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Encyclopedia > Georges Bizet
Georges Bizet
Georges Bizet

Georges Bizet (October 25, 1838June 3, 1875) was a French composer and pianist of the romantic era. He is best known for the opera Carmen. Download high resolution version (500x696, 16 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (500x696, 16 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... is the 154th day of the year (155th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... A pianist is a person who plays the piano. ... The expression romantic music and the homophone phrase Romantic music have two essentially different meanings. ... For other uses, see Carmen (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Biography

Bizet was born in Paris at 28 Rue de la Tour d'Auvergne. He was registered with the legal name Alexandre-César-Léopold Bizet, but was baptized Georges Bizet and was always known by the latter name. He entered the Paris Conservatory of Music in 1848, a fortnight before his tenth birthday. This article is about the capital of France. ... Conservatoire de Paris, or Paris Conservatoire, has been central to the evolution of music in France and Western Europe. ... Look up fortnight in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


His first symphony, the Symphony in C Major, was written in 1855, when he was still only sixteen, evidently as a student assignment. It seems that Bizet completely forgot about it himself, and it was not discovered again until 1935, in the archives of the Conservatory library. Upon its first performance (26 February 1935), it was immediately hailed as a junior masterwork and a welcome addition to the early Romantic period repertoire. A delightful work (and a prodigious one, from a seventeen-year-old boy), the symphony is noteworthy for bearing an amazing stylistic resemblance to the music of Franz Schubert, whose work was virtually unknown in Paris at that time (with the possible exception of a few of his songs). Schubert redirects here. ...


At the Conservatoire Bizet studied under Fromental Halévy, whose daughter Genéviève he later married. Halévy died in 1864, leaving his last opera Noé unfinished. Bizet completed it, but it was not performed until 1885, ten years after Bizet's own death. Jacques Fromental Halévy Jacques-François-Fromental-Élie Halévy (May 27, 1799 - March 17, 1862) was a French composer. ... Noé (Noah) was the last opera of the composer Fromental Halévy. ...


In 1857 a setting of the one-act operetta Le docteur Miracle won him a share in a prize offered by Jacques Offenbach. He also won the Music Composition scholarship of the Prix de Rome, the conditions of which required him to study in Rome for three years. There, his talent developed as he wrote such works as the opera Don Procopio (1858-59). There he also composed his only major sacred work, Te Deum (1858), which he submitted to the Prix Rodrigues competition, a contest for Prix de Rome winners only. Bizet failed to win the Prix, and the Te Deum score remained unpublished until 1971. He made two attempts to write another symphony in 1859, but destroyed the manuscripts in December of that year. Apart from this period in Rome, Bizet lived in the Paris area all his life. 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Jacques Offenbach Jacques Offenbach (20 June 1819, in Cologne – 5 October 1880, in Paris) was a French composer and cellist of the Romantic era and one of the originators of the operetta form. ... The Prix de Rome was a scholarship for art students. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of France. ...


His mother died shortly after his return to Paris. He composed the opera Les pêcheurs de perles (The Pearl Fishers) for the Theatre-Lyrique in 1863, which was an initial failure. He followed it with La jolie fille de Perth (1867), a symphony titled Roma (1868), and Jeux d'enfants (Children's games) for piano duet (1871). Les Pêcheurs de Perles (The Pearlfishers) is a three-act opera by Georges Bizet, to a libretto by Eugène Cormon and Michael Carré. While not nearly as popular as his far more famous Carmen, it contains a wealth of attractive music and has found some popularity despite its... La jolie fille de Perth (The Fair Maid of Perth) is an opera in four acts by Georges Bizet (1866), from a libretto by Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges and Jules Adenis, after the novel by Sir Walter Scott. ...


The popular L'Arlésienne was originally produced as incidental music for a play by Alphonse Daudet, first performed on 1 October 1872. Bizet himself derived a suite from the music (first performed 10 November 1872), and Ernest Guiraud later arranged a second suite; both these suites contain considerable rewriting of the original score. The LArlésienne Suites were a series of musical works composed by Georges Bizet, first published in 1872. ... Incidental music is music in a play, television program, radio program or some other form not primarily musical. ... Alphonse Daudet (May 13, 1840 - December 17, 1897) was a French novelist. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Ernest Guiraud (June 26, 1837 – May 6, 1892) was a French composer born in New Orleans, USA. He studied at the Paris Conservatoire, where he won the Grand Prix de Rome. ...


