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Encyclopedia > Ghauri (missile)
Function Medium-Range Ballistic Missile MRBM
Contractor Kahuta Research Laboratories (KRL)
Unit cost Unknown
Deployment (Tests) 04/06/1998, 05/25/2002
General characteristics
Engine single stage liquid propellant engine
Launch mass 15,850 kg
Length 15.90 m
Diameter 1.35 m
Wing span Unknown
Speed Unknown
Range 1,300 to 1,800 km
Flying altitude Unknown (Apogee)
Warhead 15 to 35 kT Nuclear
Guidance Inertial
Fuzes NA
Launch platform transporter erector launcher (TEL)

Ghauri is an IRBM acquired by Kahuta Research Laboratories (KRL) of Pakistan in response to the missile program developed by India. The Ghauri has an optimal range of 1,800 km. A Russian SA-4 TEL. Photo by GulfLINK. A Russian SA-8 TELAR. Photo by Naval Expeditionary Warfare Training. ... An intermediate-range ballistic missile, or IRBM, is a ballistic missile with a range of 2750-5500 km or 1719-3437 miles. ... A missile (CE pronunciation: ; AmE: ) is, in general, a projectile—that is, something thrown or otherwise propelled. ...

The Ghauri missile can carry both a conventional and non-conventional payload. It is powered by a liquid propellant engine. Other missiles currently in the service of Pakistan are; Hatf 1A (BRBM), Abdali (SRBM), Ghaznavi (SRBM), Shaheen (IRBM). The Hatf-I is a short-range, road mobile, solid propellant ballistic missile. ... Abdali-I is a short-range ballistic missile (SRBM). ... Ghaznavi is the name given to a North Korean missile acquired by Pakistan. ... The Shaheen missile was developed by National Defence Complex (NDC), a subsidiary of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) which was formed in 1993, under the guidance of Dr. Samar Mubarik Mand. ...

Pakistan has developed a cruise missiles called Babur in response to India's BrahMos cruise missile. The BrahMos cruise missile was the result of collaboration between India and Russia. In the early 1980s China is widely reported to have provided Pakistan with the blueprints for a 1966 design of a U-235 nuclear-implosion device, of the type used in the warhead that China flew on a DF-2A missile during its fourth nuclear test on 27 October 1966. This missile warhead was reported to weigh about 1,300 kilograms with a yield of 12-25 kt. This warhead design would be too large to be carried on an M-11, which does not have the range to reach beyond the Indian Desert to threaten New Delhi or other large population centers. The Ghauri missile represents both an opportunity to use heavier uranium bombs on ballistic missiles, as well as to deliver nuclear warheads to targets across much of India. The Ghauri missile was developed by the Kahuta-based Khan Research Laboratories, led by Dr. A.Q. Khan, which is responsible for uranium weapons development. The Babur missile is the first cruise missile designed and made by Pakistan. ... The BrahMos is a supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft or land. ... The Humayuns Tomb, situated in New Delhi, has an architectural design similar to the Taj Mahal. ... Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan (born 1935, Bhopal, India) is a Pakistani engineer widely regarded as the father of Pakistans nuclear weapons programme. ...

Pakistan has stated that the range and payload capacity of the missile will be upgraded. Pakistan claimed that the missile had "no relevance" to China's M-11 missile, and analysis suggests that it appears to be a derivative of the North Korean Nodong-1 design. [1] North Korea, officially the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK; Korean: Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk; Hangul: 조선민주주의인민공화국; Hanja: 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國), is a country in eastern Asia, covering the northern half of the peninsula of Korea. ... The Nodong-1, sometimes Rodong-1, is a single stage, mobile liquid propellant medium range ballistic missile developed by North Korea. ...

This missile was first named Hataf-V, later the name was changed to Ghauri, which was approved by the prime minister. The missile was named after the 12th century Afghan King Shahabuddin Ghauri who captured western parts of India between 1176 and 1182, and captured northern India by defeating Prithvi Raj Chauhan in 1192. The Ghauri name is thus highly symbolic, as "Prithvi" is the name of the Indian short-range ballistic missiles, and Pakistan's "Ghauri" has a much longer range than the Indian missile. Muhammad of Ghor or Muhammad Ghori (originally named Muizz-ad-din) (1162 - 1206) was a Persian conqueror and sultan between 1171 and 1206. ... Prithviraj III (1165?-1192) was a king of the Rajput Chauhan (Chahamana) dynasty. ...

