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Encyclopedia > Ghana Airways
Ghana Airways

Ghana Airways was an airline based at Kotoka International Airport, Accra, Ghana. All operations ceased in 2004 and the company was placed into liquidation. Ghana now has a new national airline, Ghana International Airlines, a partnership between the Government and US-based private investors. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... Kotoka International Airport (IATA: ACC, ICAO: DGAA) in Accra, Ghana is the countrys most important international air facility and has the capacity for large aircraft such as the Boeing 747-400. ... Accra, population 1,970,400 (2005), is the capital of Ghana. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ghana International Airlines (GIA) is the flag carrier airline of Ghana, based in Accra, Ghana. ...

Contents

Code data

“IATA” redirects here. ... The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), an agency of the United Nations, codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. ... Most airlines employ a distinctive and internationally recognised call sign that is normally spoken during airband radio transmissions as a prefix to the flight number. ...

History

The airline was established on 4 July 1958 and started operations on 15 July 1958, taking over the Ghana-based domestic and international services of West African Airways Corporation. Domestic services were discontinued in September 1991. is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ...


In the early 2000s, Ghana Airways chartered Airbus A330 aircraft from Canadian operator SkyService Airlines and McDonnell Douglas MD-11 aircraft from USA operator World Airways to perform part of its North American operations. In late 2003, it suffered from DC-10 aircraft becoming inoperable due to maintenance obligations and as a result was forced to cancel a large segment of its long-range flights until it purchased two ex-Hawaiian Airlines DC-10 aircraft. The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. ... Skyservice Airbus A320. ... The McDonnell Douglas MD-11 is an American three-engine medium to long-range widebody airliner, with two engines mounted on underwing pylons and a third engine at the base of the vertical stabilizer. ... World Airways is an American non-scheduled airline currently headquartered in Peachtree City, Georgia. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Biman Bangladesh Airlines McDonnell Douglas DC-10 The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 is a three-engined long-range airliner, with two engines mounted on underwing pylons and a third engine at the base of the vertical stabilizer. ... Hawaiian Airlines is the 11th largest commercial airline in the United States. ... Biman Bangladesh Airlines McDonnell Douglas DC-10 The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 is a three-engined long-range airliner, with two engines mounted on underwing pylons and a third engine at the base of the vertical stabilizer. ...

McDonnell Douglas DC-10 used by Ghana Airways
McDonnell Douglas DC-10 used by Ghana Airways

On 28 July 2004, Ghana Airways was barred from flying to and from the United States for safety reasons. [1]. On 13 August 2004, the board of Ghana Airways was sacked and tickets were no longer sold. [2] Image File history File linksMetadata Ghana. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Ghana. ... DC10 redirects here. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The airline ceased all operations and has since been replaced by Ghana International Airlines, a private-public partnership, as the national carrier of Ghana. Ghana International Airlines (GIA) is the flag carrier airline of Ghana, based in Accra, Ghana. ...


Services

Ghana Airways flew to North America, Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. Destinations it served included: North American redirects here. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...


Africa

[3]

In addition, Ghana Airways planned to fly to the following destinations [28]: Cotonou is the economic capital of Benin, as well as its largest city. ... Goblins rule Ouagadougou is run by goblins who come out at night and the people you see walking around in the town are actually goblins in robotic suits that make them look like people. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the islands in the Atlantic Ocean. ... Las Palmas de Gran Canaria is a Spanish city, the capital city of Gran Canaria one of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean, 210 kilometers located off the northwestern coast of Africa. ... Gran Canaria, rarely Grand Canary (archaic), is the third largest island of the Canary Islands, an archipelago located in the Atlantic Ocean 210 km from the northwest coast of Africa and belonging to Spain. ... Freeway along the Ébrié Lagoon near the Plateau, Abidjans business district and centre of the city. ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... Location of Banjul in The Gambia Street in Banjul city Banjul (formerly Bathurst) is the capital of The Gambia. ... Accra, population 1,970,400 (2005), is the capital of Ghana. ... Kotoka International Airport (IATA: ACC, ICAO: DGAA) in Accra, Ghana is the countrys most important international air facility and has the capacity for large aircraft such as the Boeing 747-400. ... Kumasi is the capital city of the Ashanti region of Ghana. ... Conakry or Konakry (Malinké: KÉ”nakiri) is the capital and largest city of Guinea. ... For alternate meanings, see Monrovia (disambiguation). ... Robertsport is a town in western Liberia, on a peninsula separated from the mainland by Lake Piso. ... View of Bamako Bamako district Bamako, population 1,690,471 (2006), is the capital of Mali, and is the biggest city in the country. ... For other uses, see Lagos (disambiguation). ... (City of Dakar, divided into 19 communes darrondissement) City proper (commune) Région Dakar Département Dakar Mayor Pape Diop (PDS) (since 2002) Area 82. ... For other places with the same name, see Freetown (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city in South Africa. ... Lomé, estimated population 700,000 (1998), is the capital of Togo. ... Motto: Pamberi Nekushandria Vanhu (Forward with Service to the People) Map of Zimbabwe showing the location of Harare. ...

