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Encyclopedia > Gerhard Schröder
Gerhard Schröder
Gerhard Schröder
Order: 33rd Chancellor of Germany
(7th of the Federal Republic)
Term of Office: October 27, 1998
Predecessor: Helmut Kohl
Date of Birth: April 7, 1944
Political Party: SPD
Profession: lawyer

Gerhard Fritz Kurt Schröder [ ˌgeːɐhaːɐt fʁɪts kʊɐt ˈʃʁøːdɐ] (born April 7, 1944), a German politician, has been serving as Chancellor of Germany since 1998. His political career has unfolded within the left-of-centre Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) — for a time he also served as Party Chairman. He heads a coalition of the SPD and the German Green Party. Before becoming a fulltime politician, he was a successful lawyer. Gerhard Schroeder, 7th Federal Chancellor of Germany File links The following pages link to this file: Gerhard Schröder Categories: Images with unknown source ... October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 65 days remaining. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Dr. Helmut Kohl (full name Helmut Josef Michael Kohl) (born April 3, 1930) is a German conservative politician and statesman. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... This is a list of political parties in Germany. ... The Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD – Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands) is the second oldest political party of Germany still in existence and also one of the oldest and largest in the world, celebrating its 140th anniversary in 2003. ... A profession is a specialized work function within society, generally performed by a professional. ... A lawyer is a person licensed by the state to advise clients in legal matters and represent them in courts of law (and in other forms of dispute resolution). ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Politics is the process and method of making decisions for groups. ... The head of government in Germany has traditionally been called Kanzler (Chancellor). ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... The Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD – Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands) is the second oldest political party of Germany still in existence and also one of the oldest and largest in the world, celebrating its 140th anniversary in 2003. ... The Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD – Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands) is the second oldest political party of Germany still in existence and also one of the oldest and largest in the world, celebrating its 140th anniversary in 2003. ... Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (literally: Alliance 90/The Greens), the German Green Party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ...


(His surname often appears spelled Schroeder in English, in accordance with the standard conversion of umlauts.) The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Ä ä Ö ö Ü ü The term umlaut is used for two closely related notions: a special kind of vowel modification and a particular diacritic mark. ...

Contents

Political career

Schröder joined the Social Democratic Party in 1963. In 1978 he became the federal chairman of the Young Socialists, the youth organisation of the SPD. In 1980 he was elected to the German Bundestag, and stood out provocatively as a young parliamentarian who wore a sweater to work instead of the traditional suit-and-tie. He became chairman of the SPD Hanover district. 1986 saw his election to the regional parliament of Lower Saxony as leader of the SPD faction. At the same time, he became a member of the board of the federal SPD. He became Chancellor (Bundeskanzler) on October 27, 1998 after having won elections in Lower Saxony for the third time in March that year and serving as Ministerpräsident there since 1990. In the general elections on September 22, 2002, he secured another four-year term, thanks to the victory of his governing Red-Green coalition. 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... The Young Socialists is the name given to the youth sections of several socialist and social democratic political parties. ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... The Bundestag (Federal Diet) is the parliament of Germany. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... With an area of 47,618 km and nearly eight million inhabitants, Lower Saxony (German Niedersachsen) lies in north-western Germany and is second in area and fourth in population among the countrys sixteen Bundesl nder (federal states). ... The head of government in Germany has traditionally been called Kanzler (Chancellor). ... October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 65 days remaining. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... With an area of 47,618 km and nearly eight million inhabitants, Lower Saxony (German Niedersachsen) lies in north-western Germany and is second in area and fourth in population among the countrys sixteen Bundesl nder (federal states). ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The German federal election, 2002 was conducted on September 22, 2002, to elect members to the Bundestag (lower house) of Germany. ... September 22 is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years). ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD – Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands) is the second oldest political party of Germany still in existence and also one of the oldest and largest in the world, celebrating its 140th anniversary in 2003. ... Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (literally: Alliance 90/The Greens), the German Green Party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ... A Coalition is an alliance between entities, during which they cooperate in joint action, each in their own self-interest. ...


