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Encyclopedia > Gerry Anderson

Gerry Anderson (MBE), born 14 April 1929, is a British producer, director and writer, famous for his futuristic television programmes, particularly those involving specially modified marionettes, a process called "Supermarionation". Commanders Badge of the Order of the British Empire The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is an order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions, in order of seniority: Knight or Dame Grand Cross... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Phillip Huber (L) and David Alexander of the Huber Marionettes perform with marionettes hand-made by Huber for scenes for the feature film Tillamook Treasure 2005 Marionette in Prague A marionette is a type of puppet moved by strings, as in a puppet show. ... Supermarionation (standing for super marionette animation) is a puppetry technique devised by the British production company AP Films and used extensively in its numerous action-adventure series, the most famous of which is undoubtedly Thunderbirds. ...


His first television production was the 1957 Roberta Leigh children's series The Adventures of Twizzle. His most famous and successful production in this genre came later: Thunderbirds, which was made in 1965. His production company was originally known as AP Films (later renamed Century 21 Productions) was in collaboration, with partners Reg Hill, John Read and his then-wife Sylvia Anderson. Roberta Leigh was a British writer of romance fiction and childrens stories. ... The Adventures of Twizzle (or simply Twizzle as it was known in some territories) was the very first television show produced by AP Films and specifically Gerry Anderson, after being approached by author Roberta Leigh (who also co-produced with Anderson) and her colleauge Suzanne Warner. ... Brains Thunderbirds is a mid-1960s Sylvia and Gerry Anderson television show which used a form of puppetry called Supermarionation. Cast, crew, and production notes Thunderbirds was the fourth and by far the most successful of the childrens series made by AP Films (APF) for the British television company... AP Films (APF) was a British independent film production company of the 1950s and 1960s. ... Century 21 Productions was a British film and television production company of the 1960s and 1970s, best known for the hit TV series Thunderbirds. ... Reg Hill was a British television producer commonly associated with the works of Gerry Anderson. ... John Meredith Read (July 21, 1797–November 29, 1874) was an American lawyer, jurist, and politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Sylvia Anderson (née Thamm) (born 25 March 1937) is a British voice artist and producer, most notable for her collaborations with her ex-husband Gerry Anderson. ...


He has also written and produced several feature films, although these did not perform as well as expected at the box office. Following a successful move towards live action productions in the 1970s, his long and highly successful association with Lew Grade's ITC (Incorporated Television Company) ended with the second series of Space 1999. After a career lull when a number of new series concepts failed to get off the ground, his career began a new phase in the early 1980s when audience nostalgia for his earlier Supermarionation series (prompted by Saturday morning re-runs in the UK) led to new Anderson productions being commissioned. A number of new projects have resulted including a recent CGI remake of Captain Scarlet entitled Gerry Anderson's New Captain Scarlet. Lew Grade, Baron Grade (birth name Louis Winogradsky) (December 25, 1906 - December 13, 1998) was an influential showbusiness impresario and television company executive in the United Kingdom. ... The ITC Entertainment logo The Incorporated Television Company (ITC) was founded by television mogul Lew Grade in 1954. ... Left to right: Barbara Bain, Catherine Schell and Martin Landau from Space:1999s second season. ... Computer-generated imagery (CGI) is the application of the field of computer graphics (or more specifically, 3D computer graphics) to special effects. ... Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons, often referred to in shorthand as simply Captain Scarlet, is a science fiction television series produced by the Century 21 Television company of Sylvia and Gerry Anderson and Lew Grade and first shown in Britain (originally on ATV Midlands, but later the whole of the... Gerry Andersons New Captain Scarlet (or more commonly New Captain Scarlet) is a United Kingdom-produced computer-generated imagery action-adventure TV series which debuted in February 2005 as part of the Ministry of Mayhem on ITV. Created by Gerry Anderson, it is a Hypermarionation reboot of the classic...

Contents

Biography

Early life

Gerald Alexander Abrahams was born in Kilburn, North London.[1] The family's name was changed by deed poll in 1939. When World War II broke out, Anderson's older brother Lionel volunteered for the RAF and was posted to the United States for training. He often wrote to his family and one of these letters described a USAF airbase called Thunderbird Field, a name that stuck in his brother's memory. Kilburn is an area of North London on the border of the London Borough of Brent and the London Borough of Camden. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... A deed poll is a legal document binding only to a single person or several person acted jointly to express an active intention. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Seal of the Air Force. ...


Gerry Anderson began his career in photography and after the war he secured a traineeship with the British Colonial Film Unit. He developed an interest in film editing and moved on to Gainsborough Pictures, where he gained further experience. Gainsborough Pictures was a film studio based in Poole Street, Hoxton in the London Borough of Hackney, active between 1924 and 1951. ...


In 1947, he was conscripted for national service with the RAF. After completing his military service, he returned to Gainsborough and remained there until the studio folded in 1950. He then worked freelance on a succession of feature films. During this time he married Betty Wrightman and they had two children. National service is a common name for compulsory or voluntary military service programs. ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as...


Start of television career

In the mid-1950s Anderson joined independent television production company Polytechnic Studios, as a director, where he met cameraman Arthur Provis. After Polytechnic collapsed, Anderson, Provis, Reg Hill and John Read formed Pentagon Films in 1957; secretary Sylvia Thamm later became Anderson's second wife. Pentagon was wound up soon after and Anderson and Provis formed a new company, AP Films, with Hill and Read as partners. Anderson continued his freelance directing work to keep money coming in. Reg Hill was a British television producer commonly associated with the works of Gerry Anderson. ... John Meredith Read (July 21, 1797–November 29, 1874) was an American lawyer, jurist, and politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Sylvia Anderson (née Thamm) (born 25 March 1937) is a British voice artist and producer, most notable for her collaborations with her ex-husband Gerry Anderson. ... AP Films (APF) was a British independent film production company of the 1950s and 1960s. ...


