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Encyclopedia > German in the United States

Disambiguation: This article is about the language known as German as it is spoken in the United States. For information on German people in the United States see German-American. German-Americans are common in the US. Light blue indicates counties that are predominately German ancestry. ...


Before World War I, more than 6 percent of American schoolchildren received their primary education only in German. Furthermore, as of the 2000 census, more than 45 million Americans claim they have German ancestors, the largest reported white ethnic group. Only 1.5 million, however, speak the language at the present time. Today German is the second most spoken language in two states: North Dakota and South Dakota. As a taught foreign language, in terms of the number of public schools offering German-language instruction in modern America, German is third in popularity after Spanish (1) and French (2). Combatants Allies: • Serbia, • Russia, • France, • Romania, • Belgium, • British Empire and Dominions, • United States, • Italy, • ...and others Central Powers: • Germany, • Austria-Hungary, • Ottoman Empire, • Bulgaria Casualties 5 million military, 3 million civilian (full list) 3 million military, 3 million civilian (full list) World War I, also known as the First World... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 19th 183 272 km² 340 km 545 km 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 17th 199,905 km² 340 km 610 km 1. ...

Contents


Pennsylvania

The Amish and other Pennsylvania Germans speak a dialect of German known as Pennsylvania German (also called Pennsylvania Deutsch or corrupted to Pennsylvania Dutch), a remnant of what was once a much larger German-speaking area in eastern Pennsylvania. Indeed, there are many places in this area named Germantown Amish couple in a horse-drawn buggy in rural Holmes County, Ohio, the site of one of the largest concentrations of Amish in the United States The Amish are a denomination of Anabaptists, found primarily in the United States and Canada, noted for their restrictions on the use of modern... Pennsylvania German, or Pennsylvania Dutch (Pennsilfaanisch-Deitsch, Pennsilfaani-Deitsch), is a High German variety spoken by 150,000 to 250,000 people in North America. ... The Pennsylvania Dutch (perhaps more strictly Pennsylvania Deitsch or Pennsylvanian German) are descendants of German speaking immigrants who came to Pennsylvania in the early 1700s. ... The Pennsylvania Dutch (perhaps more strictly Pennsylvania Deitsch or Pennsylvanian German) are descendants of German speaking immigrants who came to Pennsylvania in the early 1700s. ... Official language(s) None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 33rd 119,283 km² 255 km 455 km 2. ... Germantown is the name of five places in the State of Pennsylvania and a neighborhood in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Germantown, Adams County, Pennsylvania Germantown, Cambria County, Pennsylvania Germantown, Columbia County, Pennsylvania Germantown, Franklin County, Pennsylvania Germantown, Pike County, Pennsylvania See also: Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania This is a disambiguation page — a navigational...


Texas

There is a dying dialect called Texas German based in the Texas Hill Country in the vicinity of the town of Fredricksburg. Texas German is a dialect of the German language that is spoken by descendants of German immigrants who founded the town of Fredericksburg, Texas in 1846. ... The Texas Hill Country, as seen from near Interstate 10. ... Fredericksburg is a city located in Gillespie County, Texas. ...


