicuous reports give this a size of up to 50 ft (15 m). However, the largest accurately measured fish was 41 ft (12.4 m) long and 17.6 tons (16 tonnes).
  • Giant Beaked Whale (Berardius bairdii): This is the largest species of beaked whale. The maximum known size is 42 ft (12.7 m) long and 15 tons (13.6 tonnes).
  • Minke Whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata): This was until recently considered the smallest baleen whale, at a top size of 34 ft (10.3 m) long and 14 tons (12.7 tonnes).
  • African Bush Elephant (Loxodonta africana): This is the largest land animal in existence. The largest known specimen was 35 ft (10.6 m) long, from trunk tip to tail tip, 13.8 ft (4.2 m) tall and 13.5 tons (12.2 tonnes).
  • Arnoux’s Beaked Whale (Berardius arnuxii): This species is like a smaller, southern version of the Baird's Beaked Whale. Its maximum size is believed to be about 32.5 ft (9.8 m) long and 12 tons (10.9 tonnes).
  • Killer Whale (Orcinus orca): Despite its name, this is actually the largest species of dolphin. The largest known specimen was just short of 33 ft (10 m) long and weighed 11 tons (10 tonnes).
  • Antarctic Minke Whale (Balaenoptera bonaerensis): Most authorities now consider this to be a separate species from the Minke Whale. The porportions are similar to an average Minke, at up to 31.3 ft (9.5 m) long and 10 tons (9 tonnes).
  • Northern Bottlenose Whale (Hyperoodon ampullatus): Probably the best known of all beaked whales, this is also one of the largest. The top size is 32.5 ft (9.5 m) long and at least 9 tons (8.1 tonnes).
  • Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus): This species usually scales smaller than the African Bush Elephant. The largest measured specimen was 24 ft (7.2 m) long, 11.2 ft (3.4 m) and weighed approximately 8.8 tons (8 tons).
  • Shepherd's Beaked Whale (Tasmacetus shepherdi): Known basically only from washing up shorelines, this big beaked whale has been measured up to 24 ft (7.2 m) long and is estimated to weigh up to 7.1 tons (6.5 tonnes).
  • Southern Bottlenose Whale (Hyperoodon planifrons): This southern species is less known, but is not thought to reach sizes as large as its northern counterpart. The top known length is 25.7 ft (7.8 m) long and the top weigh is estimated at 7 tons (6.3 tonnes).
  • African Forest Elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis): An exceptional specimen of this (now separated) species was 20 ft (6 m) long, 10 ft (3 m) tall and 6.6 tons (6 tonnes). This animal was about twice the weight of most known forest elephants.
  • Southern Elephant Seal (Mirounga leonina): This species is well-named, due to the exceptional large size of the male of the species. The largest individual was 21.3 ft (6.3 m) long and weighed 5.5 tons (5 tonnes).
  • Cuvier's Beaked Whale (Ziphius cavirostris): One of the few beaked whales that can be conspicuous, the top size is about 25 ft (7.5 m) long and at least 5 tons (4.5 tonnes).
  • White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum): This and the following species vie for the title of third largest land animal. The largest species was 15.5 ft (4.6 m) long, 6.6 ft (2 m) tall and weighed about 5 tons (4.5 tonnes).
  • Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius): Exceptional males are about the same size as a White Rhinoceros, at up to 16 ft (4.8 m) long, 5.5 ft (1.66 m) tall and about 5 tons (4.5 tonnes).
  • Short-finned Pilot Whale (Globicephala macrorhynchus): This is a common and huge dolphin. The maximum size is believed to be about 23 ft (7 m) and 4.4 tons (4 tonnes).
  • Pygmy Right Whale (Caperea marginata): This species is now recognized as the smallest baleen whale on earth. The maximum known size is 21.3 ft (6.5 m) long and 4.4 tons (4 tonnes).
  • Northern Elephant Seal (Mirounga angustirostris): Usually bulls of this species scale smaller than the Southern Elephant Seal. However, enormous individuals can be up to nearly 20 ft (6 m) long and 4 tons (3.6 tonnes).
  • Indian Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis): This is the second largest Asian land animal, after the Asian Elephant. The record-sized specimen was nearly 12 ft (3.8 m) long, over 6 ft (1.83 m) tall and weighed about 3.9 tons (3.5 tonnes).
  • Long-finned Pilot Whale (Globicephala melas): This very large kind of dolphin, about the same size as the Short-finned species, can attain a size of up to 21.5 ft (6.5 m) and 3.8 tons (3.5 tonnes).
  • Great White Shark (Carcharodon carcharias): Much speculation has surrounded of the maximum size of this giant shark, for a long time the top size of the species was thought to be 36.5 ft (11 m), but no specimen over 23 ft (7 m) has ever been verified. The heaviest known fish was a 21.5 ft (6.5 m) long specimen weighing 3.7 tons (3.3 tonnes).
  • Strap-toothed Whale (Mesoplodon layardii): The is the largest of the numerous Mesoplodon. This species can grow to be at least 23 ft (7 m) long and 3.3 tons (3 tonnes).
  • Manta Ray (Manta birostris): The largest known specimen of this gentle giant was 25 ft (7.5 m) across its disc, about 16.5 ft (5 m) long and weighed about 3.3 tons (3 tonnes).
  • Giant squid (Architeuthis dux): This is the largest of all known invertebrates. The largest specimen had a mantle of 6.1 m (20 ft) long and a tenancle length of 10.7 m (35 ft), and was estimated at between 2.4 to 2.8 tons (2.2 to 2.5 tonnes).
  • Large-tooth sawfish (Pristis perotteti): The sawfish are little known, in spite of huge sizes. A single record exists of a 2.7 ton (2.4 tonne) fish, at which weight the length must be nearly 30 ft (9 m).
  • Ocean Sunfish (Mola mola): This is the heaviest of all the bony fish. The largest example of this species was 15 ft (4.5 m) across the fins, 11.5 ft (3.5 m) long and weighed 2.5 tons (2.3 tonnes).
  • Javan Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus): This species of rhino can attain a size of up to 10.5 ft (3.2 m) long, 6 ft (1.83 m) tall and a weight of about 2.5 tons (2.3 tonnes).
  • Beluga sturgeon (Huso huso): This extraordinary fish has been recorded at up to nearly 26 ft (7.8 m) long and weighed approximately 2.3 tons (2.1 tonnes).
  • Saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus): This is the largest crocodile and the largest reptile. The largest recorded specimen was 28.3 ft (8.6 m) long and weighed 2.2 tons (2 tonnes).
  • Beluga (Delphinapterus leucas): The largest size that this beloved "white whale" can attain is 20 ft (6 m) and 2.2 tons (2 tonnes).
  • Ginkgo-toothed Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon ginkgodens): This species is large for a Mesoplodon beaked whale. A big example was 17.5 ft (5.3 m) long and weighed 2.2 tons (2 tonnes).
  • Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis): This is the tallest land animal on earth. The maximum size that this species can attain is 19.3 ft (5.8 m) in height and 2.1 tons (1.9 tonnes) in weight.
  • Walrus (Odobenus rosmarus): The top size of this huge creature is about 12 ft (3.6 m) and 2.1 tons (1.9 tonnes).
  • Domestic Cattle (Bos taurus): Usually, domestic cattle are smaller than wild Bos species, but they can sometimes be huge. The largest example was a Chianina bull over 7 ft (2.1 m) tall and weighing over 2 tons (1.8 tonnes).
  • Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis): This is the smallest African rhinoceros, but it is still extremely large. An exceptional male measured 12 ft (3.6 m) long, 6 ft (1.83 m) tall and 2 tons (1.8 tonnes).
  • Narwhal (Monodon monoceros): The maximum size of this whale is 18 ft (5.4 m) long, with the tusk comprising an additional 10 ft (3 m), and a weight of 2 tons (1.8 tonnes).
  • West Indian Manatee (Trichechus manatus): This is now probably the largest remaining member of it's order. Exceptionally, this species can attain a size of 1.8 tons (1.6 tonnes) and nearly 14.8 ft (4.5 m) long.
  • Andrews' Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon bowdoini): The length measurements estimated for the top size of this species are not particularly large, at up to 16 ft (4.9 m) long, but this is very bulky for a beaked whale and can scale up to 1.7 tons (1.5 tonnes).
  • Smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata): This species can reach a length of 25 ft (7.6 m), at which length they probably weigh up to 1.8 tons (1.6 tonnes).