AP Films' first television venture was produced for Granada Television. Created by Roberta Leigh, The Adventures of Twizzle (1957-1958) was a series for young children about a doll with the ability to 'twizzle' his arms and legs to greater lengths. It was Anderson's first work with puppets, and the start of his long and successful collaborations with puppeteer Christine Glanville, special effects technician Derek Meddings and composer/arranger Barry Gray. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Roberta Leigh was a British writer of romance fiction and childrens stories. ... The Adventures of Twizzle (or simply Twizzle as it was known in some territories) was the very first television show produced by AP Films and specifically Gerry Anderson, after being approached by author Roberta Leigh (who also co-produced with Anderson) and her colleauge Suzanne Warner. ... Christine Glanville (October 1924 - February 1999) was a professional puppeteer and spent most of her working life involved to some degree with Gerry Anderson. ... Derek Meddings (15 January 1931–10 September 1995) was a British television and cinema special effects expert, initially noted for his work on the Supermarionation television puppet series produced by Gerry Anderson. ... Barry Gray (July 18, 1908 in Lancashire, England - April 26, 1984 in Guernsey, Channel Islands) was a British musician and composer who is best known for his work for Gerry Anderson. ...


During production of Twizzle, Anderson began an affair with Sylvia Thamm and eventually left his wife and children. Following his divorce, Anderson and Thamm married in November 1960. The Adventures of Twizzle was followed by another low budget puppet series with Leigh, Torchy the Battery Boy (1958-1959). Although the APF puppet productions made the Andersons world famous, Gerry Anderson was always unhappy about working with puppets, and made them primarily as a means of getting a foot in the door with TV networks, hoped to use them as a stepping stone to his desired goal making live action film and TV drama. Torchy the Battery Boy was the second television series produced by AP Films and Gerry Anderson. ...


AP Films' third series was the children's western fantasy-adventure series Four Feather Falls (1959-1960). During production Provis left the partnership (partly due to personal differences with Anderson) but the company retained the name 'AP Films' for several more years. Four Feather Falls was the first Anderson series to use an early version of the Supermarionation process, though the name hadn't yet been coined. Four Feather Falls was the third puppet TV show produced by Sylvia and Gerry Anderson, from an idea by Barry Gray. ... Supermarionation (standing for super marionette animation) is a puppetry technique devised by the British production company AP Films and used extensively in its numerous action-adventure series, the most famous of which is undoubtedly Thunderbirds. ...


Despite APF's success with Four Feather Falls, Granada did not commission another series from them, so Anderson took up the offer to direct a film for Anglo-Amalgamated Studios. Crossroads to Crime was a low-budget B-grade crime thriller and although Anderson hoped that its success might enable him to move into mainstream film-making, it failed at the box office. Anglo-Amalgamated Productions was a British film production company run by Nat Cohen and Stuart Levy that operated from the 1940s to the 1970s. ... Crossroads to Crime was a British crime film released in 1960. ...


By this time, APF was in financial trouble and the company was struggling to find a buyer for their new puppet series. They were rescued by a fortuitous meeting with ATV boss Lew Grade who offered to buy the show. This began a long friendship and a very successful professional association between the two men, during which Anderson and his collaborators created some of their best work. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Lew Grade, Baron Grade (birth name Louis Winogradsky) (December 25, 1906 - December 13, 1998) was an influential showbusiness impresario and television company executive in the United Kingdom. ...


Sylvia's increased role

The new series, Supercar, (1960-1961) was created by Anderson and Reg Hill and marked several important advances for APF. Sylvia Anderson took on a larger role and became a partner in the company. The series was also the official debut of Supermarionation, the electronic system that made the marionettes more lifelike and convincing on screen. The system used the audio signal from the pre-recorded tapes of the actors' voices to trigger solenoids installed in the puppets' heads, enabling the puppets' lips to move in exact synchronisation with the voices of the actors. Supercar was a childrens TV show produced by Gerry Andersons AP Films for ATV and ITC Entertainment. ... Sylvia Anderson (née Thamm) (born 25 March 1937) is a British voice artist and producer, most notable for her collaborations with her ex-husband Gerry Anderson. ... In engineering, a solenoid is a mechanical device that converts energy into linear motion. ...


One of Anderson's most successful ventures was inaugurated during the production of Supercar —the establishment of AP Films (Merchandising) Ltd, a separate company set up to handle the licensing of merchandising rights for APF properties; it was headed by Keith Shackleton, an old friend of Anderson's from their National Service days. Supercar is a term used for a high end sports car, typically an exotic or rare one, whose performance is highly superior to that of its contemporaries. ... Keith Shackleton (born 1923) is a British painter who has concentrated on landscape views and animals. ...


APF's innovative mechandising made them a world leader in the field and they licensed a huge range of toys, books, magazines and related items. The worldwide popularity of their TV shows was coupled with astute marketing, and the combination made APF one of the most successful merchandising ventures of the decade. The die-cast metal toys from series such as Thunderbirds were hugely popular at the time and they now number among the most collectible toys of their kind. Models from almost all their series have been produced ever since by companies throughout the world, notably in Japan, where the Anderson series have a dedicated following.


