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Encyclopedia > Georges Lemaître

Georges-Henri Lemaître ( July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 167 days remaining. Events 100-1899 180 - Twelve inhabitants of Scillium in North Africa, executed for being Christians. This is the earliest record of Christianity in that part of the world. 1762... July 17, 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). Events January 7 - W.K. Dickson receives a patent for motion picture film. January 8 - A fire at the Worlds Columbian Exposition in Chicago causes a good deal of damage. January 9 - New England Telephone and Telegraph... 1894 June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. Events 1200-1899 1214 - University of Oxford receives its charter. 1685 - Monmouth Rebellion: The Duke of Monmouth declared himself King of England at Bridgwater. 1756 - English garrison imprisoned in... June 20, -1... 1966) was a The Kingdom of Belgium ( Dutch: ) Official language Dutch, French, German Capital Brussels Largest City Brussels King Albert II Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 136th 30,510 km² 6.20% Population  - Total ( 2002)  - Density Ranked 77th 10,309,725 338/km² Independence... Belgian The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. Members generally prefer the term Catholic Church, but this term has multiple meanings (see Catholicism); the term Roman Catholic Church is used in this article to avoid... Roman Catholic Roman Catholic priest A priest or priestess is a holy man or woman who takes an officiating role in worship of any religion, with the distinguishing characteristic of offering sacrifices. Priests have been known since the earliest times and in the simplest societies (see shaman and oracle). There are priests... priest and Astronomy, which etymologically means law of the stars, (from Greek: αστρονομία = άστρον + νόμος) is a science involving the observation and explanation of events occurring outside Earth and its atmosphere. It studies the... astronomer.


Lemaître is credited with proposing the According to the Big Bang theory, the universe originated in an infinitely dense and physically paradoxical singularity. Space has expanded with the passage of time, objects being moved farther away from each other. In cosmology, the Big Bang is the scientific theory that describes the early development and shape of... Big Bang theory of the origin of the The deepest visible-light image of the cosmos. Hubble Ultra Deep Field. Image Credit: NASA, ESA, S. Beckwith (STScI) and the HUDF team. In the first half of the 20th century, the word , between observational cosmologists and theoretical cosmologists; where the former (usually) abandon the hope of observing the whole... universe, although he called it his 'hypothesis of the primeval atom'. He based his theory, published between Events January 7 - First transatlantic telephone call - New York City to London January 9 - Military rebellion crushed in Lisbon January 14 - Paul Doumer elected president of France January 19 - Britain sends troops to China February 12 - First British troops lad on Shanghai February 14 - Earthquake in Yugoslavia - 700 dead February... 1927 and 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 3 - Japanese troops occupy Shanghai January 5 - Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins in San Francisco Bay. January 15 - Political violence has caused almost 100 deaths in Spain January 17 - US Congress... 1933, on the work of has become a byword for great intelligence or even genius. His face remains one of the most recognizable in the world. This popularity has also led to widespread use of Einstein in advertising and merchandising, eventually including the registration of Albert Einstein as a trademark. Biography Youth and college Young... Einstein, among others. Einstein, however, believed in a The steady state theory is a model developed in 1949 by Fred Hoyle, Thomas Gold and others as an alternative to the Big Bang theory. Although the model had a large number of supporters among cosmologists in the 1950s and 1960s, the number of supporters decreased markedly in... steady-state model of the universe. Lemaître took Cosmic rays can loosely be defined as energetic particles originating outside of the Earth. The composition includes electrons, protons, gamma rays, and atomic nuclei from a large region of the periodic table. The kinetic energies of these particles span over fourteen orders of magnitude, with the flux of cosmic rays... cosmic rays to be the remnants of the event, although it is now known that they originate within the local Seen behind a veil of foreground stars which lie within our own galaxy, this face-on Spiral Galaxy ESO 269-57 is about 150 million light-years away and 200,000 light-years across. Stars are almost always found in collections called galaxies, together with gas, dust, and dark matter... galaxy. He estimated the age of the universe to be between 10 and 20 billion years ago, which agrees with modern opinion.


