FACTOID # 24: Looking for table makers? Head to Mississippi, with an overwhlemingly large number of employees in furniture manufacturing.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Ghost station
S-Bahn station Potsdamer Platz - formerly a ghost station and now reopened.
S-Bahn station Potsdamer Platz - formerly a ghost station and now reopened.

Ghost stations is the usual English translation for the German word Geisterbahnhöfe. This term was used to describe certain stations on Berlin's U-Bahn and S-Bahn metro networks that were closed during the period of Berlin's division during the Cold War. Since then, the term has come to be used to describe any disused station on an underground railway line. Ghost Station (Thai: ) is a 2007 Thai comedy-horror film directed by Yuthlert Sippapak as a spoof of Brokeback Mountain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 222 KB) S-Bahn Berlin, underground station Potsdamer Platz, 2004 by Jcornelius File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ghost station Metadata This file contains additional information... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 222 KB) S-Bahn Berlin, underground station Potsdamer Platz, 2004 by Jcornelius File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ghost station Metadata This file contains additional information... Berlins S-Bahn network The Berlin S-Bahn is a metro system operated by S-Bahn Berlin GmbH, a subsidiary of the Deutsche Bahn. ... Roof of Sony Center. Potsdamer Platz is an important square and traffic intersection in the center of Berlin, Germany, lying about 1 km south of the Brandenburg Gate and the Reichstag (German Parliament Building), and close to the south east corner of the Tiergarten park. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... The Oberbaumbrücke on the U1. ... Berlins S-Bahn network The Berlin S-Bahn is a metro system operated by S-Bahn Berlin GmbH, a subsidiary of the Deutsche Bahn. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Berlin

Background

Unter Den Linden Station Sign - remained unchanged since the 1930's
Unter Den Linden Station Sign - remained unchanged since the 1930's

In August of 1961 the East German government built the Berlin Wall, ending freedom of movement between East and West Berlin. As a result, the Berlin public transit network, which had formerly spanned both halves of the city, was also divided into two. Some U- and S-Bahn lines fell entirely into one half of the city or the other; other lines were divided between the two jurisdictions, with trains running only to the border and then turning back. However, there were three lines—the U-Bahn lines now designated U6 and U8, and the Nord-Süd Bahn on the S-Bahn—that ran for the most part through West Berlin but passed through a relatively short stretch of East German territory in the city centre. These lines continued to be open to West Berliners; however, trains did not stop at most of the stations located within East Berlin, though for technical reasons they did need to slow down significantly while passing through. (Trains did stop at Friedrichstraße, more on which below.) The name Geisterbahnhof was soon understandably applied to these dimly lit, heavily guarded stations by the easterners who watched them pass by out the windows. However, the term was never official; West Berlin subway maps of the period simply labeled these stations "Bahnhöfe, auf denen die Züge nicht halten"—"stations at which the trains do not stop." East Berlin subway maps did not depict Western lines or ghost stations at all. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 800 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 800 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Anthem Auferstanden aus Ruinen Capital East Berlin Language(s) German Government Socialist republic Head of State  - 1949 – 1960 Wilhelm Pieck  - 1960 – 1973 Walter Ulbricht  - 1973 – 1976 Willi Stoph  - 1976 – 1989 Erich Honecker  - 1989 Egon Krenz  - 1989 - 1990 Manfred Gerlach Head of Government  - 1949 – 1964 Otto Grotewohl  - 1964 – 1973 Willi Stoph... East German construction workers building the Berlin Wall, November 20, 1961. ... East Berlin was the name given to the eastern part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... Boroughs of West Berlin West Berlin was the name given to the western part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... U6 is a line on the Berlin U-Bahn Alt-Tegel (S25) Borsigwerke Holzhauser Straße Otisstraße Scharnweberstraße Kurt-Schumacher-Platz Afrikanische Straße Rehberge Seestraße Leopoldplatz (U9) Wedding (S4x) Reinickendorfer Straße Schwartzkopffstraße Zinnowitzer Straße Oranienburger Tor Friedrichstraße (S1) (S2) (S25) (S5) (S7... U8 (Berlin) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Boroughs of West Berlin West Berlin was the name given to the western part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... East Berlin was the name given to the eastern part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... Friedrichstraße - view to north The Friedrichstraße (pronounced in IPA) (Frederick Street) is a major shopping street in (east) central Berlin. ...


The situation described was obviously less than ideal. The lines were a vital part of the West Berlin transit network, but because part of their length lay in East German territory, it was difficult for western support staff to do needed maintenance work on the tracks and tunnels. If a western train broke down in East German territory, then passengers would need to wait for East German border police to appear and escort them out. The East German government occasionally hinted that it might someday block access to the tunnels at the border and run its own service on the East Berlin sections of these lines. However, this awkward status quo persisted for the entire 28-year period of the division of Berlin. Boroughs of West Berlin West Berlin was the name given to the western part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ...