APF's next series was the futuristic space adventure Fireball XL5 (1962) and it was the company's biggest success yet, becoming the first Anderson series sold to a US TV network (NBC) — a rarity for British TV programmes at that time. After the completion of the series, Lew Grade offered to buy AP Films. Although Anderson was initially reluctant, the deal eventually went ahead, with Grade becoming managing director, and the Andersons, Hill and Read becoming directors of the company. Fireball XL5 was a science fiction-themed childrens television show produced in Britain in 1962 by the husband and wife team of Gerry and Sylvia Anderson through their company APF in association with ATV for ITC Entertainment. ... NBC (a former acronym for National Broadcasting Company) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ...


Shortly after the buy-out, APF began production on a new puppet series, Stingray (1964), the first British children's TV series to be filmed in colour. For the new production APF moved to new studios in Slough. The new and bigger facilities allowed them to make major improvements in special effects, notably in the underwater sequences, as well as advances in puppetry, with the use of a variety of interchangeable heads for each character to convey different expressions. Cover from Stingray DVD box set (2001). ... Slough (pronounced ) is a town and unitary authority (Borough of Slough) in Berkshire, England. ...


Thunderbirds

APF's next project for ATV was based on a mining disaster that occurred in West Germany in October 1963. This real-life drama inspired Anderson to create a new programme format about a rescue organisation, which eventually became his most famous and popular series, Thunderbirds (1964-1966). The dramatic title was inspired by the letter Anderson's older brother Lionel had written to his family during World War II. Thunderbirds is a British mid-1960s television show devised by Gerry and Sylvia Anderson and made by AP Films using a form of puppetry dubbed Supermarionation. The series followed the adventures of International Rescue, an organisation created to help those in grave danger using technically advanced equipment and machinery. ... On November 7, 1963, 11 German miners were rescued from a collapsed mine after surviving for 14 days, an event that became subsequently known as the Wunder von Lengede (miracle of Lengede) and attracted worldwide media attention. ... Thunderbirds is a British mid-1960s television show devised by Gerry and Sylvia Anderson and made by AP Films using a form of puppetry dubbed Supermarionation. The series followed the adventures of International Rescue, an organisation created to help those in grave danger using technically advanced equipment and machinery. ...


Grade was very enthusiastic about the concept and agreed to back a series of 25-minute episodes (the same length as Stingray), so the Andersons scripted a pilot episode, "Trapped in the Sky", and began production. Gerry initially wanted actress Fenella Fielding to perform the voice of Lady Penelope, but Sylvia convinced her husband to let her play the role. Thunderbirds also marked the start of a long professional association with actor Shane Rimmer, who voiced Scott Tracy. Trapped In The Sky is the first episode in the Thunderbirds series by Gerry Anderson. ... Fenella Fielding (born November 17, circa 1930) is an English-born actress. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Lady Penelope Creighton-Ward. ... Shane Rimmer (born 28th May 1936) is a Canadian actor and voice actor. ... Scott Tracy is a fictional character from television show Thunderbirds. ...


Production on Thunderbirds had been underway for several months when Grade saw the completed 25-minute version of "Trapped in the Sky". He was so excited by the result that he insisted that the episodes be extended to fifty minutes. With a substantial increase in budget, the production was restructured to expand episodes already filmed or in pre-production, and create new 50-minute scripts for the remainder. Grade and others were so convinced that Thunderbirds would be a success that a feature-film version of the series was proposed even before the pilot episode went to air.


APF—now renamed Century 21 Productions—enjoyed its greatest success with Thunderbirds and the series made the Andersons world-famous. The 32-episode series was not initially successful in the United States because it was only given a limited release, although it later became hugely successful in syndication). But it was a major hit with young audiences in the UK, Australia and other countries and retains a huge and dedicated international following that spans several generations. In the television industry (as in radio), syndication is the sale of the right to broadcast programs to multiple stations, without going through a broadcast network. ...


During the production of Thunderbirds the Andersons' marriage began to come under increasing strain, and the company also had a setback when the Thunderbirds Are GO feature film flopped. According to interviews published since, Anderson has said that he considered divorce, but this was halted when Sylvia announced that she was pregnant. Their son, Gerry Anderson Jr was born in July 1967. Thunderbirds Are GO (DVD cover) Thunderbirds Are GO! was the first feature film to be made from the highly successful Supermarionation series Thunderbirds. ...


By that time, production had started on a new series, Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons (1967), which saw the advent of more realistic puppet characters which, thanks to improvements in electronics which allowed miniaturisation of the lip-sync mechanisms, could now be built closer to normal human proportions. Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons, often referred to as simply Captain Scarlet, is a science fiction television series produced by the Century 21 Productions Television company of Sylvia and Gerry Anderson and Reg Hill. ...


Century 21's second feature film, Thunderbird 6, was an even bigger failure than the first, and the problems were compounded by their next (and penultimate) Supermarionation series, Joe 90 (1968). This series returned to more 'kid-friendly' territory, depicting the adventures of a young boy who is also a secret agent and whose scientist father uses a supercomputer called 'BIG RAT' which can 'program' Joe with special knowledge and abilities for his missions. Its relatively poor reception made it the last of the classic Anderson marionette shows. Thunderbird 6 was a British science fiction-adventure motion picture released in 1968. ... Joe 90 is a 1968 Sylvia and Gerry Anderson television series concerning the adventures of a nine-year-old boy, Joe McClaine, set in the years 2012-13. ...


