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Encyclopedia > Gepid
Ancient Germanic culture Portal

The Gepids (Latin Gepidae, A-S Gifðas (Beowulf, Widsith) possibly from *Gibiðos, "givers" [1] or gepanta, see below) were an East Germanic Gothic tribe most famous in history for defeating the Huns after the death of Attila. Image File history File links Portal. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Old English (also called Anglo-Saxon) is an early form of the English language that was spoken in parts of what is now England and southern Scotland between the mid-fifth century and the mid-twelfth century. ... The first page of Beowulf This article is about the epic poem. ... Widsith is an Old English poem of 144 lines. ... The tribes referred to as East Germanic constitute a wave of migrants who moved from Scandinavia into the area between the Oder and Vistula rivers between 600 - 300 BC. In historical times these tribes were differentiated as Goths, Burgundians and Vandals among others. ... Invasion of the Goths: a late 19th century painting by O. Fritsche, is a highly romanticized portrait of the Goths as cavalrymen. ... The Huns were a confederation of Central Asian equestrian nomads or semi-nomads. ... Attila (AD 406 - 453), also known as Attila the Hun was Khan of the Hun people from 434 until his death and leader of the Hunnic Empire. ...


The Gepids were first mentioned around A.D. 260, when they participated with the Goths in an invasion in Dacia, where they were settled in Jordanes' time, the mid 6th century. Their early origins are reported in Jordanes' Origins and Deeds of the Goths, where he claims that their name derives from their later and slower migration from Scandinavia: Invasion of the Goths: a late 19th century painting by O. Fritsche, is a highly romanticized portrait of the Goths as cavalrymen. ... Dacia, in ancient geography the land of the Daci, named by the ancient Greeks Getae, was a large district of Southeastern Europe, bounded on the north by the Carpathians, on the south by the Danube, on the west by the Tisa, on the east by the Tyras or Nistru, now...

You surely remember that in the beginning I said the Goths went forth from the bosom of the island of Scandza with Berig, their king, sailing in only three ships toward the hither shore of Ocean, namely to Gothiscandza. One of these three ships proved to be slower than the others, as is usually the case, and thus is said to have given the tribe their name, for in their language gepanta means slow.. (xvii.94-95) [2]

The first settlement of the Gepids were at the mouth of the Vistula River, which runs south to north from the Polish Carpathian mountains. Scandza was the name given to Scandinavia by Jordanes, in his work Getica. ... Berig was according to Jordanes, the king who led the Goths from Scandza (Scandinavia) to Gothiscandza (the Vistula Basin). ... Gothiscandza was according to the 6th century Goth scholar Jordanes, the first settlement of the Goths after their migration from Scandinavia (Scandza). ...

These Gepidae were then smitten by envy while they dwelt in the province of Spesis on an island surrounded by the shallow waters of the Vistula. This island they called, in the speech of their fathers, Gepedoios [ perhaps Gibið-aujos, meaning "Gepid waterlands" [3] ]; but it is now inhabited by the race of the Vividarii, since the Gepidae themselves have moved to better lands.

Their first named king, Fastida, stirred up his quiet people to enlarge their boundaries by war and overwhelmed the Burgundians, almost annihilating them in the 4th century, then fruitlessly demanded of the Goths a portion of their territory, a demand which the Goths successfully repulsed in battle. Like the Goths, the Gepids were converted to Arian Christianity. This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... This article is about theological views like those of Arius. ...


Then in 375 they had to submit to the Huns along with their Ostrogoth overlords. They became the favored Hun vassals. Under their king Ardaric, warriors of the Gepidae joined Attila the Hun's forces in the Battle of Chalons (the "Catalaunian fields") in Gaul (451). On the eve of the main encounter between allied hordes, the Gepidae and Franks met each other, the Franks fighting for the Romans and the Gepidae for the Huns, and seem to have fought one another to a standstill, with 15,000 dead reported by Jordanes, our main source. Events The Huns invade Europe. ... The Huns were a confederation of Central Asian equestrian nomads or semi-nomads. ... Attila (AD 406 - 453), also known as Attila the Hun was Khan of the Hun people from 434 until his death and leader of the Hunnic Empire. ... Combatants Western Roman Empire, Visigoths, Alans Huns, Ostrogoths, Burgundians Commanders Flavius Aëtius, Theodoric† Attila the Hun Strength 30,000–50,000 500,000–1,000,000 At the Battle of Chalons (also called the Battle of the Catalaunian Fields or the Battle of the Catalun[] or the Battle of... Events April 7 - The Huns sack Metz June 20 - Attila, king of the Huns is defeated at Troyes by Aëtius in the Battle of Chalons. ... For other uses, see Franks (disambiguation). ...