Particular stations

Friedrichstraße station, though served by western lines and located in East German territory, was not a Geisterbahnhof. Instead, it served as a transfer point between U6 and several S-Bahn lines. Western passengers could walk from one platform to another without ever leaving the station or needing to show papers, much like air travellers changing planes at an international airport. Westerners with appropriate papers (visas) could also enter East Berlin here. Friedrichstraße - view to north The Friedrichstraße (pronounced in IPA) (Frederick Street) is a major shopping street in (east) central Berlin. ... U6 could refer to U6 Joint University students of California (加州學聯) U6, Juncus squarrosus - Festuca ovina grassland, one of the calcifugous grassland communities of the British National Vegetation Classification This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Visa or VISA has several meanings: Look up visa in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Visa (document) — a document required to enter a specific country. ...


The Bornholmer Straße station (S-Bahn) was the only ghost station not located in a tunnel. It was situated close to the wall nearby the Bornholmer Straße border crossing. West Berlin trains passed through it without stopping. East Berlin S-Bahn trains passed the same station close by on different tracks. The tracks used by western and eastern trains were sealed off from each other by a tall fence.


Another oddity was Wollankstraße station. Like Bornholmer Straße, it was an S-Bahn stop served by West Berlin trains but located on East Berlin territory just behind the border. However, Wollankstraße was in use and accessible for West Berliners, as one of its exits was open to a West Berlin street; this exit was exactly on the border line, a warning sign next to it informing passengers about the situation. Its other exits towards East Berlin streets were locked.


Reopenings

The first people to enter the ghost stations after the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989 found that they lived up to their name, with the ads and signage on the walls being unchanged since 1961. None of these has been preserved. East German construction workers building the Berlin Wall, November 20, 1961. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ...


The first ghost station to reopen to passenger traffic was Jannowitzbrücke (U8) on November 11 1989, two days after the fall of the wall. It was equipped with a checkpoint within the station akin to Friedrichstraße, where East German customs and border control were provisionally installed. Hand-drawn destination signs were hung up covering the old ones from pre-1961; these signs were both crumbling from age and obviously missing the terminuses of post-1961 line extensions. On December 22, 1989, Rosenthaler Platz (U8) was reopened with a similar provisional checkpoint. U8 is a line on the Berlin U-Bahn Wittenau (S1) Rathaus Reinickendorf Karl-Bonhoeffer-Nervenklinik (S25) Lindauer Allee Paracelsus-Bad Residenzstraße Franz-Neumann-Platz Osloer Straße (U9) Pankstraße Gesundbrunnen (S1) (S2) (S25) (S4x) Voltastraße Bernauer Straße Rosenthaler Platz Weinmeisterstraße Alexanderplatz (U2) (U5) (S5... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The term checkpoint may refer to: A place at which vehicles or pedestrians are stopped in order to enforce laws or security measures. ... Friedrichstraße - view to north The Friedrichstraße (pronounced in IPA) (Frederick Street) is a major shopping street in (east) central Berlin. ... December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... U8 is a line on the Berlin U-Bahn Wittenau (S1) Rathaus Reinickendorf Karl-Bonhoeffer-Nervenklinik (S25) Lindauer Allee Paracelsus-Bad Residenzstraße Franz-Neumann-Platz Osloer Straße (U9) Pankstraße Gesundbrunnen (S1) (S2) (S25) (S4x) Voltastraße Bernauer Straße Rosenthaler Platz Weinmeisterstraße Alexanderplatz (U2) (U5) (S5...


On April 12, 1990, the third station to reopen was Bernauer Straße (U8). As its northern exit was directly on the border, it could be opened with direct access to West Berlin without the need of a checkpoint. Its southern exit towards East Berlin was not reopened until July 1 1990, the same date all the other stations on U6 and U8 were opened without checkpoints, as on this day East Germany adopted the West German currency, allowing all border controls between the two states to be abandoned. is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... The Bernauer StraBe is one of the only three remaining locations of the Berlin wall. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... U6 could refer to U6 Joint University students of California (加州學聯) U6, Juncus squarrosus - Festuca ovina grassland, one of the calcifugous grassland communities of the British National Vegetation Classification This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


On July 2 1990, Oranienburger Straße was the first ghost station on the Nord-Süd-S-Bahn to reopen. On September 1 1990, Unter den Linden and Nordbahnhof were opened following reconstruction works. On December 12 1990, Bornholmer Straße was reopened for West Berlin trains; a second platform for East Berlin trains allowing interchange followed on August 5, 1991. The very last ghost station to reopen was Potsdamer Platz, which opened on March 3, 1992, following an extensive restoration of the entire North-South tunnel. is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The restored New Synagogue on Oranienburger Straße Oranienburger Straße is a street in central Berlin, the capital of Germany. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A view of Unter den Linden, showing the linden trees for which it is named Unter den Linden (in English: Under the Lindens), is a street in the centre of Berlin, the capital of Germany. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Roof of Sony Center. Potsdamer Platz is an important square and traffic intersection in the center of Berlin, Germany, lying about 1 km south of the Brandenburg Gate and the Reichstag (German Parliament Building), and close to the south east corner of the Tiergarten park. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...