Luanda (formerly called Loanda) is the largest city and capital of Angola. ... For the long-distance runner, see Addis Abebe. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Lusaka is the capital and largest city of Zambia. ...

Asia

Ghana Airways planned to re-start Beirut and fly to Dubai, United Arab Emirates [30]. This article is about the Lebanese city. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq...


Europe

This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... London Heathrow Airport (IATA airport code: LHR, ICAO airport code: EGLL, and often simply Heathrow) is the United Kingdoms busiest and best-connected airport. ... Düsseldorf (IPA: ) is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... LTU Airbus A330-200 aircraft at DUS Düsseldorf International Airport (German: ) (IATA: DUS, ICAO: EDDL), is the third largest airport in Germany with 16. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Location within Switzerland   Zürich[?] (German pronunciation IPA: ; usually spelled Zurich in English) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 366,145 in 2004; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and capital of the canton of Zürich. ...

North America

[40]

In addition, Ghana Airways planned to develop a nonstop Atlanta, Georgia, United States to Accra flight and a Toronto, Ontario, Canada flight to Accra via Dakar [43]. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For the regional airport in Wisconsin, see John F. Kennedy Memorial Airport. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (IATA: BWI, ICAO: KBWI) serves the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area in the United States. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ...


Fleet

Ghana Airways' first aircraft was the Boeing 377 Stratocruiser. The celebrated double-decker operated the airline's inaugural service, between Accra and London, in mid-July 1958. Under a wet lease agreement with B.O.A.C., the British flag carrier supplied aircraft and flight crews, and Stratocruisers undertook all the new airline's long-haul flying until April 1959. In that month, B.O.A.C. turboprop Bristol Britannia 102s took over some of the Accra-London schedules, finally supplanting Stratocruisers altogether at the end of August. Both types were flown in basic B.O.A.C. livery, with the Ghana Airways name and emblem added; at least five different Stratocruisers and six different Britannias were involved at various times. Meanwhile, the airline began domestic and west African regional operations with two new de Havilland Herons and two Douglas C-47/DC-3s purchased from Aden Airways. These were soon followed by two further DC-3s, this time sourced from British European Airways. The Boeing 377 Stratocruiser was the airliner version of the 367 Boeing Stratofreighter, which in turn was the transport version of B-50 Superfortress. ... Accra, population 1,970,400 (2005), is the capital of Ghana. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... A wet lease is any leasing arrangement whereby a company agrees to provide an aircraft and at least one pilot to another company. ... Bristol Britannia was also a car produced by Bristol Cars from 1982 to 1993. ... Rather unusually, these Angels wear white hart (deer) badges, with the personal emblem of King Richard II of England, who commissioned this, the Wilton diptych, about 1400. ... An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... The de Havilland DH.114 Heron was a small, propeller-driven British airliner that first flew on May 10 1950. ... Douglas DC-3 VH-AES at Avalon in 2003. ... Douglas DC-3 VH-AES at Avalon in 2003. ... For other uses of BEA see Bea British European Airways, or BEA, was formed in 1946 by an Act of Parliament. ...


In 1960, Ghana Airways embarked on an extravagant airliner buying spree. It acquired two new Britannias of its own, one series 309 and one 319. Ending the B.O.A.C. contract, Ghana introduced these aircraft on the London route at the end of the year, then used them to inaugurate Accra-Beirut service in 1961. In the same period, the airline started to take delivery of no fewer than eight Ilyushin Il-18s from the Soviet Union. A single Antonov AN-12 also joined the airline, apparently in anticipation of offering cargo service, but in practice the aircraft seldom left the ground. Three brand-new Vickers Viscount 838s were delivered in 1961-62 for medium-range regional services. Meanwhile, the airline had even contracted for two Rolls-Royce-powered Boeing 707-463s and three Vickers VC10s. This article is about the Lebanese city. ... Two Soviet aircraft have shared the designation Ilyushin Il-18. ... The Antonov An-12 (NATO reporting name: Cub) is a four-engined turboprop transport aircraft. ... This article is about transported goods. ... The Viscount was a medium-range turboprop airliner introduced in 1953 by Vickers-Armstrongs, making it the first such aircraft to enter service in the world. ... The Rolls Royce logo Rolls-Royce is a set of several companies, all deriving from the British automobile and aero-engine manufacturing company founded by Henry Royce and C.S. Rolls in 1906. ... The Boeing 707 is an American four-engine commercial passenger jet airliner developed by Boeing in the early 1950s. ... The Vickers VC10 is a British airliner designed and built by Vickers-Armstrongs (Aircraft) Ltd and first flown in 1962. ...


