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Encyclopedia > German cruiser Emden
Career Kriegsmarine Jack
Ordered: 1921
Laid down: December 1921
Launched: January 1925
Commissioned: October 1925
Decommissioned: April 1945
Fate: Scuttled May 1945
General Characteristics
Displacement: 7100 tons full load
Length: 156 meters
Beam: 14,30 meters
Draught: 5,80 meters
Propulsion: Steam turbines, 2 shafts, 4 boilers, 46,500 shp /34,000 kW (after refit in 1934)
Speed: 29.5 knots
Range: 6,750 nautical miles at 15 knots
Complement: 685
Armament: 8 × 5.9 inch (150 mm) guns
3 × 105 mm (4.1 in) guns
3 × 88 mm guns
4 × 37 mm guns
8 × 20 mm guns (later 20)
4 × 533 mm torpedo tubes
120 mines

This article refers to the third German cruiser to bear the name Emden. For the WWI cruiser see SMS Emden. Image File history File links Light_Cruiser_Emden_in_China_1931. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Weimar_Republic_(jack). ... Image File history File links War_Ensign_of_Germany_1938-1945. ... Polish wz. ... SMS Emden was a light cruiser of the German navy. ...


The German light cruiser Emden was the only ship of its class. The third cruiser to bear the name Emden was the first new warship built in Germany after World War I. A light cruiser is a warship that is not so large and powerful as a regular (or heavy) cruiser, but still larger than ships like destroyers. ... USS Port Royal (CG-73), a Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser (really an uprated guided missile destroyer), launched in 1992. ... Diagrams of first and third rate warships, England, 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Franz...


Ordered in 1921, construction was delayed first by Allied objections to the design and then by the German hyperinflation in 1923. The original design envisaged the eight 6 inch guns being installed in four twin-turrets and would have made Emden one of the most advanced cruisers of her time. But the Treaty of Versailles forbade Germany the development of new weapons, including new turrets. Like most navies, the German navy had never before used twin-turrets for such small guns. All previous designs were for 8 inch or larger guns and were too heavy for a 6000-ton cruiser as allowed by the Treaty. This forced a redesign of the ship with the guns placed in 8 less effective single-gun turrets, making Emden look very similar to her WWI predecessors. Certain figures in this article use scientific notation for readability. ... The Treaty of Versailles (1919) was the peace treaty which officially ended World War I between the Allied and Central Powers and the German Empire. ...


The ship was finally launched on 6 January 1925 and commissioned on 15 October 1925. January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 359 days (360 in leap years) remaining. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... October 15 is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years). ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Used primarily as a training vessel, Emden made several cruises into the Atlantic, Pacific and Mediterranean between 1926 and 1939. For a time, until his promotion to Captain and transfer to the 1st U-boat flotilla in 1935, Emden was commanded by Karl Dönitz, who recalled the cruises in his autobiography, Memoirs: Ten Years and Twenty Days. The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one_fifth of its surface. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... U-boat is also a nickname for some diesel locomotives built by GE; see List of GE locomotives October 1939. ... Karl Dönitz (IPA pronunciation:  ); September 16, 1891–December 24, 1980) was a German naval leader, famous for his command of the Kriegsmarine during World War II and for his twenty-day term as President of Germany after Adolf Hitlers suicide. ...


On 4 September 1939, following the outbreak of World War II, the ship was damaged in a British air raid on Wilhelmshaven: a Bristol Blenheim bomber was hit by AA-fire and crashed into the foreship of Emden, killing the first 9 German sailors of World War II. September 4 is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Wilhelmshaven is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... The Bristol Type 142M Blenheim was a high-speed light bomber used extensively in the early days of World War II, built by Bristol Aeroplane Company. ... A bomber is a military aircraft designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. ... A sailor is a member of the crew of a ship or boat. ... Combatants Allied Powers: United Kingdom France Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Axis Powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Charles de Gaulle Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33...