In the following years, the city and German government put a great deal of effort into restoring and reunifying the S- and U-Bahn networks in Berlin. The U-Bahn system reached its pre-wall status in 1995 with the reopening of Warschauer Straße on U1. The S-Bahn system reached a preliminary completion in 2002 (with the reopening of the ring), even though there are still disused sections of lines closed in the aftermath of the wall. Decisions on reopening of some of these sections are still to be made. The underground station Warschauer Straße is the eastern terminus of the Berlin U-Bahn line U1. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


List of all ghost stations

Please note that this list only includes those stations in East German territory that western trains passed through without stopping; there were other stations on both sides of the wall that were closed during the division because sections of track were not in use.


Nord-Süd Bahn

U6 The restored New Synagogue on Oranienburger Straße Oranienburger Straße is a street in central Berlin, the capital of Germany. ... A view of Unter den Linden, showing the linden trees for which it is named Unter den Linden (in English: Under the Lindens), is a street in the centre of Berlin, the capital of Germany. ... Roof of Sony Center. Potsdamer Platz is an important square and traffic intersection in the center of Berlin, Germany, lying about 1 km south of the Brandenburg Gate and the Reichstag (German Parliament Building), and close to the south east corner of the Tiergarten park. ... U6 could refer to U6 Joint University students of California (加州學聯) U6, Juncus squarrosus - Festuca ovina grassland, one of the calcifugous grassland communities of the British National Vegetation Classification This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...

  • Schwartzkopffstraße
  • Nordbahnhof (today named Zinnowitzer Straße)
  • Oranienburger Tor
  • Französische Straße
  • Stadtmitte (only U6 station closed; East German U2 trains continued to stop here)

From approximately 1951 - 1971, the Schwartzkopffstraße station bore the name Walter-Ulbricht-Stadion after a nearby stadium named in honor of Walter Ulbricht, then the First Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party (SED) and de facto leader of East Germany. In 1971, when Ulbricht was deposed and replaced by Erich Honecker, the stadium (and station) were renamed Stadion der Weltjugend (Stadium of World Youth). This was despite the fact that the only trains that passed through the station were western and did not stop there. The original name was restored in 1991. Oranienburger Tor is a Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U6. ... Stadtmitte is an Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U2 and the U6. ... U6 could refer to U6 Joint University students of California (加州學聯) U6, Juncus squarrosus - Festuca ovina grassland, one of the calcifugous grassland communities of the British National Vegetation Classification This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... U2 (IPA: /ju. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Telstra Stadium in Sydney, Australia is capable of being converted from a rectangular rugby football field to an oval for cricket and Australian rules football games This article is about the building type. ... Walter Ulbricht (June 30, 1893 – August 1, 1973) was a German communist statesman. ... The party emblem represented the handshake between Communist Wilhelm Pieck and Social Democrat Otto Grotewohl when their parties merged in 1946 The Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) (German: Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands) was the governing party of East Germany from its formation in 1949 until the elections of 1990. ... The correct title of this article is . ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Stadion der Weltjugend was a multi-use stadium in Berlin, Germany. ...


U8 U8 is a line on the Berlin U-Bahn Wittenau (S1) Rathaus Reinickendorf Karl-Bonhoeffer-Nervenklinik (S25) Lindauer Allee Paracelsus-Bad Residenzstraße Franz-Neumann-Platz Osloer Straße (U9) Pankstraße Gesundbrunnen (S1) (S2) (S25) (S4x) Voltastraße Bernauer Straße Rosenthaler Platz Weinmeisterstraße Alexanderplatz (U2) (U5) (S5...

  • Bernauer Straße
  • Rosenthaler Platz
  • Weinmeisterstraße
  • Alexanderplatz (only U8 station closed; East German U2, U5, and S-Bahn trains continued to stop here)
  • Jannowitzbrücke (only U8 station closed; East German S-Bahn trains continued to stop here)
  • Heinrich-Heine-Straße

The Bernauer StraBe is one of the only three remaining locations of the Berlin wall. ... Alexanderplatz from Fernsehturm Alexanderplatz is a large open square and public transport hub in central Berlin, near the Spree river and the Berliner Dom. ... U2 (IPA: /ju. ... USA 3000 Airlines (IATA: U5, ICAO: GWY, and Callsign: Getaway) is an airline headquartered in Newtown Square, Pennsylvania. ...

Other cities

St Marys (Whitechapel Road) tube station shortly after its closure in 1938 There are several dozen permanently closed London Underground stations across the London Underground (tube) network. ... Where Haxo would appear on Paris Metro map if it were open and lines 3bis and 7bis merged into new line 15 (see Future) Graffiti in Haxo station Haxo Haxo Haxo is a ghost station on the Paris Métro. ... Kymlinge is a so-called “ghost station” on the Stockholm Metro. ... Stockholm Metro, Hötorget Station on the green line Rådhuset Station on the blue line Kungsträdgården Station on the blue line T-Centralen, blue line August Strindberg at the Rådmansgatan station on the green line The Stockholm Metro, or Stockholms tunnelbana, is the metro system in...

External links

  • Berlin Metro map, 1961
  • Historic Berlin metro maps (German)

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m