After the resignation of Oskar Lafontaine from his office as SPD chairman in March, 1999, Schröder held that office as well. In February, 2004, he resigned as chairman of the SPD to concentrate, as Chancellor, on German reform processes. (Franz Müntefering succeeded him as chairman.) Speculation suggests that the SPD's historical low level of popularity in opinion polls provides one reason for his resignation as chairman.On May 22nd, 2005 after the SPD had just taken a devastating election defeat to the Christian Democrats in its former heartland North Rhine-Westphalia, Gerhard Schröder announced he would pave the way for new federal elections in Germany "as soon as possible" (probably September 18, 2005). His chances for re-election are seen as slim. Oskar Lafontaine (born September 16, 1943) is a left-wing German politician who was a member of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) until May 24, 2005 when he quit the party. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Franz Müntefering (born January 16, 1940) is a German politician and chairman of the Social Democratic Party (SPD), one of the two largest national parties in modern times. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... Christian Democracy is a political ideology, born at the end of the 19th century, largely as a result of the papal encyclical Rerum Novarum of Pope Leo XIII, in which the Vatican recognizes workers misery and agrees that something should be done about it, in reaction to the rise of... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: Nordrhein-Westfalen) is the largest in population (though only fourth in area) among Germanys 16 federal states. ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ...


Political activity

In September 1998 French President Chirac first met with Schröder.

File links The following pages link to this file: Germany Jacques Chirac Gerhard Schröder Talk:Jacques Chirac Categories: Images with unknown source ... File links The following pages link to this file: Germany Jacques Chirac Gerhard Schröder Talk:Jacques Chirac Categories: Images with unknown source ...

Foreign policy

Prior to Schröder's Chancellorship, no German military troops had served outside NATO territory since the end of the second world war. Schröder sent forces to Kosovo and to Afghanistan. Bundeswehr (  listen?) is the name of the armed forces of Germany. ... The flag of NATO NATO 2002 Summit The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), sometimes called North Atlantic Alliance, Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for defence collaboration established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, D.C., on April 4, 1949. ... Kosovo and Metohia (Serbian: Косово и Метохија / Kosovo i Metohija, Albanian: Kosovë / Kosova), in English most often called just Kosovo, is a province of Serbia. ...


With Germany having a long experience with terrorism itself, Schröder declared solidarity with the United States of America after that country became the victim of terrorist attacks in September of 2001. Terrorism is a controversial and subjective term with multiple definitions. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Along with French President Jacques Chirac, Schröder spoke out strongly against the war on Iraq during 2003, and refused any military assistance in that enterprise. His opposition has given rise to political friction between the United States of America and Germany, as Germany has had a reputation as one of the USA's most important and intimate allies since the end of World War II. Schröder's opposition to an invasion of Iraq had multiple reasons; primarily it reflected popular opposition to the war, especially among the SPD voters and supporters of its coalition partner. Jacques René Chirac (born November 29, 1932) is a French politician. ... The 2003 invasion of Iraq, also called the Iraq War or Operation Iraqi Freedom, is a war that began March 20, 2003, between the United States, United Kingdom and a coalition of their allies, against Iraq. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air. ... The Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD – Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands) is the second oldest political party of Germany still in existence and also one of the oldest and largest in the world, celebrating its 140th anniversary in 2003. ...


In addition to a friendly relationship with Chirac, Schröder has cultivated close ties with Russian President Vladimir Putin. Term of office: December 31, 1999 – Preceded by: Boris Yeltsin Succeeded by: Date of birth: October 7, 1952 Place of birth: Leningrad, U.S.S.R. First Lady: Liudmila Putina Political party: None Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: Владимир Владимирович Путин  pronunciation; born October 7, 1952) is a Russian politician and...


Relations with some European countries have sometimes become strained due to Schröder's alleged "powerplay"; examples are Austria (2000), the Czech Republic and Spain.