Venturing into live action

Anderson's next project took the special effects expertise built up over previous TV projects and combined it with live action. Century 21's third feature film, Doppelgänger (1969) (aka Journey to the Far Side of the Sun) was a dark, Twilight Zone style sci-fi project about an astronaut who travels to a newly discovered planet on the opposite side of the sun, which proves to be an exact mirror-image of Earth. It starred American actor Roy Thinnes, famed at the time for his role as the protagonist in the American television series The Invaders. Although it was not a major commercial success, Doppelganger was nominated for an Academy Award for its superb special effects. Doppelgänger was a 1969 Science Fiction film directed by Robert Parrish. ... Note, this page is about the television series and its two revivals. ... Roy Thinnes (born April 6. ... The Invaders was a ABC science fiction television program that ran in the United States for a season and a half between 1967 and 1968. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ...


Century 21's return to television was the abortive series The Secret Service, which this time mixed live action with Supermarionation. The series was inspired by Anderson's love of British comedian Stanley Unwin, who was known for his nonsense language, 'Unwinese', which he created and used on radio, in film and most famously on the 1968 Small Faces LP Ogden's Nut Gone Flake. Despite Anderson's track record and Unwin's popularity, the series was cancelled before its first screening; Lew Grade considered that it would be incomprehensible to American audiences, and thus unsellable. Only 13 episodes were produced, and the series was only shown in a handful of broadcast areas in the UK.[citation needed] Most Anderson fans only got to see it when it was finally released on VHS in the mid-90s.[citation needed] This article is about the television series. ... Cover from Rock-a-bye Babel by Stanley Unwin and Roy Dewar. ... The Small Faces were a British rock and roll band of the 1960s, led by Steve Marriott and Ronnie Lane with Kenny Jones and original organist Jimmy Winston. ... Ogdens Nut Gone Flake is a concept album by the British rock band The Small Faces. ... Centuries: 1st century BC - 1st century - 2nd century Decades: 40s - 50s - 60s - 70s - 80s - 90s - 100s - 110s - 120s - 130s - 140s 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 Sometimes the 90s is used as shorthand for the 1990s, the 1890s, or other such decades in various centuries. ...


In 1969 the Andersons began production of a new TV series, UFO, Century 21's first full live-action television series. This sci-fi action-adventure series starred American-born actor Ed Bishop (also the voice of Captain Blue in 'Captain Scarlet & The Mysterons') as Commander Straker, head of a secret defence organisation set up to counter an alien invasion. UFO was decidedly more adult in tone than any of the previous puppet series, and it mixed the classic Century 21 futuristic action-adventure and special effects with some very serious dramatic elements. UFO was moderately successful on first release, but built up a strong cult following over the years, although it too fell short of the global success of Thunderbirds and was the last series made under the Century 21 Productions banner. UFO is a British television science fiction series created by Gerry Anderson and Sylvia Anderson and produced by the Andersons and Lew Grades Century 21 Productions for Grades ITC Entertainment company. ... Ed Bishop (1932-2005), as he appeared in the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey (where he played the Captain of the Aries 1B space-station-to-moon shuttle, in a role which first featured dialogue: the dialogue was later cut from his scenes). ...


The Bond that never was

During production of UFO Gerry Anderson was approached directly by Harry Saltzman (at the time co-producer of the James Bond film series with Albert "Cubby" Broccoli), and invited to write and produce the next film in the series which was to be Moonraker.[2] Collaborating with Tony Barwick to provide the characterisation, whilst he himself focused on the action sequences, Anderson wrote and delivered a treatment to Saltzman. Saltzman was enthusiastic, but then broke the news that he and Broccoli were parting ways. Offered £20,000 for the treatment, Anderson refused, fearing that if he accepted he would not be at the helm when it was made; as it turned out, the next Bond film to be made - some years later - was entitled The Spy Who Loved Me. Anderson started legal proceedings against Broccoli for plagiarism of story elements but withdrew the action shortly after, nervous of the legal might lined up against him. He relinquished the treatment, and received £3,000 in compensation. Harry Saltzman (October 27, 1915 - September 28, 1994) was a film producer best known for co-producing the James Bond film series with Albert R. Broccoli until selling his share of the franchise to United Artists in 1975. ... Flemings image of James Bond; commissioned to aid the Daily Express comic strip artists. ... Albert Romolo Broccoli, CBE (Hon) (April 5, 1909 – June 27, 1996) nicknamed Cubby, was an American film producer who produced more than 40 movies, most of them produced in the United Kingdom, and often filmed at Pinewood Studios. ... Moonraker is the third James Bond novel in Ian Flemings James Bond series. ... 2003 Penguin Books paperback edition The Spy Who Loved Me is a James Bond novel by Ian Fleming first published in 1962. ...


Breaking ties

By this time the relationship between the Andersons had deteriorated. Although produced under the aegis of a new company, Group Three Productions (the three being both of the Andersons and Reg Hill), Gerry decided not to work with his wife on his next project, the ITC action series The Protectors. It was one of Anderson's few non-original projects. Lew Grade himself was heavily involved in the programme, and cast both the lead actors, Robert Vaughn and Nyree Dawn Porter. The production was difficult for Anderson, who clashed with the famously difficult Vaughn.[3] There were also many logistical problems arising from the Europe-wide filming of the show, but it was very successful in both the UK and America. The ITC Entertainment logo The Incorporated Television Company (ITC) was founded by television mogul Lew Grade in 1954. ... The Protectors was a British television series, an action thriller created by Gerry Anderson - his second TV series using live actors as opposed to animated puppets. ... Robert Francis Vaughn (born November 22, 1932) is an American actor noted for stage, film and television work, and best known as suave spy Napoleon Solo in the popular 1960s TV series The Man from U.N.C.L.E., although he continues to be a popular television actor into... Born Ngaire Dawn Porter, Nyree Dawn Porter (January 22, 1936 - April 10, 2001) was an actress. ...


