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Encyclopedia > German war crimes
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Germany committed war crimes in both World War I and World War II. The most notable of these is the Holocaust, where millions of people, about half of which were Jews, were murdered. However, millions also died as a result of other German actions in those two conflicts. Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ... In the context of war, a war crime is a punishable offense under International Law, for violations of the laws of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... This article is becoming very long. ...

Contents

World War I

After the German Army's initial victories against the British and French Armies in Western Europe, German troops became bogged down on the Western front. Much of Belgium was occupied for the duration of the war, as well as some parts of France. Between August and October 1914, German soldiers murdered around 6,500 Belgian and French civilians, also destroying some 20,000 buildings. There were reports of using civilians as human shields by German troops in battle. Combatants Belgium, British Empire, France, United States, other Western Allies of WWI Germany Commanders No unified command until 1918, then General Ferdinand Foch Kaiser Wilhelm II Casualties ~4,800,000 Unknown though considerably higher Following the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, the German army opened the Western... August is the eighth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Look up October in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


In addition, tens of thousands of people living in occupied areas were deported to Germany and interned there.


World War II

See also War crimes of the Wehrmacht. Combatants Poland Germany Soviet Union Slovakia Commanders Edward Rydz-Śmigły Fedor von Bock (Army Group North) Gerd von Rundstedt (Army Group South) Ferdinand Čatloš (Field Army Bernolak) Strength 39 divisions 16 brigades 4,300 guns 880 tanks 400 aircraft Total: 1,000,000[1] 56 German divisions, 33+ Soviet... The pacification operations in German-occupied Poland were the unlawful use of military force and punitive measures conducted during World War II by the German state with the goal of suppressing any Polish resistance. ... Le Paradis massacre occurred during the Battle of France in 1940, members of the Royal Norfolk Regiment were victims of a German SS war crime at Le Paradis in the Pas-de-Calais on May 26. ... The Royal Norfolk Regiment, orignally formed as the Norfolk Regiment, was a regiment of the British Army. ... May 27th, 1941 Fritz Knoechlein (1911 in Munich - January 28, 1949) was SS Obersturmführer. ... The Wormhoudt massacre was an atrocity against soldiers hors de combat in World War II that occurred on Tuesday 28 May 1940 when the German Infantry Regiment Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler under the command of Sepp Dietrich, and allegedly specifically the 2nd Battalion controlled by Hauptsturmführer Wilhelm Mohnke, killed... The 12. ... Kurt Panzermeyer Meyer in 1942 after being awarded the Oakleaves to the Knights Cross Kurt Panzermeyer Meyer (December 23, 1910-December 23, 1961) served as an officer in the Waffen-SS during the Second World War. ... United States soldiers discover the aftermath of the Malmedy Massacre. ... Combatants United States United Kingdom Germany Commanders Dwight D. Eisenhower Gerd von Rundstedt Strength Dec 16 - start of the Battle: about 83,000 men; 242 Sherman tanks, 182 tank destroyers, and 394 pieces of corps and divisional artillery. ... Malmedy Cathedral, built in 1777 Malmedy is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège. ... On April 13, 1945 (less than a month from the end of the Second World War), German SS and Luftwaffe troops, retreating from the Allied advance, murdered 1016 political and military prisoners near the German town of Gardelegen. ... The Marzabotto massacre was a World War II massacre that took place in the small Italian town of Marzabotto. ... SantAnna di Stazzema is a village in Italian Tuscany where, on August 12, 1944, SS of 16. ... Geography The capital of the Cephallonia prefecture is Argostoli. ... Oradour-sur-Glane was a village in the Limousin région of France that came under direct German control in 1942, after the occupation of Vichy France by the Wehrmacht. ... Lidice (Liditz in German) is a village in former Czechoslovakia (now in the Czech Republic) which was completely destroyed by the Nazis during World War II. About 340 men, women and children from the village were murdered by the Nazis. ... The Holocaust of the city of Kalavryta or Massacre and Annihilation of Kalavryta refer to the extermination of the male population and the subsequent total destruction of the town of Kalavryta, in Greece, by German occupying forces during World War II on 13 December 1943. ... Combatants Nazi Germany Polish and Jewish collaborators Jewish resistance (ŻOB, ŻZW) Armia Krajowa Commanders Jürgen Stroop Mordechai Anielewicz†, Dawid Apfelbaum†, Paweł Frenkiel†, Icchak Cukierman, Marek Edelman, Zivia Lubetkin, Henryk Iwański Strength 2,054, including 821 Waffen SS At least 56,065 civilians, 750-1,000 insurgents Casualties Officially... Combatants Poland Germany Commanders Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski, Antoni Chruściel, Tadeusz Pełczyński Erich von dem Bach, Rainer Stahel, Heinz Reinefarth, Bronislav Kaminski Strength 50,000 troops 25,000 troops Casualties 18,000 killed, 12,000 wounded, 15,000 taken prisoner 250,000 civilians killed 10,000 killed... The Geneva Conventions consist of treaties formulated in Geneva, Switzerland that set the standards for international law for humanitarian concerns. ... Unrestricted submarine warfare is a kind of naval warfare in which submarines sink merchant ships without warning. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Wehrmacht. ...


