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Encyclopedia > Georges de la Tour
St Joseph, 1642, Louvre
St Joseph, 1642, Louvre

Georges de La Tour (March 13, 15931652) was a painter from the Duchy of Lorraine, now in France. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (801x1095, 105 KB) en: Surce: Paintor:Georges de La Tour Title:Saint Joseph charpentier Painting from 1645 or 42 Place:Louvren, Paris This painting shows the interest of Georges de La Tour in light sources. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (801x1095, 105 KB) en: Surce: Paintor:Georges de La Tour Title:Saint Joseph charpentier Painting from 1645 or 42 Place:Louvren, Paris This painting shows the interest of Georges de La Tour in light sources. ... The Louvre Museum (French: Musée du Louvre) in Paris, France, is the largest, oldest, most important and famous art gallery and museum in the world. ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... Events May 18 - Playwright Thomas Kyds accusations of heresy lead to an arrest warrant for Christopher Marlowe. ... // Events April 6 - Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp for the Dutch East India Company at the Cape of Good Hope, and founded Cape Town. ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... The Duchy of Lorraine or Duchy of Lotharingia was an independent duchy from around 925 to its partition in 959. ...

Contents

Life

Georges de la Tour was born in the town of Vic-sur-Seille in the part of the independent Duchy of Lorraine which was absorbed into France in 1641, during his lifetime. Baptism documentation reveals that he was the son of Jean de la Tour, a baker and Sybille de la Tour, née Molian. The de la Tours had seven children in all, with George being the second-born. The Duchy of Lorraine or Duchy of Lotharingia was an independent duchy from around 925 to its partition in 959. ...


La Tour's educational background remains somewhat unclear, but it is assumed that he travelled either to Italy or the Netherlands early in his career. His paintings reflect the Baroque naturalism of Caravaggio, but this probably reached him through the Dutch Caravaggisti of the Utrecht School and other Northern (French and Dutch) contemporaries. In particular, La Tour is often compared to the Dutch painter Hendrick Terbrugghen.[1] Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... Naturalism in art refers to the depiction of realistic objects in a natural setting. ... Chalk portrait of Caravaggio by Ottavio Leoni, c. ... Prometheus Being Chained by Vulcan by Dirck van Baburen (1623) Oil on canvas, 202 x 184 cm. ... Hendrick ter Brugghen, Flute Player (1621) Hendrick Jansz ter Brugghen, or Terbrugghen, (c. ...


In 1617 he married Diane Le Nerf and in 1620 he established his studio in the quiet provincial town of Lunéville, painting mainly religious and some genre scenes. He was given the title "Painter to the King" (of France) in 1638, and he also worked for the Dukes of Lorraine in 1623–4, but the local bourgeoisie provided his main market, and he achieved a certain affluence. He is not recorded in Lunéville in 1639–42, and may have travelled again; Blunt detects the influence of Gerrit van Honthorst in his paintings after this point. He was involved in a Franciscan-led religious revival in Lorraine, and over the course of his career he moved to painting almost entirely religious subjects, but in treatments with influence from genre painting.[1] Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed I (1603-1617) to Mustafa I (1617-1623). ... Events September 6 - English emigrants on the Mayflower depart from Plymouth, England for the future New England and arrive at the end of the year. ... Lunéville is a commune in the French région of Lorraine. ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... Gerhard van Honthorst (1590 - 1656), also known as Gherardo della Notte, was a Dutch painter of Utrecht. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ...


He and his family died in 1652 in an epidemic in Lunéville. His son Étienne was his pupil.


Works

His earlier work shows influences from Caravaggio, probably via his Dutch followers, and the genre scenes of cheats and fighting beggars clearly derive from the Dutch Caravaggisti, and probably also his fellow-Lorrainer, Jacques Bellange. These are believed to date from relatively early in his career. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1576x2457, 316 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Georges de La Tour ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1576x2457, 316 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Georges de La Tour ... French type guitar-body hurdy-gurdy, made ca. ... Traditional city flag City coat of arms Motto: (Latin: Shall Neptune favour the traveller) Coordinates : , Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) Administration Département Loire-Atlantique (44) Région Pays-de-la-Loire Mayor Jean-Marc Ayrault (PS) (since 1989) Intercommunality Urban Community of Nantes City (commune) Characteristics Land Area 65. ... Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (September 28, 1573 – July 18, 1610), usually called Caravaggio after his hometown near Milan, was an Italian Baroque painter, whose large religious works portrayed saints and other biblical figures as ordinary people. ... Etching by Jacques Bellange, Gardener with basket c1612 Jacques Bellange (c1575, place unknown - 1616) was an artist and printmaker from Lorraine, now in France, whose etchings are his only securely identified works today. ...


