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Encyclopedia > Gezer

Gezer was a town in ancient Israel.


Scholars believe that Gezer is identical with Tel Gezer (Tell el-Jezer or Abu Shusheh), about midway on the route between Jerusalem and Jaffa. Gezer was located on the northern border of the Shephelah, approximately thirty kilometres west of Jerusalem. It was strategically situated at the junction of the International Coastal Highway and the highway connecting it with Jerusalem through the valley of Ajalon. The view from Gezer encompassed the whole Coastal Plain below it, making it a strategic military center. Jerusalem (Hebrew: Yerushalayim; Arabic: al-Quds; Greek Ιεροσόλυμα; Latin Aelia Capitolina) is an ancient Middle Eastern city on the watershed between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea at an elevation of 650-840 meters. ... Jaffa (Hebrew יָפוֹ, Standard Hebrew Yafo, Tiberian Hebrew Yāp̄ô; Arabic يَافَا Yāfā; also Japho, Joppa), is an ancient city located in Israel. ... Shephelah (Hebrew: הַשְפֵלָה) - which means lowland - is a designation usually applied to the region of low hills between Israels central mountain range and the coastal plains of Philistia. ... Jerusalem (Hebrew: Yerushalayim; Arabic: al-Quds; Greek Ιεροσόλυμα; Latin Aelia Capitolina) is an ancient Middle Eastern city on the watershed between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea at an elevation of 650-840 meters. ... Jerusalem (Hebrew: Yerushalayim; Arabic: al-Quds; Greek Ιεροσόλυμα; Latin Aelia Capitolina) is an ancient Middle Eastern city on the watershed between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea at an elevation of 650-840 meters. ... This entry incorporates text from Eastons Bible Dictionary, 1897, with some modernisation. ...


The site was discovered by Charles Clermont-Ganneau in 1871. Robert Macalister has been digging in the site between 1902 and 1907 on behalf of the Palestine Exploration Fund. Macalister managed in the recovering of several artifacts and the finding of several constructions and defenses. Macalister also established Gezer's habitation strata, though they were found mostly incorrect (as well as many of his theories). Other notable archælogical expeditions to the site were: Alan Rowe's (1934), G.E. Wright's (1964/5; at the head of the Hebrew Union College expedition), William Dever's, Yigael Yadin's and the Andrews University expedition. Charles Simon Clermont-Ganneau (February 19, 1846 - February 15, French Orientalist, the son of a sculptor of some repute, was born in Paris. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... William G. Dever is an American archaeologist, specialising in the history of Israel and the Near East in Biblical times, who was Professor of Near Eastern Archaeology and Anthropology at the University of Arizona in Tucson, Arizona from 1975 to 2002. ... Yigael Yadin (March 20, 1917 - June 28, 1984) was an Israeli archeologist, politician, and the second Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). ... Andrews University is a Seventh-day Adventist university in Berrien Springs, Michigan. ...


It is mentioned in connection with the conquest of the land under the leadership of Joshua. (Josh. 10:33; 12:12) The town was appointed to the Levites. Joshua or Yehoshúa (יְהוֹשֻׁעַ Yeho/YHVH is help/saves/delivers, Standard Hebrew YÉ™hošúaÊ¿, Tiberian Hebrew YÉ™hôšuªʿ) is a Biblical character, much of whose life is described in the Book of Joshua. ... In the Jewish tradition, a Levite (לוי Attached, Standard Hebrew Levi, Tiberian Hebrew Lēwî) is a member of the Hebrew tribe of Levi. ...


It is mentioned as a place under Philistine power, as David is said to have broken their rulership "from Geba to as far as to Gezer". It was the last point to which he pursued the Philistines (2 Sam. 5:25; 1 Chr. 14:16) after the battle of Baal-perazim. Later the Pharaoh of Egypt conquered it and gave it as a dowry to Solomon's wife. The historic Philistines (see note Philistines below) were a people that inhabited the southern coast of Canaan around the time of the arrival of the Israelites, their territory being named Philistia in later contexts. ... Baal-Perazim - Owner of Breakings Through - was a place in ancient Israel. ... Pharaoh (Arabic فرعون ; Hebrew פַּרְעֹה ; Geez ፈርዖን Färʻon) is a title used to refer to the rulers of Egypt in the pre-Christian and pre-Islamic period. ... Artists depiction of Solomons court (Ingobertus, c. ...