After repairs Emden participated in laying minefields in the North Sea for much of 1939. During the invasion of Norway (Operation Weserübung) Emden was part of the ill-fated Kriegsschiffgruppe 5, tasked with taking Oslo. The group's flagship, the heavy cruiser Blücher, was sunk by the Oscarsborg coastal fortress inside Oslofjord and the heavy cruiser Lützow (ex pocket battleship Deutschland) was severely damaged by a torpedo hit from a British submarine off the Danish coast on her way back to Germany. Minefield redirects here. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... Operation Weserübung was the German codename for Nazi Germanys assault on Denmark and Norway during World War II and the opening operation of the Norwegian Campaign. ... County Oslo NO-03 District Viken Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... The German heavy cruiser Blücher ¹ was the German Kriegsmarines newest ship at the outbreak of World War II. The Blücher is most notable for being sunk on April 9, 1940, less than three years after her launch, on the first day of the invasion of Norway (Operation... Oscarsborg festning is a coastal fortress in the Oslofjord, close to the small city of Drøbak. ... Pocket battleship is an English language term for a class of warships built by German Reichsmarine in accordance with restrictions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles. ... The Deutschland (later re-named Lützow), was the lead ship of a heavy cruiser class that served in the German Kriegsmarine before and during World War II. The ship was originally classified as an armored ship (Panzerschiff) by Germany, and referred to as a pocket battleship by the British. ... German UC-1 class World War I submarine A model of Günther Priens Unterseeboot 47 (U-47), German WWII Type VII diesel-electric hunter Typhoon class nuclear ballistic missile submarine USS Virginia, a Virginia-class nuclear attack (SSN) submarine A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate...


Emden spent the rest of the war in the Baltic Sea, mostly on training cruises. From January 1945 on she helped evacuate German troops and civilians from East Prussia to northern Germany and Denmark. On one of these trips, she also brought back the coffins of former German President Paul von Hindenburg and his wife. East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ... Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg, known universally as Paul von Hindenburg (2 October 1847 – 2 August 1934) was a German Field Marshal and statesman. ...


In the night from 9 April to 10 April 1945 Emden was severely damaged in an air attack at Kiel. She was towed with a 15° list into the Heikendorfer Bucht and beached there on 14 April. The ship was decommissioned on 26 April 1945, scuttled on 3 May and scrapped after the war. April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (101st in leap years). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Kiel ( ) is a city in northern Germany and the capital of the Bundesland Schleswig-Holstein. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105 in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... May 3 is the 123rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (124th in leap years). ...

Emden off the US West Coast, circa 1930
Emden off the US West Coast, circa 1930

Image File history File links Light_Cruiser_Emden_off_the_US_West_Coast_1930. ... Image File history File links Light_Cruiser_Emden_off_the_US_West_Coast_1930. ...

External links

In German:

  • Maritimequest Emden photo gallery
  • German Naval History - Light Cruiser Emden
  • Cruisers EMDEN, Frigates EMDEN - 5 warships named EMDEN until today (german language only)


 v  d  e 
German naval ship classes of World War II
Battleships Battlecruisers
Bismarck Gneisenau
pre-dreadnought battleships Aircraft carrier
Deutschland Graf Zeppelin
Light cruisers Heavy cruisers
Emden | K | Leipzig Deutschland | Admiral Hipper
Destroyers
Type: 1934 | 1934A | 1936 | 1936A / 1936A (Mob) / Narvik | 1936B
Torpedo boats
Type: 1923 (Raubvogel) | 1924 {Raubtier) | 1935 | 1937 | 1939 (Elbing)
U-boats (submarines)
Type: I | II | VII | IX | X | XIV | XXI | XXII | XXIII
Other
Auxiliary cruisers

  Results from FactBites:
 
German cruiser Emden - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (544 words)
The group's flagship, the heavy cruiser Blücher, was sunk by coastal batteries inside Oslofjord and the heavy cruiser Lützow (ex pocket battleship Deutschland) was severely damaged by a torpedo hit from a British submarine off the Danish coast on her way back to Germany.
Emden spent the rest of the war in the Baltic Sea, mostly on training cruises.
In the night from 9 April to 10 April 1945 Emden was severely damaged in an air attack at Kiel.
On November 1, 1906, amid the massive battleship-building mania that would eventually lead Germany and Great Britain to ... (5334 words)
Emden's 10 4.1-inch high-velocity cannons were already matched in range and surpassed in punch by the 6-inchers equipping Britain's newest generation of light cruisers, against which her armor, ranging from 2 to 4 inches thick, could not provide adequate protection.
Emden's greatest weapon was neither her guns nor her torpedoes, however--it was the ingenuity of her captain and officers, who devised a strategy of self-help around making maximum use of whatever ships she captured, combined with carefully worked-out rendezvous with Markomannia and prizes impressed into service as additional supply ships.
Emden then encountered the remaining French destroyer, the 310-ton Mousquet, which fired one torpedo and engaged the Germans with one of her guns before being demolished in an uneven 10-minute fight.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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