He is best known for the nocturnal light effects which the Dutch Caravaggisti took from Caravaggio, and which La Tour developed much further, and transferred from mostly genre subjects in their paintings to religious painting in his. He painted these in a second phase of his style, perhaps beginning in the 1640s, using chiaroscuro, careful geometrical compositions, and very simplified painting of forms. His work moves during his career towards greater simplicity and stillness — taking from Caravaggio very different qualities than Jusepe de Ribera and his Tenebrist followers did.[1] It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Tenebrism. ... Giuseppe Ribera (January 12, 1591 - 1652) was the name given in Italian to Jusepe (de) Ribera or José (de) Ribera, also called Lo Spagnoletto, or the Little Spaniard, a leading painter of the Neapolitan or partly of the Spanish school, who was born near Valencia, Spain at Xátiva, now... From the Italian tenebroso (murky), tenebrism is a style of painting using violent contrasts of light and dark, as in the work of Caravaggio. ...


He often painted several variations on the same subjects, and his output is relatively small. His son Étienne was his pupil, and distinguishing between their work in versions of La Tour's compositions is difficult. The version of the Education of the Virgin, in The Frick Collection in New York is an example, as the Museum admit. Frick Collection Holbeins portrait of Thomas More is one of the highlights of the Frick Collection. ...


After his death in 1652, La Tour's work was largely forgotten until rediscovered by Hermann Voss, a German scholar, in 1915. In 1935 an exhibition in Paris began the revival in interest among a wider public. In the twentieth century a number of his works were identified once more, and forgers tried to help meet the new demand; many aspects of his œuvre remain controversial among Art historians. 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Art history usually refers to the history of the visual arts. ...


In film

Director Peter Greenaway has described de La Tour's work as a primary influence on his 1982 film The Draughtsman's Contract. Peter Greenaway Peter Greenaway (b. ... // January 11 - Production begins on the Star Wars film Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi. ... The Draughtsmans Contract is a 1982 film written and directed by Peter Greenaway. ...


A reference to a work purportedly by de La Tour is featured prominently in the 2003 Merchant Ivory film Le Divorce. // February 24 - The Pianist, directed by Roman Polanski, wins 7 Cesar Awards: Best Film, Best Director, Best Actor, Best Sound, Best Production Design, Best Music and Best Cinematography. ... James Ivory (left) and Ismail Merchant (right) in New York City in 1974. ... Le Divorce is a 2003 motion picture that tells a story of an American woman who married a French man and her sister visiting her in Paris. ...


Gallery

Galleries containing de La Tour's works

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Georges de La Tour

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Location within France Nancy (pronounced in French) (German: Nanzig) is a city and commune which is the préfecture (capital) of the Meurthe-et-Moselle département, in the Lorraine région of northeastern France. ... The main courtyard of the Louvre. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région ÃŽle-de-France Département Paris (75) Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Mayor Bertrand Delanoë  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land... A building at the Getty Center, seen from the Central Garden The Getty Center in Los Angeles, California, USA, is the current home of the J. Paul Getty Museum as well as a research institute, conservation institute, grant program, and leadership institute. ... The Metropolitan Museum of Art, often referred to simply as The Met, is one of the worlds largest and most important art museums. ...

See also

Tenebrism From the Italian tenebroso (murky), tenebrism is a style of painting using violent contrasts of light and dark, as in the work of Caravaggio. ...


References

  1. ^ a b c Anthony Blunt, "Art and Architecture in France, 1500–1700", 1953, Penguin

External link

  • Attributed painting at the Kimbell Art Museum of Fort Worth

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