At seventeen years old, after studying The humanities are a group of academic subjects united by a commitment to studying aspects of the human condition and a qualitative approach that generally prevents a single paradigm from coming to define any discipline. In academia, the humanities are generally considered to be, along with the social sciences and... humanities at a The Society of Jesus (Latin: (September 27, 1540), but limited the number of its members to sixty. This limitation was removed through the bull , adopted in 1554, which created a monarchical organization and stressed absolute self-abnegation and obedience to Pope and superiors ( (all things for the greater glory of... Jesuit school, he entered the In modern usage, civil engineering is a broad field of engineering that deals with the planning, construction, and maintenance of fixed structures as they related to earth, water, or civilization and their processes. Most civil engineering today deals with roads, structures, water supply, sewer, flood control, or traffic. Engineering has... civil engineering school of the The Catholic University of Leuven, founded in 1425, is now the names of two Belgian universities, after the original university split in 1968: the Dutch-speaking Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium, and the French-speaking Universit catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium Categories: Disambiguation ... Catholic University of Leuven. In 1914 is a common year starting on Thursday. (see link for calendar) Events January 4 - 77 seal hunters freeze to death on ice near Labrador. January 5 - Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday and a minimum wage of $5 for a days labor. February 13 - Copyright: In... 1914, at the beginning of Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. Battle aftermath. Remains of the Chateau Wood World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations, and the War to End All Wars, was a world conflict occurring from 1914 to... World War I, he paused his studies to engage as a volunteer in the The Kingdom of Belgium ( Dutch: ) Official language Dutch, French, German Capital Brussels Largest City Brussels King Albert II Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 136th 30,510 km² 6.20% Population  - Total ( 2002)  - Density Ranked 77th 10,309,725 338/km² Independence... Belgian army. At the end of hostilities, he received the Military Cross with palms.


After the war, he undertook studies in Physics (from the Greek, φυσικός ( material systems, such as the conservation of energy. Such properties are often referred to as laws of physics. Physics is sometimes said to be the fundamental science, because each of the other natural sciences (biology, chemistry, geology, etc.) deals... physics and Mathematics is commonly defined as the study of patterns of structure, change, and space; more informally, one might say it is the study of figures and numbers. Mathematical knowledge is constantly growing, through research and application, but mathematics itself is not usually considered a natural science. One reason is that... mathematics and began to prepare for Roman Catholic priest A priest or priestess is a holy man or woman who takes an officiating role in worship of any religion, with the distinguishing characteristic of offering sacrifices. Priests have been known since the earliest times and in the simplest societies (see shaman and oracle). There are priests... priesthood. He obtained his Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.), an abbreviation for the Latin , Dr. phil.) was originally a degree granted by a university to a learned individual who had achieved the approval of his peers and who had demonstrated a long and productive career in the field of philosophy. The appellation of Doctor... doctorate in 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. January 9 - Britain announces it will build 1,000,000 homes for war veterans. January 10 - League of Nations holds its first meeting... 1920 with a thesis entitled l'Approximation des fonctions de plusieurs variables réelles (Approximation of functions of several real variables), written under the direction of Charles de la Vallée-Poussin.


The tragedy of the war in which he took part deeply marked him: he entered the Mechelen Cathedral Mechelen (English traditionally Mechlin, French in Dutch), who also built a monastery. The highly lucrative cloth trade gained Mechelen wealth and power during the late middle-ages and it even became the capital of the Netherlands in the first half of the 16th century under Margaret of Austria... Malines seminary and was ordained as a priest in 1923 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-June January 1 - Grouping of all UK railway companies into four larger companies January 10 - Lithuania seizes and annexes Memel January 11 - Troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area to force Germany... 1923. However, neither the war nor his studies nor his vocation dried up his curiosity: since 1920, he had learnt the Albert Einsteins theory of relativity is a set of two theories in physics: special relativity and general relativity. These theories were conceived in order to explain the fact that electromagnetic waves do not conform to the Newtonian laws for motion. Electromagnetic waves were shown to move at a constant... theory of relativity and perfectly mastered it.