Such loyalties were personal bonds among kings, and after Attila's death of a drunken nosebleed in 453, the Gepids and other people allied to defeat Attila's horde of would-be successors, who were dividing up the subjugated peoples like cattle, and led by Ardaric the king, they broke the Hunnic power in the Battle at the River Nedao in 454, Ardaric was the most renowned king of the Gepids. ... The Battle of Nedao, the Nedava, a tributary of the Sava, was a battle fought in Pannonia in 454. ... Events September 21 - Roman Emperor Valentinian III assassinates Aëtius in his own throne room. ...

a most remarkable spectacle, where one might see the Goths fighting with pikes, the Gepidae raging with the sword, the Rugii breaking off the spears in their own wounds, the Suevi fighting on foot, the Huns with bows, the Alani drawing up a battle-line of heavy-armed and the Heruli of light-armed warriors. (Jordanes, l.259)

After the victory they finally won a place to settle in the Carpathian Mountains. The Rugians (Latin rugii) were an East Germanic tribe whose ultimate origins have been traced to Rogaland in Norway, whose population probably was the Rugii that Jordanes mentioned as a tribe that still remained in Scandza. ... The Suebi or Suevi were a Germanic people whose origin was near the Baltic Sea . ... The Alans, Alani, Alauni or Halani were an Iranian nomadic group among the Sarmatian people, warlike nomadic pastoralists of varied backgrounds, who spoke an Iranian language and to a large extent shared a common culture. ... The Heruli (spelled variously in Latin and Greek) were a nomadic Germanic people, who were subjugated by the Ostrogoths, Huns, and Byzantines in the 3rd to 5th centuries. ... Satellite image of the Carpathians. ...

The Gepidae by their own might won for themselves the territory of the Huns and ruled as victors over the extent of all Dacia, demanding of the Roman Empire nothing more than peace and an annual gift as a pledge of their friendly alliance. This the Emperor freely granted at the time, and to this day that race receives its customary gifts from the Roman Emperor. (Jordanes, l.262)

Not long after the battle at the Nedao the old rivalry between the Gepids and the Ostrogoths spurred up again and they were driven out of their homeland in 504 by Theodoric the Great. Events Theodoric the Great defeats the Gepids. ... Gold medallion of Theodoric, discovered at Sinigaglia, Italy in the 19th century. ...


They reached the zenith of their power after 537, settling in the rich area around Belgrade. In 546 the Byzantine Empire allied themselves with the Lombards to expel the Gepids from this region. In 552 the Gepids suffered a disastrous defeat in the Battle of Asfeld and were finally conquered by the Lombards in 567. Events Pope Silverius deposed by Belisarius at the order of Justinian, who appoints as his successor Pope Vigilius. ... Belgrade (Serbian:  ) is the capital and the largest city of Serbia. ... Events The Ostrogoths under Totila retake Rome from the Byzantine Empire. ... Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent c. ... The Lombards (Latin Langobardi, whence comes the alternative name Longobards found in older English texts), were a Germanic people originally from Northern Europe that entered the late Roman Empire. ... Events July - Battle of Taginae: The Byzantine general Narses defeats and kills Totila, king of the Ostrogoths. ... Combatants Lombards Gepids Commanders King Audoin The Battle of Asfeld was fought in 552 between the Lombards and the Gepids. ... Events Livva I succeeds Athanagild as king of the Visigoths. ...


Archeological sites in Romania

In Vlaha, Cluj county, Romania, a necropolis was discovered in August 2004 with 202 identified tombs dated to the 6th century AD. 85% of the discovered tombs were robbed in the same period. The remaining artifacts are ceramics, bronze articles and an armory. Also in Romania at Miercurea Sibiului is another necropolis with rich artifacts. Other necropolis in Romania are: Cluj may refer to Cluj County, Romania Cluj-Napoca, county seat of Cluj County, named Cluj until 1974 Category: ... County Sibiu County Status Town Mayor Pavel Ioan, since 2004 Area 85. ...

  • Moreşti
  • Band, Transylvania
  • Noslac
  • Brateiu
  • Seica Micǎ, Sibiu County
  • Timişoara Freidorf site, NAR code 155252.03
  • Royal necropolis from Apahida
  • Turda: the richest Germanic tomb found in Romania is here. The "Franziska" tomb was found in a Roman site and dated to the 5th century AD.

Gepid treasures were also found at Someşeni and Şimleul Silvaniei. Sibiu (IPA: ; Hungarian: Szeben) is a county (judeÅ£) in the center of Romania, in Transylvania region, with the capital city Sibiu (population: 170,038). ... County TimiÅŸ County Status County Capital Mayor Gheorghe Ciuhandu, Christian-Democratic Peoples Party, since 1996 Area 130,5 km² Population (2002) 325,997 Density 2,345 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... One Belt discovered at Apahida Site The Apahida Necropolis is an archeological site in Romania. ... Turda (Hungarian: Torda, German: Thorenburg) (population: 55,770) is a city and Municipality in Cluj County, Romania, situated on the ArieÅŸ river. ... It was found searching Roman castre from Turda in 1996. ... County Sălaj County Status Town Mayor Cătălin Septimiu Å¢urcaÅŸ, Democratic Party, since 2004 Population (2002) 16,036 Geographical coordinates , Web site http://www. ...


References

  • Jordanes: e-text
  • Lászlo Makkai and András Mócsy, editors, 2001. History of Transylvania, II: István Bóna, "From Dacia to Erdöelve: Transylvania in the period of the Great Migrations (271-896)": 3."The Kingdom of the Gepids"

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Gepids (283 words)
The Gepids provided Attila with the largest of all his 'allied' contingents and their king, Ardaric, was the most favoured of all the great Hun's vassals.
In 546, the Romans employed their Lombard allies, under Audoin, to drive the Gepids out of this strategically important region and at the Battle of Asfeld in 552, the Gepids were crushed.
What was left of Gepid power and autonomy was wiped out in 567 by the Avars, who had succeeded the Huns as the latest menace to Europe from the Asiatic steppes.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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