  • Tiger Shark (Galeocerdo cuvier): These impossing predatory fish have been confirmed up to 18 ft (5.4 m) and 1.7 tons (1.5 tonnes), but there is a possibility that this species can exceed 21.5 ft (6.5 m).
  • Gray's Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon grayi): Although it usually scales smaller than most beaked whales, exceptionally large specimens have been recorded. The maximum size is 19 ft (5.7 m) and 1.7 tons (1.5 tonnes).
  • Domestic Horse (Equus caballus): Horses are descended from the largest known species of wild horse. The largest recorded size for this species was a Shire over 7 ft (2.1 m) tall and that weighed about 1.7 tons (1.5 tonnes).
  • Hubbs' Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon carlhubbsi): This beaked whale can reach a length of 18 ft (5.4 m) and a weight of 1.7 tons (1.5 tonnes).
  • Stejneger's Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon stejnegeri): The maximum known size of this whale is 18 ft (5.4 m) and 1.7 tons (1.5 tonnes).
  • True's Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon mirus): A large example of this species was measured at nearly 17.5 (5.3 m) and the weight was 1.5 tons (1.4 tonnes).
  • Longcomb sawfish (Pristis zijsron): These Australian sawfish can attain a size of as much 24 ft (7.3 m) and at least 1.5 tons (1.4 tonnes).
  • Spade Toothed Whale (Mesoplodon traversii): This beaked whale is only known from it's skull. Based on the skull dimensions, this whale is up to 18 ft (5.4 m) long and weigh at least 1.5 tons (1.4 tonnes).
  • Greenland Shark (Somniosus microcephalus): The top size of the huge Arctic sea fish is at least 21 ft (6.4 m) and 1.5 tons (1.4 tonnes), although there is a strong possibility that this species can reach 24 ft (7.2 m).
  • Nile Crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus): These dangerous reptiles can attain enormous sizes. The largest specimen ever measured was 21.5 ft (6.5 m) long, and probably weigh about 1.5 tons (1.4 tonnes).
  • West African Manatee (Trichechus senegalensis): A big manatee of this species can measure to at least 13 ft (4 m) and 1.5 tons (1.4 tonnes).
  • Sowerby's Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon bidens): This medium-sized beaked whale can be almost 18 ft (5.4 m) long and can weigh up to 1.4 tons (1.3 tonnes).
  • Gaur (Bos frontalis): These are the largest living species of wild bovine. They can attain a length of over 11 ft (3.3 m), a height of 7.2 ft (2.2 m) and a weight of 1.4 tons (1.3 tonnes).
  • Pacific sleeper shark (Somniosus pacificus): The North Pacific's replacement for the Greenland Shark, this species is thought to attain a size of as much as 23 ft (7 m), at which length they must weigh about 1.4 tons (1.3 tonnes).
  • Gervais' Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon europaeus): These smallish beaked whales are thought to grow to 17 ft (5.2 m) long and to weight at least 1.4 tons (1.3 tonnes).
  • American Bison (Bison bison): This is the largest surviving land animal in North America. Exceptionally large males can be 11 ft (3.3 m) long, 6.6 ft (2 m) tall and can weigh up to 1.3 tons (1.2 tonnes).
  • Water Buffalo (Bubalus arnee): The wild water buffalo is much larger than it's domestic counterpart. The top known size is 10 ft (3 m) long, 6.2 ft (1.9 m) tall and a weight of 1.3 tons (1.2 tonnes).
  • Yak (Bos mutus): The Yak can be enormous in the wild, and is often twice the size of a domestic yak. Large bulls are up to 10.6 ft (3.2 m) long, 6.7 ft (2 m) tall and 1.3 tons (1.2 tonnes).
  • Perrin's Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon perrini): This is the most-newly discovered beaked whale. It is not thought to grow very large, with an estimated top size of 15 ft (4.5 m) and about 1.2 tons (1.1 tonnes).
  • Domestic Pig (Sus scrofa): While extant wild pigs do not exceed 770 lb (350 kg), domestic ones can grow to enormous porportions. One obese pig, who's belly touched the ground when it stood, was 9 ft (2.7 m) long and weighed 1.2 tons (1.1 tonnes).
  • Kaluga (Huso dauricus): This sturgeon replaces the Beluga sturgeon in the Amur river basin. It can grow nearly as large, at up to 18.5 ft (5.6 m) long and 1.2 tons (1.1 tonnes).
  • Brown Bear (Ursus arctos): Although very variable in size, the largest races of this bear compete for the title of the largest land carnivores. Apparently, exceptional giants have been over 10 ft (3 m) long, 5.6 ft (1.7 m) tall and 1.2 tons (1.1 tonnes).
  • Steller's Sea Lion (Eumetopias jubatus): These solid creatures are the largest species of sea lion. Large males can be up to 11.5 (3.5 m) long and weighed up to 1.2 tons (1.1 tonnes).
  • African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer): The solid, impossing wild cattle of Africa can be nearly 10 ft (3 m) long, 5.9 ft (1.8 m) tall and weigh 1.2 tons (1.1 tonnes).
  • Megamouth Shark (Megachasma pelagios): These fascinating, recently-discovered sharks are quite large, with the biggest one so far known being 16 ft (4.8 m) long and 1.1 tons (1 tonne).
  • Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis): This is the smallest living rhinoceros, although it is still a large animal. The maximum known size is 10.4 ft (3.1 m) long, 5 ft (1.5 m) tall and 1.1 tons (1 tonne).
  • Hector's Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon hectori): This is one of the smallest beaked whales, at up to 14.3 ft (4.3 m) long and 1.1 tons (1 tonne).
  • Dugong (Dugong dugon): A dugong usually ranges smaller than the manatees, but exceptionally large ones can measure up to 13 ft (4 m) long and weigh up to 1.1 tons (1 tonne).
  • Common Eland (Taurotragus oryx): This ox-like herbivore is actually the largest living species of antelope. The maximum size is over 10 ft (3 m) long, 6 ft (1.83 m) tall and 1.1 tons (1 tonne).
  • Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus): These bears compete with larger races of Brown Bear for the title of largest living land carnivore. An exceptionally large male was just over 10 ft (3 m) long, 5.2 (1.6 m) tall and 1.1 tons (1 tonne).
  • Wisent (Bison bonasus): These bison are the largest living land animals in Europe. They are usually lankier and more slender than the American Bison, at up to 10 ft (3 m) long, 6.7 ft (2 m) tall and 1.1 tons (1 tonne).
  • Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus): These endangered creatures can be truly enormous. A large example can be up to 12 ft (3.6 m) long, 7.6 ft (2.4 m) tall and 1.1 tons (1 tonne).
  • Blainville's Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon densirostris): This small beaked whale is up to 15 ft (4.5 m) long and 1.1 tons (1 tonne).
  • Giant Eland (Taurotragus derbianus): Although named the "Giant Eland", this bovid is actually no larger than the Common Eland. The top size is about 9.6 ft (2.9 m) long, 5.8 ft (1.75 m) tall and 1.1 tons (1 tonne).
  • Dromedary Camel (Camelus dromedarius): The dromedary scales just barely smaller than Bactrian camel. The top size is 11.5 ft (3.5 m) long, 7 ft (2 m) tall and 1 ton (0.9 tonne).
  • Black Marlin (Makaira indica)- An enormous fish, this species competes for the title of the largest of the perch-like fish. The largest ones can be up to 16.5 ft (5 m) long and 1 ton (0.9 tonne).
  • Banteng (Bos javanicus): The bateng does not approach the dimensions of some other species, but can be quite bulky. They can range in size up to 7.4 ft (2.25 m) long, 5.5 ft (1.6 m) tall and 1 ton (0.9 tonne) in weight.
  • Atlantic Blue Marlin (Makaira nigricans): This is the larger of the two blue marlins, at up to 16.5 ft (5 m) long and 1 ton (0.9 tonne).
  • Leatherback Sea Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea): A sea turtle, this is easily the largest living species of turtle. The largest known example was almost 9 ft (2.7 m) long and weighed 1 ton (0.9 tonne).
  • Northern Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus): This is the largest and most impressive species of tuna. Huge animals would be considered extraordinary recently, but in the past these tuna could be up to 14 ft (4.2 m) long and weigh up to 1 ton (0.9 tonne).
  • Kouprey (Bos sauveli): These solid wild cattle can range up to a size of 7.4 ft (2.3 m) long, 6.2 ft (1.9 m) tall and a weight to 1 ton (0.9 tonne).