That year (22 May 1872) also saw the production of the romantic opera Djamileh, which is often seen as a precursor to Carmen. His overture Patrie was written in 1873 (it had no connection with Victorien Sardou's play Patrie!). Djamileh is an opera in one act by Georges Bizet to a libretto by Louis Gallet, based on an Oriental tale, Namouna, by Alfred de Musset. ... Victorien Sardou (September 5, 1831 - November 8, 1908) was a French dramatist. ...

Tomb of Georges Bizet in Père Lachaise Cemetery
Tomb of Georges Bizet in Père Lachaise Cemetery

Carmen (1875) is Bizet's best-known work and is based on a novella of the same title written in 1846 by Prosper Mérimée. Bizet composed the title role for a mezzo-soprano. Carmen was not initially well-received but praise for it eventually came from well-known contemporaries including Claude Debussy, Camille Saint-Saëns and Peter Illych Tchaikovsky. Johannes Brahms attended over twenty performances of it, and considered it the greatest opera produced in Europe since the Franco-Prussian war. The views of these composers proved to be prophetic, as Carmen has since become one of the most popular works in the entire operatic repertoire. However Bizet did not live to see its success as he died from a heart attack at the age of 36, on his third wedding anniversary, only a few months after Carmen's first performances. He was buried in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris. Looking down the hill at Père-Lachaise. ... For other uses, see Carmen (disambiguation). ... Prosper Mérimée Prosper Mérimée (September 28, 1803–September 23, 1870) was a French dramatist, historian, archaeologist, and short story writer. ... A mezzo-soprano (meaning medium soprano in Italian) is a female singer with a range usually extending from the A below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C. Mezzo-sopranos generally have a darker (or lower) vocal tone than sopranos, and their vocal range is between that... Claude Debussy, photo by Félix Nadar, 1908. ... Charles Camille Saint-Saëns () (9 October 1835 – 16 December 1921) was a French composer, organist, conductor, and pianist, known especially for his large-scale orchestral works The Carnival of the Animals, Danse Macabre, Samson et Dalila, and Symphony No. ... “Tchaikovsky” redirects here. ... Johannes Brahms Johannes Brahms (May 7, 1833 – April 3, 1897) was a German composer of the Romantic period. ... Looking down the hill at the Père-Lachaise cemetery The cimetière du Père-Lachaise (pronounced pierre la-sh-ez) is the largest cemetery in the city of Paris (there are larger cemeteries in Paris suburbs). ...


His widow Genéviève later had an alliance with Élie-Miriam Delaborde, generally believed to have been the illegitimate son of Charles-Valentin Alkan, but married a banker with Rothschild connections and became a noted society hostess. Marcel Proust used her as a model for the Duchesse de Guermantes in his roman fleuve A la recherche du temps perdu. The Bizets' son Jacques had been a school-friend of Proust. Charles-Valentin Alkan (November 30, 1813–March 29, 1888) was a French composer and one of the greatest virtuoso pianists of his day. ... Proust redirects here. ... In Search of Lost Time (a translation of the original la recherche du temps perdu) is a sequence of 7 novels by French writer Marcel Proust, published between 1913 and 1927. ...


Bizet's music has been used in the twentieth century as the basis for several important ballets. The Soviet-era "Carmen Suite" (1967), set to music drawn from Carmen arranged by Rodion Shchedrin, gave the Bolshoi ballerina Maya Plisetskaya one of her signature roles; it was choreographed by Alberto Alonso. In the West the "L'Arlesienne" of Roland Petit is well-regarded, and the "Symphony in C" by George Balanchine is considered to be one of the great ballets of the twentieth century. It was first presented as Le Palais de Crystal by the Paris Opera Ballet in 1947, and has been in the repertory there ever since. The ballet has no story; it simply fits the music: each movement of the symphony has its own ballerina, cavalier, and Corps de Ballet, all of whom dance together in the finale. For other uses, see Carmen (disambiguation). ... Rodion Konstantinovich Shchedrin (born December 16, 1932) is a Russian composer. ... The Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow houses the world renowned Bolshoi Ballet, which has been home to some of the worlds greatest ballet dancers, including Anna Pavlova, Vaslav Nijinsky, Rudolf Nureyev, Mikhail Baryshnikov and Natalia Makarova. ... Maya Mikhailovna Plisetskaya (Russian: ; born November 20, 1925) is a Russian ballet dancer, frequently cited as the greatest ballerina of modern times. ... Roland Petit (January 13, 1924) is a French choreographer and dancer born in Villemomble near Paris, France. ... George Balanchine (January 9 (O.S.) = January 22 (N.S.), 1904–April 30, 1983) was one of the 20th centurys foremost choreographers, and one of the founders of American ballet. ...


