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Encyclopedia > German Samoa
Samoa
German Samoa
German colony
1900 – 1914
Flag
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Samoa
Brown = German New Guinea; Pink= German Pacific Protectorates; Red= German Samoa
Capital Berlin
Language(s) German (official), Samoan, Austronesian languages and Papuan languages
Political structure Colony
King List of German monarchs
Historical era German colonization
 - Colonization November 3, 1900
 - Treaty of Versailles June 28, 1914
Currency Goldmark

German Samoa (Ger. Deutsch-Samoa) was a former German protectorate from 1900 to 1914, consisting of the islands of Upolu and Savaii and now wholly within the independent state of Samoa. Samoa was the last German colonial acquisition in the Pacific, received following the Treaty of Berlin with Great Britain and the United States on February 16, 1900. It was also the only German colony in the Pacific administered separately from German New Guinea. This article is about former colonies of Germany. ... Äž: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the state. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_German_Samoa. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The flag of Samoa was adopted on February 24, 1949. ... The Coat of arms of Samoa takes its inspiration from the United Nations, as New Zealand administered Western Samoa first as a League of Nations Mandate and then as a United Nations trusteeship until the country received its independence on January 1, 1962 as Western Samoa. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Throughout the world there are many cities that were once national capitals but no longer have that status because the country ceased to exist, the capital was moved, or the capital city was renamed. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... The Austronesian languages are a language family widely dispersed throughout the islands of Southeast Asia and the Pacific, with a few members spoken on continental Asia. ... The term Papuan languages refers to those languages of the western Pacific which are neither Austronesian nor Australian. ... For the government in parliamentary systems, see Executive (government) A government is a body that has the power to make and the authority to enforce rules and laws within a civil, corporate, religious, academic, or other organization or group . ... This article is about a type of political territory. ... The following list of German Kings and Emperors is one of several Wikipedia lists of incumbents. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... After Queenslands annexation of part of eastern New Guinea, German interest in the area grew. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the Treaty of Versailles of June 28, 1919, which ended World War I. For other uses, see Treaty of Versailles (disambiguation) . The Treaty of Versailles (1919) was a peace treaty that officially ended World War I between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... German 20 Mark banknote from 1914 (www. ... German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ... This article is about states protected and/or dominated by a foreign power. ... Äž: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Samoa In Polynesian mythology (specifically Samoan), Upolu is the first woman on the island of the same name. ... Samoa Savai’i, the “soul of Samoa”, is the larger of the two main islands in the state of Samoa. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... The name Treaty of Berlin is attached to four treaties: Treaty of Berlin, 1878 Treaty of Berlin, 1899 Treaty of Berlin, 1921 Treaty of Berlin, 1926 This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... German New Guinea (Ger. ...


History

The first European to reach Samoa was the Dutchman Jakob Roggeveen in 1722. An American expedition under Charles Wilkes reached Samoa 1839 and left a consul, followed by a British consulate in 1847. German commercial operations in the area began in the 1850s. Jacob Roggeveen (1 February 1659 - 31 January 1729) was a Dutch explorer who was sent to find Terra Australis, but he instead came across Easter Island by chance. ... Charles Wilkes Charles Wilkes (April 3, 1798 – February 8, 1877) was an American naval officer and explorer. ...


Increasing German interests in the area saw the the USA begin commercial operations in the port Pago Pago on Tutuila in 1877. One year later, Germany had opened its own port Apia on Upolu. Pago Pago, pronounced PAHNG-oh PAHNG-oh, is the capital of American Samoa, a territory of the United States of America. ... Tutuila is the main island of American Samoa. ... Apia, Samoa is the capital of Samoa. ... Samoa In Polynesian mythology (specifically Samoan), Upolu is the first woman on the island of the same name. ...


Tensions caused in part by the three separate colonial administrations led to the eight-year Samoan Civil War. The war ended with the division of the islands in 1899, with the Treaty of Berlin giving control of the western islands to Germany, the eastern Islands to the United States (present-day American Samoa) and Great Britain to be compensated with other territories in the Pacific. The Samoan Civil Wars were a series of wars between Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States, ending in the partioning of the island chain in 1899. ... The name Treaty of Berlin is attached to four treaties: Treaty of Berlin, 1878 Treaty of Berlin, 1899 Treaty of Berlin, 1921 Treaty of Berlin, 1926 This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Germany ruled western Samoa for 14 years, until it was occupied by New Zealand at the start of World War One. New Zealand later governed the islands as a League of Nations Mandate from 1920 onwards. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Mandates in the Middle east and Africa. ...


Bibliography

  • Deutsche Kolonialgesellschaft: Kleiner Deutscher Kolonialatlas, Verlag Dietrich Reimer, Berlin 1899
  • Karlheinz Graudenz/ Hanns-Michael Schindler: Die deutschen Kolonien, Weltbildverlag, Augsburg 1994, ISBN 3-89350-701-9
  • Hans-Henning Gerlach/Andreas Birken: Die Südsee und die deutsche Seepost. Deutsche Kolonien und deutsche Kolonialpolitik Band 4, Königsbronn 2001, ISBN 3-931753-26-3

Links

  • http://www.deutsche-schutzgebiete.de/deutsche-kolonien.htm (in German
  • Deutsches Koloniallexikon (in German)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Samoa - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (1920 words)
Samoa, officially the Independent State of Samoa, is a country comprising a group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean.
The Samoas are of volcanic origin, and the total land area is 2934 km², consisting of the two large islands of Upolu and Savai'i which account for 96% of the total land area, and eight small islets: Manono, Apolima, Nu'utele, Nu'ulua, Namua, Fanuatapu, Nu'usafe'e, and Nu'ulopa.
Samoa hosts one of seven Bahá'í Houses of Worship in the world; completed in 1984 and dedicated by the Head of State, it is located in Tiapapata, 8 km from Apia.
Article about "Samoa" in the English Wikipedia on 24-Apr-2004 (259 words)
Samoa (Western Samoa until 1997, German Samoa from 1900 to 1914) is a country comprising a group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean.
German Samoa was renamed Western Samoa, New Zealand continued the occupation of Western Samoa throughout World War I. In 1919, under the Treaty of Versailles, Germany dropped its claims to the islands and they were granted to New Zealand as a mandate.
New Zealand administered Western Samoa under the auspices of the League of Nations and then as a United Nations trusteeship until the country received its independence on January 1, 1962 as Western Samoa, making it the first Polynesian nation to reestablish independence in the 20th century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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