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Encyclopedia > Gian Carlo Menotti
Gian Carlo Menotti, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1944

Gian Carlo Menotti (July 7, 1911February 1, 2007) was an Italian-born American composer and librettist who wrote the classic Christmas opera Amahl and the Night Visitors among about two dozen other operas intended to appeal to popular taste. He won the Pulitzer Prize for two of them, The Consul (1950) and The Saint of Bleecker Street (1955). He founded the noted Festival dei due mondi (Festival of the Two Worlds) in 1958 and its American counterpart, Spoleto Festival USA, in 1977. Gian Carlo Menotti photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1944 Dec. ... Gian Carlo Menotti photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1944 Dec. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... A libretto is the complete body of words used in an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, sacred or secular oratorio and cantata, musical, and ballet. ... Christmas is an annual holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Italy. ... Amahl and the Night Visitors is an opera in one act by Gian Carlo Menotti on an original English libretto by the composer. ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... The Consul is a 1950 opera with music and libretto by Gian-Carlo Menotti. ... The Saint of Bleecker Street is an opera in three acts by Gian Carlo Menotti to an original English libretto by the composer. ... Cathedral of Santa Maria dellAssunta in Spoleto The Festival dei due Mondi (Festival of Two Worlds) is an annual summer festival in the city of Spoleto, Italy. ... See also: 1957 in music, other events of 1958, 1959 in music, 1950s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 28 - Little Richard begins attending classes at Oakwood College in Huntsville, Alabama February 14 - The Iranian government bans rock & roll because they claim that the form... Spoleto Festival USA is an annual festival of the arts held in Charleston, South Carolina since 1977. ... See also: 1976 in music, other events of 1977, 1978 in music, 1970s in music and the list of years in music // Queens Bohemian Rhapsody is named The Best Single Of The Last 25 Years by BPI. In this year, the St. ...

Contents

Life and career

Born in Cadegliano-Viconago, Italy, Lake Maggiore and the Swiss border, Menotti was the sixth child of Alfonso and Ines Menotti.[1] Menotti began writing songs when he was seven years old, and at eleven wrote both the libretto and music for his first opera, The Death of Pierrot. He began his formal musical training at Milan's Verdi Conservatory in 1923. Country Italy Region Lombardy Province Province of Varese (VA) Mayor Elevation m Area 10. ... This article is about the city in Italy. ... See also: 1922 in music, other events of 1923, 1924 in music and the list of years in music. Events November 19 - At a concert celebrating the 50th anniversery of the union of Buda and Pest (thus creating Budapest), Béla Bartóks Dance Suite and Zoltán Kod...


After the death of his father, Menotti and his mother emigrated to the United States, and he enrolled at Philadelphia's Curtis Institute of Music where he studdied composition under Rosario Scalero.[2] Fellow students at Curtis included Leonard Bernstein and Samuel Barber, the latter became Menotti's partner in life and in work, with Menotti crafting the libretto for Barber's most famous opera, Vanessa, which premiered in 1958, at the Metropolitan Opera. As a student, Menotti spent much of his time with the Samuel Barber's family in Westchester, PA. After graduation, the two men bought a house together in Mount Kisco, New York which they shared for over forty years.[3] It was at Curtis that Menotti wrote his first mature opera, Amelia al Ballo (Amelia Goes to the Ball), to his own Italian text. The Island God (which he suppressed, though its libretto was printed by the Metropolitan Opera and can be found in many libraries) and The Last Savage were the only other operas he wrote in Italian, the rest being in English. Like Wagner, he wrote the libretti of all his operas. His most successful works were composed in the 1940s and 1950s. Menotti also taught at the Curtis Institute of Music. Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... The Curtis Institute of Music is a conservatory in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania that offers courses of study leading to a performance Diploma, Bachelor of Music, Master of Music in Opera, and Professional Studies Certificate in Opera. ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (IPA pronunciation: )[1] (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American conductor, composer, and pianist. ... Samuel Barber, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1944 Samuel Osborne Barber II (March 9, 1910 – January 23, 1981) was an American composer of classical music ranging from orchestral, to opera, choral, and piano music. ... Vanessa is an opera in three acts (originally four acts) by Samuel Barber with a English libretto by Gian Carlo Menotti, based of the story Seven Gothic Tales by Isak Dinesen. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as he later came to call them). ... The Curtis Institute of Music is a conservatory in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania that offers courses of study leading to a performance Diploma, Bachelor of Music, Master of Music in Opera, and Professional Studies Certificate in Opera. ...