Binomial name Balaenoptera musculus (Linnaeus, 1758) Blue Whale range The Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus) is a marine mammal belonging to the suborder of baleen whales. ... Binomial name Balaena mysticetus Linnaeus, 1758 Bowhead Whale range The Bowhead Whale (Balaena mysticetus), also known as Greenland Right Whale or Arctic Whale, is a marine mammal of the order Cetacea. ... Species  Balaena mysticetus  Eubalaena australis  Eubalaena glacialis  Eubalaena japonica Northern Right Whale range Southern Right Whale range The right whales are marine mammals belonging to the family Balaenidae. ... Binomial name Balaena mysticetus Linnaeus, 1758 Eubalaena australis (Desmoulins, 1822) Range of the Southern Right Whale, Eubalaena australis Eubalaena glacialis (Müller, 1776) Range of the Atlantic Northern Right Whale, Eubalaena glacialis. ... Binomial name Balaenoptera physalus (Linneus, 1758) Fin Whale range The Fin Whale (Balaenoptera physalus), also called the Finback Whale, is a mammal which belongs to the baleen whales suborder. ... Species  Balaena mysticetus  Eubalaena australis  Eubalaena glacialis  Eubalaena japonica Northern Right Whale range Southern Right Whale range The right whales are marine mammals belonging to the family Balaenidae. ... Species  Balaena mysticetus  Eubalaena australis  Eubalaena glacialis  Eubalaena japonica Northern Right Whale range Southern Right Whale range The right whales are marine mammals belonging to the family Balaenidae. ... Binomial name Balaena mysticetus Linnaeus, 1758 Eubalaena australis (Desmoulins, 1822) Range of the Southern Right Whale, Eubalaena australis Eubalaena glacialis (Müller, 1776) Range of the Atlantic Northern Right Whale, Eubalaena glacialis. ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one_fifth of its surface. ... Binomial name Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758 Sperm Whale range (in blue) The Sperm Whale (Physeter macrocephalus) is the largest of all toothed whales and is the largest toothed animal alive, measuring up to 18 metres (60 ft) long. ... Binomial name Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) Humpback Whale range The Humpback Whale, Megaptera novaeangliae, is a mammal which belongs to the baleen whale suborder. ... Binomial name Balaenoptttera borealis Lesson, 1828 Sei Whale range The Sei Whaile or Say Whale, (Balaenoptera borealis) is a big large baleen whale, and as such is one of the stupiest animals in the world. ... Genera Balaenoptera Megaptera Rorquals are the largest group of baleen whales, with nine species in two genera. ... Binomial name Balaenoptera brydei Olsen, 1913 Balaenoptera edeni Anderson, 1879 Brydes Whale range Bryde’s Whales are the least-known and in many ways the most unusual of the rorquals. ... Genera Balaenoptera Megaptera Rorquals are the largest group of baleen whales, with nine species in two genera. ... Binomial name Eschrichtius robustus Lilljeborg, 1861 Gray Whale range The Gray Whale or Grey Whale (Eschrichtius robustus), more recently called the Eastern Pacific Gray Whale, is a whale that travels between feeding and breeding grounds yearly. ... Binomial name Rhincodon typus (Smith, 1828) Range of whale shark The whale shark, Rhincodon typus, is a gentle and slow filter feeding shark that is the largest living fish species. ... A giant grouper at the Georgia Aquarium Fish are aquatic vertebrates that are typically cold-blooded; covered with scales, and equipped with two sets of paired fins and several unpaired fins. ... Binomial name Balaena brydei Binomial name Balaena edeni Brydes Whale range Bryde’s Whales are the least-known and in many ways the most unusual of the rorquals. ... Binomial name Balaenoptera brydei Olsen, 1913 Balaenoptera edeni Anderson, 1879 Brydes Whale range Bryde’s Whales are the least-known and in many ways the most unusual of the rorquals. ... Binomial name Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) The Basking Shark (Cetorhinus maximus), also known as the Bone Shark, is the second largest fish alive, after the Whale Shark. ... Binomial name Rhincodon typus (Smith, 1828) Range of whale shark The whale shark, Rhincodon typus, is a gentle and slow filter feeding shark that is the largest living fish species. ... Binomial name Berardius arnuxii Duvernoy, 1851 Arnouxs Beaked Whale range Berardius bairdii Stejneger, 1883 Bairds Beaked Whale range The genus Berardius contains two species of beaked whale, Bairds Beaked Whale and Arnouxs Beaked Whale. ... Genera Berardius Hyperoodon Indopacetus Mesoplodon Tasmacetus Ziphius A beaked whale is any of at least 20 species of small whale in the family Ziphiidae. ... Binomial name Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacepede, 1804 Balaenoptera bonaerensis Burmeister, 1867 Minke Whale range Antarctic Minke Whale range Dwarf Minke Whale range The Minke Whale or Lesser Rorqual is a marine mammal belonging to the suborder of baleen whales. ... Families Balaenidae Balaenopteridae Eschrichtiidae Neobalaenidae Scientifically known as the Mysticeti, the baleen whales, also called whalebone whales or great whales, form a suborder of the order cetacea. ... Binomial name Loxodonta africana (Blumenbach, 1797) The African Bush Elephant (Loxodonta africana) is the better-known and larger of the two species of African elephants. ... Binomial name Berardius arnuxii Arnouxs Beaked Whale range Binomial name Berardius bairdii Bairds Beaked Whale range The genus Berardius contains two species of beaked whale, Bairds Beaked Whale and Arnouxs Beaked Whale. ... Binomial name Orcinus orca Linnaeus, 1758 Orca range (in blue) The orca (Orcinus orca), commonly known as the killer whale, and sometimes called the grampus, is the largest member of the oceanic dolphin family. ... Genera See article below. ... Binomial name Balaenoptera acutorostrata Binomial name Balaenoptera bonaerensis Minke Whale range Antarctic Minke Whale range Dwarf Minke Whale range The Minke Whale or Lesser Rorqual is a marine mammal belonging to the suborder of baleen whales. ... Binomial name Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacepede, 1804 Balaenoptera bonaerensis Burmeister, 1867 Minke Whale range Antarctic Minke Whale range Dwarf Minke Whale range The Minke Whale or Lesser Rorqual is a marine mammal belonging to the suborder of baleen whales. ... Binomial name Hyperoodon ampullatus (Forster, 1770) Northern Bottlenose Whale range Binomial name Hyperoodon planifrons Flower, 1882 Southern Bottlenose Whale range A bottlenose whale is one of two species of whale in the Ziphid family. ... Genera Berardius Hyperoodon Indopacetus Mesoplodon Tasmacetus Ziphius A beaked whale is any of at least 20 species of small whale in the family Ziphiidae. ... Binomial name Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758 Asian Elephant range The Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus), sometimes known by the name of its nominate subspecies (the Indian Elephant), is one of the three living species of elephant, and the only living species of the genus Elephas. ... Binomial name Loxodonta africana (Blumenbach, 1797) The African Bush Elephant (Loxodonta africana) is the better-known and larger of the two species of African elephants. ... Binomial name Tasmacetus shepherdi Oliver, 1937 Shepherds Beaked Whale range Shepherds Beaked Whale (Tasmacetus shepherdi) also commonly called the Tasman Beaked Whale or simply the Tasman Whale is a cetacean of the family Ziphidae. ... Genera Berardius Hyperoodon Indopacetus Mesoplodon Tasmacetus Ziphius A beaked whale is any of at least 20 species of small whale in the family Ziphiidae. ... Binomial name Hyperoodon ampullatus (Forster, 1770) Northern Bottlenose Whale range Binomial name Hyperoodon planifrons Flower, 1882 Southern Bottlenose Whale range A bottlenose whale is one of two species of whale in the Ziphid family. ... Binomial name Loxodonta cyclotis Matschie, 1900 The African Forest Elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) was until recently considered a subspecies of the African Bush Elephant (Loxodonta africana); however, DNA testing has now shown that there are in fact three extant elephant species: the two African types (formerly considered to be different populations... Binomial name Mirounga leonina Linnaeus, 1758 The Southern Elephant Seal (Mirounga leonina) is one of two species of elephant seal (the other is the Northern Elephant Seal). ... Binomial name Ziphius cavirostris G. Cuvier, 1823 Cuviers Beaked Whale range Cuviers Beaked Whale is the most widely distributed of all the beaked whales. ... Genera Berardius Hyperoodon Indopacetus Mesoplodon Tasmacetus Ziphius A beaked whale is any of at least 20 species of small whale in the family Ziphiidae. ... Binomial name Ceratotherium simum Burchell, 1817 Subspecies Ceratotherium simum simum Ceratotherium simum cottoni The White Rhinoceros or Square-lipped rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) is one of the five species of rhinoceros that still exists and is one of the few megafauna species left. ... Binomial name Hippopotamus amphibius Linnaeus, 1758 The Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), from the Greek ‘ιπποπόταμος (hippopotamos, hippos meaning horse and potamos meaning river), is a large, plant-eating African mammal, one of only two extant, and three or four recently extinct, species in the family Hippopotamidae. ... Binomial name Ceratotherium simum Burchell, 1817 Subspecies Ceratotherium simum simum Ceratotherium simum cottoni The White Rhinoceros or Square-lipped rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) is one of the five species of rhinoceros that still exists and is one of the few megafauna species left. ... Binomial name Globicephala macrorhynchus Short-finned Pilot Whale range Binomial name Globicephala