Chastened by the financial mayhem incurred by the over-rapid acquisition of an uncoordinated fleet far too large for its needs, Ghana Airways embraced a more modest approach, beginning by cancelling its 707 order. In 1963-64, the airline returned its Il-18s, which from the start had suffered from atrocious serviceability problems (and for which in any case there was barely any work), to the U.S.S.R.. The AN-12 similarly disappeared. In late 1963, the airline upgraded its Accra-London operation, employing Convair 990As wet-leased from Swissair, incidentally enabling the disposal of one of its Britannias. The Herons left the fleet; one aircraft was cancelled from the VC10 order; and one of the Viscounts was later sold in the U.K. Soviet redirects here. ... NASA Convair 990 The Convair 990 Coronado was a jet airliner produced by the Convair division of General Dynamics, a stretched version of their earlier Convair 880 produced in response to a request from American Airlines. ... Swissair (Swiss Air Transport Company Limited) was the former national airline of Switzerland. ...


The Vickers VC10 entered service in February 1965, replacing the Swissair CV-990As on the U.K. route. However, the network remained insufficient to keep two VC10s economically employed, and in due course Ghana Airways leased the second to Middle East Airlines. While with M.E.A., this aircraft was destroyed in the notorious Israeli commando raid on Beirut airport in December 1968. The Vickers VC10 is a British airliner designed and built by Vickers-Armstrongs (Aircraft) Ltd and first flown in 1962. ... Middle East Airlines (MEA) (Arabic: طيران الشرق الأوسط), also known by its full name Middle East Airlines Air Liban (Arabic: طيران الشرق الأوسط الخطوط الجوية اللبنانية), is the national flag-carrier airline of Lebanon, based in Beirut. ... For other uses, see Commando (disambiguation). ...


By now, the remaining Britannia was spending most of its life on lease to airlines in the U.K.. In 1967, a DC-3 became a casualty of the Biafra War when it was destroyed on the ground at Port Harcourt in Nigeria, and another was lost in 1969 in a forced landing near Takoradi. Ultimately the remaining two DC-3s were disposed of. For domestic and local routes, two new HS.748s came into operation close to the end of the decade. Unfortunately, one was soon written off in another accident, at Accra in January 1971. This article or section should include material from Tenancy agreement A lease is a contract conveying from one person (the lessor) to another person (the lessee) the right to use and control some article of property for a specified period of time (the term), without conveying ownership, in exchange for... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and a member of the European Union. ... The Nigerian Civil War, July 6, 1967 – January 13, 1970, was a political conflict caused by the attempted secession of the southeastern provinces of Nigeria as the self-proclaimed republic of Biafra. ... Port Harcourt is the capital city of Rivers State, Nigeria. ... Sekondi-Takoradi, population 93,822 (1984), is the capital of the Western Region of Ghana. ... The Avro 748 was a small short-range turboprop airliner designed by Avro in the late 1950s as a replacement for the now-aged DC-3s then in widespread service as feederliners. ...


The Britannia was finally retired in 1972, leaving the single remaining VC10 to shoulder all long-haul flying (essentially, connecting Accra with London and one or two other European cities) throughout the 1970s. A single-aircraft fleet has its special difficulties, and at several points four separate Douglas DC-8s were wet-leased from various sources in the U.S.A. to free the VC10 to undertake heavy maintenance. Indeed, during 1975, Ghana Airways evidently discussed with Northwest Airlines the purchase of two of the latter's Boeing 707-351Cs, but no deal was completed. The Douglas DC-8 is a four-engined jet airliner, manufactured from 1958 to 1972. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... Northwest Airlines, Inc. ...


The HS 748 eventually left the fleet. Ghana Airways joined forces with Nigeria Airways to operate west African coastal services, including the Lagos-Accra route, using Ghanaian Viscounts carrying dual titles. When both Viscounts were sold, one other Viscount was leased from Condor Flugdienst in full Ghana Airways livery but retaining its German registration. For the regional network, in the mid-1970s the airline leased a Douglas DC-9-50 from Hawaiian Airlines, replacing it in 1978 with a factory-fresh example of its own. Two Fokker F28s were temporarily leased from the manufacturer, and the airline bought two new examples. Nigeria Airways is the former national airline of Nigeria, founded in 1958 and headquartered in Lagos. ... Condor Airlines was the name of a major German charter airline that also operated some regularly scheduled flights. ... Rather unusually, these Angels wear white hart (deer) badges, with the personal livery of King Richard II of England, who commissioned this, the Wilton diptych, about 1400 A livery is a uniform or other sign worn in a non-military context on a person or object (such as an airplane... In computer vision, sets of data acquired by sampling the same scene or object at different times, or from different perspectives, will be in different coordinate systems. ... The Douglas DC-9 is a twin-engined jet airliner, first manufactured in 1965 and, in much modified form and under a succession of different names. ... Hawaiian Airlines is the 11th largest commercial airline in the United States. ... The Fokker F28 Fellowship is a short range jet airliner designed and built by Dutch aircraft manufacturer, Fokker. ...


