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Encyclopedia > Gerty Cori
Dr. Gerty Cori
Dr. Gerty Cori

Dr. Gerty Theresa Cori, née Radnitz, (August 15, 1896October 26, 1957) was an American biochemist born in Prague (then Austria-Hungary) who, together with her husband Carl Ferdinand Cori and Argentine physiologist Bernardo Houssay, received a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1947 for their discovery of how glycogen (animal starch) — a derivative of glucose — is broken down and resynthesized in the body, for use as a store and source of energy. In 2004, both were designated a ACS National Historical Chemical Landmark in recognition of their work that elucidated carbohydrate metabolism.[1] Image File history File links Gerty_Theresa_Cori. ... Image File history File links Gerty_Theresa_Cori. ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Biochemistry is the study of the chemical processes and transformations in living organisms. ... Nickname: City of a Hundred Spires Motto: Praga Caput Rei publicae Location within the Czech Republic Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region Capital City of Prague Founded 9th century  - Mayor Pavel Bém Area    - City 496 km²  (191. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Carl Ferdinand Cori (December 5, 1896 – October 20, 1984) was an American biochemist born in Prague (then in Austria-Hungary) who, together with his wife Gerty Cori and Argentine physiologist Bernardo Houssay, received a Nobel Prize in 1947 for their discovery of how glycogen (animal starch) - a derivative of glucose... Bernardo Alberto Houssay (April 10, 1887–September 21, 1971) was an Argentinian physiologist who received (with Carl and Gerty Cori) the 1947 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the role played by pituitary hormones in regulating the amount of blood sugar (glucose) in animals. ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physiology or Medicine from 1901 to the present day. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... Electron micrograph of a section of a liver cell showing glycogen deposits as accumulations of electron dense particles (arrows). ... Glucose (Glc), a monosaccharide (or simple sugar), is the most important carbohydrate in biology. ... The ACS National Historic Chemical Landmarks Program was launched by the American Chemical Society in 1992 and has recognized over 50 landmarks to date. ...


Born into a Jewish family, she was tutored at home before enrolling in a Lyceum for girls. Her uncle, a professor of pediatrics, encouraged her to attend medical school, and she was admitted to the Charles University of Prague (its German part) in 1914. At that time there were only a few female students. While studying she met Carl Cori; they married in 1920 following graduation, and she converted to Catholicism, possibly to lessen the objections of his family. In 1922 they both immigrated to the United States to pursue medical research at the "State Institute for the Study of Malignant Diseases" (now the Roswell Park Cancer Institute) in Buffalo, New York. In 1928, they became naturalized citizens of the United States. The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... The Charles University of Prague (also simply University of Prague; Czech: Univerzita Karlova; Latin: Universitas Carolina) is the oldest and most prestigious Czech university and among the oldest universities in Europe, being founded in 1340s (for the exact year, see below). ... Nickname: City of a Hundred Spires Motto: Praga Caput Rei publicae Location within the Czech Republic Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region Capital City of Prague Founded 9th century  - Mayor Pavel Bém Area    - City 496 km²  (191. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... As a Christian ecclesiastical term, Catholic - from the Greek adjective , meaning general or universal[1] - is described in the Oxford English Dictionary as follows: ~Church, (originally) whole body of Christians; ~, belonging to or in accord with (a) this, (b) the church before separation into Greek or Eastern and Latin or... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... The Roswell Park Cancer Institute is a cancer research and treatment center located in Buffalo, New York. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... Naturalization is the process whereby a person becomes a national of a nation, or a citizen of a country, other than the one of his birth. ...


While at Roswell they were discouraged from working together, but did so anyway, devoting their efforts to how energy is produced and transmitted in the human body. Specializing in biochemistry, they began studying how sugar glucose is metabolized. The Coris published fifty papers jointly while at Roswell, with either researcher's name appearing first, depending on who had done the bulk of the research for a given paper. Gerty Cori also published eleven articles as single author. In 1929, they proposed the theory that bears their name and later won them a Nobel Prize. The Cori cycle is their explanation for the movement of energy in the body – from muscle, to the liver, and back to muscle. Biochemistry is the study of the chemical processes and transformations in living organisms. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Nobel Prize medal. ... Categories: Biochemistry stubs | Metabolism ... A top-down view of skeletal muscle Muscle (from Latin musculus little mouse[1]) is contractile tissue of the body and is derived from the mesodermal layer of embryonic germ cells. ... The liver is an organ in some animals, including mammals (and therefore humans), birds, and reptiles. ... A top-down view of skeletal muscle Muscle (from Latin musculus little mouse[1]) is contractile tissue of the body and is derived from the mesodermal layer of embryonic germ cells. ...


The Coris left Roswell after publishing their work on carbohydrate metabolism. A number of universities offered Carl a position but refused to hire Gerty. They moved to St. Louis, Missouri in 1931, where Carl had been offered the chair of the pharmacology department at Washington University School of Medicine. Despite her research, Gerty was only offered a position as a research assistant. She was promoted to a full professor when Carl was made head of the biochemistry department in 1947, a post she held until her death in 1957. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... Washington University in St. ...


Awards

In 1947 Gerty Cori became the third woman — and first American woman — to win a Nobel Prize in science, the previous recipients being Marie Curie and Irène Joliot-Curie. Nobel Prize medal. ... Maria Skłodowska-Curie. ... Irène Joliot-Curie née Curie, (12 September 1897 – 17 March 1956) was a French scientist, the daughter of Marie SkÅ‚odowska-Curie and Pierre Curie and the wife of Frédéric Joliot-Curie. ...


The Cori crater on the Moon is named after her. She also shares a star with her husband Carl on the St. Louis Walk of Fame. Cori is a lunar impact crater that is located in the southern hemisphere on the far side of the Moon. ... Apparent magnitude: up to -12. ... The St. ...

  • Garvan-Olin Medal, 1948

The Francis P. Garvan-John M. Olin Medal is an annual award that recognizes distinguished service to chemistry by women chemists. ...

Reference

  • National Library of Medicine, Dr. Gerty Theresa Cori Biography

      Results from FactBites:
     
    Carl Ferdinand Cori - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (359 words)
    While at the Institute the Cori's research focussed on carbohydrate metabolism, leading to the definition of the Cori cycle in 1929, for which they received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1947.
    Gerty died in 1957, Carl married Anne Fitz-Gerald Jones in 1960.
    Ihde, A.J. Cori, Carl Ferdinand, and Gerty Theresa Radnitz Cori.
    Gerty Cori - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (407 words)
    Her uncle, a professor of pediatrics, encouraged her to attend medical school, and she was admitted to the German University of Prague in 1914, at that time there where there were only a few female students.
    The Cori cycle is their explanation for the movement of energy in the body—from muscle, to the liver, and back to muscle.
    In 1947 Gerty Cori became the third woman — and first American woman — to win a Nobel Prize in science, the previous recipients being Marie Curie and Irène Joliot-Curie.
      More results at FactBites »

     
     

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