melas Long-finned Pilot Whale range A Pilot Whale is one of two species of cetacean in the genus Globicephala. ... Binomial name Caperea marginata Gray, 1846 Pygmy Right Whale The Pygmy Right Whale (Caperea marginata) is a baleen whale and as such is a marine mammal of the order cetacea. ... Families Balaenidae Balaenopteridae Eschrichtiidae Neobalaenidae Scientifically known as the Mysticeti, the baleen whales, also called whalebone whales or great whales, form a suborder of the order cetacea. ... Binomial name Mirounga angustirostris (Gill, 1866) The Northern Elephant Seal (Mirounga angustirostris) is one of two species of elephant seal (the other is the Southern Elephant Seal). ... Binomial name Mirounga leonina Linnaeus, 1758 The Southern Elephant Seal (Mirounga leonina) is one of two species of elephant seal (the other is the Northern Elephant Seal). ... Binomial name Rhinoceros unicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) The Indian Rhinoceros or the Great One-horned Rhinoceros, Rhinoceros unicornis, is a large mammal found in Nepal and in Assam, India. ... Binomial name Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758 Asian Elephant range The Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus), sometimes known by the name of its nominate subspecies (the Indian Elephant), is one of the three living species of elephant, and the only living species of the genus Elephas. ... Binomial name Globicephala macrorhynchus Short-finned Pilot Whale range Binomial name Globicephala melas Long-finned Pilot Whale range A Pilot Whale is one of two species of cetacean in the genus Globicephala. ... Genera See article below. ... Binomial name Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) Range (in blue) The great white shark (Carcharodon carcharias), also known as white pointer, white shark, or white death, is an exceptionally large lamniform shark found in coastal surface waters in all major oceans. ... Orders Carcharhiniformes Heterodontiformes Hexanchiformes Lamniformes Orectolobiformes Pristiophoriformes Squaliformes Squatiniformes Sharks (superorder Selachimorpha) are fish with a full cartilaginous skeleton[1] and a streamlined body. ... Species See text The mesoplodont whales are the fourteen species of whale that make up the genus Mesoplodon, making it the single largest genus in the cetacean order. ... Species See text The mesoplodont whales are the fourteen species of whale that make up the genus Mesoplodon, making it the single largest genus in the cetacean order. ... Binomial name Manta birostris Dondorff, 1798 The manta ray, or giant manta (Manta birostris), is the largest of the rays, with the largest known specimen having been nearly 76 meters (250 ft) across its pectoral fins (or wings) and weighed in at 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). ... Species Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 ?Architeuthis hartingii Verrill, 1875 ?Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 ?Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 ?Architeuthis martensi (Hilgendorf, 1880) ?Architeuthis physeteris (Joubin, 1900) ?Architeuthis sanctipauli (Velain, 1877) ?Architeuthis stockii (Kirk, 1882) Synonyms Architeuthus Steenstrup, 1857 Dinoteuthis More, 1875 Dubioteuthis Joubin, 1900 Megaloteuthis Kent, 1874 Megateuthis Hilgendorf, 1880 Mouchezis... Invertebrate is a term coined by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck to describe any animal without a spinal column. ... Binomial name Pristis perotteti Müller & Henle, 1841 The large-tooth sawfish, Pristis microdon, is a sawfish of the family Pristidae, found in tropical waters of the north Atlantic and the central Pacific, between latitudes 32° N and 19° S. Its length is up to 6. ... See: Sawfish is a window manager for Unix systems running X. Sawfish is a type of cartilaginous fish. ... Binomial name Mola mola (Linnaeus, 1758) The ocean sunfish (Mola mola) is a unique pelagic fish, perhaps the most massive bony fish in the world (but not the longest one; that honor probably goes to the Oarfish, known as the king of herrings). ... Subclasses Actinopterygii Sarcopterygii Osteichthyes are the bony fish, a group paraphyletic to the land vertebrates, which are sometimes included. ... Binomial name Rhinoceros sondaicus Desmarest, 1822 Javan Rhinoceros Range Subspecies Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis (extinct) Rhinoceros sondaicus sondaicus The Javan Rhinoceros, Rhinoceros sondaicus is one of the rarest and most endangered large mammals anywhere in the world. ... Binomial name Huso huso (Linnaeus, 1758) The beluga (Huso huso) is a species of anadromous fish in the sturgeon family (Acipenseridae) of order Acipenseriformes. ... Binomial name Crocodylus porosus (Schneider, 1801) Range of the Saltwater Crocodile in black The saltwater or estuarine crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) is the largest of all existing reptiles. ... Genera Mecistops Crocodylus Osteolaemus See full taxonomy. ... Orders Procolophonia (extinct) Testudines Araeoscelidia (extinct) Avicephala (extinct) Younginiformes (extinct) Sauropterygia Ichthyosauria (extinct) Placodontia (extinct) Nothosauria (extinct) Plesiosauria (extinct) Sphenodontia Squamata Prolacertiformes (extinct) Archosauria Crurotarsi Order Aetosauria (extinct) Order Phytosauria(extinct) Order Rauisuchia (extinct) Order Crocodilia Ornithodira Pterosauria (extinct) Marasuchus (extinct) Dinosauria Order Saurischia Order Ornithischia(extinct) Reptiles are tetrapods... Binomial name Delphinapterus leucas (Pallas, 1776) Beluga range White Whale redirects here. ... Species See text The mesoplodont whales are the fourteen species of whale that make up the genus Mesoplodon, making it the single largest genus in the cetacean order. ... Species See text The mesoplodont whales are the fourteen species of whale that make up the genus Mesoplodon, making it the single largest genus in the cetacean order. ... Genera Berardius Hyperoodon Indopacetus Mesoplodon Tasmacetus Ziphius A beaked whale is any of at least 20 species of small whale in the family Ziphiidae. ... Binomial name Giraffa camelopardalis Linnaeus, 1758 The Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) is an African even-toed ungulate mammal, the tallest of all land-living animal species. ... Binomial name Odobenus rosmarus (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies Walruses (from Dutch: wal meaning shore, and r(e)us meaning giant) are large semi-aquatic mammals that live in the cold Arctic seas of the Northern Hemisphere. ... Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... Species Bos aegyptiacus B. frontalis B. grunniens B. javanicus B. sauveli B. taurus Bos is the genus of wild and domestic cattle or oxen. ... Chianina is a breed of cattle. ... Binomial name Diceros bicornis Linnaeus, 1758 Subspecies Diceros bicornis michaeli Diceros bicornis longipes Diceros bicornis minor Diceros bicornis bicornis The Black Rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis also colloquially Black Rhino is a mammal in the order Perissodactyla, native to the eastern and central areas of Africa including Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, South Africa... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ... Binomial name Monodon monoceros Linnaeus, 1758 Narwhal range The Narwhal (Monodon monoceros) is an Arctic species of cetacean with a body similar to that of a Beluga whale and Irrawaddy Dolphin. ... Pacific Walrus at Cape Peirce A tusk is an extremely long tooth of certain mammals that protrudes when the mouth is closed. ... Binomial name Trichechus manatus Linnaeus, 1758 A group of three West Indian manatees. ... Binomial name Mesoplodon bowdoini Andrews, 1908 Andrews Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon bowdoini), sometimes known as the Deep-crest Beaked Whale or Splay Toothed Whale, is one of the most poorly known members of a poorly known genus. ... Binomial name Pristis pectinata Latham, 1794 The smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata, is a sawfish of the family Pristidae, found in shallow subtropical waters circumglobally, between latitudes 44° N and 37° S. Its length is up to 7. ... Binomial name Galeocerdo cuvier Péron & Lesueur 1822 Tiger shark range The tiger shark, Galeocerdo cuvier, one of the largest sharks, is the only member of the genus Galeocerdo. ... Binomial name Mesoplodon grayi von Haast, 1876 Grays Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon grayi), sometimes known as Haasts Beaked Whale or the Scamperdown Whale is one better known members of the genus Mesoplodon. ... horse, see Horse (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... Shire draft horse The shire horse is a breed of draft horse. ... Binomial name Mesoplodon carlshubbi Sowerby, 1963 Hubbs Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon carlshubbi) was initially thought to be an Andrews Beaked Whale when discovered by icthyologist Carl Hubbs, however it was named in his honor when it was discovered to be a new species. ... Genera Berardius Hyperoodon Indopacetus Mesoplodon Tasmacetus Ziphius A beaked whale is any of at least 20 species of small whale in the family Ziphiidae. ... Species See text The mesoplodont whales are the fourteen species of whale that make up the genus Mesoplodon, making it the single largest genus in the cetacean order. ... Species See text The mesoplodont whales are the fourteen species of whale that make up the genus Mesoplodon, making it the single largest genus in the cetacean order. ... Binomial name Pristis zijsron Bleeker, 1851 The longcomb sawfish, Pristis zijsron, is a sawfish of the family Pristidae, found in tropical waters of the Indo-West Pacific oceans, from the Red Sea and east Africa to Papua New Guinea, north