In 1958, he founded the Festival of Two Worlds in Spoleto, Italy; he founded its companion festival in Charleston, South Carolina in 1977. For three weeks each summer, Spoleto is visited by nearly a half-million people.[4] These festivals were intended to bring opera to a popular audience and helped launch the careers of such artists as singer Shirley Verrett and choreographers Paul Taylor and Twyla Tharp.[5] He left Spoleto USA in 1993 to take the helm of the Rome Opera. Cathedral of Santa Maria dellAssunta in Spoleto For the Spoleto Festival USA, see Spoleto Festival USA. The Festival dei Due Mondi (Festival of the Two Worlds) is an annual summer festival held in the city of Spoleto, Italy. ... Spoleto (Latin: Spoletium), 42°44′ N 12°44′ E, an ancient town in the Italian province of Perugia in east central Umbria, at 385 meters (1391 ft) above sea-level on a foothill of the Apennines. ... Spoleto Festival USA is an annual festival of the arts held in Charleston, South Carolina since 1977. ... Nickname: Motto: Aedes Mores Juraque Curat (She cares for her temples, customs, and rights) Location of Charleston in South Carolina. ... Shirley Verrett as Eboli in Don Carlo The American opera singer Shirley Verrett (born May 31 circa 1931) is a mezzo-soprano who has enjoyed great fame since the late 1960s, much admired for her radiant voice and great versatility. ... Paul Taylor photo taken by Carl Van Vechten, 1960 Paul Taylor (born July 29, 1930) is one of the foremost American choreographers of the 20th century. ... Twyla Tharp (born July 1, 1941) is an American dancer and choreographer. ... See also: 1993 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 1993 Record labels established in 1993 1990s in music. ... The Teatro dellOpera di Roma (Rome Opera House) is an opera house in Rome, Italy. ...


In 1974, Menotti adopted his long-time partner Francis "Chip" Phelan as his son.[6] In the same year, Menotti bought a Scottish manor, Yester House,[7] the ancestral home of the Marquis of Tweeddale, at the foot of Lammermoor in Scotland. Francis Menotti was born Francis Phelan in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States in 1938. ...


In 1984 Menotti was awarded the Kennedy Center Honor for achievement in the arts, and in 1991 he was chosen Musical America's "Musician of the Year". In addition to composing operas to his own texts, on his own chosen subject matter, Menotti directed most productions of his work. He and partner Barber for a time lived in a home in Westchester County, New York, called "Capricorn". Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... See also: 1991 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 1991 Record labels established in 1991 other events of 1991 list of years in music 1990s in music // 1991 was the year that grunge music made its popular breakthrough. ... Westchester County is a primarily suburban county with about 940,000 residents located in the U.S. state of New York. ...


Menotti died on February 1, 2007 at the age of 95 in a hospital in Monte Carlo, Monaco, where he had a home. He thought it would be "naughty" to die in Monte Carlo. Monte Carlo is a very wealthy section of the city-state of Monaco known for its casino, gambling, beaches, glamour, and sightings of famous people. ...


Compositions

Menotti wrote the libretti for two of Samuel Barber's operas, Vanessa and A Hand of Bridge, as well as revising the latter for Antony and Cleopatra. Amelia was so successful that NBC commissioned an opera specifically for the new medium of radio, The Old Maid and the Thief, which was the first such work ever written for, and performed on the radio[citation needed]. Following this, he wrote a ballet, Sebastian (1944), and a piano concerto (1945) before returning to opera with The Medium and The Telephone, or L'Amour à trois. Vanessa is an opera in three acts (originally four acts) by Samuel Barber with a English libretto by Gian Carlo Menotti, based of the story Seven Gothic Tales by Isak Dinesen. ... A Hand of Bridge, a nine minute opera composed by Samuel Barber with libretto by Gian-Carlo Menotti, is one of the shortest operas that is regularly performed. ... Antony and Cleopatra is an opera in three acts by Samuel Barber. ... NBC (a former acronym for National Broadcasting Company) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... The Old Maid and the Thief is an opera by Italian-American composer Gian Carlo Menotti, written and premiered in 1939. ... Painting of ballet dancers by Edgar Degas, 1872. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... See also: 1944 in music, other events of 1945, she said she hated african americans]] and the List of years in music. ... The Medium is a short (one hour long) two act dramatic opera with words and music by Gian Carlo Menotti. ... The Telephone is an Opera buffa in one act by Italian-American composer Gian Carlo Menotti. ...