Stage works

  • La prêtresse, operetta (1854)
  • Le docteur Miracle, opéra bouffe (1857)
  • Don Procopio, opéra bouffe (1859)
  • Les pêcheurs de perles, opera (1863)
  • Ivan IV, grand opera (unfinished)
  • La jolie fille de Perth, opera (1867)
  • Noé, opera by Fromental Halévy finished by Bizet (1869)
  • L'Arlésienne, 'musique de scène' (1872)
  • Djamileh, one-act opera (1872)
  • Carmen, opera (1875)

Les Pêcheurs de Perles (The Pearlfishers) is a three-act opera by Georges Bizet, to a libretto by Eugène Cormon and Michael Carré. While not nearly as popular as his far more famous Carmen, it contains a wealth of attractive music and has found some popularity despite its... La jolie fille de Perth (The Fair Maid of Perth) is an opera in four acts by Georges Bizet (1866), from a libretto by Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges and Jules Adenis, after the novel by Sir Walter Scott. ... Noé (Noah) was the last opera of the composer Fromental Halévy. ... Jacques Fromental Halévy Jacques-François-Fromental-Élie Halévy (May 27, 1799 - March 17, 1862) was a French composer. ... The LArlésienne Suites were a series of musical works composed by Georges Bizet, first published in 1872. ... Djamileh is an opera in one act by Georges Bizet to a libretto by Louis Gallet, based on an Oriental tale, Namouna, by Alfred de Musset. ... For other uses, see Carmen (disambiguation). ...

Media

  • Entr'acte
    The Entr'acte to Act I from Carmen
    Entr'acte
    The Entr'acte to Act III from Carmen
    Entr'acte
    The Entr'acte to Act IV from Carmen
  • Problems playing the files? See media help.

Toreador song. ... Image File history File links Entracte_to_Act_III_from_Carmen. ... Image File history File links Entracte_to_Act_IV_from_Carmen. ...

See also

  • Category:Compositions by Georges Bizet

External links

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Georges Bizet

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Free sheet music

Persondata
NAME Bizet, Georges
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Bizet, Alexandre-César-Léopold
SHORT DESCRIPTION Composer, Conductor
DATE OF BIRTH October 25, 1838
PLACE OF BIRTH Paris, France
DATE OF DEATH June 3, 1875
PLACE OF DEATH Bougival, France
The Age of Enlightenment (French: ; Italian: ; German: ; Spanish: ; Swedish: ; Polish: ; Portuguese: ) was an eighteenth-century movement in Western philosophy. ... Victorianism is the name given to the attitudes, art, and culture of the later two-thirds of the 19th century. ... For other uses, see Realism (disambiguation). ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... A conductor conducting at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... is the 154th day of the year (155th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Bougival is a city of 8500 in the country of France, region of Ile de France, departement of Yvelines. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
img006 (609 words)
Bizet's exceptional powers as a composer are already apparent in the products of his Conservatoire years, notably the Symphony in C, a work of precocious genius dating from 1855 (but not performed until 1935).
Bizet found little time for sustained composition, but in 1871 he produced the delightful suite for piano duet, Jeux d'enfants (some of it scored for orchestra as the Petite Suite), and he worked on a one-act opera, Djamileh.
The opera is the supreme achievement of Bizet and of opéra comique, a genre it has transformed in that Bizet extended it to embrace passionate emotion and a tragic end, purging it of artificial elements and embuing it with a vivid expression of the torments inflicted by sexual passion and jealousy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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