In 1923 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-June January 1 - Grouping of all UK railway companies into four larger companies January 10 - Lithuania seizes and annexes Memel January 11 - Troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area to force Germany... 1923, he visited the The University of Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world (after Oxford). It is situated in the town of Cambridge, England. According to legend, the university was founded in 1209 by scholars escaping from Oxford after a fight with locals there. Cambridge has produced more Nobel... University of Cambridge where the astronomer One of Sir Arthur Stanley Eddingtons papers announced Einsteins theory of general relativity to the English-speaking world. Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington (December 28, 1882 – November 22, 1944) was arguably the most important astrophysicist from the early 20th century. The Eddington limit, the natural limit to the... Arthur Eddington initiated him into modern Stellar astronomy is the study of stars and the phenomena exhibited by the various forms/developmental stages of stars. Stellar astronomy has two main approaches, observational and theoretical. Observational stellar astronomy comprises optical observations, such as photometry (i.e., the study of color and intensity variations in the electromagnetic radiation... stellar astronomy and Numerical analysis is the study of algorithms for the problems of . Examples are Gaussian elimination for solving systems of linear equations and the simplex method in linear programming. However, no direct methods exist for most problems. We might then try to replace the continuous problem by a discrete problem; this... numerical analysis. He spent the following year at The Harvard College Observatory (or HCO) is an institution managing a complex of buildings and multiple instruments used for astronomical research by the Department of Astronomy of Harvard. It is located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and was founded in 1839. External link HCO home page Categories: Stub | Astronomical observatories ... Harvard College Observatory in , formed by the junction of Massachusetts Avenue, Columbia Street, Sidney Street, and Main Street, is considered a part of the Central Square area. Harvard Square, formed by the junction of Mass. Avenue, Brattle Street, and JFK Street. This is the site of Harvard University, the oldest university in the United... Cambridge, Massachusetts with Harlow Shapley (November 2, 1885 – October 20, 1972) was an American astronomer. He studied under Henry Norris Russell at Princeton University and used the period-luminosity relation for Cepheid variable stars (discovered by Henrietta Swan Leavitt) to determine distances to globular clusters. He was the first to realize that... Harlow Shapley, who had just gained a name for his work on The Triangulum Emission Nebula NGC 604 lies in a spiral arm of Galaxy M33, 2.7 million light-years from Earth. This nebula is a region in which stars are forming. A ) is an interstellar cloud of dust and gas. Originally nebula was a general name for any extended astronomical... nebulae, and to the The Massachusetts Institute of Technology, or MIT, is a research institution and university located in the city of Cambridge, Massachusetts directly across the Charles River from Bostons Back Bay district. MIT is a world leader in science and technology, as well as in many other fields, including management, economics... Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he registered for the doctorate in sciences.


In Events January-May January 3 - Benito Mussolini announces he is taking dictatorial powers over Italy. January 5 - Nellie Tayloe Ross becomes the first female governor in the United States. January 21 - Albania declares itself a republic January 30 - Government of Turkey throws Patriarch Constantine VI out of Istanbul February 1... 1925, on his return to Belgium, he became a part-time lecturer at the University of Leuven. He then began the report which would bring him international notoriety and which was published in Events January 7 - First transatlantic telephone call - New York City to London January 9 - Military rebellion crushed in Lisbon January 14 - Paul Doumer elected president of France January 19 - Britain sends troops to China February 12 - First British troops lad on Shanghai February 14 - Earthquake in Yugoslavia - 700 dead February... 1927 in the Annales de la Société Scientifique de Bruxelles (Annals of the Scientific Society of Brussels), under the title Un Univers homogène de masse constante et de rayon croissant rendant compte de la vitesse radiale des nébuleuses extragalactiques (A homogeneous Universe of constant mass and growing radius accounting for the Radial velocity is the velocity of an object in the direction of the line of sight. The light of an object with a substantial radial velocity will be subject to Doppler effect, so the wavelength of the light increases for receding objects (redshift) and decreases for approaching objects (blueshift). The... radial velocity of extragalactic nebulae). In this report, he presented the new idea of an expanding Universe.


At this time, has become a byword for great intelligence or even genius. His face remains one of the most recognizable in the world. This popularity has also led to widespread use of Einstein in advertising and merchandising, eventually including the registration of Albert Einstein as a trademark. Biography Youth and college Young... Einstein, whilst approving of the mathematics of Lemaître's theory, refused to accept the idea of an expanding universe. He believed it immutable, but would later recognize that it was the greatest error of his life.


Not very concerned with honors, Lemaître did not think it desirable to become famous, nor to publicize his article. In fact, he was already concentrating on a new challenge: to solve the problem of the origin of the Universe. The same year, he returned to MIT to present his doctoral thesis on The gravitational field in a fluid sphere of uniform invariant density according to the theory of relativity. He obtained a PhD and was then named ordinary Professor at the University of Leuven.


