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Encyclopedia > Ghorid

Muhammad of Ghor or Muhammad Ghori (originally named Mu'izz-ad-din) (1162 - 1206) was a Persian conqueror and sultan between 1171 and 1206. Events June 3 - Thomas Becket consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury. ... Events Temujin is proclaimed Genghis Khan of the Mongol people, founding the Mongol Empire Qutb ud-Din proclaims the Mameluk dynasty in India, the first dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. ... Persia and Persian can refer to: the Western name for Iran. ... // Events Saladin abolishes the Fatimid caliphate, restoring Sunni rule in Egypt. ... Events Temujin is proclaimed Genghis Khan of the Mongol people, founding the Mongol Empire Qutb ud-Din proclaims the Mameluk dynasty in India, the first dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. ...


Muhammad was from the region of Ghor in what is now central Afghanistan, which lay on the western boundary of the Ghaznevid empire. Before 1160, the Ghaznevid empire covered an area running from central Afghanistan east to the Punjab, with capitals at Ghazni, a city on the banks of Ghazni river in present-day Afghanistan, and at Lahore in present-day Pakistan. In 1160, the Ghorids conquered Ghazni from the Ghaznevids, and in 1173 Muhammad was made governor of Ghazni. He raided eastwards into the remaining Ghaznevid territory, and invaded Gujarat in the 1180's, but was rebuffed by Gujarat's Solanki rulers. In 1186-7 he conquered Lahore, ending the Ghaznevid empire and bringing the last of Ghaznevid territory under his control. Ghowr province (sometimes spelled Ghor) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. ... The Ghaznavid Empire was a state in the region of todays Afghanistan that existed from 977 to 1186. ... Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 The Punjab (Meaning: Land of five Rivers) (also Panjab, Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬ, Devanagari: पंजाब, Shahmukhi: پنجاب) is a region straddling the border between India and Pakistan. ... This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. ... Lahore (لاةور) is a major city in Pakistan and is the capital of the province of Punjab. ... Events Erik den helige is succeeded by Karl Sverkersson. ... Events Canonization of Saint Thomas a Becket, buried at Canterbury August 9th - Construction starts on the Leaning tower of Pisa Castle at Abergavenny was seized by the Welsh. ... Gujarat (ગુજરાત in Gujarati) is the most industrialized state in India after Maharashtra and is located in western India, bordered by Pakistan to the northwest and Rajasthan to the north. ... The Solanki were a Hindu Rajput dynasty of India, who ruled much of the area that of the present-day state of Gujarat from the 10th to the 13th centuries. ... Events John the Chanter becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Events May 1 - Battle of Cresson - Saladin defeats the crusaders July 4 - Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem, at the Battle of Hattin. ...


In 1191, he invaded the territory of Prithviraj III of Ajmer, who ruled much of present-day Rajasthan and Haryana, but was defeated at Tarain by Govinda-raja of Delhi, Prithviraj's vassal. The following year Muhammad assembled 120,000 horsemen and once again invaded the Kingdom of Ajmer. The Muhammad's army met Prithviraj's army again at Tarain, and this time Muhammad was victorious; Govinda-raja was slain, Prithviraj captured, and Muhammad advanced on Delhi, capturing it soon after. Within a year Muhammad controlled northern Rajasthan and the northern part of the Ganges-Yamuna Doab. Muhammad returned east to Ghazni to deal with the threat to his eastern frontiers from the Turks and Mongols, but his armies, mostly under Turkish generals, continued to advance through northern India, raiding as far east as Bengal. Events May 12 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. ... Prithviraj III (1165?-1192) was a king of the Rajput Chauhan (Chahamana) dynasty. ... Ajmer, or Ajmere, is a city in Indias Rajasthan state. ... Rajasthan (राजस्थान) is the geographically largest state in northwestern India. ... Haryana (हरयाणा) is a state in northwest India. ... Delhi (दिल्ली or Dillī in Hindi and Bengali and دیلی in Urdu) is a term that refers to either the State of Delhi or the National Capital Territory (NCT) of the Republic of India. ... Rajasthan (राजस्थान) is the geographically largest state in northwestern India. ... A Doab, meaning two waters is a term used in India and Pakistan for a tract of land between two confluent rivers. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... A database query syntax error has occurred. ...


Muhammad returned to Lahore after 1200 to deal with a revolt of the Ghakkar tribe in the Punjab. He suppressed the revolt, but was killed during a Ghakkar raid on his camp on the Jhelum River in 1206. Upon his death, his most capable general, Qutb ud-Din Aybak took control of Muhammad's Indian conquests and declared himself the first Sultan of Delhi. Muhammad's former territory in Afghanistan was conquered by the Mongols. Events University of Paris receives charter from Philip II of France Births Matthew Paris, English Benedictine monk and chronicler (approximate date). ... The Jhelum River is the largest and most western of the five rivers of the Punjab province of Pakistan. ... Events Temujin is proclaimed Genghis Khan of the Mongol people, founding the Mongol Empire Qutb ud-Din proclaims the Mameluk dynasty in India, the first dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. ... Qutb-ud-din Aybak was a ruler of Medieval India, the first Sultan of Delhi and founder of the Slave dynasty (also known as the Mamluk dynasty). ... The Delhi Sultanate, or Sulthanath-e-Hind/Sulthanath-e-Dilli refers to the various dynasties that ruled in India from 1210 to 1526. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ghorids - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1036 words)
Ghorid Empire was one of the biggest empires in Asia at one point in time, which had conquered countries like former India, Persia, Central Asia or Turkestan, Part Of Western China.
The Ghorids who delivered the death blow to the Ghaznavids are a classic example of the sometimes independent, sometimes semi-independent local chieftains to which this discussion has referred so often.
By the beginning of the 12th century the Shansabani had extended their authority over the other Ghorid chiefs and their power was such that they stood almost as equals with the Ghaznavids on their southern border and the Seljuks on their northern border.
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