Space:1999

Main article: Space:1999

Following The Protectors, Anderson worked on several new projects, none of which he was able to realise. A proposed second series of UFO was shelved, and a return to puppetry, in a television pilot for a series called The Investigator, failed to find a buyer. Elements of the abandoned second series of UFO were eventually turned into what became the most expensive television series ever made at the time, Space:1999. A television pilot is a test episode of an intended television series. ...


Another futuristic sci-fi adventure, it was based on the implausible premise that a huge thermonuclear explosion on the Moon's surface (caused by dumping of nuclear waste) projected it out of orbit and into interstellar space. It starred American husband-and-wife actors Martin Landau and Barbara Bain, who had gained international TV fame in Mission: Impossible. They were cast at the insistence of Grade, and against Sylvia Anderson's strenuous objections. Martin Landau in North by Northwest. ... Barbara Bain as Dr. Helena Russell, MD in Space: 1999 Barbara Bain (born 13 September 1931 in Chicago, Illinois as Millicent Fogel) is an American actress. ... Mission: Impossible is the name of an American television series which aired on the CBS network from September 1966 to September 1973. ...


Separation, and moving on

The Andersons' marriage broke down irrevocably during the first series of Space: 1999 in 1975; Gerry announced his intention to separate on the evening of the wrap party.[4][5] Sylvia severed her ties with Group Three, and to alleviate his financial plight, Gerry Anderson sold his share of the profits from the APF/Century 21 shows and their holiday home in Portugal to Lew Grade in return for a one-off payment. It was a decision he later bitterly regretted, because he could not have then foreseen the huge value the shows would have when eventually realised on home video.


Between making the two series of Space: 1999, Anderson produced a one-off television special, The Day After Tomorrow (also known as Into Infinity), about two spacefaring families en route to Alpha Centauri, for an NBC series of programmes illustrating current scientific theory for popular consumption. While making this project Anderson met Mary Robins, a secretary working at the studios; they began a relationship and were married in April 1981. The Day After Tomrrow (alternately titled Into Infinity) was a 1975 science fiction television pilot produced by Gerry Anderson. ... Alpha Centauri (α Cen / α Centauri, also known as Rigil Kentaurus), is the brightest star system in the southern constellation of Centaurus. ... NBC (a former acronym for National Broadcasting Company) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ...


A second series of Space: 1999 went into production in 1976 with American producer Fred Freiberger brought in to replace Sylvia Anderson. According to The Space:1999 Documentary, produced by Kindred Productions for Fanderson, the second series was successful enough that a third almost happened; however, the documentary features Martin Landau stating that the idea was killed because Lew Grade needed money to help finance and promote his pet feature film project Raise The Titanic. Consequently, the budget that would have paid for the third series was redirected into that movie project (which subsequently flopped at the box office). This marked the end of Anderson's association with ATV. Fred Freiberger, 1976 Fred Freiberger (born on February 19, 1915; died March 2, 2003) was an American television producer and script writer. ... Fanderson is a UK based Official Gerry Anderson Appreciation Society. ...


By the late 1970s, Anderson's life and career was at a low point - he was in financial difficulty, found it hard to get work, and perhaps most devastatingly, became estranged from his young son after receiving a note written by him stating that he didn't want to see Gerry any more. Anderson suspected that Sylvia was behind this, but there was little he could do, and he would have no contact with his son for over twenty years.


1980s resurgence

In the early 1980s, Anderson and businessman Christopher Burr formed a new partnership, Anderson Burr Pictures Ltd. The new company's first production was based on an unrealised concept devised by Anderson in the late seventies for a Japanese cartoon series. Terrahawks marked Anderson's return to working with puppets, but rather than marionettes, this series used a new system dubbed 'Supermacromation', which used highly sophisticated glove puppets -- an approach undoubtedly inspired by the great advances in this form of puppetry made by Jim Henson and his colleagues. North American DVD release of the series. ... Jim Henson (September 24, 1936 – May 16, 1990) was the most widely known American puppeteer in modern American television history. ...


It featured another reuse of the Captain Scarlet/UFO formula of a secret organization defending against aliens. Terrahawks was successful, running from 1983 to 1986 in the UK and only fell short of a four year US syndication deal by one season when the show was cancelled, scrapping attempts at making it more well known. Terrahawks retains a cult following to this day, regarded by some as being at times a "black comedy" version of many of Anderson's older series in addition to being a straight science fiction series. In equal contrast however, it is regarded by some fans as an unwise rehash of many of the visual concepts of Thunderbirds on a fraction of the budget, Anderson has claimed on record he'd rather forget the show.


Anderson hoped to continue his renewed success with a series called Space Police a new show mixing live-action and puppets. A pilot film was made with Shane Rimmer, but it took almost ten years to get the concept to the screen. In the meantime, Anderson and Burr produced the cult stop-motion animated series Dick Spanner, which enjoyed many showings on Britain's Channel 4 in the late eighties and early nineties. It was the final project completed by Anderson Burr. Anderson then joined the Moving Picture Company as a commercials director, and provided special effects direction for the hit musical comedy Return to the Forbidden Planet. Space Precinct is a British television series that aired during the 1994-1995 season on Sky One and BBC Two in Britain and in syndication in North America. ... Shane Rimmer (born 28th May 1936) is a Canadian actor and voice actor. ... Dick Spanner, P.I. was a tongue-in-cheek 1986 British television series featuring puppets filmed entirely in stop-motion animation, starring mild-mannered robot private detective Dick Spanner as the suitably square-jawed titular hero (voiced by Shane Rimmer). ... It has been suggested that Channel Four Television Corporation be merged into this article or section. ... Return to the Forbidden Planet is a Jukebox musical by director Bob Carlton based on Shakespeares The Tempest and the 1950s science fiction film Forbidden Planet (which itself drew its plot loosely from The Tempest). ...