His first full-length opera, The Consul, was premiered in 1950. It won both the Pulitzer Prize for Music and the New York Drama Critics' Circle Award for Musical Play of the Year (the latter in 1954). In 1951, Menotti wrote his beloved Christmas opera Amahl and the Night Visitors for the Hallmark Hall of Fame. It was the first opera ever written for television in America,[8] and first aired on Christmas Eve, 1951. It was such a success that it became an annual Christmas tradition. It remains Menotti's most popular work to this day. Menotti won a second Pulitzer Prize for his opera The Saint of Bleecker Street in 1955. The Consul is a 1950 opera with music and libretto by Gian-Carlo Menotti. ... See also: 1949 in music, other events of 1950, 1951 in music, 1950s in music and the list of years in music // Events Malcolm Sargent becomes chief conductor of the BBC Symphony Orchestra. ... The Pulitzer Prize for Music was first awarded in 1943. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... See also: 1950 in music, other events of 1951, 1952 in music, 1950s in music and the list of years in music // Events Johnnie Ray has his first hit record with Cry. ... Amahl and the Night Visitors is an opera in one act by Gian Carlo Menotti on an original English libretto by the composer. ... Hallmark Hall of Fame is a long running anthology program on American television. ... The Saint of Bleecker Street is an opera in three acts by Gian Carlo Menotti to an original English libretto by the composer. ...


Menotti also wrote several ballets and numerous choral works. Of these, the most notable is his cantata The Death of the Bishop of Brindisi, written in 1963. He also wrote a violin concerto, symphonies, and a stage play, The Leper. It was in the field of opera, however, that he made his most notable contributions to American cultural life. A cantata (Italian, sung) is a vocal composition with an instrumental accompaniment and generally containing more than one movement. ... See also: 1962 in music, other events of 1963, 1964 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // January 1 - The Beatles start a 5 day tour in Scotland to support the release of their new single, Love Me Do. January 4 - At Cortina dAmpezzo... The violin is a bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. ...