to southern China, and south to New South Wales, Australia... See: Sawfish is a window manager for Unix systems running X. Sawfish is a type of cartilaginous fish. ... Binomial name Mesoplodon traversii Gray, 1874 The Spade Toothed Whale (Mesoplodon traversii) was a name given to a jaw found in Pitt Island, New Zealand in 1872, which was eventually lumped in with Layards Beaked Whales. ... Binomial name Somniosus microcephalus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 Range of the Greenland shark The Greenland shark, Somniosus microcephalus, also known as the sleeper shark, gurry shark, ground shark or grey shark, is a large shark native to the waters of the North Atlantic Ocean around Greenland and Iceland. ... The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border Satellite image of the Arctic surface The Arctic is the area around the Earths North Pole, opposite the Antarctican area around the South Pole. ... Binomial name Crocodylus niloticus (Laurenti, 1768) The Nile crocodile is one of the 3 species of crocodiles found in Africa, and one of the largest species of crocodile. ... Binomial name Trichechus senegalensis Link, 1795 The West African Manatee Trichechus senegalensis is a species of manatee, and is the least studied of the sirenians. ... Species See text The mesoplodont whales are the fourteen species of whale that make up the genus Mesoplodon, making it the single largest genus in the cetacean order. ... Binomial name Bos gaurus H. Smith, 1827 The Gaur (Bos gaurus, previously Bibos gauris) is a large, dark-coated ox of the hilly areas of South Asia and Southeast Asia, which may be found wild or domesticated. ... Tribes Bovini Boselaphini Strepsicerotini The biological subfamily Bovinae includes a diverse group of about 24 medium-sized to large ungulates, including domestic cattle, bison, the Water Buffalo, the Yak, and the four-horned and spiral-horned antelopes. ... Binomial name Somniosus pacificus Bigelow & Schroeder, 1944 The Pacific sleeper shark, Somniosus pacificus, is a sleeper shark of the family Dalatiidae, found circumglobally on continental shelves and slopes in temperate waters between latitudes 70° N and 47° S, from the surface to 2,000 m. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Somniosus microcephalus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 Range of the Greenland shark The Greenland shark, Somniosus microcephalus, also known as the sleeper shark, gurry shark, ground shark or grey shark, is a large shark native to the waters of the North Atlantic Ocean around Greenland and Iceland. ... Species See text The mesoplodont whales are the fourteen species of whale that make up the genus Mesoplodon, making it the single largest genus in the cetacean order. ... Binomial name Bison bison (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies B. b. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... Binomial name Bubalus bubalis (Kerr, 1792) The Water Buffalo is a very large ungulate and a member of the bovine subfamily. ... Binomial name Bos grunniens Linnaeus, 1766 Subspecies Bos grunniens grunniens Bos grunniens mutus The yak (Bos grunniens) is a long-haired humped domestic bovine found in Tibet and throughout the Himalayan region of south central Asia, as well as in Mongolia. ... Species See text The mesoplodont whales are the fourteen species of whale that make up the genus Mesoplodon, making it the single largest genus in the cetacean order. ... Binomial name Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 Synonyms Sus domesticus The domestic pig (Sus scrofa domesticus) is usually given the scientific name Sus scrofa, though some authors call it , reserving for the wild boar. ... Konstantin Tsiolkovsky State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics in Kaluga, built in 1967 Kaluga (Калу́га in Russian) is a city in central Russia on the Oka River 188 km southwest of Moscow, administrative center of Kaluga Oblast. ... Binomial name Huso huso (Linnaeus, 1758) The beluga (Huso huso) is a species of anadromous fish in the sturgeon family (Acipenseridae) of order Acipenseriformes. ... Binomial name Ursus arctos Linnaeus, 1758 Ursus arctos range map. ... Binomial name Eumetopias jubatus (Schreber, 1776) The Stellers sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus), also known as the Northern Sea Lion, is a sea lion of the temperate eastern Pacific, named by Georg Steller. ... Genera Eumetopias Zalophus Otaria Neophoca Phocarctos Hundreds of California Sea Lions sunbathing on Pier 39 in San Francisco. ... Binomial name Syncerus caffer (Sparrman, 1779) Subspecies The African Buffalo or Cape Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) is a bovid from the family of the Bovidae. ... Binomial name Megachasma pelagios Taylor, Compagno and Struhsaker, 1983 The Megamouth Shark (Megachasma pelagios) is an extremely rare and unusual species of shark, discovered in 1976, with 36 specimens known to be caught or sighted as of 2006. ... Binomial name Dicerorhinus sumatrensis Fischer, 1814 Subspecies Dicerorhinus sumatrensis harrissoni Dicerorhinus sumatrensis sumatrensis Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis The Sumatran Rhinoceros, Dicerorhinus sumatrensis is the smallest extant rhinoceros species, as well as the one with the most fur, which allows it to survive at very high altitudes in Borneo and Sumatra. ... Genera Ceratotherium Dicerorhinus Diceros Rhinoceros Coelodonta (extinct) Elasmotherium (extinct) Height Comparison of Extant Rhinoceros Species. ... Binomial name Mesoplodon hectori Gray, 1871 Hectors Beaked Whale (Mesoplodon hectori) is a small Mesoplodont living in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Binomial name Dugong dugon (Müller, 1776) Dugongs (Dugong dugon) are the smallest members of the order Sirenia (which also includes the manatees and Stellers Sea Cow), with adults generally growing to less than 3 meters long. ... Species Trichechus inunguis Trichechus manatus Trichechus senegalensis Manatees (family Trichechidae, genus Trichechus) are large aquatic mammals sometimes known as sea cows. ... Binomial name Taurotragus oryx Pallas, 1766 The Common Eland (Taurotragus oryx) is a savannah and plain antelope found in East and Southern Africa. ... Genera Aepyceros Alcelaphus Antidorcas Antilope Cephalophus Connochaetes Damaliscus Gazella Hippotragus Kobus Madoqua Neotragus Oreotragus Oryx Ourebia Pantholops Procapra Sylvicapra Taurotragus Tragelaphus and others Antelopes are a polyphyletic group of herbivorous African and Asian animals of the family Bovidae, distinguished by a pair of hollow horns on their heads. ... Binomial name Ursus maritimus Phipps, 1774 The polar bear (Ursus maritimus), also known as the white bear, northern bear, or sea bear, is a large bear native to the Arctic. ... Binomial name Ursus arctos Linnaeus, 1758 Ursus arctos range map. ... Binomial name Bison bonasus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Wisent or European Bison (Bison bonasus) (IPA: ) is a bison species and the heaviest land animal in Europe. ... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... Binomial name Bison bison (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies B. b. ... Binomial name Camelus bactrianus Linnaeus, 1758 The Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) is a large even-toed ungulate native to the steppes of eastern Asia. ... Species See text The mesoplodont whales are the fourteen species of whale that make up the genus Mesoplodon, making it the single largest genus in the cetacean order. ... A Giant Eland Binomial name Taurotragus derbianus Gray, 1847 The Giant Eland (Taurotragus derbianus also known as the Derby Eland) is an open forest savannah antelope. ... Binomial name Taurotragus oryx Pallas, 1766 The Common Eland (Taurotragus oryx) is a savannah and plain antelope found in East and Southern Africa. ... This article or section may be confusing for some readers, and should be edited to be clearer or more simplified. ... Binomial name Camelus bactrianus Linnaeus, 1758 The Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) is a large even-toed ungulate native to the steppes of eastern Asia. ... Binomial name Makaira indica Cuvier, 1832 The Black Marlin (Makaira indica) is a species of marlin found in tropical and subtropical Indo-Pacific oceans not far from the surface. ... Species P. flavescens (Yellow perch) P. fluviatilis (European perch) P. schrenkii (Balkhash perch) Perca is the genus of fish referred to as perch or yellow perch, a group of freshwater fish belonging to the family Percidae. ... Binomial name Bos javanicus dAlton, 1823 The Banteng (Bos javanicus) is an ox that is found in Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, and Bali. ... Binomial name Makaira nigricans Lacépède, 1802 The Atlantic Blue Marlin (Makaira nigricans) is a species of marlin. ... Binomial name Dermochelys coriacea (Vandelli, 1761) The beautiful Leatherback Sea Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) is the biggest of all living turtles, reaching a length of over 2. ... Suborders Cryptodira Pleurodira See text for families. ... Binomial name Thunnus thynnus Linnaeus, 1758 The northern bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) is a species of tuna fish, living in both the Western and the Eastern Atlantic Ocean and extending into the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea. ... Species See text Tuna, sometimes called tunafish, are several species of ocean-dwelling fish in the family Scombridae, mostly in the genus Thunnus. ... Binomial name Bos sauveli Urbain, 1937 The Kouprey (Bos sauveli also known as Kouproh) is a wild forest dwelling ox found mainly in northern Cambodia but also believed to be found in southern Laos, western Vietnam, and eastern Thailand. ...