Hutterites

Hutterite communities in the United States and Canada speak Hutterite German, an Austro-Bavarian dialect. Hutterite is spoken in the US States of Washington, Montana, North and South Dakota, and Minnesota; and in the Canadian provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. Hutterites are a communal branch of Anabaptists who, like the Amish and Mennonites, trace their roots to the Radical Reformation of the 16th Century. ... Hutterite German (Hutterisch) is an Upper German dialect of the Austro-Bavarian variety of the German language, which is spoken by Hutterite communities in Canada and the United States. ... Á á É é Í í Ó ó Ú ú À à È è ÃŒ ì Ã’ ò Ù ù  â Ê ê ÃŽ î Ô ô Û û Ä ä Ë ë Ï ï Ö ö Ãœ ü ß Ã ã Ñ ñ Õ õ Ç ç Ä¢ Ä£ Ķ Ä· Ä» ļ Å… ņ Å– Å— Åž ÅŸ Å¢ Å£ Ć ć Ĺ ĺ Ń Å„ Å” Å• Åš Å› Ý ý Ź ź Đ Ä‘ Å® ů ÄŒ č ÄŽ ď Ľ ľ Ň ň Ř Å™ Å  Å¡ Ť Å¥ Ž ž Ǎ ÇŽ Äš Ä› Ǐ ǐ Ç‘ Ç’ Ç“ Ç” Ä€ ā Ä’ Ä“ Ī Ä« ÅŒ ō Ū Å« Ç– ǘ Çš Çœ Ĉ ĉ Äœ ĝ Ĥ Ä¥ Ä´ ĵ Åœ ŝ Å´ ŵ Ŷ Å· Ä‚ ă Äž ÄŸ Ŭ Å­ ÄŠ Ä‹ Ä– Ä— Ä  Ä¡ Ä° ı Å» ż Ä„ Ä… Ę Ä™ Ä® į Ų ų Ł Å‚ Ő Å‘ Å° ű Ä¿ Å€ Ħ ħ Ð ð Þ þ Å’ Å“ Æ æ Ø ø Ã… Ã¥ Ə É™ – — … [] [[]] {{}} ~ | ° § → # ≈ ± − × ¹ ² ³ ‘ “ ’ ” ¢ £ € Â¥ Α α Î’ β Γ γ Δ δ Ε ε Ζ ζ Η η Θ θ Ι ι Κ κ Λ λ Îœ μ Ν ν Ξ ξ Ο ο Π Ï€ Ρ ρ Σ σ Ï‚ Τ Ï„ Î¥ Ï… Φ φ Χ χ Ψ ψ Ω ω ʈ É– ÉŸ É¡ É¢ Ê¡ Ê” ɸ ʃ Ê’ É• Ê‘ Ê‚ ʐ ʝ É£ ʁ Ê• Êœ Ê¢ ɦ ɱ ɳ ɲ Å‹ É´ Ê‹ ɹ É» É° Ê™ Ê€ ɾ ɽ É« ɬ É® ɺ É­ ÊŽ ÊŸ É¥ ʍ ɧ É“ É— Ê„ É  Ê› ʘ Ç€ ǃ Ç‚ ǁ ɨ ʉ ɯ ɪ ʏ ÊŠ ɘ ɵ ɤ Éš É› Éœ ɝ Éž ÊŒ É” ɐ ɶ É‘ É’ Ê° Ê· ʲ Ë  ˤ ⁿ Ë¡ ˈ ËŒ ː Ë‘ ... This article deals with the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 4th 381,156 km² 410 km 1,015 km 1 44°26 N to 49° N 104°2 W to 116°2 W Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 44th 902,195 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 19th 183 272 km² 340 km 545 km 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 17th 199,905 km² 340 km 610 km 1. ... Official language(s) None Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 12th 225,365 km² 400 km 645 km 8. ... Motto: Fortis et Liber (Latin: Strong and free) Official languages English Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ralph Klein (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 28 6 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 6th (provinces and territories) 661,848 km² 642,317 km² 19... Motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires (Latin: From many peoples, strength) Official languages English (but legally required to provide some services in French) Capital Regina Largest city Saskatoon Lieutenant-Governor Lynda M. Haverstock Premier Lorne Calvert (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 14 6 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Official languages English Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 14 6 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 8th 647,797 km² 553,556 km² 64,241 km² (14. ...


Official language?

A myth holds that German was to be the official language of the US, replacing English to sever ties with Great Britain. Also the myth tells of how German almost beat out English as the United States' official language, but this is inaccurate: It is based on a failed early attempt to have government documents translated into German. Also, unlike most countries that have legal documents declaring that one, or perhaps multiple languages are official, acceptable languages to use in that country - the U.S. has no official language; English is used simply because the majority understand it. Therefore, it is possible for the language to change if ever there is a larger majority that speaks another (different) language besides English, although it is unlikely because of the history of the country with its historical documents (i.e. Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, etc.)


Literature

  • Kloss, Heinz (1977, reprinted 1998). The American Bilingual Tradition. (Language in Education; 88) McHenry,IL: Center for Applied Linguistics and Delta Systems. ISBN 1-887744-02-9

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
German Americans - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2329 words)
In the 1790 U.S. census, the first taken by the new country, Germans are estimated to have constituted nearly 9% of the white population in the United States.
Of the four major U.S. regions, German was the most-reported ancestry in the Midwest, second in the West, and third in the Northeast and South regions.
The influence of German cuisine is seen in the cuisine of the United States throughout the country.
German in the United States - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (431 words)
The Amish and other Pennsylvania Germans speak a dialect of German known as Pennsylvania German (also called Pennsylvania Deutsch or corrupted to Pennsylvania Dutch), a remnant of what was once a much larger German-speaking area in eastern Pennsylvania.
There is a dying dialect called Texas German based in the Texas Hill Country in the vicinity of the town of Fredricksburg.
Hutterite is spoken in the US States of Washington, Montana, North and South Dakota, and Minnesota; and in the Canadian provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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