In 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January-March January 4 - Female aviator Elly Beinhorn begins her flight to Africa January 6 - Thomas Edison submits his last patent application. January 22 - Sir Isaac Isaacs sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia January 25 - Mohandas... 1931, Eddington published an English translation of the 1927 article with a long commentary. Lemaître was then invited in London — containing the City of London — is the capital of the United Kingdom and of England and a major world city. With over seven million inhabitants (Londoners) in Greater London area, it is amongst the most densely populated areas in Western Europe. Founded as The city of was... London in order to take part in a meeting of the The British Association or the British Association for the Advancement of Science or the BA is a learned society with the object of promoting science, directing general attention to scientific matters, and facilitating intercourse between scientific workers. It was founded in 1831 by William Vernon Harcourt, after a suggestion by... British Association on the relation between the physical universe and spirituality. It is there that he proposed an expanding universe which started with an initial A gravitational singularity occurs when an astrophysical model, typically based on general relativity, predicts a point of infinite space-time curvature. The term is closely related to the mathematical meaning of singularity: a gravitational singularity occurs when the equations produce a mathematical singularity. The Big Bang cosmological model of the... singularity, and the idea of the Primeval Atom which he developed in a report published in the Monthly Notices of the The Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) began as the Astronomical Society of London in 1820 to support astronomical research (mainly carried on at the time by gentleman astronomers rather than professionals). It became the Royal Astronomical Society in 1831 on receiving its Royal Charter from William IV. A Supplemental Charter in... Royal Astronomical Society. Lemaître himself liked to describe his theory as "the Cosmic Egg exploding at the moment of the creation", which was later to be coined by his critics as the Big Bang theory.


This proposal caused a sharp reaction from the scientific community of the time. Eddington found Lemaitre's notion unpleasant. As for Einstein, he found it suspect, because, according to him, it was too strongly reminiscent of the Christian dogma of creation and was unjustifiable from a physical point of view. The debate between cosmology and religion took the form of a polemic that would last several decades. In this debate, Lemaître would be a fundamental actor who unceasingly tried to separate science from faith.


However, in January 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 3 - Japanese troops occupy Shanghai January 5 - Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins in San Francisco Bay. January 15 - Political violence has caused almost 100 deaths in Spain January 17 - US Congress... 1933, Lemaitre and Einstein, who had met on several occasions - in 1927 in Emblem of the Brussels-Capital Region Flag of The City of Brussels Brussels ( Dutch: or in French) and of Flanders; all Flemish capital institutions are established there: Flemish Parliament, Flemish government and its administration. Two of the three main institutions of the European Union, the European Commission and the Council... Brussels, at the time of a Solvay congress, in 1932 is a leap year starting on a Friday. Events January-February January 3 - British arrest and intern Mohandas Gandhi and Vallabhbhai Patel January 8 - In Britain the Archbishop of Canterbury forbids church remarriage of divorcees January 12 - Hattie W. Caraway becomes the first woman elected to the United States... 1932 in Belgium, at the time of a cycle of conferences in Brussels and lastly in 1935 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 1 - Italian colonies of Tripoli and Kyrenaika are joined together as Libya January 7 - Italian premier Benito Mussolini and French foreign minister Pierre Laval conclude agreement in which each power undertakes not to... 1935 at Princeton University, located in Princeton, New Jersey, is one of the eight Ivy League universities, and is widely recognized as one of the most prestigious institutions in the world. It is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States. It was founded as the College of New... Princeton - traveled together to California for a series of seminars. After the Belgian detailed his theory, Einstein stood up, applauded, and said, "This is the most beautiful and satisfactory explanation of creation to which I have ever listened".


In 1933, when he resumed his theory of the expanding universe and published a more detailed version in the Annals of the Scientific Society of Brussels, Lemaître would achieve his greatest glory. The American newspapers called him a famous Belgian scientist and described him as the leader of the new cosmological physics.