Domestic policy

Schröder's Red-Green Alliance government achieved a reputation for some progressive policies — for example, the funding of renewable energies, liberalising homosexual partnerships, and trying to stop the Bundesländer introducing studying fees. Most voters associate Schröder with the Agenda 2010 reform program, which includes cuts in the social welfare system (national health insurance, unemployment payments, pensions), lowering taxes, and reforming regulations on employment and payment (Hartz I — IV). After the 2002 election, Schröder's SPD party steadily lost support in opinion polls. What started as a third way program in line with Tony Blair and Bill Clinton became to many eyes a harsh knock-down of the German welfare state. In democratic politics, a Red-Green alliance is an alliance of socialist (or social democratic) and decentralist-ecologist (or, to choose a shorter word, green) parties. ... Province is a name for a secondary, or subnational entity of government in most countries. ... The Agenda 2010 is a series of reforms planned and executed by the German government which they say will modernise the German social system and labour market. ... The Hartz concept is the name given to the recommendations resulting from a commission on reforms to the German labour market in 2002. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Third Way is a centrist political ideology that, at least from a traditional social democratic perspective, usually stands for deregulation, decentralisation and lower taxes. ... The Right Honourable Anthony Charles Lynton Tony Blair (born 6 May 1953) is the current Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. ... Order: 42nd President Vice President: Al Gore Term of office: January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001 Preceded by: George H. W. Bush Succeeded by: George W. Bush Date of birth: August 19, 1946 Place of birth: Hope, Arkansas First Lady: Hillary Rodham Clinton Political party: Democratic William Jefferson Clinton (born...


Political style

Chancellor Schröder walks with U.S. President George W. Bush at the White House on Thursday, March 29, 2001.

In the first years of his government, Schröder became known as the Medienkanzler (chancellor of the media). He also gained a reputation for governing by commissions. After several changes in his cabinet, growing resistance from the now CDU-dominated Bundesrat, and eroding popularity, Schröder's style changed to something based largely on the authoritative power of the chancellor's office. President George W. Bush walks with German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder at the White House on Thursday March 29. ... President George W. Bush walks with German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder at the White House on Thursday March 29. ... This article needs cleanup. ... ...


Personal life

Schröder's career, starting from a working-class background, has spanned a period as a successful lawyer, as well as politics.


Schröder was born in Mossenberg, in the county of Lippe-Detmold (today North Rhine-Westphalia). His father, Fritz Schröder, died fighting in Romania during World War II weeks after young Gerhard's birth. His father's place of death was not known even to him until 2001, when his father's final resting place was revealed to be a cemetery in the village of Ceanu Mare, 375 km northwest of Bucharest. He visited this area on August 12, 2004. His mother Erika worked on farms to feed the family, consisting of herself and her two sons. Later she married again (Paul Vosseler), but continued to work hard — as a cleaning woman — to feed the five children of the family, then living in Bexten. This article is about the district Lippe. ... With eighteen million inhabitants inhabiting 34,080 km² in western-northwestern Germany, North Rhine-Westphalia (German Nordrhein-Westfalen) is largest in population though only fourth in area among Germanys sixteen federal states. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ceanu Mare (Hungarian: Mezőcsán) is a village in the north-west of Romania, in the county of Cluj in Transylvania. ... Bucharest (population 2. ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Schröder initially worked as a sales clerk in Göttingen, meanwhile studying at night school to gain a Mittlere Reife (high school) diploma. Still trying to learn more and to gain the possibility to attend university, in 1966 Schröder passed the Abitur test at Westfalen-Kolleg, Bielefeld. From 1966 to 1971 he studied law at the University of Göttingen. During the summer vacation he worked to earn his living. From 1972 onwards, Schröder served as an assistant at Göttingen University. In 1976 he passed his second law examination; he worked as a lawyer until 1990. Map of Germany showing Göttingen 1 External links Coat of Arms University of Göttingen Top: The old Auditorium Maximum (1862-65) Bottom: New library building  Göttingen? is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... 1966 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Abitur (official term in Germany: allgemeine Hochschulreife) is the word commonly used in Germany for the final exams young adults (aged 18 or 19) take at the end of their secondary education, usually after 12 or 13 years of schooling (Britain: A-levels). ... Map of Germany showing Bielefeld Bielefeld is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... 1966 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... The Georg-August University of Göttingen (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, often called the Georgia Augusta) was founded in 1734 by George II, King of Great Britain and Elector of Hanover, and opened in 1737. ... 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Schröder has been married four times, to:

  • Eva Schubach, married 1968, divorced 1972
  • Anne Taschenmacher, married 1972, divorced 1984
  • Hiltrud Hampel, married 1984, divorced 1997
  • Doris Köpf, married 1997

Doris has a daughter Klara (born 1991), from a previous relationship with a TV journalist (Klara lives with the couple). When not in Berlin, the capital of Germany, he lives in Hannover. In July 2004 he and his wife adopted a child from St. Petersburg in Russia, whose name is Viktoria. 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Berlin (pronounced: , German ) is the capital of Germany and its largest city, with 3,426,000 inhabitants (as of January 2005); down from 4. ... Map of Germany showing Hanover Hanover (in German: Hannover [haˈnoːfɐ]), on the river Leine, is the capital of the state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland...


The fact that he served on the Volkswagen board has led to his being nicknamed the "Audi-Chancellor", a reference to the Audi logo and his four marriages. Volkswagen (VW) is an automobile manufacturer based in Wolfsburg, Germany. ...


Schröder identifies himself as a Protestant, but does not appear particularly religious; for example he did not add the optional So wahr mir Gott helfe formula (so help me God) when sworn in as chancellor for his first term in 1998. Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The term God is used to designate a Supreme Being; however, there are other definitions of God. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


Schröder's first cabinet, 27 October 199822 October 2002

Gerhard Schröder with George W. Bush
  • Gerhard Schröder (SPD) — Chancellor
  • Joschka Fischer (Gr) — Vice Chancellor and Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Rudolf Scharping (SPD) — Minister of Defence
  • Otto Schily (SPD) — Minister of the Interior
  • Oskar Lafontaine (SPD) — Minister of Finance
  • Herta Däubler-Gmelin (SPD) — Minister of Justice
  • Werner Müller — Minister of Economics
  • Walter Riester (SPD) — Minister of Labour and Social Affairs
  • Karl-Heinz Funke (SPD) — Minister of Food, Agriculture, and Forestry
  • Franz Müntefering (SPD) — Minister of Transport and Construction
  • Christine Bergmann (SPD) — Minister of Family, Senior Citizens, Women, and Youth
  • Andrea Fischer (Gr) — Minister of Health
  • Edelgard Bulmahn (SPD) — Minister of Education and Research
  • Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul (SPD) — Minister of Economic Co-operation and Development
  • Jürgen Trittin (Gr) — Minister of Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Security
  • Bodo Hombach (SPD) — Minister without portfolio and Director of the Federal Chancellery

Changes October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 65 days remaining. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... President George W. Bush and Germanys Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder address the media from the White House steps in the Rose Garden October 9, 2001. ... President George W. Bush and Germanys Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder address the media from the White House steps in the Rose Garden October 9, 2001. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician and the 43rd and current president of the United States. ... The Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD – Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands) is the second oldest political party of Germany still in existence and also one of the oldest and largest in the world, celebrating its 140th anniversary in 2003. ... Joschka Fischer Joseph Martin Joschka Fischer (born April 12, 1948 near Crailsheim) has been the German foreign minister and deputy chancellor in the red-green coalition since 1998. ... Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (literally: Alliance 90/The Greens), the German Green Party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ... Rudolf Scharping, 2001 Rudolf Scharping (December 2, 1947 in Niederelbert) is a German politician (SPD). ... Oskar Lafontaine (born September 16, 1943) is a left-wing German politician who was a member of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) until May 24, 2005 when he quit the party. ... Herta Däubler-Gmelin (born August 12, 1943) is a former German Minister of Justice. ... Franz Müntefering (born January 16, 1940) is a German politician and chairman of the Social Democratic Party (SPD), one of the two largest national parties in modern times. ... Andrea Fischer ( born January 14, 1960 in Arnsberg/Westfalen) was a member of the German Bundestag for the German Green Party and from 1998 until 2001 Federal Minister for Health. ... Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul (born November 21, 1942 in Frankfurt am Main) is the current German Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development and a member of the Social Democratic Party. ... Green politician Jürgen Trittin is Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety in Germany. ... Bundeskanzleramt, Berlin, Germany The Bundeskanzleramt (federal chancellory) is the administrative body of the Chancellor of Germany. ...

