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Encyclopedia > Gerhard Herzberg

Gerhard Herzberg (December 25, 1904March 3, 1999) was a pioneering theoretical chemist. Born in Germany, he fled in 1935 to Canada, where he continued his distinguished scientific career. Gerhard Herzberg This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 6 days remaining. ... 1904 is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... 1935 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Herzberg's main work concerned atomic and molecular spectroscopy. He is well known for using these techniques to determine the structures of diatomic and polyatomic molecules, including free radicals difficult to investigate in any other way, and for the chemical analysis of astronomical objects. Spectroscopy is the study of spectra, that is, the dependence of physical quantities on frequency. ...

Contents


Life

  • 1904 Born and educated in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1928 Dr.Ing. degree at Darmstadt Institute of Technology under H. Rau
  • 1928–30 Post-doctoral work at the University of Göttingen and Bristol University under James Franck, Max Born, John Lennard-Jones
  • 1930 Darmstadt University of Technology: Privatdozent (lecturer) and senior assistant in Physics
  • 1935 Guest professor, University of Saskatchewan (Saskatoon, Canada)
  • 1936–45 Professor of Physics, University of Saskatchewan
  • 1939 Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada
  • 1945–8 Professor of spectroscopy, Yerkes Observatory, University of Chicago
  • 1948 Director of the Division of Pure Physics, National Research Council of Canada
  • 1951 Fellow of the Royal Society of London
  • 1957–63 Vice President of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics
  • 1956–7 President of the Canadian Association of Physicists
  • 1960 gives Bakerian Lecturer of the Royal Society of London
  • 1966–7 President of the Royal Society of Canada
  • 1968 Companion of the Order of Canada
  • 1968 George Fischer Baker Non-Resident Lecturer in Chemistry at Cornell University
  • 1969 Distinguished Research Scientist in the recombined Division of Physics, at the National Research Council of Canada
  • 1970 Lecturer of the Chemical Society of London, receives Faraday Medal
  • 1971 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • 1971 Royal Medal from Royal Society of London
  • 1999 Died aged 94

Position of Hamburg in Germany Hamburgs central broadway Jungfernstieg at the Alster lake, between 1900 and 1914 This article is about the city in Germany. ... The Georg-August University of Göttingen (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, often called the Georgia Augusta) was founded in 1734 by George II, King of Great Britain and Elector of Hanover, and opened in 1737. ... The University of Bristol was founded in 1876 as the University College, Bristol. ... James Franck (August 26, 1882 - May 21, 1964) was a German-born physicist and Nobel laureate. ... Max Born Max Born (born December 11, 1882 in Breslau, died January 5, 1970 in Göttingen) was a German mathematician and physicist of Jewish heritage. ... John Edward Lennard-Jones (October 27, 1894 - November 1, 1954) was a mathematician who held a chair of theoretical physics at Bristol University, and then a chair of theoretical science at Cambridge University. ... Darmstadt University of Technology - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... The University of Saskatchewan (U of S) is the largest education institution in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ... The University of Chicago is a private co-educational university located in Chicago, Illinois. ... Plaque on the main NRC building in Ottawa. ... The Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge, known simply as the Royal Society, is claimed to be the oldest learned society still in existence. ... The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, awarded to those who adhere to the Orders motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam meaning desiring a better country. ... For other uses of the name Cornell, see Cornell (disambiguation). ... Formed in 1841, as the Chemical Society of London, it was the result of increased interest in scientific matters. ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to the present day. ...

Other honours

Herzberg was honoured with memberships or fellowships by a very large number of scientific societies, received many awards and honorary degrees in different countries.


External links

  • Technische Universität Darmstadt

Obituaries


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gerhard Herzberg - Biography (597 words)
Gerhard Herzberg was born in Hamburg, Germany, on 25 December, 1904.
From 1945 to 1948 Herzberg was professor of spectroscopy at the Yerkes Observatory of the University of Chicago.
Herzberg was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1939 and of the Royal Society of London in 1951.
Gerhard Herzberg Biography | World of Physics (984 words)
Gerhard Herzberg is known as the founding father of molecular spectroscopy, the science that observes the interaction of energy with matter to obtain information on the identity and structure of molecules.
Herzberg was born December 25, 1904, to Albin and Ella (Biber) Herzberg.
Herzberg was awarded many honors in addition to the 1971 Nobel Prize in chemistry, including the Willard Gibbs Medal and the Linus Pauling Medal from the American Chemical Society, the Gold Medal of the Canadian Association of Physicists, and the Royal Medal of the Royal Society of London.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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