On March 17 is the 76th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (77th in Leap years). There are 289 days remaining. Events 45 BC - In his last victory, Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger in the Battle of Munda. 1577 - formation of... March 17, 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-April January 1 - Alcatraz becomes a federal prison. January 7 - First Flash Gordon comic strip is published. January 10 - Execution of Marinus van der Lubbe January 24 - Einstein visits White House January 26 - The... 1934, Lemaître received the Francqui Prize, the highest Belgian scientific distinction, from Leopold III, Leopold Philippe Charles Albert Meinrad Hubertus Marie Miguel (November 3, 1901 - September 25, 1983) reigned as King of the Belgians from 1934 until 1951, when he abdicated in favour of his Heir Apparent, his son Baudouin. Leopold III was born in Brussels as Prince Leopold of Belgium, Prince... King Léopold III. His proposers were Albert Einstein, Charles de la Vallée-Poussin and Alexandre de Hemptinne. The members of the international jury were Eddington, Paul Langevin (January 23, 1872 - December 19, 1946) was a French physicist. He had a famous affair with Marie Curie, the French Physicist. Categories: Stub | 1872 births | 1946 deaths ... Langevin and Théophile de Donder. Another distinction that the Belgian government reserves for exceptional scientists was allotted to him in Events January January 5 - US Senator Estes Kefauver introduces a resolution calling for examination of organized crime in the USA January 6 - The United Kingdom recognizes the Peoples Republic of China. The Republic of China severs diplomatic relations with Britain in response. January 9 - The Israeli government recognizes the... 1950: the decennial prize for applied sciences for the period 1933-1942.


In 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January 15 -- The first building to be completely covered in glass is completed in Toledo, Ohio, for the Owens-Illinois Glass Company. January 20 - Death of George V of the United Kingdom. His... 1936, he was elected member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. He took an active role there, became the president in March 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January - State of emergency is lifted in Kenya - Mau Mau Rebellion is officially over January 1 - Independence of Cameroon January 9 - Aswan High Dam construction begins in Egypt January 14 - Ralph Chubb, the... 1960 and remaining so until his death. He was also named A prelate is a member of the clergy having a special canonical jurisdiction over a territory or a group of people; usually, a prelate is a bishop. , the past participle of refers to the fact that, in contrast with previous canonical use for ecclesiastical institutions, the jurisdiction of the Prelate... prelate in 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January - State of emergency is lifted in Kenya - Mau Mau Rebellion is officially over January 1 - Independence of Cameroon January 9 - Aswan High Dam construction begins in Egypt January 14 - Ralph Chubb, the... 1960.


In 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 6 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt delivers his Four Freedoms Speech in the State of the Union Address. January 10 - Lend-Lease is introduced into the U.S. Congress. January 19 - British troops attack Italian... 1941, he was elected member of the LAcadèmie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique or The Royal Academy for Sciences, Letters and Arts of Belgium is one of the two royal academies on science and the arts in Belgium, being first so named in 1845. The other such society is... Royal Academy of Sciences and Arts of Belgium.


In 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. (see link for calendar) Events January January 4 - Theodore Schurch becomes the last person to be executed for offences committed under the Treachery Act of 1940 January 7 - Allied recognize Austrian republic with 1937 borders - the country is divided into four occupation... 1946, he published his book on L'Hypothèse de l'Atome Primitif (The Primeval Atom Hypothesis), a book which would be translated into Spanish in the same year and into English in Events January January 5 - US Senator Estes Kefauver introduces a resolution calling for examination of organized crime in the USA January 6 - The United Kingdom recognizes the Peoples Republic of China. The Republic of China severs diplomatic relations with Britain in response. January 9 - The Israeli government recognizes the... 1950.


In 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 7 - President Harry S. Truman announces the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb. January 13 - Marshal Josip Broz Tito chosen President of Yugoslavia January 20 - Change of US presidency from Harry S. Truman (1945-1953) to Dwight D... 1953 he was given the very first The Eddington Medal, named after Sir Arthur Eddington, is awarded by the Royal Astronomical Society nominally once every two years for investigations of outstanding merit in theoretical astrophysics. Recipients 1953 Georges Lemaître 1955 H. C. van de Hulst 1958 H. W. Babcock 1959 J. S. Hey 1960 R. d... Eddington Medal award of the The Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) began as the Astronomical Society of London in 1820 to support astronomical research (mainly carried on at the time by gentleman astronomers rather than professionals). It became the Royal Astronomical Society in 1831 on receiving its Royal Charter from William IV. A Supplemental Charter in... Royal Astronomical Society.