1990s - a new audience

The cult appeal of Thunderbirds and the other Supermarionation series grew steadily over the years and was celebrated by comedy and stage productions such as the hit two-man stage revue Thunderbirds FAB. In the early nineties, ITC began releasing home video versions of the Supermarionation shows, and the profile of the shows was further enhanced by productions such as the Dire Straits music video for their single Calling Elvis, which was made as an affectionate Thunderbirds pastiche (with Anderson co-producing), and by Lady Penelope and Parker appearing in a successful series of UK advertisements for an insurance company. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Lady Penelope puppet Lady Penelope Creighton-Ward is International Rescues London Agent from Gerry Andersons Thunderbirds. ...


In 1991 Gerry asked journalist and author Simon Archer to write his biography, following an interview by the latter for a series of articles for Century 21 magazine. That same year in the UK BBC2 began a repeat showing of Thunderbirds, which rivalled the success of its original run a generation before. It became so popular in Britain that toy manufacturers Matchbox were unable to keep up with the demand for the Tracy Island playset, leading children's show Blue Peter to broadcast a segment showing children how to construct their own. The fan base for the Anderson shows was now worldwide and growing steadily, and Anderson found himself in demand for personal and media appearances. BBC Two (or BBC2 as it was formerly styled) was the second UK television station to be aired by the BBC. History The channel was scheduled to begin at 7:20pm on April 20, 1964 and show an evening of light entertainment, starting with the comedy show The Alberts and... Matchbox Superfast window sticker A miniature Matchbox Gowings van Matchbox is a die cast toy brand currently owned by Mattel, Inc. ... Tracy Island was the secret base of the Tracy family located in the South Pacific Ocean in the ITV television series Thunderbirds. ... For other uses, see Blue Peter (disambiguation). ...


In response to this greater demand Anderson performed a successful one-man show in 1992, which Simon Archer had written and constructed. Entitled An Evening with Gerry Anderson, it took the form of an illustrated lecture in which he talked about his career, and his most popular shows. He also made numerous media and personal appearances to tie in with revivals and DVD releases of Stingray, Thunderbirds, Captain Scarlet and Joe 90.


By 1993 the interviews with Archer had generated so much more material than was required for the biography that a book was published of Gerry Anderson trivia "Gerry Anderson's FAB Facts".[6] Archer was killed in a car crash on London's M25 on his way to the publishers to collect one of the first print run to present to Anderson, and the book later had to be withdrawn from sale and thousands of copies destroyed as a result of a copyright dispute with ITC America.[7] The M25 motorway looking south between junctions 14 and 15, near Heathrow Airport. ...


The renewed interest enabled Anderson to return to television production, but several projects including GFI (an animated update of Thunderbirds) did not make it into production. Finally, in 1994, Anderson was able to get the long-shelved Space Police project into production as Space Precinct. It was followed by Lavender Castle, a children's sci-fi fantasy series combining stop-motion animation and computer-generated imagery. Promotional poster for Lavender Castle. ... Stop motion is an animation technique which makes things that are static appear to be moving. ... Computer-generated imagery (CGI) is the application of the field of computer graphics (or more specifically, 3D computer graphics) to special effects. ...


In the meantime, the biography, which had been set aside since Simon Archer's death had been picked up again and was completed by Stan Nicholls from Archer's original notes and manuscript, finally being published in 1996 shortly before Lavender Castle went into production.[8] Stan Nicholls has been a full-time writer since 1981. ...


Around this time Gerry was reunited with his elder son, Gerry Jr., at which time it was suggested that Sylvia had been responsible for the enforced estrangement. This reinforced Anderson's already powerful feelings of animosity towards his ex-wife.[9]


2000 onward

By December 1999, Anderson was working on plans for a computer animated sequel to Captain Scarlet, and test reels were displayed by Gerry at a few fan conventions. Some of the test sequences from these reels were later available for a period as elements in publicity reels available on the website of the production company engaged to make them (the Moving Picture Company or MPC in Soho, London,[10] where Gerry had previously worked). These early test reels had the visual design and characters looking very much as they had in the original show, although the vehicle designs had been somewhat modernised. Several years after the initial tests the project evolved into the remake Gerry Anderson's New Captain Scarlet, by which time the entire appearance had been very much updated. Gerry Anderson was made a Member of the Order of the British Empire in 2001. Computer-generated imagery (CGI) is the application of the field of computer graphics (or more specifically, 3D computer graphics) to special effects. ... A fan convention, or con, is an event in which the fans of a particular TV show, comic book, or actor, or an entire style of entertainment such as science fiction or anime, gather together to meet famous personalities (and each other) face-to-face. ... This article is about the district of Greater London. ... Gerry Andersons New Captain Scarlet (or more commonly New Captain Scarlet) is a United Kingdom-produced computer-generated imagery action-adventure TV series which debuted in February 2005 as part of the Ministry of Mayhem on ITV. Created by Gerry Anderson, it is a Hypermarionation reboot of the classic... Commanders Badge of the Order of the British Empire The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is an order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions, in order of seniority: Knight or Dame Grand Cross...


Along with his then business partner John Needham, Anderson created another new series entitled Firestorm which was financed by Japanese investors and featured anime style animation. The project was not a happy one for any of the parties involved, and other planned shows with the Japanese backers, including Eternity failed to come to fruition. Firestorm has yet to be shown on UK television. Anderson and Needham parted company in 2003. The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). ...