On the retirement of its long-serving VC10 in 1980, the airline, in an echo of its beginnings over 20 years earlier, signed a contract with K.L.M. under which the latter assumed the operation of Ghana's European routes using McDonnell Douglas DC-10s, bringing the carrier into the wide-body era. Ghana had ordered a single DC-10, but on completion it remained at the factory for over a year while the airline endeavoured to raise the necessary financing. The aircraft was finally able to enter service in 1983, at which point the K.L.M. agreement ended. DC10 redirects here. ... Wide-body Virgin Atlantic Airbus A340-300 A wide-body aircraft is a large airliner with a fuselage diameter of about 5 to 6 metres and twin aisles. ...


Regional schedules remained primarily with the F28s. In March 1981, yet another accident claimed one of them, and it was subsequently replaced. The airline also purchased two more DC-9-50s on the second-hand market. Meanwhile, the DC-10 proved underutilised, and in 1984 the airline entered an agreement with Caribbean Airways to operate the latter's trans-Atlantic service linking Barbados with London's Gatwick Airport on days when the aircraft was not needed for Ghana's own schedules to Heathrow. The arrangement lasted until 1989. Gatwick Airport (IATA Airport Code: LGW, ICAO Airport Code: EGKK) is Londons second airport and the second largest airport in the UK after Heathrow. ... London Heathrow Airport (IATA airport code: LHR, ICAO airport code: EGLL, and often simply Heathrow) is the United Kingdoms busiest and best-connected airport. ...


Domestic operations were discontinued in the early 1990s, being taken over by the Ghana Air Force using Fokker F27-600 turboprops. In 1994, World Airways supplied one of its MD-11s to supplement the DC-10, and to cover for it during periods of maintenance. Providing a more permanent solution, in May 1996 Skyjet, of Belgium, supplied another DC-10 on lease. The remaining F28s were sold, leaving all regional operations with the small DC-9 fleet, the first of which was written off in a landing accident at Abidjan late in 1997. Meanwhile, Ghana Airways had begun to expand its long-haul network to the United States. This prompted the acquisition of two further DC-10s, which came from Malaysia Airlines in October and December 1999. The poor accident record continued when a further DC-9 crashed in November 2000 at Conakry. The Ghana Air Force (GAF) is the air force of the African nation of Ghana. ... The Fokker F27 Friendship is a turboprop airliner designed and built by the Dutch aircraft manufacturer Fokker. ... World Airways is an American non-scheduled airline currently headquartered in Peachtree City, Georgia. ... Varig MD-11 The McDonnell Douglas MD-11 is a Widebody Trijet powered by three engines. ... Freeway along the Ébrié Lagoon near the Plateau, Abidjans business district and centre of the city. ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS, Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ... Conakry or Konakry (Malinké: Kɔnakiri) is the capital and largest city of Guinea. ...


Unfortunately, the DC-10s began to suffer from constant reliability problems, exacerbated by a lack of cash with which to pay for maintenance, and in 2003 the airline wet-leased a Skyservice Airlines Airbus A330-300 for a short time. Later in the year, it acquired another pair of DC-10s, this time from from Hawaiian Airlines, bringing the wide-body fleet to six, including the leased example. In the meantime, an Airbus A320 had been temporarily leased from Lotus Airlines of Egypt in 2002. Skyservice Airbus A320. ... The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. ... The Airbus A320 family of short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft are manufactured by Airbus S.A.S.. Family members include the A318, A319, A320, and A321, as well as the ACJ business jet. ...


In 2004, amid a deepening financial crisis, Ghana Airways received two ex-Africa One DC-9-50s, which flew in a mixture of their previous operator's colours and Ghana titles. They served only for a short time before Ghana Airways finally went bankrupt and closed down. Africa One is a Democratic Republic of Congo based airline. ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Ghana Airways
  • Ghana Airways official website at the Internet Archive Wayback Machine
Internet Archive headquarters is in the Presidio, a former US military base in San Francisco. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ghana Airways Passenger Opinions about Ghana Airways standards (3130 words)
Ghana Airways denied to pay a flight ticket from Hamburg to Dusseldorf, after an hour they organized a bus and I had to travel in a small shuttle bus 4 hours to Dusseldorf.
Ghana Airways is for us, in fact it is for Ghanaians and I hope the criticisms and comments made should be taken seriously by the officials.
Having said this, Ghana airways is also struggling in the international market with fierce competition from British Airways etc. In relative terms, the airways is not doing bad if we should compare their service to Nigeria Airways and the like.
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