Extinct Animals

Arctodus, also known as the Short-Faced Bear, is a genus of extinct bear. ... Genus Formicium The Formiciinae is a very small fossil subfamily of ant. ... Species Diprotodon opatum Diprotodon minor Diprotodon loderi Diprotodon annextans Diprotodons were the largest marsupials that ever lived. ... Binomial name Megaloceros giganteus (Blumenbach, 1799) The Irish Elk (Megaloceros giganteus or Megaceros, more properly a subgenus[1]) is an huge extinct deer (the largest species of deer to have ever lived) that lived in Eurasia, from Ireland to China, during the Pliocene, Pleistocene, and Holocene epochs. ... Genera Anomalopteryx (bush moa) Euryapteryx Megalapteryx (upland moa) Dinornis (giant moa) Emeus Pachyornis Moa were giant flightless birds native to New Zealand. ... // Binomial name Carcharodon megalodon Agassiz, 1843 The megalodon, Carcharodon megalodon, (from ancient Greek μεγας = big + οδους (genitive οδοντος) = tooth) was a giant prehistoric shark that probably lived between about 16 to 1. ... Species Teleoceras fossiger Teleoceras major Teleoceras is an extinct genus of grazing rhinoceros that lived in North America during the Miocene epoch, around 4. ... This article is about the extinct mammal. ... Megatheriinae were a group of elephant-sized ground sloths that lived from 2 million to 8,000 years ago. ... Binomial name Megalania prisca (Richard Owen, 1860) The Megalania prisca was a giant monitor lizard. ... Binomial name Castoroides ohioensis , Giant beavers (Castoroides ohioensis) were a huge species of rodent, with a length up to 2. ...