Anderson was originally approached to be involved in a live-action feature film adaptation of Thunderbirds as far back as 1996,[8] but was actually turned away by the producers of the 2004 film Thunderbirds, directed by Jonathan Frakes, after first being invited to meet with them.[11] He distanced himself overtly from the project, later turning down an offer of $750,000 simply to write an endorsement of the film shortly before its release; Sylvia Anderson, however, did become involved and received a "special thanks" credit in the film. The film itself received poor critical reviews and was a box-office failure in America. Movie Poster for Thunderbirds Spoiler warning: Thunderbirds is a Universal Pictures release based upon the Thunderbirds television series of the 1960s, directed by Jonathan Frakes. ... Jonathan Frakes (born August 19, 1952) is an American actor and director best known for his portrayal of Commander William T. Riker in the television series Star Trek: The Next Generation. ... Sylvia Anderson (née Thamm) (born 25 March 1937) is a British voice artist and producer, most notable for her collaborations with her ex-husband Gerry Anderson. ...


Anderson later praised the execution of the puppet-based political satire Team America: World Police, which used many familiar supermarionation style effects familiar to many long time fans of Anderson's work, it was produced by Matt Stone and Trey Parker Political satire is a subgenre of general satire that specializes in gaining entertainment from politics, politicians and public affairs. ... Team America: World Police Team America: World Police is a 2004 movie by Trey Parker and Matt Stone, the creators of the Comedy Central television program South Park. ... Matthew Richard Stone (born May 26, 1971) is an Emmy-winning American animator, film director, screenwriter, actor and voice actor. ... Randolph Severn Trey Parker III (born October 19, 1969) is an Academy Award-nominated and Emmy-winning American animator, screenwriter, film director, voice actor, actor and musician. ...


After Gerry Anderson's New Captain Scarlet finally premiered in the UK in February 2005. The show cost £23,000,000 to produce (the most expensive childrens programme ever to be made in the UK)and was warmly received by the fan community. However it was missed by many due to poor scheduling and pre-publicity by ITV. Although many companies invested in producing toys and merchandise, the lack of exposure given to the series by ITV inevitably failed to produce the excitement that accompanied the original series and disappointing sales followed. The accompanying comic lasted only six editions before being scrapped by its publishers. Followers of the show await with interest on how the show will re-coup its hefty investment while Gerry's displeasure at ITV's handling of the show was widely reported. Gerry Andersons New Captain Scarlet (or more commonly New Captain Scarlet) is a United Kingdom-produced computer-generated imagery action-adventure TV series which debuted in February 2005 as part of the Ministry of Mayhem on ITV. Created by Gerry Anderson, it is a Hypermarionation reboot of the classic... It has been suggested that Channel 3 (UK) be merged into this article or section. ...


2005 also saw the 40th Anniversary of Thunderbirds. A wide range of merchandise was produced to celebrate the landmark, though poor scheduling of the series on the BBC failed to re-ignite the usual following of the show.


In 2006, ITV announced it would re-run the entire series on its fledgling CITV Channel, a digital service available on cable, satellite and the Freeview service. With fewer than 50,000 viewers, it seems that, once again, New Captain Scarlet is destined to be seen by very few people. The CITV Channel is a British childrens TV station from ITV plc and the Channel 3 breakfast licensee GMTV (6am-9:25am). ... Freeview is the operator of free digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom, using the DVB-T standard. ...


The series is however filmed in the High Definition format and it is hoped that the show will find a place on the new services.


ITV4, another digital service, also ran repeats of UFO and Space: 1999 attracting a very small, but loyal following. Anderson is currently (mid 2006) believed to be working on a new project entitled Lightspeed, about which very little is publicly known. ITV4 is a UK television station which launched on November 1, 2005. ... UFO is a British television science fiction series created by Gerry Anderson and Sylvia Anderson and produced by the Andersons and Lew Grades Century 21 Productions for Grades ITC Entertainment company. ... Left to right: Barbara Bain, Catherine Schell and Martin Landau from Space:1999s second season. ...


Gerry Anderson productions

TV series (and broadcast dates)

The Adventures of Twizzle (or simply Twizzle as it was known in some territories) was the very first television show produced by AP Films and specifically Gerry Anderson, after being approached by author Roberta Leigh (who also co-produced with Anderson) and her colleauge Suzanne Warner. ... Torchy the Battery Boy was the second television series produced by AP Films and Gerry Anderson. ... Four Feather Falls was the third puppet TV show produced by Sylvia and Gerry Anderson, from an idea by Barry Gray. ... Supercar was a childrens TV show produced by Gerry Andersons AP Films for ATV and ITC Entertainment. ... Fireball XL5 was a science fiction-themed childrens television show produced in Britain in 1962 by the husband and wife team of Gerry and Sylvia Anderson through their company APF in association with ATV for ITC Entertainment. ... Cover from Stingray DVD box set (2001). ... Brains Thunderbirds is a mid-1960s Sylvia and Gerry Anderson television show which used a form of puppetry called Supermarionation. Cast, crew, and production notes Thunderbirds was the fourth and by far the most successful of the childrens series made by AP Films (APF) for the British television company... Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons, often referred to as simply Captain Scarlet, is a science fiction television series produced by the Century 21 Productions Television company of Sylvia and Gerry Anderson and Reg Hill. ... Joe 90 is a 1968 Sylvia and Gerry Anderson television series concerning the adventures of a nine-year-old boy, Joe McClaine, set in the years 2012-13. ... This article is about the television series. ... UFO is a British television science fiction series created by Gerry Anderson and Sylvia Anderson and produced by the Andersons and Lew Grades Century 21 Productions for Grades ITC Entertainment company. ... The Protectors was a British television series, an action thriller created by Gerry Anderson - his second TV series using live actors as opposed to animated puppets. ... North American DVD release of the series. ... Dick Spanner, P.I. was a tongue-in-cheek 1986 British television series featuring puppets filmed entirely in stop-motion animation, starring mild-mannered robot private detective Dick Spanner as the suitably square-jawed titular hero (voiced by Shane Rimmer). ... Space Precinct is a British television series that aired during the 1994-1995 season on Sky One and BBC Two in Britain and in syndication in North America. ... Promotional poster for Lavender Castle. ... Gerry Andersons New Captain Scarlet (or more commonly New Captain Scarlet) is a United Kingdom-produced computer-generated imagery action-adventure TV series which debuted in February 2005 as part of the Ministry of Mayhem on ITV. Created by Gerry Anderson, it is a Hypermarionation reboot of the classic...

