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Encyclopedia > Gers
Gers
Coat of arms of the Gers department
Location
Administration
Department number: 32
Region: Midi-Pyrénées
Prefecture: Auch
Subprefectures: Condom
Mirande
Arrondissements: 3
Cantons: 31
Communes: 463
President of the General Council: Philippe Martin
PS
Statistics
Population Ranked 89th
 -1999 172,335
Population density: 28/km²
Land area¹: 6257 km²
¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².
France

Gers (Occitan: Gers) is a department in the southwest of France named after the Gers River. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Credit(s): fr:Utilisateur:Rinaldum Source: french wikipedia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The term Administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... (Region flag) (Occitan cross) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Ariège Aveyron Gers Haute-Garonne Hautes-Pyrénées Lot Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Arrondissements 22 Cantons 293 Communes 3,020 Statistics Land area1 45,348 km² Population (Ranked 8th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... In France, a préfecture is the administrative town of a département. ... Auch is a town and commune in southwestern France. ... A subprefecture in Verdun, France Subprefectures (French: sous-préfectures) are the administrative towns of arrondissements in France that do not contain the prefecture for its department. ... Condom is a town and commune in the French département of Gers, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... Mirande is a commune of the Gers département, in France. ... The 100 French departments are divided into 342 arrondissements, which may be translated into English as districts. ... The 3 arrondissements of the Gers department are: Arrondissement of Auch, (prefecture of the Gers department: Auch) with 12 cantons and 154 communes. ... The cantons of France are administrative divisions subdividingarrondissements and départementscommunes Cantons number 3,879 among the 329 arondissements and 96 departments of France. ... The following is a list of the 31 cantons of the Gers department, in France, sorted by arrondissement: Auch-Nord-Est Auch-Nord-Ouest Auch-Sud-Est-Seissan Auch-Sud-Ouest Cologne Gimont LIsle-Jourdain Jegun Lombez Samatan Saramon Vic-Fezensac Cazaubon Condom Eauze Fleurance Lectoure Mauvezin Miradoux Montr... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... The following is a list of the 463 communes of the Gers département, in France. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The emblem of the French Socialist Party The Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste or PS) is the main opposition party in France. ... Categories: | ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... For other meanings, see Estuary (disambiguation) Rio de la Plata estuary An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Occitan, or langue doc is a Romance language characterized by its richness, variability, and by the intelligibility of its dialects. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Gers is a 178 km long river in southern France. ...

Contents

History

In the Middle Ages, the Lordship of L'Isle-Jourdain was nearby. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... LIsle-Jourdain was a lordship and then county near Gers in Gascony during the High Middle Ages. ...


Gers is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne and Gascony. The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Kingdom of France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the département system superseded provinces. ... Aquitaine (or Guyenne or Guienne) now forms a région in south-western France along the Atlantic Ocean and the Pyrenees mountain range on the border with Spain. ... Map of the historical and cultural area of Gascony. ...


Geography

Located in southwestern France, Gers is part of the Midi-Pyrénées region. It is surrounded by the departments of Hautes-Pyrénées, Haute-Garonne, Tarn-et-Garonne, Lot-et-Garonne, Landes, and Pyrénées-Atlantiques. (Region flag) (Occitan cross) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Ariège Aveyron Gers Haute-Garonne Hautes-Pyrénées Lot Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Arrondissements 22 Cantons 293 Communes 3,020 Statistics Land area1 45,348 km² Population (Ranked 8th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Hautes-Pyrénées is a département in southwestern France. ... Haute-Garonne is a département in the southwest of France named after the Garonne river. ... Tarn-et-Garonne is a French département in the southwest of France. ... Lot-et-Garonne is a département in the southwest of France named after the Lot and Garonne rivers. ... Landes (Occitan: Lanas) is a département in southern France. ... Pyrénées-Atlantiques (Gascon: Pirenèus-Atlantics; Basque: Pirinio-Atlantiarrak or Pirinio-Atlantikoak) is a département in the southwest of France which takes its name from the Pyrenees mountains and the Atlantic Ocean. ...


Demographics

The inhabitants of the department are called Gersois.


Culture

The culture is largely agricultural, with great emphasis on the local gastronomical specialties such as the foie gras and wild mushrooms. Pâté de foie gras (right) with pickled pear. ...


The Gascon language is a dialect of the Occitan, but it is not widely spoken. Gascon (Gascon, ; French, ) is a dialect of the Occitan language. ... Occitan, or langue doc is a Romance language characterized by its richness, variability, and by the intelligibility of its dialects. ...


There has been a heavy influence of waves of Spanish immigrants.


See also

  • Cantons of the Gers department
  • Communes of the Gers department
  • Arrondissements of the Gers department

The following is a list of the 31 cantons of the Gers department, in France, sorted by arrondissement: Auch-Nord-Est Auch-Nord-Ouest Auch-Sud-Est-Seissan Auch-Sud-Ouest Cologne Gimont LIsle-Jourdain Jegun Lombez Samatan Saramon Vic-Fezensac Cazaubon Condom Eauze Fleurance Lectoure Mauvezin Miradoux Montr... The following is a list of the 463 communes of the Gers département, in France. ... The 3 arrondissements of the Gers department are: Arrondissement of Auch, (prefecture of the Gers department: Auch) with 12 cantons and 154 communes. ...

External links

  • (French) General Council website
  • (French) Prefecture website
  • (French) http://www.gers-gascogne.com/fr/default.asp
  • (French) Gers Guide - Votre guide internet / annuaire de recherche sur le Gers et la Gascogne.
  • (French) Gers net - Moteur de recherche gersois.
  • Welcome to the Gers in Gascony.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gers in Gascogne, of happiness for all the directions - official Site of the General Council of Gers (155 words)
The Gers opens wide its door to you with all the magic of traditional country fairs, also Jazz, Salsa, Country and Western, Gascon Music and culture festivals, and wide open spaces ideal for every kind of leisure activity, recreational and sporting alike.
With its spellbinding landscapes and its gentle light, the Gers is a delight for the eye.
The Gers is the cradle of Gascony, a land stamped by history, and still bearing its marks.
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The fundamental goal is to promote research in the Gulf of Mexico.
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