Mythological animals

Some giant animals are legends, or are so rare, that they have been seen only by a few people. Still other giant animals are thought to be purely local folklore and myth.


Notable cryptozoological "giants", whose existence remains unproven include: Pen and wash drawing by malacologist Pierre Denys de Montfort, 1801, from the descriptions of French sailors reportedly attacked by a Kraken off the coast of Angola. ...

  • Lusca, Octopus giganteus, a kind of giant octopus, (not to be confused with the North Pacific giant octopus etc. genus Enteroctopus, confirmed species[1], which grow to about thirty feet in length), supposedly live off Bermuda and in blue holes, and which grow over 75 foot long, and are B-movie staples. They are often considered to be the origin of globsters, and in some cases may be misidentified squid. [2]
  • Lake monsters, such as Nessie and Champ
  • Thunderbird
  • Big mystery cats (like the Beast of Bodmin)
  • The Kraken, another mythological giant octopus.
  • Giant Wolf

Disambiguation: Lusca is also part of Dublin The Lusca or colossal octopus (Octopus giganteus) is a kind of hypothesised giant octopus of immense size. ... Beach and surface of the water at Blue Hole Blue Hole is a diving location on west Sinai in the Red Sea. ... The term B-movie originally referred to a film designed to be distributed as the lower half of a double feature, often a genre film featuring cowboys, gangsters or vampires. ... Carcass that washed ashore near St. ... Lake monster is the name given to the phenomenon of large animals being sighted and being supposed to exist in lakes, although their existence has never been confirmed scientifically. ... NESSIE (New European Schemes for Signatures, Integrity and Encryption) was a European research project funded from 2000–2003 to identify secure cryptographic primitives. ... Champ is the name given to a reputed lake monster living in Lake Champlain. ... Depiction of a Thunderbird on a Totem Pole The Thunderbird is a mythical creature common to Native American religion. ... The Beast of Bodmin is a phantom wild cat (or possibly a number of them) which ranges in Cornwall in the United Kingdom. ... Pen and wash drawing by malacologist Pierre Denys de Montfort, 1801, from the descriptions of French sailors reportedly attacked by such a creature off the coast of Angola. ... Amarok is the name of a giant wolf in Inuit mythology. ...