German acknowledgment of war crimes

World War I

World War II

Germany's response to its war crimes has been largely lauded by the former Allies. The Government of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany until 1990) offered official apologies for Germany's role in the Holocaust. Additionally, German leaders have continuously expressed repentance, most notably when former Chancellor Willy Brandt fell on his knees in front of a Holocaust memorial in the Warsaw Ghetto, also known as the Warschauer Kniefall in 1970. Germany has also paid extensive reparations, including nearly $70 billion to the state of Israel. It has given $15 billion to Holocaust survivors and will continue to compensate them until 2015. Additionally, the government of Germany coordinated an effort to reach a settlement with German companies that had used slave labor during the war; the companies will pay $1.7 billion to victims. Germany also established a National Holocaust Memorial Museum in Berlin for looted property. Look up ally in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the year. ... Willy Brandt, born Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm (December 18, 1913 - October 8, 1992) was a German politician, Chancellor of West Germany 1969 – 1974, and leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) 1964 – 1987. ... The Ghetto Heroes Memorial The Warsaw Ghetto was the largest of the Jewish ghettos established by Nazi Germany in General Government during the Holocaust in World War II. In the three years of its existence, starvation, disease and deportations to concentration camps and extermination camps dropped the population of the... Warschauer Kniefall is a German term meaning Warsaw Genuflection (kneeling), referring to an event on December 7th, 1970 where the social democratic Chancellor of Germany Willy Brandt, very surprisingly and to all appearences spontaneously, knelt at a monument to the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in what was then the communist Peoples... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... 2015 (MMXV) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ...


Germany's treatment of war criminals and war crimes has also met with approval. Germany help track down war criminals for the Nuremberg Trials and opened its wartime archives to researchers and investigators. Additionally, Germany verified over 60,000 names of war criminals for the U.S. Department of Justice to prevent them from entering the United States and provided similar information to Canada and the United Kingdom. On the other hand numerous war criminals were never brought to justice and lived their lives as respected citizens and even state officials, despite numerous pleas for their extradition or trial, stated by countries invaded by Germany. For instance, this was the case of Heinz Reinefarth and Erich von dem Bach, each of them responsible for death of dozens of thousands of civilians in Poland and the Soviet Union. The Süddeutsche Zeitung announces The Verdict in Nuremberg. ... DOJ headquarters in Washington, D.C. Justice Department redirects here. ... Heinrich Reinefarth (plus communément appelé Heinz Reinefarth, 26 décembre 1903-7 mai 1979), était un officiel et un officier militaire allemand durant, puis après la Seconde guerre mondiale. ... Erich von dem Bach, born Erich von Zelewski and also known as Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski (March 1, 1899 - March 8, 1972), was a Nazi official and a member of the SS (in which he reached the rank of SS-Obergruppenführer). ...


The German education system focuses on teaching about the Holocaust and the Third Reich and denounces the crimes committed during World War II. Additionally, German legislation outlaws Nazi works like Mein Kampf and makes Holocaust denial a criminal offence. Furthermore, even other symbols of Nazism, like the Swastika and so-called "Hitler Salute", are illegal in Germany. Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Cover of Mein Kampf (First Edition) Mein Kampf (English translation: My Struggle, My Battle or My Fight) is the signature work of Adolf Hitler, combining elements of autobiography with an exposition of Hitlers political ideology of Nazism. ... Richard Harwoods Did Six Million Really Die? Holocaust denial is the claim that the mainstream historical version of the Holocaust is either highly exaggerated or completely falsified. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... The swastika (from Sanskrit , from su well, and asti being, thus good fortune or well-being) is an equilateral cross with its arms bent at right angles in either left-facing () or right-facing () direction. ...


However, Germany is still criticized by some regarding its response. The German government never apologized for the invasions or took responsibility for World War II. Poland still insists that Germany must offer an apology for the suffering of its people during the war. Additionally, the emphasis for blame is often placed on individuals like Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party instead of the government itself, so no restitution has been made to any other national government by Germany. Even after German reunification in 1990, Germany rejected claims to reparations made by Britain and France, insisting that all reparations had already been resolved. Additionally, Germany has been criticized for waiting too long to seek out and return looted property, some of which is still missing and possibly hidden within Germany. Germany has also had trouble dealing with stolen property in private hands because of the need to compensate the owners. Hitler redirects here. ... The (German: Nazional- socialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP) [National Socialist German Workers Party]); generally known in English as the Nazi Party, was a political party in Germany between 1920 and 1945. ... The Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) took place on October 3, 1990, when the areas of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR, in English commonly called East Germany) were incorporated into the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, in... This article is about the year. ...


See also

The following is a list of people suspected of commiting war crimes on behalf of Nazi Germany or any of the Axis Powers during World War Two. ... At the end of World War II, several trials of Axis war criminals took place, most famously the Nuremberg Trials. ... This article needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... The term Japanese war crimes refers to events which occurred during the period of Japanese imperialism, from the late 19th century until 1945. ... At the end of World War II, Red Army soldiers raped more than 200,000 German females who then were murdered, died from injuries or committed suicide. ... This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Wehrmacht. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... See also the related article on Nazi concentration camps The following is a list of German concentration camps during World War II. are marked with pink, while major concentration camps of are marked with blue. ... This article is becoming very long. ...

External links

  • The War Crimes of Dr Josef Mengele
  • German War Crimes of World War I

 
 

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