  • 18 March 1999 — Werner Müller succeeds Lafontaine as acting Minister of Finance, remaining also Minister of Economics.
  • 12 April 1999Hans Eichel (SPD) succeeds Müller as Minister of Finance.
  • 31 July 1999 — Bodo Hombach leaves the cabinet.
  • 17 September 1999Jürgen Trittin (Gr) succeeds Müntefering as acting Minister of Transport and Construction.
  • 7 October 1999 — Reinhard Klimmt (SPD) succeeds Trittin as Minister of Transport and Construction
  • 20 November 2000 — Kurt Bodewig (SPD) succeeds Klimmt as Minister of Transport and Construction.
  • 18 January 2001Renate Künast (Gr) succeeds as Funke as Minister of Consumer Protection, Food, and Agriculture. Ulla Schmidt (SPD) succeeds Fischer as Minister of Health
  • 19 July 2002Peter Struck (SPD) succeeds Scharping as Minister of Defence

March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (103rd in leap years). ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Hans Eichel (left) with Laurent Fabius Hans Eichel (born December 24, 1941) is a German politician (SPD), currently serving as federal Minister of Finance. ... July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining, as the final day of July. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Green politician Jürgen Trittin is Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety in Germany. ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Renate Künast (born December 15, 1955) is the German Minister of Consumer Protection, Food and Agriculture since 2001. ... July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Peter Struck Peter Struck (born January 24, 1943 in Göttingen) is a lawyer, member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany and has been German Minister of Defence under chancellor Gerhard Schröder since October 22, 2002. ...

Schröder's second cabinet, 22 October 2002 — present

  • Gerhard Schröder (SPD) — Chancellor
  • Joschka Fischer (Gr) — Vice Chancellor and Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Peter Struck (SPD) — Minister of Defence
  • Otto Schily (SPD) — Minister of the Interior
  • Hans Eichel (SPD) — Minister of Finance
  • Brigitte Zypries (SPD) — Minister of Justice
  • Wolfgang Clement (SPD) — Minister of Economics and Labour
  • Renate Künast (Gr) — Minister of Consumer Protection, Food, and Agriculture
  • Manfred Stolpe (SPD) — Minister of Transport, Construction, and Eastern Reconstruction
  • Renate Schmidt (SPD) — Minister of Family, Senior Citizens, Women, and Youth
  • Ulla Schmidt (SPD) — Minister of Health and Social Affairs
  • Edelgard Bulmahn (SPD) — Minister of Education and Research
  • Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul (SPD) — Minister of Economic Co-operation and Development
  • Jürgen Trittin (Gr) — Minister of Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Security

October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joschka Fischer Joseph Martin Joschka Fischer (born April 12, 1948 near Crailsheim) has been the German foreign minister and deputy chancellor in the red-green coalition since 1998. ... Peter Struck Peter Struck (born January 24, 1943 in Göttingen) is a lawyer, member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany and has been German Minister of Defence under chancellor Gerhard Schröder since October 22, 2002. ... Hans Eichel (left) with Laurent Fabius Hans Eichel (born December 24, 1941) is a German politician (SPD), currently serving as federal Minister of Finance. ... This article needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Wolfgang Clement Wolfgang Clement (born July 24, 1940 in Bochum) is a German politician, currently the federal Minister of Economics and Labour. ... Renate Künast (born December 15, 1955) is the German Minister of Consumer Protection, Food and Agriculture since 2001. ... Federal Minister of Transport, Building and Housing of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul (born November 21, 1942 in Frankfurt am Main) is the current German Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development and a member of the Social Democratic Party. ... Green politician Jürgen Trittin is Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety in Germany. ...

See also

The Federal Republic of Germany (in German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is a federal representative democracy. ...

External links

  • Official Personal Website (http://www.gerhard-schroeder.de/)
  • Schröder at German Historic Museum (http://www.dhm.de/ausstellungen/spuren_der_macht/schroeder_bio.htm)
  • Pictures "Spuren der Macht" (http://www.dhm.de/ausstellungen/spuren_der_macht/schroeder_index.htm)
Preceded by:
Helmut Kohl
Chancellor of Germany
1998—
Succeeded by:
Incumbent

 
 

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