Feature films

Crossroads to Crime was a British crime film released in 1960. ... Thunderbirds Are GO (DVD cover) Thunderbirds Are GO! was the first feature film to be made from the highly successful Supermarionation series Thunderbirds. ... Thunderbird 6 was the second film based on the popular supermarionation television series Thunderbirds, which followed International Rescue on a round-the-world trip. ... Doppelgänger was a 1969 Science Fiction film directed by Robert Parrish. ...

Miscellanies

  • The Day After Tomorrow (a.k.a. Into Infinity) (1976)
  • Space Police (pilot episode - never broadcast)

Gerry Anderson had no involvement in the 2004 live action film version of Thunderbirds, although Sylvia Anderson served as a consultant on that project. Space Precinct was a British television series that aired during the 1994-1995 seasons on Sky One in Britain and in syndication in North America. ... Movie Poster for Thunderbirds Spoiler warning: Thunderbirds is a Universal Pictures release based upon the Thunderbirds television series of the 1960s, directed by Jonathan Frakes. ...


In addition, a number of UK comics featured strips that were closely based around Anderson's creations. These started with TV Comic during the early 1960s followed by TV Century 21 and its various sister publications Lady Penelope, TV Tornado, Solo and Joe 90. Later there was Countdown (later TV Action) during the 1970s. There were also a number of tie-in annuals that were produced each year featuring Anderson's TV shows. A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... TV Comic was a British comic book published weekly between November 9, 1951 and June 22, 1984 for 1696 issues. ... TV Century 21 (also known as TV21) was an important comic in the 60s and a verhicle to promote the many space age adventure puppet series created by Gerry Anderson and his wife Sylvia Anderson. ... Countdown was a British comic book that ran for 58 issues from (issues dates) 20 February 1971 to 25 March 1972, when it became TV Action. ...


References

  1. ^ Archer, Simon; Nicholls, Stan (1996). Gerry Anderson: The Authorised Biography. Legend Books, 3. ISBN 0-09-978141-7. 
  2. ^ Archer, Simon; Nicholls, Stan (1996). Gerry Anderson: The Authorised Biography. Legend Books, 149-150. ISBN 0-09-978141-7. 
  3. ^ Archer, Simon; Nicholls, Stan (1996). Gerry Anderson: The Authorised Biography. Legend Books, 154-155. ISBN 0-09-978141-7. 
  4. ^ Anderson, Sylvia (1991). Yes M'Lady. Smith Gryphon. ISBN 1-85685-011-0. 
  5. ^ Archer, Simon; Nicholls, Stan (1996). Gerry Anderson: The Authorised Biography. Legend Books, 171. ISBN 0-09-978141-7. 
  6. ^ Archer, Simon (1993). Gerry Anderson's FAB Facts. Harper Collins. ISBN 0-00-638247-9. 
  7. ^ Archer, Simon; Nicholls, Stan (1996). "Afterword: My friend Simon Archer, by Gerry Anderson", Gerry Anderson: The Authorised Biography. Legend Books. ISBN 0-09-978141-7. 
  8. ^ a b Archer, Simon; Nicholls, Stan (1996). Gerry Anderson: The Authorised Biography. Legend Books. ISBN 0-09-978141-7. 
  9. ^ Hearn, Marcus; Archer, Simon (2002). What Made Thunderbirds Go. BBC Books. ISBN 0-563-53481-8. 
  10. ^ Creation Magazine (http://www.creationmag.com/editorial/features/captain/captain.shtml)
  11. ^ BBCi Berkshire interview, published July 19, 2004 (http://www.bbc.co.uk/berkshire/features/2004/07/gerry_anderson_iview.shtml) - retrieved May 22, 2006

is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

External links

  • FANDERSON - The Official Gerry Anderson Appreciation Society
  • Gerry Anderson at the Internet Movie Database
  • Gerry Anderson at BFI Screenonline
  • TV Century 21 A large site dedicated to the productions of Gerry Anderson, mainly Supermarionation.
  • Gerry Anderson Links Index and links for all productions
  • BIG RAT - The JOE 90 web site

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sylvia and Gerry Anderson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4345 words)
Anderson was born Gerald Alexander Abrahams on 14 April 1929 in Hampstead, London.
Gerry Anderson began his career in photography and after the war he secured a traineeship with the British Colonial Film Unit.
Gerry Anderson was made a Member of the Order of the British Empire in 2001, and is still working on new projects, including the CGI version of Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons, titled Gerry Anderson's New Captain Scarlet (which debuted in 2005).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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