During the Events and trends Technology United States tests the first fusion bomb. Optimistic visions of semi-Utopian technological future including such devices as the flying car. across the United States, graffiti as an art form develops, especially among urban African Americans; graffiti eventually becomes one of the four elements of hip... 1950s, he gradually gave up part of his teaching workload, ending it completely with his éméritat in 1964.


At the end of his life, he was devoted more and more to numerical calculation. He was in fact a remarkable algebraicist and arithmetical calculator. Since 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. Events January-February January 6 - The first diesel-engine automobile trip is completed (Indianapolis, Indiana, to New York City). January 27 - Miguel Primo de Rivera resigns January 30 - General Damaso Berenquer becomes the new prime minister of Spain February 18 - While studying... 1930, he used the most powerful calculating machines of the time like the The Mercedes-Euklid is a German-invented calculator from the early twentieth century. It was built in Thuringia, Germany in 1905. The first manual mechanical models utilized a proportional-lever design invented by Christel Hamann in 1903. An electric model, the Mercedes Euklid 30, was released circa 1945, though it... Mercedes. In 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 1 - Treaty of Rome founding the EU is implemented January 4 - Sputnik 1 falls to Earth from its orbit (launched on October 4, 1957) January 8 - 14 year old Bobby Fischer wins the... 1958, he introduced at the University a William Seward Burroughs (1857-1898), US inventor William S. Burroughs (1914-1997), author and grandson of William Seward Burroughs Edgar Rice Burroughs (1875-1950), American author of Tarzan fame The Burroughs Corporation began in 1886 as the American Arithmometer Company in St. Louis selling an adding machine invented by William... Burroughs E 101, the University's first electronic computer. Lemaître kept a strong interest in the development of computers and, even more, in the problems of language and programming. With age, this interest grew until it absorbed him almost completely.


He died on the June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. Events 1200-1899 1214 - University of Oxford receives its charter. 1685 - Monmouth Rebellion: The Duke of Monmouth declared himself King of England at Bridgwater. 1756 - English garrison imprisoned in... 20th of June -1... 1966 shortly after having learned of the discovery of WMAP image of the CMB anisotropy, Discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation The CMB was predicted by George Gamow, Ralph Alpher, and Robert Hermann in the 1940s and was accidentally discovered in 1964 by Arno Penzias and Robert Woodrow Wilson, who received a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1978 for... cosmic microwave background radiation, proof of his intuitions about the birth of the universe.


Sociable, devoted to his students and collaborators, he remained however an isolated researcher and one finds only few correspondences and scientific exchanges with his peers.


If this undeniable precursor of modern cosmology remains in the shade of the great names of the (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... 20th century (Einstein, Eddington, Edwin Powell Hubble (November 20, 1889 – September 28, 1953) was a noted American astronomer, generally credited for discovering1 and proving redshift and that the universe is expanding. Hubble was born to an insurance executive in Marshfield, Missouri and moved to Wheaton, Illinois in 1898. In his younger days, he... Hubble and George Gamow, born Georgiy Antonovich Gamow (Георгий Антонович Гамов) (March 4, 1904 – August 19, 1968) was a Ukrainian born physicist and cosmologist. He worked on subjects including the atomic nucleus, star... Gamow in particular), it is probably because he was a priest ( Sir Fred Hoyle (June 24, 1915 – August 20, 2001) was a British astronomer, notable for a number of his theories that run counter to current astronomical opinion, and a writer of science fiction, including a number of books co-authored by his son Geoffrey Hoyle. An early paper of... Fred Hoyle, who coined the name According to the Big Bang theory, the universe originated in an infinitely dense and physically paradoxical singularity. Space has expanded with the passage of time, objects being moved farther away from each other. In cosmology, the Big Bang is the scientific theory that describes the early development and shape of... Big Bang, never forgave him!) and because of the ambiguity of his character, at the same time modest and full of himself. Modest, because he neither pursued honors nor sought at all costs to be recognized. Full of himself, in his manner of affirming, at least in private, his capacities as a mathematician and the originality of his ideas. But that did not prevent him from being open, frank, merry, optimistic, jovial, and always remarkably flexible of mind.


 
 

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