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Encyclopedia > Georgics
Georgics Book III, Shepherd with Flocks, Vatican
Georgics Book III, Shepherd with Flocks, Vatican

The Georgics, published in 29 BC, is the second major work by the Latin poet Virgil. Its ostensible subject is rural life and farming and the work is generally categorized as a "didactic poem". Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x1981, 350 KB) Description: Title: de: Die Georgica des Vergil, III. Buch, Szene: Schäfer bei ihren Herden Technique: de: Pergament Dimensions: de: 22 × 22,5 cm Country of origin: de: Italien Current location (city): de: Rom Current location (gallery): de... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x1981, 350 KB) Description: Title: de: Die Georgica des Vergil, III. Buch, Szene: Schäfer bei ihren Herden Technique: de: Pergament Dimensions: de: 22 × 22,5 cm Country of origin: de: Italien Current location (city): de: Rom Current location (gallery): de... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC - 20s BC - 10s BC 0s 10s 20s 30s Years: 34 BC 33 BC 32 BC 31 BC 30 BC 29 BC 28 BC 27 BC 26 BC 25 BC 24... A sculpture of Virgil, probably from the 1st century AD. For other uses, see Virgil (disambiguation). ... Didacticism is an artistic philosophy that emphasises instructional and informative qualities in literature and other types of art. ...

Contents

Description

The work contains 2188 hexametric verses divided into four books. Books One and Two deal with agriculture (field crops and trees, respectively). Book Three is concerned with the rearing of cattle and other livestock, and Book Four largely focuses upon beekeeping. However, in modern scholarship of the Georgics, the ostensible subject matter of the poem is not often considered to be its chief focus, not least because of the poem's tendency towards non-agricultural 'digression'. The debate concerning the 'true' subject of the Georgics is ongoing. Hexameter is a literary and poetic form, consisting of six metrical feet per line as in the Iliad. ... It has been suggested that Honey flow be merged into this article or section. ...


The poem has an explicit political dimension, making several references to Octavian, who would become emperor Augustus in 27BC. Virgil's patron Maecenas, in whose honour the poem was written, was a confidant and advisor to Octavian. Suetonius reports that Virgil and Maecenas read the Georgics to Octavian whilst he was ill in the summer of 29BC. There is debate as to whether Virgil's treatment of Octavian in the poem is entirely positive, but if Suetonius' report is accurate, it casts doubt upon the likelihood that the poem would contain any severe criticism of Octavian. Augustus Caesar The title Caesar Augustus, given to every emperor of the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire, originates from this person. ... Augustus (Latin: IMP•CAESAR•DIVI•F•AVGVSTVS;[1] September 23, 63 BC – August 19, AD 14), known as Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus (in English Octavian, Latin: C•IVLIVS•C•F•CAESAR•OCTAVIANVS) for the period of his life prior to 27 BC, was the first and among the most important... Gaius or Cilnius Maecenas (70 - 8 BC) was a confidant and political advisor to Augustus Caesar, as well as an important sponsor of young poets. ... Augustus Caesar The title Caesar Augustus, given to every emperor of the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire, originates from this person. ... This article is about the Roman historian. ... This article is about the Roman historian. ... Augustus Caesar The title Caesar Augustus, given to every emperor of the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire, originates from this person. ...


Influences

The Georgics are influenced by Hesiod, whose Works and Days was regarded as the first work of didactic poetry, but references to Hellenistic poets Aratus and Nicander are more numerous. Virgil also draws heavily upon Lucretius' On the Nature of Things (De Rerum Natura). Bust, traditionally thought to be Seneca, now identified by some as Hesiod. ... The term Hellenistic (derived from Héllēn, the Greeks traditional self-described ethnic name) was established by the German historian Johann Gustav Droysen to refer to the spreading of Greek culture over the non-Greek peoples that were conquered by Alexander the Great. ... Aratus (Greek Aratos) (ca. ... Nicander (2nd century BC), Greek poet, physician and grammarian, was born at Claros, near Colophon, where his family held the hereditary priesthood of Apollo. ... Lucretius Titus Lucretius Carus (ca. ... Not to be confused with The Nature of Things, a Canadian Broadcasting Corporation television show about natural science. ...


See also

The mistaken belief that bees are produced from the carcasses of dead ox. ...

Online Text


 
 

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