Fictional animals

A Chocobo, as seen in Final Fantasy X A Chocobo is a large fictional emu-like bird that is a staple of the Final Fantasy video game series and has also appeared in several related products and spin-offs including Chocobos Mysterious Dungeon, Chocobo Racing, and the Legend of... Final Fantasy (Japanese: ファイナルファンタジー Fainaru Fantajii) is a popular series of role playing games produced by Square Enix (originally Square Co. ... King Kong battles a pterosaur in the original 1933 version. ... Godzilla, as portrayed during his latest film from the Millennium series. ... Ookondoru (Ö-kondoru), or Kondoru, is a giant condor from the movie, Godzilla vs. ... Moby-Dick[1] is an 1851 novel by Herman Melville. ... Ivysaur ) are one of the 493 fictional species of Pokémon creatures from the multi-billion-dollar[1] Pokémon media franchise—a collection of video games, anime, manga, books, trading cards, and other media created by Satoshi Tajiri. ... Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon, pronounced //, although frequently, and even intentionally mispronounced //), is a multi-billion dollar media franchise, created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996 (it celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006). ... Donphan, (Donfan ドンファン in Japanese, Donphan in German, and Donphan in French), is a fictional character from the Pokémon franchise. ... Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon, pronounced //, although frequently, and even intentionally mispronounced //), is a multi-billion dollar media franchise, created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996 (it celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006). ... Clifford the Big Red Dog is an enduring American childrens book series that began being published in 1963. ... Suicune ) is one of the 493 fictional species of Pokémon creatures from the multi-billion-dollar[1] Pokémon media franchise – a collection of video games, anime, manga, books, trading cards and other media created by Satoshi Tajiri. ... Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon, pronounced //, although frequently, and even intentionally mispronounced //), is a multi-billion dollar media franchise, created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996 (it celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006). ... Articuno , Freezer) is one of the 493 fictional species of Pokémon creatures from the multi-billion-dollar[1] Pokémon media franchise – a collection of video games, anime, manga, books, trading cards and other media created by Satoshi Tajiri. ... Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon, pronounced //, although frequently, and even intentionally mispronounced //), is a multi-billion dollar media franchise, created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996 (it celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006). ... The Helmaroc King, Also known as the Monstrous Helmaroc King is a fictional bird from The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker. ... Legend of Zelda may refer to: The Legend of Zelda, the 1987 Nintendo Entertainment System best seller, and the first game in a very popular, influential video game franchise. ... Éowyn and the Nazgûl by Ted Nasmith In J. R. R. Tolkiens The Lord of the Rings, fell beast is the authors description of the huge flying carrion-eating pterosaur-like creatures on which the Nazgûl rode after being unhorsed at the Ford of Bruinen. ... Dust jacket of the 1968 UK edition The Lord of the Rings is an epic fantasy story by J. R. R. Tolkien, a sequel to his earlier work, The Hobbit. ... Behemoth and Leviathan, an engraving by William Blake For other uses, see Behemoth (disambiguation). ... Moby-Dick[1] is an 1851 novel by Herman Melville. ... Binomial name Toraton bengalensis The toraton is a fictional creature made for the t. ... The Future is Wild was a 2003 television program which used computer-generated imagery to show the possible future of life on Earth. ... The Gannetwhale is a bird created for the film The Future is Wild. ... The Future is Wild was a 2003 television program which used computer-generated imagery to show the possible future of life on Earth. ... Destruction of Leviathan. 1865 engraving by Gustave Doré. Leviathan ( Twisted; coiled, Standard Hebrew Livyatan, Tiberian Hebrew ) was a Biblical sea monster referred to in the Old Testament (Psalms 74:13-14; Job 41; Isaiah 27:1). ... Final Fantasy ) is a series of computer and console role-playing games produced by Square Enix (originally Square Co. ... The official logo for seasons 1 and 2 of the English dub anime and products released at that time. ... The Megasquid The megasquid is 4m tall, 8 tonne terrestrial squid featured on The Future is Wild television series. ... The Future is Wild was a 2003 television program which used computer-generated imagery to show the possible future of life on Earth. ... Binomial name Onychopteryx sudamericanum The carakiller is a giant flightless bird of prey created for the book and film The Future is Wild. ... The Future is Wild was a 2003 television program which used computer-generated imagery to show the possible future of life on Earth. ... Pidgeotto , Pigeon) is one of the 401 fictional species of Pokémon in the Pokémon franchise (a series of video games, anime, manga, trading cards and other media created by Satoshi Tajiri). ... Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon, pronounced //, although frequently, and even intentionally mispronounced //), is a multi-billion dollar media franchise, created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996 (it celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Ice Age (film). ... This article is about a film. ... Diego is a fictional saber-toothed tiger from the 2002 film Ice Age and its 2006 film sequel, Ice Age: The Meltdown. ... This article is about a film. ... Ellie is a fictional woolly mammoth that appears in the 2006 film, Ice Age: The Meltdown. ... This article is about a film. ... Aladdin is an animated television series made by Walt Disney Television which aired from 1994 to 1995, based on the original 1992 feature. ... Gluttonous Kero-chan Cerberus ) is a fictional character in CLAMPs manga and anime series Cardcaptor Sakura. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Bahamuts menu icon in Final Fantasy X. Bahamut is originally a giant aquatic creature in Arabic mythology[1]. Adapted into a summon in the final fantasy series he usually takes form as a huge dragon. ... Final Fantasy (Japanese: ファイナルファンタジー Fainaru Fantajii) is a popular series of role playing games produced by Square Enix (originally Square Co. ... Ekans , Arbo) is one of the 416 fictional species of Pokémon in the Pokémon franchise. ... Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon, pronounced //, although frequently, and even intentionally mispronounced //), is a multi-billion dollar media franchise, created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996 (it celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006). ... Jaws is a 1975 horror–thriller film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on Peter Benchleys best-selling novel of the same name. ... Kyogre ) is a mythical creature from the Pokémon franchise. ... Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon, pronounced //, although frequently, and even intentionally mispronounced //), is a multi-billion dollar media franchise, created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996 (it celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006). ... Raikou ) is one of the 493 fictional species of Pokémon from the Pokémon Franchise – a series of video games, anime, manga, books, trading cards and other media created by Satoshi Tajiri. ... Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon, pronounced //, although frequently, and even intentionally mispronounced //), is a multi-billion dollar media franchise, created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996 (it celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006). ... Entei ) is one of the 493 fictional species of Pokémon from the Pokémon franchise - a series of video games, anime, manga, books, trading cards and other media created by Satoshi Tajiri. ... Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon, pronounced //, although frequently, and even intentionally mispronounced //), is a multi-billion dollar media franchise, created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996 (it celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006). ... Monstro is an enormous whale from the Disney film Pinocchio. ... Art by Fritz Kredel (1900-73) The Adventures of Pinocchio (Le Avventure di Pinocchio) is a novel for children by Italian author Carlo Collodi. ... Slaking ) are one of the 493 fictional species of Pokémon creatures from the multi-billion-dollar[1] Pokémon media franchise—a collection of video games, anime, manga, books, trading cards, and other media created by Satoshi Tajiri. ... Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon, pronounced //, although frequently, and even intentionally mispronounced //), is a multi-billion dollar media franchise, created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996 (it celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006). ... An animated illustration of Reptar, as he appeared in Rugrats and All Grown Up!. Reptar is a fictional dinosaur from the American animated television series, Rugrats. ... A Rugrat may also be a pejorative term for a toddler. ... Noctowl (ヨルノズク Yorunozuku in Japanese, Noctuh in German and Noarfang in French) is a fictional character of the Pokémon franchise. ... Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon, pronounced //, although frequently, and even intentionally mispronounced //), is a multi-billion dollar media franchise, created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996 (it celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006). ... Kamacuras first appeared in Son of Godzilla. ... Godzilla, as portrayed during his latest film from the Millennium series. ... Megayanma ) is one of the 493 fictional species of Pokémon creatures from the multi-billion-dollar Pokémon media franchise – a collection of video games, anime, manga, books, trading cards and other media, created by Satoshi Tajiri. ... Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon, pronounced //, although frequently, and even intentionally mispronounced //), is a multi-billion dollar media franchise, created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996 (it celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006). ... Spinarak (イトマル Itomaru in Japanese, Mimigal in French, Webarak in German) is a fictional species from the Pokémon franchise. ... Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon, pronounced //, although frequently, and even intentionally mispronounced //), is a multi-billion dollar media franchise, created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996 (it celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006). ... Free Willy is a 1993 Warner Brothers film about a boy who befriends an orca (killer whale). ... Cretaceous is a fictional character in the film Ice Age: The Meltdown, who was one of the two predators hunting Manny, Ellie, Sid, Diego, Crash, and Eddie. ... This article is about a film. ... A baby Ohmu caressing Nausicaä An Ohmu ) is a fictional terrestrial crustacean from the film and manga Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind, by Hayao Miyazaki. ... Destoroyah in his final form Destoroyah ), alternatively Destroyah or Destroyer, is a kaiju from the 1995 film Godzilla vs. ... Godzilla, as portrayed during his latest film from the Millennium series. ... Mothras larval form (Mothra, 1961) Mothra ) is a kaiju (monster) that has appeared in several Toho tokusatsu films since her introduction in Mothra (1961). ... Jabberwocky is a poem (of nonsense verse) written by Lewis Carroll, and found as a part of his novel Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There (1871). ... John Tenniels illustration for A Mad Tea-Party, 1865 Alices Adventures in Wonderland is a work of childrens literature by the British mathematician and author Reverend Charles Lutwidge Dodgson under the pseudonym Lewis Carroll. ... Koosalagoopagoop (Koos or Koosy for short) is a fictional creature on the animated series Dexters Laboratory. ... Dexters Laboratory (Dexters Lab for short) was an American animated television series created by Genndy Tartakovsky. ... Bomberman is a strategic, maze-based computer and video game franchise originally developed by Hudson Soft. ... Crawdaunt (シザリガー Shizariger in Japanese, Colhomar in French, Krebutack in German) is a fictional character from the Pokémon franchise. ... Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon, pronounced //, although frequently, and even intentionally mispronounced //), is a multi-billion dollar media franchise, created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996 (it celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006). ... Kabutops ) is a fictional character from the Pokémon franchise. ... Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon, pronounced //, although frequently, and even intentionally mispronounced //), is a multi-billion dollar media franchise, created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996 (it celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006). ... From the Digimon series, Whamon is a large aqautic Digimon, who is the NetOceans sworn protector. ... The official logo for seasons 1 and 2 of the English dub anime and products released at that time. ... Lugia ) is a fictional character in the Pokémon franchise. ... Pokémon (ポケモン Pokemon, pronounced //, although frequently, and even intentionally mispronounced //), is a multi-billion dollar media franchise, created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996 (it celebrated its tenth anniversary on February 27, 2006). ...

Evolution

Giant animals can evolve naturally over millions of years, when food sources are plentiful. When the climate is warmer, cold-blooded animals (like lizards), plants, and insects grow larger, while warm-blooded animals (like mammals) shrink. When the climate is colder, such as in the Ice Ages, warm-blooded animals get larger, while cold-blooded animals evolve smaller. Many of the large animals that exist today are leftovers of the hot and cold periods of the earth. Some examples of leftover animals are the crocodile (from the time of dinosaurs) and the polar bear, the world's largest bear today. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... A warm-blooded (homeothermic) animal is one that can keep its core body temperature at a nearly constant level regardless of the temperature of the surrounding environment (that is, to maintain thermal homeostasis) . This can involve not only the ability to generate heat, but also the ability to cool down... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... Genera Mecistops Crocodylus Osteolaemus See full taxonomy. ... Binomial name Ursus maritimus Phipps, 1774 The polar bear (Ursus maritimus), also known as the white bear, northern bear, or sea bear, is a large bear native to the Arctic. ...


See also

The large size of a polar bear allows it to radiate less heat in a cold climate. ... In evolutionary biology, Copes rule states that population lineages tend to increase body size over geological time. ... Megafauna are generally defined as animals that weigh over 500 kg to 1 tonne, i. ... Anna Haining Bates with her parents Gigantism or giantism, (from Greek gigas, gigantos giant) is a condition characterized by excessive height growth. ...

External links

  • Gigantic Animals in Cryptozoology

References

Wood, Animal Facts and Feats, Third Edition, ISBN 0-85112-235-3


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