Chronology

(Source: usopera.com) See also: 1936 in music, other events of 1937, 1938 in music and the list of years in music. Events January 21 - Paul Sacher conducts the world premiere of Béla Bartóks Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta in Basel June 2 - The incomplete version of Alban Berg... The Old Maid and the Thief is an opera by Italian-American composer Gian Carlo Menotti, written and premiered in 1939. ... See also: 1938 in music, other events of 1939, 1940 in music and the list of years in music. Events Publication of Music Here and Now, book by Ernst Krenek March 23 - Béla Bartóks Violin Concerto No. ... See also: 1941 in music, other events of 1942, 1943 in music and the list of years in music. // Events Bunk Johnson makes his first recordings Albums released Holiday Inn - Bing Crosby Top hit records Blues In the Night by Woody Herman Dont sit under the Apple Tree - Andrews... The Medium is a short (one hour long) two act dramatic opera with words and music by Gian Carlo Menotti. ... See also: 1945 in music, other events of 1946, 1947 in music and the list of years in music. // Events February 8 - Béla Bartóks Piano Concerto No. ... The Telephone is an Opera buffa in one act by Italian-American composer Gian Carlo Menotti. ... // August 7 - Carlo Bergonzi makes his professional debut as Schaunard in La Bohème at the Arena Argentina in Catania. ... The Consul is a 1950 opera with music and libretto by Gian-Carlo Menotti. ... See also: 1949 in music, other events of 1950, 1951 in music, 1950s in music and the list of years in music // Events Malcolm Sargent becomes chief conductor of the BBC Symphony Orchestra. ... Amahl and the Night Visitors is an opera in one act by Gian Carlo Menotti on an original English libretto by the composer. ... See also: 1950 in music, other events of 1951, 1952 in music, 1950s in music and the list of years in music // Events Johnnie Ray has his first hit record with Cry. ... The Saint of Bleecker Street is an opera in three acts by Gian Carlo Menotti to an original English libretto by the composer. ... See also: 1953 in music, other events of 1954, 1955 in music, 1950s in music and the list of years in music // Events Frank Sinatra wins the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in From Here To Eternity, 1953; resuscitating his singing career in the process Bing Crosby received a... // January 1 - Blue Suede Shoes is released by Carl Perkins on the Sun Records label. ... Maria Golovin is an opera in three acts by Gian Carlo Menotti to an original English libretto by the composer. ... See also: 1957 in music, other events of 1958, 1959 in music, 1950s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 28 - Little Richard begins attending classes at Oakwood College in Huntsville, Alabama February 14 - The Iranian government bans rock & roll because they claim that the form... See also: 1962 in music, other events of 1963, 1964 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // January 1 - The Beatles start a 5 day tour in Scotland to support the release of their new single, Love Me Do. January 4 - At Cortina dAmpezzo... See also: 1963 in music, other events of 1964, 1965 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 1 - Top of the Pops premieres on BBC television. ... See also: 1967 in music, other events of 1968, 1969 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // January 4 - Guitarist Jimi Hendrix is jailed by Stockholm police, after trashing a hotel room during a drunken fist fight with bassist Noel Redding. ... See also: 1970 in music, other events of 1971, 1972 in music, 1970s in music and the list of years in music // February 8 - Bob Dylans hour-long documentary film, Eat the Document, premieres at New Yorks Academy of Music. ... See also: 1970s in music. ... See also: 1970s in music. ... See also: 1970s in music. ... The Canadian Childrens Opera Chorus (CCOC) was founded in 1968 by Ruby Mercer and Lloyd Bradshaw. ... See also: Musical groups established in 1979 Record labels established in 1979 1979 in music (UK) 1970s in music // Stevie Wonder uses digital audio recording technology in recording his album Journey through the Secret Life of Plants. ... See also: 1982 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 1982 Record labels established in 1982 other events of 1982 list of years in music 1980s in music // January 15 - K.C. and the Sunshine Bands Harry Wayne Casey is seriously injured in an automobile accident in Miami, Florida. ... The Boy Who Grew Too Fast is a one-act opera for young people with music and libretto by Gian-Carlo Menotti. ... See also: Musical groups established in 1986 Record labels established in 1986 1980s in music // January 23 - The first induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Fats Domino, Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis and Elvis Presley) February 11 - Culture Club... See also: other events of 1988 Musical groups established in 1988 Record labels established in 1988 list of years in music 1980s in music // Peter Ruzicka becomes director of the Hamburg State Opera and State Philharmonic Orchestra. ... See also: 1991 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 1991 Record labels established in 1991 other events of 1991 list of years in music 1990s in music // 1991 was the year that grunge music made its popular breakthrough. ... See also: 1993 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 1993 Record labels established in 1993 1990s in music. ...


Books

By Menotti

  • Amahl and the Night Visitors: Vocal Score. G. Schirmer, Inc, 1986. ISBN 0-881-88965-2.
  • The Telephone: Vocal Score. G. Schirmer, Inc, 1986. ISBN 0-793-55370-9.
  • The Medium: Vocal Score. G. Schirmer, Inc, 1986. ISBN 0-793-51546-7.

About Menotti

  • Wlaschin, Ken. Gian Carlo Menotti on Screen: Opera, Dance and Choral Works on Film, Television and Video. McFarland & Company, 1999. Library Binding: ISBN 0-786-40608-9
  • Gruen, John. Menotti: A Biography. Hardcover. Macmillan Pub Co, 1978. ISBN 0-025-46320-9.

References

  1. ^ Time.com, Feb. 1, 2007
  2. ^ http://www.schirmer.com/default.aspx?TabId=2419&State_2872=2&ComposerId_2872=1039
  3. ^ http://www.answers.com/topic/gian-carlo-menotti?cat=entertainment
  4. ^ Time.com, Feb. 1, 2007
  5. ^ Time Magazine, Milestones section, February 19, 2007 issue
  6. ^ http://www.musicianguide.com/biographies/1608003286/Gian-Carlo-Menotti.html
  7. ^ http://www.geo.ed.ac.uk/scotgaz/features/featurefirst281.html
  8. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?view=DETAILS&grid=&xml=/news/2007/02/02/db0201.xml Telegraph obituary. Last accessed 02/02/07

(Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ...

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