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Gezer is mentioned in Egyptian records, such as the writings of Thutmose III as well as the letters of Amarna, the Amarna Letters; and Pharaoh Merneptah boasted that he "seized Gezer". Archaeological excavation at Gezer has been going on since the early 1900's, and it has become one of the most excavated sites in Palestine. Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... nomen or birth name Granite statue of Pharaoh Thutmose III Menkheperre Thutmose III (also written as Tuthmosis III or Thothmes III; called Manahpi(r)ya in the Amarna letters) (d. ... Map of Amarna The site of Amarna (commonly known as el-Amarna or incorrectly as Tell el-Amarna; see below) (Arabic: العمارنة) is located on the east bank of the Nile River in the modern Egyptian province of al-Minya, some 58 km (38 miles) south of the city of al... One of the Amarna letters The designation Amarna letters denotes an archive of correspondence, mostly diplomatic, between the Egyptian administration and its representatives in Canaan and Amurru. ... Merneptah (occasionally: Merenptah) was pharaoh of Ancient Egypt (1213 – 1203 BC), the fourth ruler of the 19th Dynasty. ... Map of the British Mandate of Palestine. ...


One of the most interesting findings is the so-called Gezer-calendar. This is a plaque containing a text appearing to be either a schoolboy's memory exercises, or something designated for the collection of taxes from farmers. Another possibility is that the text was a popular folk song, or child's song, listing the months of the year according to the agricultural seasons. It has proved to be of value by informing modern researchers of ancient Middle Eastern script and language, as well as the agricultural seasons.


Other interesting discoveries at the site related to Biblical archaeology: Biblical archaeology involves the recovery and scientific investigation of the material remains of past cultures that can illuminate the periods and descriptions in the Bible. ...

  • 10 monumental megaliths possibly comprising a Canaanite "high place"
  • 9 incsribed boundary stones, making it the first positively identified Biblical city
  • 6-chambered gate similar to those found at Hazor and Megiddo

The excavations at Gezer from 1964-1974 were the first to grant academic/college credit to student excavators (now a common practice). Megalithic tomb, Mane Braz, Brittany Bronze age wedge tomb in the Burren area of Ireland A megalith is a large stone which has been used to construct a structure or monument either alone or with other stones. ... Canaanite can describe anything pertaining to Canaan: in particular, its languages and inhabitants. ... The ancient city of Hazor (חצור), the largest and richest archeological remain in Israel, is located in the upper Galilee, north of the Sea of Galilee. ... Megiddo, in modern days Israel Part of the site of ancient Megiddo Megiddo (Hebrew: ) is a hill in Israel near the modern settlement of Megiddo, known for theological, historical and geographical reasons. ...


Excavations were renewed in June 2006 by a consortium of institutions under the direction of Steve Ortiz (Center for Archaeological Research of the New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary) and Sam Wolff (Israel Antiquities Authority). The Tel Gezer Excavation and Publication Project is a multi-disciplinary field project investigating the Iron Age history of the ancient biblical city of Tel Gezer.


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gezer (1757 words)
The Gezer Calendar is regarded as one of the earliest paleo-Hebrew texts known, and testifies to the use of Hebrew writing as early as the the 10th century BCE.
The material culture found at Gezer shows that after the division of the kingdom, Gezer was part of the Kingdom of Israel, on the border with the Kingdom of Judah.
The conquest of Gezer by the Assyrian ruler Tiglath Pileser in 733 BCE is depicted in a stone relief found in the ruins of the palace of the kings of Assyria at Nimrud in Mesopotamia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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