Ghauri Missile Mockup
Ghauri Missile Mockup

On 06 April 1998 Pakistan carried out a successful flight test of the surface-to-surface Hatf-V (Ghauri) missile with a range of 1,500 kilometers (937 miles) and a payload capacity of 700 kg. The missile was tested to hit a target at a range of 1,100 kilometers. The Ghauri was fired from Malute, near the city of Jhelum in northeastern Pakistan, and impacted the target near the southwestern city of Quetta. This is a distance of only some 700 km, significanly less than the claimed range of up to 1,500 km/930 miles. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Jhelum River is the largest and most western of the five rivers of the Punjab province of Pakistan. ... Quetta (کویتہ) is the capital of the province Balochistan in Pakistan. ...

The Indian Test of the Agni II IRBM was conducted 11 April 1999. Pakistan responded on 14 Apr 1999 with a test firing of its Ghauri II missile from the Jhelum region in northeast Pakistan. The vehicle reportedly struck a target in the Baluchistan desert about 1,100 km. away. It would appear that if the missile was fired directly due east, the effect of the earth's rotation would give it a range of 1,240 km. Fired in a southerly direction towards major urban targets in India, it could reach a range of some 950 km - 1,120 km.

The US-based stratfor.com intelligence consulting company suggested that Pakistan may have test fired a missile (which could be a Ghauri) on 15 August 2000, when India was celebrating Independence Day. Objects streaking through the skies in Balucistan on that day were perhaps Ghauri-III missile tested by Islamabad, or perhaps they were merely a meteor shower.

On May 25, 2002, Pakistan conducted a test of the Ghauri. The test the first of a series of "routine" tests announced by the Pakistani Information Ministry and came as Inidia and Pakistan were involved in a tense standoff over Kashmir.

On May 29, 2004, Pakistan test fired a Hatf V (Ghauri) missile with the test reportedly aimed at improving the technical parameters of missile system.

On 04 June 2004 Pakistan test fired a Hatf V (Ghauri) missile.

On 12 October 2004 Pakistan test fired a Hatf V (Ghauri) missile. India was informed beforehand about the test. A military statement said "Pakistan this morning carried out another successful test of the indigenously produced intermediate range Ballistic Missile Hatf V (Ghauri)... [as] part of a series of tests planned for the Ghauri missile system. ... The test completely validated all the design parametres... "

See also: List of missiles Below is a list of (links to pages on) missiles, sorted alphabetically by name. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Ghauri [Hatf-5] - Pakistan Missile Special Weapons Delivery Systems (1837 words)
The Ghauri was fired from Malute, near the city of Jhelum in northeastern Pakistan, and impacted the target near the southwestern city of Quetta.
This kind of missile warhead tumbling was noted in the ballistic flights of Iraqi's Scud-B, Scud-C/Al-Hussein, Scud-D/Al-Abbas ballistic missiles during the Gulf war.
Pakistan test-fires Ghauri missile By Hasan Akhtar Dawn, April 7, 1998: On 06 April Pakistan carried out a successful flight test of the surface-to-surface Hatf-V (Ghauri) missile with a range of 1,500 kilometres (937 miles) and a payload capacity of 700 kg.
MissileThreat :: Ghauri-3 (897 words)
Pakistan reported in late May 2004 that it would be testing the Ghauri 3 in early June, but instead tested two Hatf-5 missiles, to a range of 1,500 km (932 miles).
The BBC reports that Afghanistan has asked Pakistan to rename three of its missiles, the Haft-2 Abdali, the Ghauri, and the Ghaznavid, which are named after former Muslim conquerors that lived between the 11th and 18th centuries in what is now Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India.
The Ghauri III, said to be capable of carrying nuclear warheads 3,500km, is Pakistan’s longest-range missile.
  More results at FactBites »



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